Surgical instrument for handling an implant

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 7549995
APP PUB NO 20050033305A1
SERIAL NO

10886245

Stats

ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

Importance

Loading Importance Indicators... loading....

Abstract

See full text

An implant has two parts, each of which includes a joint surface facing the other part, wherein the joint surfaces are in contact with one another in an implanted state and permit pivoting of the two parts in relation to one another. An instrument for handling the implant includes a holding element for detachably connecting the instrument with each of the two parts of the implant. The instrument further includes a spacer element extending between the parts of the implant when the parts are connected with the instrument and maintaining a distance between the parts, thereby preventing the joint surfaces of the two parts of the implant from contacting each other.

Loading the Abstract Image... loading....

First Claim

See full text

Family

Loading Family data... loading....

Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
AESCULAP AGTUTTLINGEN311

International Classification(s)

  • [Classification Symbol]
  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Schultz, Robert Tuttlingen, DE 47 1126

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (15)
4309777 Artificial intervertebral disc 762 1980
4863477 Synthetic intervertebral disc prosthesis 690 1987
5306308 Intervertebral implant 459 1992
5676635 Instrument for insertion of an endotracheal tube 73 1995
5683465 Artificial intervertebral disk prosthesis 535 1996
5865846 Human spinal disc prosthesis 749 1997
5893889 Artificial disc 574 1997
5888226 Intervertebral prosthetic disc 582 1997
6063121 Vertebral body prosthesis 441 1998
* 6102950 Intervertebral body fusion device 476 1999
6231609 Disc replacement prosthesis 212 1999
6443987 Spinal vertebral implant 69 2000
6770094 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 85 2002
2004/0024,462 Spacerless artificial disc replacements 150 2003
2004/0167,536 Instrumentation for properly seating an artificial intervertebral disc in an intervertebral space 26 2004
 
SPINAL KINETICS, INC. (1)
* 2005/0228,500 Prosthetic intervertebral disc and methods for using same 180 2004
 
ZIMMER GMBH (3)
5370697 Artificial intervertebral disk member 691 1993
6626943 Artificial intervertebral disc 132 2002
6645248 Artificial intervertebral disc 219 2002
 
SOFAMOR DANEK HOLDINGS, INC. (1)
* 6113637 Artificial intervertebral joint permitting translational and rotational motion 522 1998
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (5)
5676701 Low wear artificial spinal disc 711 1995
5782832 Spinal fusion implant and method of insertion thereof 609 1996
6083225 Method and instrumentation for implant insertion 364 1997
6296664 Artificial intervertebral disc 240 1998
6656224 Artificial intervertebral disc 79 2001
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (1)
6419706 Partial disc prosthesis 179 2000
 
THIRD MILLENNIUM ENGINEERING, LLC (1)
5989291 Intervertebral spacer device 286 1998
 
IMPLIANT LTD. (1)
2004/0243,238 Spinal disc prosthesis 80 2003
 
DBD CREDIT FUNDING LLC (1)
2001/0016,773 Spinal disc 152 2000
 
SPINAL CONCEPTS, INC. (1)
6736850 Vertebral pseudo arthrosis device and method 105 2001
 
Health & Research Services Inc. (1)
4759769 Artificial spinal disc 832 1987
 
SYNTHES (U.S.A.) (1)
6443990 Adjustable intervertebral implant 79 2000
 
NUVASIVE, INC. (1)
2002/0107,573 Method and apparatus for computerized surgery 123 2001
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (13)
5782830 Implant insertion device 435 1996
6200322 Minimal exposure posterior spinal interbody instrumentation and technique 319 1999
6827740 Spinal implant surface configuration 150 1999
6575899 Methods and instruments for endoscopic interbody surgical techniques 119 2000
6740118 Intervertebral prosthetic joint 278 2002
2002/0138,146 Anterior expandable spinal fusion cage system 56 2002
2003/0187,454 Artificial intervertebral joint permitting translational and rotational motion 112 2003
2004/0073,312 Intervertebral prosthetic joint 90 2003
2004/0059,318 Instrument and method for surgical extraction 76 2003
2004/0220,668 Method and device for correcting spondylolisthesis from the lateral approach 50 2004
2004/0220,670 Articular disc prosthesis and method for treating spondylolisthesis 55 2004
2004/0225,366 Articular disc prosthesis for anterior-oblique insertion 51 2004
* 2005/0159,819 Adjustable drill guide 99 2005
 
MIDAS REX, L.P. (1)
5236460 Vertebral body prosthesis 423 1991
 
SPINAL DYNAMICS CORPORATION (1)
2002/0035,400 Implantable joint prosthesis 224 2001
 
SYNTHES USA, LLC (5)
5507816 Spinal vertebrae implants 424 1994
5888227 Inter-vertebral implant 308 1998
6019793 Surgical prosthetic device 224 1998
6176881 Telescopic vertebral prosthesis 214 1999
6524341 Telescopic vertebral prosthesis 104 2001
 
JOHNSON & JOHNSON PROFESSIONAL, INC. (1)
* 5968051 Patella clamping device 151 1995
 
EAST COAST MEDICAL & DENTAL DEVICES, INC. (1)
6719796 Spinal surgical prosthesis 173 2002
 
DEPUY SYNTHES PRODUCTS, LLC (1)
6723097 Surgical trial implant 120 2002
 
UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND DENTISTRY OF NEW JERSEY (1)
4911718 Functional and biocompatible intervertebral disc spacer 580 1988
 
RAYMEDICA, LLC (1)
6113639 Trial implant and trial implant kit for evaluating an intradiscal space 322 1999
 
ZIMMER TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
4863476 Spinal implant 792 1987
 
AESCULAP AG (3)
6210442 Implant for vertebral body fusion 75 1999
6562072 Implant for insertion between spinal column vertebrae 79 2000
2005/0043,803 Intervertebral implant 50 2004
 
ZIMMER SPINE, INC. (3)
6368350 Intervertebral disc prosthesis and method 514 1999
* 6224599 Viewable wedge distractor device 177 2000
* 2004/0143,332 Movable disc implant 322 2003
 
AESCULAP II, INC. (1)
* 2005/0143,824 Artificial intervertebral disc 68 2004
 
AESCULAP IMPLANT SYSTEMS, INC. (3)
2004/0225,362 Artificial intervertebral disc 20 2003
2004/0225,363 Artificial intervertebral disc 37 2003
2004/0225,364 Artificial intervertebral disc 51 2003
 
WALDEMAR LINK GMBH & CO. KG (4)
5122130 Forceps for inserting intervertebral device 457 1990
5401269 Intervertebral disc endoprosthesis 741 1993
5556431 Intervertebral disc endoprosthesis 638 1994
* 2005/0033,306 Insertion instrument for a pair of sliding prostheses 2 2004
 
IMDS LLC (1)
2004/0010,316 Intervertebral device and method of use 220 2003
 
PERUMALA CORPORATION (1)
5123926 Artificial spinal prosthesis 705 1991
 
DERR, BERN (1)
4759766 Intervertebral disc endoprosthesis 648 1987
 
SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (7)
5258031 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty 845 1992
* 5397364 Anterior interbody fusion device 623 1993
5425773 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty device 558 1994
5562738 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty device 608 1995
5702449 Reinforced porous spinal implants 517 1995
6540785 Artificial intervertebral joint permitting translational and rotational motion 275 2000
2004/0098,131 Human spinal disc prosthesis 103 2003
 
MEDTRONIC SOFAMOR DANEK, INC. (3)
5674296 Human spinal disc prosthesis 869 1996
6156067 Human spinal disc prosthesis 623 1997
6001130 Human spinal disc prosthesis with hinges 712 1997
 
AESCULAP AG & CO. KG (1)
6613090 Intervertebral implant 52 2001
 
AXIOMED SPINE CORPORATION (2)
6607558 Artificial disc 175 2001
* 2005/0131,542 Method and apparatus for replacing a damaged spinal disc 41 2003
 
DYNAMIC SPINE, INC. (1)
5827328 Intervertebral prosthetic device 381 1996
 
STRYKER SPINE (6)
6395032 Intervertebral disc prosthesis with liquid chamber 296 2001
6582466 Intervertebral disc prosthesis with reduced friction 309 2001
6582468 Intervertebral disc prosthesis with compressible body 296 2001
6527804 Intervertebral disk prosthesis 388 2001
6579320 Intervertebral disc prosthesis with contact blocks 181 2001
6733532 Intervertebral disc prosthesis with improved mechanical behavior 220 2001
 
DISC REPLACEMENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6039763 Articulating spinal disc prosthesis 473 1998
 
BIEDERMANN TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG (1)
2004/0117,021 Invertebral disk prosthesis 75 2003
 
SIMONSON, CYNTHIA JEANNE (1)
6572653 Vertebral implant adapted for posterior insertion 373 2001
 
SCIENT'X SA (2)
6517580 Disk prosthesis for cervical vertebrae 300 2000
6666889 Intersomatic implant for sagittal insertion and suitable for being offset transversely in the frontal plane 53 2001
 
DEPUY SPINE, INC. (1)
6726720 Modular disc prosthesis 177 2002
 
PEARL TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS, LLC (1)
6533818 Artificial spinal disc 153 2000
 
CHOICE SPINE, LP (1)
6682562 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 272 2003
 
UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE (1)
5674294 Intervertebral disk prosthesis 318 1994
 
DEPUY SYNTHES PRODUCTS, INC. (2)
2004/0002,761 Intervertebral disc having translation 197 2003
* 2005/0021,042 Instruments and method for inserting an intervertebral implant 153 2003
 
J.B.S. Limited Company (1)
5314477 Prosthesis for intervertebral discs and instruments for implanting it 644 1992
 
TLIF, LLC (2)
5824094 Spinal disc 498 1997
6669732 Spinal disc 144 2001
 
ULRICH GROSS (1)
5002576 Intervertebral disk endoprosthesis 498 1989
 
Spine Cove, Inc. (1)
6740119 Method of distracting vertebral bones 72 2002
 
GENESIS MEDICAL, LLC (1)
2004/0167,626 Expandable artificial disc prosthesis 139 2004
 
SpineCore, Inc. (19)
6468310 Intervertebral spacer device having a wave washer force restoring element 161 2001
6527806 Intervertebral spacer device having a spiral wave washer force restoring element 136 2001
6740117 Intervertebral spacer device having a radially thinning slotted belleville spring 70 2001
6669730 Intervertebral spacer device utilizing a spirally slotted belleville washer having radially extending grooves 87 2001
6673113 Intervertebral spacer device having arch shaped spring elements 171 2001
6645249 Intervertebral spacer device having a multi-pronged domed spring 114 2001
6764515 Intervertebral spacer device utilizing a spirally slotted belleville washer and a rotational mounting 108 2002
2003/0069,643 Tension bearing artificial disc providing a centroid of motion centrally located within an intervertebral space 70 2002
6723127 Artificial intervertebral disc having a wave washer force restoring element 85 2002
6758861 Intervertebral spacer device having a wave washer force restoring element 68 2002
6706068 Artificial disc replacements with natural kinematics 317 2003
2004/0034,420 Artificial intervertebral disc having a circumferentially buried wire mesh endplate attachment device 27 2003
2004/0034,421 Circumferentially buried wire mesh endplate attachment device for use with an orthopedic device 44 2003
2004/0034,422 Intervertebral spacer device having a circumferentially buried wire mesh endplate attachment device 39 2003
2004/0093,088 Intervertebral spacer device having a slotted partial circular domed arch strip spring 20 2003
2004/0143,331 Intervertebral spacer device having simultaneously engageable angled perimeters for manipulation using a surgical tool 35 2003
2004/0148,027 Intervertebral spacer device having an engagement hole for manipulation using a surgical tool 50 2003
2004/0167,534 Instrumentation for inserting and impacting an artificial intervertebral disc in an intervertebral space 24 2004
2004/0167,537 Artificial intervertebral disc trial having a controllably separable distal end 30 2004
 
LIFESHIELD SCIENCES LLC (1)
2004/0158,312 Braided endoluminal device having tapered filaments 23 2003
 
SpineFore, Inc. (1)
6610092 Intervertebral spacer device having a slotted partial circular domed arch strip spring 154 2001
 
DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (8)
5534030 Spine disc 605 1994
6139579 Spinal disc 186 1997
6162252 Artificial spinal disc 224 1997
6348071 Spinal disc 201 1998
* 6558424 Modular anatomic fusion device 238 2001
6770095 Intervertebral disc 231 2002
6802867 Orthopedic implant 40 2002
6793678 Prosthetic intervertebral motion disc having dampening 176 2003
 
DiscoTech N.V. (1)
6127597 Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair 681 1998
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (1)
6579321 Intervertebral disc replacement prosthesis 127 2000
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Coviden IP (1)
D680220 Slider handle for laparoscopic device 15 2012
 
COVIDIEN AG (66)
7776036 Bipolar concentric electrode assembly for soft tissue fusion 46 2003
7799026 Compressible jaw configuration with bipolar RF output electrodes for soft tissue fusion 116 2003
7811283 Open vessel sealing instrument with hourglass cutting mechanism and over-ratchet safety 74 2004
7708735 Incorporating rapid cooling in tissue fusion heating processes 41 2005
7955332 Mechanism for dividing tissue in a hemostat-style instrument 27 2005
7909823 Open vessel sealing instrument 31 2006
8882766 Method and system for controlling delivery of energy to divide tissue 0 2006
7771425 Vessel sealer and divider having a variable jaw clamping mechanism 87 2006
7776037 System and method for controlling electrode gap during tissue sealing 163 2006
9107672 Vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes 0 2006
8597297 Vessel sealing instrument with multiple electrode configurations 3 2006
7922953 Method for manufacturing an end effector assembly 32 2006
7846161 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 88 2006
7789878 In-line vessel sealer and divider 50 2006
7922718 Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism 58 2006
8647341 Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas 5 2006
7879035 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 87 2006
7722607 In-line vessel sealer and divider 237 2006
7857812 Vessel sealer and divider having elongated knife stroke and safety for cutting mechanism 36 2006
7935052 Forceps with spring loaded end effector assembly 30 2007
7931649 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 118 2007
8211105 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue 31 2007
7963965 Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels 40 2007
8192433 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 15 2007
8162940 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 17 2007
7828798 Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument 47 2008
8123743 Mechanism for dividing tissue in a hemostat-style instrument 18 2008
8361071 Vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes 1 2008
8298228 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue 7 2008
9095347 Electrically conductive/insulative over shoe for tissue fusion 0 2008
7799028 Articulating bipolar electrosurgical instrument 52 2008
8241284 Vessel sealer and divider with non-conductive stop members 26 2009
8496656 Tissue sealer with non-conductive variable stop members and method of sealing tissue 1 2009
8382754 Electrosurgical forceps with slow closure sealing plates and method of sealing tissue 4 2009
8303586 Spring loaded reciprocating tissue cutting mechanism in a forceps-style electrosurgical instrument 5 2009
7896878 Vessel sealing instrument 35 2009
8623017 Open vessel sealing instrument with hourglass cutting mechanism and overratchet safety 13 2009
7947041 Vessel sealing instrument 25 2009
7887536 Vessel sealing instrument 60 2009
8740901 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 4 2010
9149323 Method of fusing biomaterials with radiofrequency energy 1 2010
7951150 Vessel sealer and divider with rotating sealer and cutter 65 2010
8668689 In-line vessel sealer and divider 2 2010
8679114 Incorporating rapid cooling in tissue fusion heating processes 1 2010
8348948 Vessel sealing system using capacitive RF dielectric heating 12 2010
8257352 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 33 2010
8945125 Compressible jaw configuration with bipolar RF output electrodes for soft tissue fusion 1 2010
8641713 Flexible endoscopic catheter with ligasure 7 2010
8361072 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 12 2010
8394095 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 4 2011
8147489 Open vessel sealing instrument 26 2011
8197633 Method for manufacturing an end effector assembly 12 2011
8551091 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 7 2011
8394096 Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism 13 2011
8366709 Articulating bipolar electrosurgical instrument 27 2011
8333765 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 19 2012
8597296 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 1 2012
8591506 Vessel sealing system 82 2012
RE44834 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 29 2012
9463067 Vessel sealing system 0 2013
9375270 Vessel sealing system 0 2013
9375271 Vessel sealing system 0 2013
9579145 Flexible endoscopic catheter with ligasure 0 2014
9492225 Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas 0 2014
9549775 In-line vessel sealer and divider 0 2014
9585716 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 0 2014
 
GENERAL INSTRUMENT CORPORATION (1)
* 2010/0158,209 Access to Network Based on Automatic Speech-Recognition 0 2008
 
COVIDIEN LP (54)
D649249 End effectors of an elongated dissecting and dividing instrument 177 2007
8267935 Electrosurgical instrument reducing current densities at an insulator conductor junction 5 2007
* 2008/0249,527 Electrosurgical instrument reducing current densities at an insulator conductor junction 129 2007
8070746 Radiofrequency fusion of cardiac tissue 21 2007
8469956 Variable resistor jaw 15 2008
8257387 Method of transferring pressure in an articulating surgical instrument 66 2008
8162973 Method of transferring pressure in an articulating surgical instrument 34 2008
9603652 Electrosurgical instrument including a sensor 0 2008
8795274 Tissue fusion jaw angle improvement 4 2008
8784417 Tissue fusion jaw angle improvement 2 2008
8317787 Tissue fusion jaw angle improvement 13 2008
8241282 Vessel sealing cutting assemblies 20 2008
8221416 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps with thermoplastic clevis 12 2008
8303582 Electrosurgical instrument having a coated electrode utilizing an atomic layer deposition technique 10 2008
8241283 Dual durometer insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 16 2008
8734443 Vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 20 2008
9023043 Insulating mechanically-interfaced boot and jaws for electrosurgical forceps 0 2008
8267936 Insulating mechanically-interfaced adhesive for electrosurgical forceps 4 2008
8251996 Insulating sheath for electrosurgical forceps 10 2008
8235992 Insulating boot with mechanical reinforcement for electrosurgical forceps 10 2008
8236025 Silicone insulated electrosurgical forceps 11 2008
8235993 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps with exohinged structure 19 2008
9375254 Seal and separate algorithm 0 2008
8968314 Apparatus, system and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 2 2008
8535312 Apparatus, system and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 15 2008
8142473 Method of transferring rotational motion in an articulating surgical instrument 57 2008
8469957 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 13 2008
8636761 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an endoscopic electrosurgical procedure 9 2008
8016827 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 55 2008
8486107 Method of sealing tissue using radiofrequency energy 19 2008
8197479 Vessel sealer and divider 68 2008
8764748 End effector assembly for electrosurgical device and method for making the same 2 2009
8623276 Method and system for sterilizing an electrosurgical instrument 4 2009
8298232 Endoscopic vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 57 2009
9113898 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 0 2011
8425504 Radiofrequency fusion of cardiac tissue 10 2011
8898888 System for manufacturing electrosurgical seal plates 10 2012
8852228 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 6 2012
9113940 Trigger lockout and kickback mechanism for surgical instruments 18 2012
8568444 Method of transferring rotational motion in an articulating surgical instrument 4 2012
9028493 In vivo attachable and detachable end effector assembly and laparoscopic surgical instrument and methods therefor 0 2012
8454602 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 17 2012
8696667 Dual durometer insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 11 2012
8523898 Endoscopic electrosurgical jaws with offset knife 19 2012
9113903 Endoscopic vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 0 2012
8858554 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 3 2013
9113905 Variable resistor jaw 1 2013
9554841 Dual durometer insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 0 2014
9539053 Vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 0 2014
9655674 Apparatus, system and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 0 2014
9345535 Apparatus, system and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 0 2014
9265552 Method of manufacturing electrosurgical seal plates 1 2014
9247988 Variable resistor jaw 0 2015
9750561 System for manufacturing electrosurgical seal plates 0 2016
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (2)
* 8092534 Revision device 0 2006
* 2008/0119,934 REVISION DEVICE 3 2006
 
AESCULAP IMPLANT SYSTEMS, LLC (3)
8702719 Surgical instrument and method of use for inserting an implant between two bones 3 2011
* 2012/0310,293 SURGICAL INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF USE FOR INSERTING AN IMPLANT BETWEEN TWO BONES 1 2011
9034046 Vertebral body replacement device and method for use to maintain a space between two vertebral bodies within a spine 1 2014
 
SIMPLIFY MEDICAL PTY LTD (18)
8083797 Intervertebral prosthetic disc with shock absorption 1 2005
8734519 Posterior spinal device and method 3 2007
8206447 Methods and apparatus for intervertebral disc prosthesis insertion 4 2008
8758441 Vertebral body replacement and method for spanning a space formed upon removal of a vertebral body 1 2008
9034038 Motion limiting insert for an artificial intervertebral disc 0 2009
8062371 Intervertebral prosthetic disc with metallic core 7 2009
8002834 Intervertebral prosthetic disc with metallic core 6 2009
8974531 Methods and apparatus for intervertebral disc prosthesis insertion 0 2009
* 2010/0100,141 Methods and Apparatus For Intervertebral Disc Prosthesis Insertion 33 2009
8801792 Posterio spinal device and method 1 2010
9011544 Polyaryletherketone artificial intervertebral disc 0 2010
8506631 Customized intervertebral prosthetic disc with shock absorption 3 2010
9439774 Intervertebral prosthetic disc 0 2011
9107762 Intervertebral prosthetic disc with metallic core 0 2011
8398712 Intervertebral prosthetic disc with shock absorption 1 2011
8771356 Intervertebral prosthetic disc 0 2012
9554917 Customized intervertebral prosthetic disc with shock absorption 1 2013
9687355 Customized intervertebral prosthetic disc with shock absorption 0 2016
* Cited By Examiner

Maintenance Fees

Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee due date
11.5 Year Payment $7400.00 $3700.00 $1850.00 Dec 23, 2020
Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee
Surcharge - 11.5 year - Late payment within 6 months $160.00 $80.00 $40.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unavoidable $700.00 $350.00 $175.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unintentional $1,640.00 $820.00 $410.00