US Patent No: 4,323,756

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Method for fabricating articles by sequential layer deposition

Stats

See full text
ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

Importance

Loading Importance Indicators... loading....

Abstract

See full text

A method is described for the production of bulk rapidly solidified metallic articles of near-net shape, by depositing multiple thin layers of feedstock using an energy beam to fuse each layer onto a substrate. The feedstock may be in the form of metal powder or wire. Different finished geometries are also described.

Loading the Abstract Image... loading....

First Claim

See full text

all claims..

Related Publications

Loading Related Publications... loading....

Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATIONHARTFORD, CT5876

International Classification(s)

  • [Classification Symbol]
  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Breinan, Edward M Glastonbury, CT 1 140
Brown, Clyde O New Britain, CT 7 199
Kear, Bernard H Whitehouse Station, NJ 48 798

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (1)
4,270,675 Powder feed apparatus 26 1979

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BOARD OF REGENTS, THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SYSTEM (21)
4,863,538 Method and apparatus for producing parts by selective sintering 310 1986
4,944,817 Multiple material systems for selective beam sintering 165 1989
4,938,816 Selective laser sintering with assisted powder handling 130 1989
5,017,317 Gas phase selective beam deposition 46 1989
5,132,143 Method for producing parts 110 1990
5,017,753 Method and apparatus for producing parts by selective sintering 127 1990
5,053,090 Selective laser sintering with assisted powder handling 87 1990
5,076,869 Multiple material systems for selective beam sintering 114 1990
5,156,697 Selective laser sintering of parts by compound formation of precursor powders 85 1990
5,147,587 Method of producing parts and molds using composite ceramic powders 75 1991
5,135,695 Positioning, focusing and monitoring of gas phase selective beam deposition 30 1991
5,182,170 Method of producing parts by selective beam interaction of powder with gas phase reactant 89 1991
5,316,580 Method and apparatus for producing parts by selective sintering 81 1992
5,296,062 Multiple material systems for selective beam sintering 59 1992
5,306,447 Method and apparatus for direct use of low pressure vapor from liquid or solid precursors for selected area laser deposition 36 1992
5,382,308 Multiple material systems for selective beam sintering 60 1994
5,597,589 Apparatus for producing parts by selective sintering 53 1994
5,611,883 Joining ceramics and attaching fasteners to ceramics by gas phase selective beam deposition 26 1995
5,639,070 Method for producing parts by selective sintering 57 1995
5,616,294 Method for producing parts by infiltration of porous intermediate parts 56 1995
6,676,892 Direct selective laser sintering of metals 22 2001
 
OPTOMEC DESIGN COMPANY (16)
5,993,554 Multiple beams and nozzles to increase deposition rate 23 1998
6,268,584 Multiple beams and nozzles to increase deposition rate 112 1998
6,251,488 Precision spray processes for direct write electronic components 149 1999
6,391,251 Forming structures from CAD solid models 181 2000
6,656,409 Manufacturable geometries for thermal management of complex three-dimensional shapes 23 2000
7,108,894 Direct Write.TM. System 11 2002
6,811,744 Forming structures from CAD solid models 25 2002
7,045,015 Apparatuses and method for maskless mesoscale material deposition 53 2003
7,270,844 Direct write.TM. system 10 2004
7,294,366 Laser processing for heat-sensitive mesoscale deposition 22 2004
7,938,079 Annular aerosol jet deposition using an extended nozzle 0 2004
7,938,341 Miniature aerosol jet and aerosol jet array 1 2005
7,674,671 Aerodynamic jetting of aerosolized fluids for fabrication of passive structures 13 2005
7,485,345 Apparatuses and methods for maskless mesoscale material deposition 15 2005
8,110,247 Laser processing for heat-sensitive mesoscale deposition of oxygen-sensitive materials 0 2006
7,658,163 Direct write# system 7 2006
 
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY (8)
4,743,733 Method and apparatus for repairing metal in an article 54 1984
4,730,093 Method and apparatus for repairing metal in an article 34 1987
5,245,155 Single point powder feed nozzle for use in laser welding 30 1992
5,889,254 Method and apparatus for Nd: YAG hardsurfacing 12 1997
8,413,709 Composite core die, methods of manufacture thereof and articles manufactured therefrom 0 2006
7,938,168 Ceramic cores, methods of manufacture thereof and articles manufactured from the same 0 2006
7,624,787 Disposable insert, and use thereof in a method for manufacturing an airfoil 0 2006
7,487,819 Disposable thin wall core die, methods of manufacture thereof and articles manufactured therefrom 0 2006
 
DM3D TECHNOLOGY, LLC (6)
6,122,564 Apparatus and methods for monitoring and controlling multi-layer laser cladding 66 1998
6,410,105 Production of overhang, undercut, and cavity structures using direct metal depostion 11 2000
7,286,893 Tailoring residual stress and hardness during direct metal deposition 5 2000
6,925,346 Closed-loop, rapid manufacturing of three-dimensional components using direct metal deposition 3 2000
8,062,715 Fabrication of alloy variant structures using direct metal deposition 0 2005
8,629,368 High-speed, ultra precision manufacturing station that combines direct metal deposition and EDM 0 2007
 
OPTOMEC, INC. (6)
7,879,394 Deep deposition head 0 2007
8,272,579 Mechanically integrated and closely coupled print head and mist source 0 2008
7,987,813 Apparatuses and methods for maskless mesoscale material deposition 0 2009
8,640,975 Miniature aerosol jet and aerosol jet array 0 2010
8,132,744 Miniature aerosol jet and aerosol jet array 0 2010
8,455,051 Apparatuses and methods for maskless mesoscale material deposition 0 2010
 
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (5)
4,451,299 High temperature coatings by surface melting 15 1982
5,914,059 Method of repairing metallic articles by energy beam deposition with reduced power density 22 1996
5,900,170 Containerless method of producing crack free metallic articles by energy beam deposition with reduced power density 18 1996
6,103,402 Crack free metallic articles 19 1997
8,089,028 Methods for repairing gas turbine engine knife edge seals 0 2007
 
CUBIC TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (4)
5,354,414 Apparatus and method for forming an integral object from laminations 78 1991
5,637,175 Apparatus for forming an integral object from laminations 93 1994
5,730,817 Laminated object manufacturing system 41 1996
5,876,550 Laminated object manufacturing apparatus and method 78 1997
 
Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. (4)
5,514,849 Rotating apparatus for repairing damaged tubes 19 1994
5,653,897 Rotating fiber optic coupler for high power laser welding applications 3 1995
5,656,185 Method and apparatus for repairing damaged tubes by interior laser clad welding 7 1995
5,573,683 Method of forming a clad weld on the interior surface of a tube with a synchronously rotating welding apparatus 6 1995
 
SANDIA CORPORATION (4)
6,046,426 Method and system for producing complex-shape objects 73 1996
6,027,326 Freeforming objects with low-binder slurry 22 1997
6,143,378 Energetic additive manufacturing process with feed wire 10 1998
6,401,795 Method for freeforming objects with low-binder slurry 5 2000
 
ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD (3)
6,998,568 Method for fabricating, modifying or repairing of single crystal or directionally solidified articles 5 2003
7,586,061 Method of controlled remelting of or laser metal forming on the surface of an article 1 2004
7,705,264 Method for controlling the microstructure of a laser metal formed hard layer 1 2005
 
LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC (3)
5,961,862 Deposition head for laser 15 1995
5,837,960 Laser production of articles from powders 118 1995
6,429,402 Controlled laser production of elongated articles from particulates 13 2000
 
MEDICINELODGE, INC. (3)
7,001,672 Laser based metal deposition of implant structures 12 2004
7,632,575 Laser based metal deposition (LBMD) of implant structures 2 2005
7,951,412 Laser based metal deposition (LBMD) of antimicrobials to implant surfaces 0 2007
 
Alvord-Polk, Inc. (2)
6,146,476 Laser-clad composite cutting tool and method 11 1999
6,402,438 Composite Cutting Tool 9 2000
 
BERNAL, INC. (2)
7,827,883 Cutting die and method of forming 1 1998
RE37366 Method of making rotary cutting dies 11 1998
 
CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY (2)
5,883,357 Selective vacuum gripper 6 1996
5,779,833 Method for constructing three dimensional bodies from laminations 63 1996
 
EOS GMBH ELECTRO OPTICAL SYSTEMS (2)
5,647,931 Method and apparatus for producing a three-dimensional object 50 1995
8,172,562 Device and method for producing a three-dimensional object by means of a generative production method 0 2003
 
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION (2)
7,093,542 Warhead with integral, direct-manufactured features 1 2004
8,513,562 Method and system for hybrid direct manufacturing 0 2011
 
MICROELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION (2)
5,314,003 Three-dimensional metal fabrication using a laser 28 1991
5,393,613 Composition for three-dimensional metal fabrication using a laser 39 1993
 
P.O.M. GROUP, THE (2)
6,472,029 Fabrication of laminate structures using direct metal deposition 23 2000
6,710,280 Focusing optics for adaptive deposition in rapid manufacturing 3 2002
 
Quantum Laser Corporation (2)
4,724,299 Laser spray nozzle and method 100 1987
4,804,815 Process for welding nickel-based superalloys 50 1987
 
SCIAKY, INC. (2)
8,546,717 Electron beam layer manufacturing 0 2010
8,598,523 Electron beam layer manufacturing using scanning electron monitored closed loop control 0 2010
 
Westinghouse Electric Corp. (2)
4,927,992 Energy beam casting of metal articles 31 1987
4,803,334 Method for laser beam welding metal matrix composite components 26 1987
 
3D SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
7,261,542 Apparatus for three dimensional printing using image layers 24 2005
 
AEROJET ROCKETDYNE, INC. (1)
8,242,375 Conductive emissions protection 0 2008
 
AVIOPROP S.R.L. (1)
7,815,847 Mass production of tridimensional articles made of intermetallic compounds 0 2007
 
CHROMALLOY GAS TURBINE CORPORATION (1)
6,872,912 Welding single crystal articles 10 2004
 
Creusot-Loire (1)
4,484,959 Process for the production of a composite metal part and products thus obtained 28 1982
 
EXMET AB (1)
8,052,923 Method of producing products of amorphous metal 0 2007
 
FEDERAL-MOGUL WORLD WIDE, INC. (1)
7,851,984 Ignition device having a reflowed firing tip and method of construction 0 2006
 
FIAT AUTO S.P.A. (1)
4,644,127 Method of carrying out a treatment on metal pieces with the addition of an added material and with the use of a power laser 55 1985
 
FOSTER-MILLER TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
5,149,936 Multi-plane balancing process and apparatus using powder metal for controlled material addition 7 1991
 
FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V. (1)
6,861,613 Device and method for the preparation of building components from a combination of materials 1 2002
 
H.C. STARCK INC. (1)
7,651,658 Refractory metal and alloy refining by laser forming and melting 4 2003
 
HITACHI, LTD. (1)
8,426,766 Welding method and welding apparatus for an impeller 0 2008
 
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC. (1)
6,680,456 Ion fusion formation 11 2001
 
IMAGECUBE, LLC (1)
RE37875 Solid imaging process using component homogenization 3 2000
 
IMDS, INC. (1)
7,666,522 Laser based metal deposition (LBMD) of implant structures 1 2006
 
KAWASAKI STEEL CORPORATION (1)
4,623,777 Apparatus for butt welding steel strips by using a laser beam in a steel strip-processing line 14 1984
 
Ministry of International Trade & Industry (1)
5,208,431 Method for producing object by laser spraying and apparatus for conducting the method 72 1991
 
NORTH STAR POWER ENGINEERING, INC. (1)
6,537,052 Method and apparatus for high speed electron beam rapid prototyping 1 1999
 
POM GROUP, THE (1)
6,859,681 Multi-material toolpath generation for direct metal deposition 8 2000
 
Precision Optical Manufacturing (POM) (1)
6,937,921 Production of smart dies and molds using direct metal deposition 5 2000
 
ROLLS-ROYCE CORPORATION (1)
5,312,584 Moldless/coreless single crystal castings of nickel-aluminide 17 1992
 
ROLLS-ROYCE PLC (1)
7,029,232 Abradable seals 3 2004
 
SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD. (1)
7,276,298 Substance for intermediate layer of organic electroluminescent device and organic electroluminescent device using the same 0 2004
 
SAMSUNG DISPLAY DEVICES CO., LTD. (1)
6,270,388 Method for fabricating partition of plasma display panel 2 1999
 
SEALED AIR CORPORATION (US) (1)
7,963,020 Apparatus and method for manufacturing foam parts 0 2007
 
SNECMA (1)
7,836,572 Method of making a wiper for a sealing labyrinth, and a thermomechanical part and a turbomachine including such a wiper 0 2006
 
STANLEY BLACK & DECKER, INC. (1)
8,505,414 Method of manufacturing a blade 0 2009
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (1)
7,270,679 Implants based on engineered metal matrix composite materials having enhanced imaging and wear resistance 80 2004
 
ZWILLING J.A. HENCKELS AG (1)
6,612,204 Process for manufacturing a blade of a cutting tool and product manufactured therewith 10 2000
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (8)
5,578,227 Rapid prototyping system 46 1993
6,144,008 Rapid manufacturing system for metal, metal matrix composite materials and ceramics 24 1996
5,980,812 Solid imaging process using component homogenization 8 1997
6,441,338 Rapid manufacturing of steel rule dies and other 3-dimensional products, apparatus, process and products 15 2000
6,459,069 Rapid manufacturing system for metal, metal matrix composite materials and ceramics 5 2000
6,518,541 Duty cycle stabilization in direct metal deposition (DMD) systems 3 2000
7,139,633 Method of fabricating composite tooling using closed-loop direct-metal deposition 7 2003
8,334,475 Process for energy beam solid-state metallurgical bonding of wires having two or more flat surfaces 0 2009