US Patent No: 4,349,921

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Intervertebral disc prosthesis

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Abstract

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An intervertebral disc prosthesis intended to replace a natural intervertebral disc and to restore the normal intervertebral spacing without complete loss of flexibility of the spinal joint. The prosthesis comprises a body of biologically-acceptable material suitably dimensioned and shaped to replace a natural disc. One of the longitudinal ends of the prosthesis has suitable means, e.g. a raised flange, to facilitate handling of the prosthesis and to prevent penetration to an excessive depth into the spinal joint. The other longitudinal end is preferably wedge-shaped to facilitate insertion into the intervertebral space. The superior and inferior surfaces are preferably provided with surface characteristics to produce a 'friction-fit' and are convex to correspond to the adjacent vertebral surface. The prosthesis is inexpensive to manufacture and can be implanted quite easily with little danger to the patient. Moreover, the prosthesis maintains at least some of the flexibility of the joint while remaining firmly anchored in place.

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First Claim

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Kuntz, J David 899 Lahakas Blvd., Kitimat, B.C., CA 1 919

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (1)
* 2002/0138,146 Anterior expandable spinal fusion cage system 13 2002
* Cited By Examiner

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Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (41)
* 4,863,477 Synthetic intervertebral disc prosthesis 568 1987
* 5,152,303 Anterolateral spinal fixation system and related insertion process 49 1991
* 5,163,939 Disk flow and methods therefor 51 1992
* 5,261,911 Anterolateral spinal fixation system 138 1992
* 6,093,207 Middle expanded, removable intervertebral disk stabilizer disk 176 1994
* 6,120,502 Apparatus and method for the delivery of electrical current for interbody spinal arthrodesis 118 1994
* 5,653,761 Method of lumbar intervertebral disk stabilization 169 1995
* 5,769,781 Protector retractor 31 1995
* 5,865,845 Prosthetic intervertebral disc 318 1996
* 5,895,428 Load bearing spinal joint implant 376 1996
* 6,080,158 Intervertebral fusion device 172 1999
* 6,077,265 Nail for fixing the position and shape of broken long bones 20 1999
6,605,089 Apparatus and method for the delivery of electrical current for interbody spinal arthrodesis 54 1999
* 6,425,920 Spinal fusion implant 130 2000
7,351,244 Spinal fusion instrumentation, implant and method 7 2002
7,377,930 Nerve protecting tube 1 2003
7,052,515 Vertebral implant with dampening matrix adapted for posterior insertion 47 2003
7,455,672 Method for the delivery of electrical current to promote bone growth between adjacent bone masses 13 2003
7,485,134 Vertebral implants adapted for posterior insertion 29 2003
7,419,505 Collapsible, rotatable, and tiltable hydraulic spinal disc prosthesis system with selectable modular components 31 2005
7,361,192 Spinal disc prosthesis and methods of use 27 2005
8,721,685 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 0 2006
8,226,722 Sac for use in spinal surgery 0 2006
9,011,542 Intervertebral prosthesis endplate having double dome and surgical tools for implanting same 0 2007
9,011,543 Methods for augmenting or repairing intervertebral discs with allogenic/xenogenic implants 0 2007
8,187,333 Intervertebral disc prosthesis and method for implanting and explanting 1 2008
8,187,304 Facet fusion system 1 2008
7,935,116 Implant for the delivery of electrical current to promote bone growth between adjacent bone masses 8 2008
8,157,865 Apparatus and method for stabilizing adjacent bone portions 0 2010
8,353,964 Anatomic total disc replacement 1 2010
8,486,113 Spinal stabilization systems 0 2010
8,834,496 Soft tissue repair methods and apparatus 0 2011
8,764,835 Intervertebral disc treatment methods and apparatus 0 2011
8,206,387 Interbody spinal implant inductively coupled to an external power supply 0 2011
8,277,505 Devices for providing up to six-degrees of motion having kinematically-linked components and methods of use 0 2011
8,579,977 Spine surgery method and inserter 0 2012
8,814,937 Intervertebral disc prosthesis, method for assembling, method for implanting prosthesis, and method for explanting 0 2012
9,011,541 Systems and techniques for restoring and maintaining intervertebral anatomy 0 2012
9,011,493 Spinous process fixation system and methods thereof 0 2012
8,992,621 Expandable osteosynthesis cage 0 2013
8,790,407 Expandable osteosynthesis cage 0 2013
 
RESSPOND SPINAL SYSTEMS (1)
8,795,375 Modular nucleus pulposus prosthesis 0 2009
 
ZIMMER DENTAL, INC. (2)
* 5,306,307 Spinal disk implant 365 1991
* 5,306,309 Spinal disk implant and implantation kit 689 1992
 
ZIMMER GMBH (1)
* 4,955,908 Metallic intervertebral prosthesis 375 1988
 
SOFAMOR DANEK HOLDINGS, INC. (1)
6,478,823 Artificial spinal fusion implants 160 2000
 
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. (6)
7,001,433 Artificial intervertebral disc device 43 2002
8,241,360 Artificial disc device 3 2004
8,262,731 Artificial disc device 0 2005
8,029,512 Spinal stabilization device and methods 3 2005
8,002,837 Spinal stabilization device and methods 4 2007
8,672,976 Intervertebral implant devices and methods for insertion thereof 2 2008
 
OSTEOTECH, INC. (2)
6,530,955 Ramp-shaped intervertebral implant 106 2001
6,383,221 Method for forming an intervertebral implant 118 2001
 
NAXCOR (1)
6,342,074 Anterior lumbar interbody fusion implant and method for fusing adjacent vertebrae 146 2000
 
PFIZER INC. (1)
* 5,534,028 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus with diminished lateral bulging 436 1993
 
WENZEL SPINE, INC. (1)
8,435,299 Expandable osteosynthesis cage 0 2010
 
QUANDARY MEDICAL, LLC (11)
8,052,613 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 8 2004
7,740,633 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 16 2004
7,588,574 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 35 2004
7,530,993 Method of spinal fixation 25 2004
7,500,977 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 51 2004
7,744,599 Articulating spinal implant 12 2007
7,727,263 Articulating spinal implant 12 2007
7,799,032 Guide pin introducer for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 11 2007
7,763,025 Spinal fusion kit for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 29 2007
7,799,033 Access kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 15 2007
7,914,535 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 8 2009
 
BRANTIGAN, W. JOHN DR.( CREIGHTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE) (4)
* 4,834,757 Prosthetic implant 841 1988
* 4,878,915 Surgical prosthetic implant facilitating vertebral interbody fusion 733 1989
* 5,192,327 Surgical prosthetic implant for vertebrae 817 1991
* 5,425,772 Prosthetic implant for intervertebral spinal fusion 555 1993
 
LI MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
* 6,039,761 Intervertebral spacer and tool and method for emplacement thereof 356 1997
 
MARFLY 2, LP (2)
6,413,278 Prosthetic system 90 1999
6,835,208 Prosthetic system 35 2002
 
LIFENET HEALTH (1)
6,520,993 Spinal implant 65 2000
 
ANULEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
8,034,112 Spinal disc annulus reconstruction method and spinal disc annulus stent 2 2006
 
OSTEOIMPLANT TECHNOLOGY, INC. (3)
* 6,129,763 Expandable osteosynthesis cage 191 1998
6,371,989 Method of providing proper vertebral spacing 154 2000
7,828,848 Expandable osteosynthesis cage 6 2002
 
Loop Telecommunication International, Inc. (1)
* 6,132,465 Tapered prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 342 1998
 
SYNTHES GMBH (1)
8,425,603 Orthopedic implant with flexible keel 2 2009
 
X-SPINE SYSTEMS, INC. (12)
7,182,782 Spinal fusion system and method for fusing spinal bones 59 2003
7,641,701 Spinal fusion system and method for fusing spinal bones 15 2004
8,821,553 Spinal fusion system utilizing an implant plate having at least one integral lock 0 2006
8,062,367 Screw locking mechanism and method 9 2007
7,655,028 Spinal fusion system and method for fusing spinal bones 3 2007
8,372,152 Spinal fusion system utilizing an implant plate having at least one integral lock and ratchet lock 3 2007
7,963,982 Implant plate screw locking system and screw having a locking member 2 2007
8,216,316 Prosthetic implant with biplanar angulation and compound angles 4 2008
8,282,682 Fusion system and method for fusing spinal bones 1 2009
8,728,130 Implant plate screw locking system and screw having a locking member 0 2011
8,734,493 Screw locking mechanism and method 0 2011
8,795,370 Fusion system and method for fusing spinal bones 0 2012
 
SYNTHES USA, LLC (10)
6,482,233 Prosthetic interbody spacer 130 1999
6,719,794 Intervertebral implant for transforaminal posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure 181 2001
6,974,480 Intervertebral implant for transforaminal posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure 120 2002
7,192,447 Intervertebral implant 31 2002
7,226,483 Method of performing a transforaminal posterior lumber interbody fusion procedure 22 2004
7,563,284 Intervertebral disc implant 35 2005
7,563,286 Controlled artificial intervertebral disc implant 46 2005
7,223,292 Intervertebral implant for transforaminal posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure 34 2005
8,231,675 Intervertebral implant 0 2007
8,337,500 Drilling/milling guide and keel cut preparation system 2 2007
 
EBI, LLC (2)
8,721,722 Intervertebral implant and associated method 0 2006
7,780,676 Intervertebral implantation apparatus 1 2007
 
THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (2)
7,156,877 Biodegradable/bioactive nucleus pulposus implant and method for treating degenerated intervertebral discs 46 2002
7,641,691 Biodegradable/bioactive nucleus pulposus implant and method for treating degenerated intervertebral discs 4 2006
 
K2M, INC. (5)
8,864,831 Fixation of elastomer to rigid structures 0 2006
7,776,092 Elastomeric intervertebral disc prosthesis 6 2006
8,814,938 Intervertebral disc replacement and associated instrumentation 0 2006
8,343,164 Implant insertion tool 2 2008
8,470,045 Endplate for an intervertebral prosthesis and prosthesis incorporating the same 0 2009
 
DEPUY SYNTHES PRODUCTS, LLC (28)
* 7,819,918 Implantable tissue repair device 4 2003
8,579,908 Device for delivering viscous material 1 2004
8,506,634 Intervertebral implant 2 2004
8,974,530 Intervertebral implant 0 2005
8,415,407 Methods, materials, and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue 5 2006
8,360,629 Mixing apparatus having central and planetary mixing elements 5 2006
8,535,326 Insertion instrument for an intervertebral implant 2 2006
7,871,440 Unitary surgical device and method 3 2006
* 8,715,352 Buckling disc replacement 0 2006
* 2008/0147,191 BUCKLING DISC REPLACEMENT 17 2006
8,663,229 Instruments and method for preparing an intervertebral space for receiving an artificial disc implant 2 2007
8,795,371 Intervertebral implant 0 2007
* 8,702,797 Intervertebral implant 1 2007
* 2008/0033,554 INTERVERTEBRAL IMPLANT 1 2007
8,333,773 Remotely-activated vertebroplasty injection device 8 2007
8,950,929 Fluid delivery system 0 2007
8,540,722 Methods, materials and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue 5 2009
8,361,078 Methods, materials and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue 8 2009
8,435,300 Intervertebral implant for transforaminal posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure 0 2011
8,435,301 Artificial intervertebral disc implant 1 2011
8,449,580 Methods and devices for expanding a spinal canal 0 2012
8,597,356 Intervertebral implant 0 2012
8,882,839 Intervertebral implant 0 2013
8,809,418 Methods, materials and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue 1 2013
8,690,949 Intervertebral implant for transforaminal posterior lumbar interbody fusion procedure 0 2013
8,876,836 Insertion instrument for an intervertebral implant 0 2013
8,956,368 Methods, materials and apparatus for treating bone and other tissue 0 2013
8,992,541 Hydraulic device for the injection of bone cement in percutaneous vertebroplasty 0 2013
 
RTI SURGICAL, INC. (10)
7,763,071 Bone block assemblies and their use in assembled bone-tendon-bone grafts 7 2005
7,763,072 Intermediate bone block and its use in bone block assemblies and assembled bone-tendon-bone grafts 2 2005
8,470,038 Adjustable and fixed assembled bone-tendon-bone graft 2 2005
7,727,278 Self fixing assembled bone-tendon-bone graft 12 2006
D630748 Orthopedic bone block 0 2008
D608891 Set of orthopedic bone block assemblies 1 2008
D604850 Orthopedic bone block assembly 5 2008
D625822 Orthopedic bone block assembly 3 2009
8,291,572 Multi-component cortical bone assembled implant 0 2010
D630329 Orthopedic bone block assembly 2 2010
 
BIOMET SPORTS MEDICINE, LLC (1)
8,535,357 Continuous phase compositions for ACL repair 0 2007
 
KINAMED, INC. (1)
6,319,257 Inserter assembly 215 1999
 
UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND DENTISTRY OF NEW JERSEY (2)
* 5,171,281 Functional and biocompatible intervertebral disc spacer containing elastomeric material of varying hardness 263 1991
* 5,545,229 Functional and biocompatible intervertebral disc spacer containing elastomeric material of varying hardness 362 1993
 
DANEK MEDICAL, INC. (1)
7,981,156 Bone grafts 1 2004
 
RAYMEDICA, LLC (4)
* 6,022,376 Percutaneous prosthetic spinal disc nucleus and method of manufacture 409 1998
6,602,291 Prosthetic spinal disc nucleus having a shape change characteristic 103 1999
* 6,110,210 Prosthetic spinal disc nucleus having selectively coupled bodies 239 1999
6,436,119 Adjustable surgical dilator 83 1999
 
SCOLIO GMBH (1)
* 6,699,288 Cage-type intervertebral implant 57 2002
 
LDR MEDICAL (12)
7,326,250 Intervertebral disc prosthesis and fitting tools 90 2002
7,682,396 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 62 2003
8,858,635 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 1 2005
7,494,508 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 41 2005
7,695,516 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 22 2005
7,632,282 Instrumentation and methods for inserting an intervertebral disc prosthesis 15 2005
7,842,088 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 18 2006
8,465,546 Intervertebral disc prosthesis insertion assemblies 4 2007
8,343,219 Intersomatic cage, intervertebral prosthesis, anchoring device and implantation instruments 14 2008
8,257,439 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 8 2009
8,267,999 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 8 2009
8,439,931 Instrumentation and methods for inserting an intervertebral disc prosthesis 7 2009
 
ZIMMER SPINE, INC. (18)
* 5,015,255 Spinal stabilization method 502 1989
* 5,059,193 Expandable spinal implant and surgical method 790 1990
* 5,445,639 Intervertebral reamer construction 314 1991
* 5,458,638 Non-threaded spinal implant 471 1992
* 5,489,308 Spinal implant 482 1994
* 5,609,636 Spinal implant 425 1996
* 5,658,337 Intervertebral fusion implant 280 1996
* 6,149,686 Threaded spinal implant with bone ingrowth openings 84 1996
* 5,895,427 Method for spinal fixation 86 1996
6,224,631 Intervertebral implant with reduced contact area and method 183 1998
6,287,343 Threaded spinal implant with bone ingrowth openings 65 1999
6,599,320 Alignment guide assembly for spinal stabilization 38 1999
6,391,058 Threaded spinal implant with convex trailing surface 79 1999
6,855,166 Intevertebral implant with reduced contact area and method 38 2001
7,112,223 Pseudo arthrosis device 9 2002
7,135,026 Laparoscopic spinal stabilization surgical method 1 2003
7,722,621 Laparoscopic spinal stabilization surgical method 1 2006
7,905,922 Surgical implant suitable for replacement of an intervertebral disc 6 2006
 
TRUEMOTION SPINE, INC. (1)
8,287,598 True spinal motion preserving, shock absorbing, intervertebral spinal disc prosthesis 0 2011
 
MALM, BRIAN (1)
8,435,298 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 3 2010
 
WALDEMAR LINK GMBH & CO. KG (1)
* 5,401,269 Intervertebral disc endoprosthesis 640 1993
 
MUSCULOSKELETAL TRANSPLANT FOUNDATION (2)
* 6,111,164 Bone graft insert 95 1997
7,879,103 Vertebral disc repair 4 2006
 
QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY AT KINGSTON (1)
8,070,777 Method and device for treating abnormal curvature of a spine 1 2008
 
PERUMALA CORPORATION (7)
* 5,658,336 Rotating, locking, middle-expanded intervertebral disk stabilizer 137 1995
* 5,653,762 Method of stabilizing adjacent vertebrae with rotating, lockable, middle-expanded intervertebral disk stabilizer 326 1995
* 5,893,890 Rotating, locking intervertebral disk stabilizer and applicator 128 1997
6,264,655 Cervical disk and spinal stabilizer 88 1997
* 6,309,421 Rotating, locking intervertebral disk stabilizer and applicator 68 1999
6,610,093 Method and apparatus for stabilizing adjacent vertebrae 145 2000
7,074,240 Method and apparatus for stabilizing adjacent vertebrae 18 2003
 
BLACKSTONE MEDICAL, INC. (2)
6,960,232 Artificial intervertebral disc 34 2003
8,696,749 Artificial intervertebral disc 0 2004
 
SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (17)
* 5,258,031 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty 739 1992
* 5,425,773 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty device 478 1994
* 5,480,442 Fixedly adjustable intervertebral prosthesis 181 1994
* 5,562,738 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty device 520 1995
* 5,669,909 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 448 1995
* 6,019,792 Articulating spinal implant 486 1998
* 7,048,762 Elongated cortical bone implant 35 1998
6,371,988 Bone grafts 173 2000
6,375,655 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 67 2000
6,613,091 Spinal fusion implants and tools for insertion and revision 134 2000
6,471,724 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 135 2001
6,881,228 Artificial disc implant 73 2002
6,695,851 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 116 2002
6,893,466 Intervertebral disc nucleus implants and methods 124 2002
* 6,733,535 Spinal fusion implant having a trailing end adapted to engage an insertion device 69 2002
7,063,700 System for radial bone displacement 0 2003
6,991,654 Systems and techniques for restoring and maintaining intervertebral anatomy 47 2004
 
Blacksheep Technologies Incorporated (2)
* 6,325,827 Intervertebral implant 90 1999
6,635,086 Implant for placement between cervical vertebrae 85 2001
 
Infinity Orthopaedics Company (1)
8,435,295 System and method for intervertebral implant delivery and removal 0 2006
 
HOSPITAL FOR JOINT DISEASES (1)
* 5,700,292 Spinal stabilization system and method 150 1995
 
PROMETHEAN SURGICAL DEVICES (1)
7,632,294 Devices and methods for spine repair 26 2004
 
DISC REPLACEMENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
* 6,039,763 Articulating spinal disc prosthesis 391 1998
 
HH SPINAL LLC (9)
7,901,459 Split spinal device and method 5 2005
7,875,077 Support structure device and method 5 2005
7,771,479 Dual articulating spinal device and method 48 2005
7,556,651 Posterior spinal device and method 32 2005
* 7,550,010 Spinal arthroplasty device and method 14 2005
7,811,326 Posterior joint replacement device 9 2006
7,635,389 Posterior joint replacement device 8 2006
8,864,832 Posterior total joint replacement 0 2007
8,888,852 Spinal athroplasty device and method 0 2009
 
Advanced Technical Fabrication (1)
* 5,683,463 Intersomatic vertebral column implant 200 1994
 
KRT INVESTORS, INC. (20)
7,189,235 Spinal disc annulus reconstruction method and spinal disc annulus stent 68 2003
7,753,941 Devices and methods for annular repair of intervertebral discs 20 2004
7,615,076 Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus 71 2005
7,935,147 Method and apparatus for enhanced delivery of treatment device to the intervertebral disc annulus 4 2005
8,048,160 Intervertebral disc annulus stent 0 2005
7,828,850 Methods and devices for spinal disc annulus reconstruction and repair 47 2006
8,088,165 Spinal disc annulus reconstruction method and deformable spinal disc annulus stent 0 2006
8,632,590 Apparatus and methods for the treatment of the intervertebral disc 1 2006
7,985,257 Methods and devices for spinal disc annulus reconstruction and repair 4 2006
7,909,879 Intervertebral disc annulus stent 5 2006
7,922,768 Spinal disc annulus reconstruction method and deformable spinal disc annulus stent 6 2006
7,993,405 Spinal disc annulus repair system and methods 3 2006
7,951,201 Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus 4 2007
7,749,273 Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus 55 2007
7,905,923 Devices and methods for annular repair of intervertebral discs 2 2007
7,963,992 Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus 1 2008
8,128,698 Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus 3 2008
8,163,022 Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus 2 2009
8,556,977 Tissue anchoring system and method 0 2010
8,454,697 Method and apparatus for the treatment of tissue 0 2012
 
CONNER, E. SCOTT (1)
7,963,991 Spinal implants and methods of providing dynamic stability to the spine 4 2007
 
REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, A DE CORPORATION (1)
7,776,089 Assembled bone-tendon-bone grafts 4 2005
 
BONUTTI SKELETAL INNOVATIONS LLC (13)
* 6,575,982 Method and apparatus for use in operating on a bone 129 2000
7,780,670 Changing relationship between bones 15 2002
8,486,066 Spacer 5 2003
7,892,261 Spinal implant and methods for changing spatial relationships between vertebrae 54 2004
7,001,385 Joint spacer with compartment for orthobiologic material 55 2004
8,814,902 Method of securing body tissue 0 2006
8,690,944 Wedge apparatus for use in operating on a bone 4 2007
8,845,699 Method of securing tissue 0 2012
8,808,329 Apparatus and method for securing a portion of a body 0 2012
* 8,956,417 Joint spacer 0 2013
* 2013/0144,389 JOINT SPACER 15 2013
8,795,363 Wedge apparatus for use in operating on a bone 0 2013
8,845,687 Anchor for securing a suture 0 2013
 
DEPUY SPINE, INC. (6)
* 6,764,512 Plastic implant with channel for radiographic contrast wire 48 2001
7,226,480 Disc prosthesis 32 2002
8,066,713 Remotely-activated vertebroplasty injection device 13 2003
* 7,690,381 Intervertebral prosthetic disc and method for installing using a guidewire 4 2005
* 8,133,280 Methods and devices for expanding a spinal canal 0 2008
* 2010/0161,056 METHODS AND DEVICES FOR EXPANDING A SPINAL CANAL 20 2008
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (1)
* 4,636,217 Anterior spinal implant 470 1985
 
THEKEN SPINE, LLC (4)
7,918,876 Spinal implant adjustment device 14 2004
7,771,478 Artificial disc prosthesis 7 2004
7,544,208 Adjustable corpectomy apparatus 26 2005
8,506,636 Offset radius lordosis 3 2007
 
KUSLICH, STEPHEN D., 2400 KELLER PARKWAY, MAPLEWOOD, MN 55119 (1)
* 5,062,845 Method of making an intervertebral reamer 313 1989
 
DEPUY SYNTHES PRODUCTS, INC. (3)
7,204,852 Intervertebral implant, insertion tool and method of inserting same 80 2002
8,998,990 Intervertebral implant with keel 0 2007
8,579,978 Intervertebral implant, insertion tool and method of inserting same 1 2012
 
Infinity Orthopedics Ltd. (1)
7,618,459 Universal spinal disc implant system 14 2006
 
SOFAMOR DANEK GROUP, INC. (1)
6,447,547 Artificial spinal fusion implants 194 2000
 
FIXANO (1)
* 7,867,276 Dynamic intervertebral implant 7 2003
 
BIOMET MANUFACTURING, LLC (2)
7,879,109 Continuous phase composite for musculoskeletal repair 31 2004
8,679,191 Continuous phase composite for musculoskeletal repair 0 2011
 
F3 TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (1)
8,066,773 Artificial intervertebral disc 0 2006
 
Warsaw Orthoepdic, Inc. (1)
* 6,942,698 Spinal fusion interbody spacer 62 2004
 
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC. (1)
7,252,686 Methods for reducing bone compression fractures using wedges 8 2003
 
DiscoTech N.V. (1)
* 6,127,597 Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair 533 1998
 
DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (5)
6,245,108 Spinal fusion implant 289 2000
6,520,996 Orthopedic implant 192 2000
6,676,703 Spinal fusion implant 127 2001
7,229,477 Spinal fusion implant 21 2002
6,802,867 Orthopedic implant 34 2002
 
ReGen Corporation (2)
* 5,108,438 Prosthetic intervertebral disc 264 1990
* 5,258,043 Method for making a prosthetic intervertebral disc 219 1991
 
DEPUY MITEK, INC. (4)
6,241,771 Resorbable interbody spinal fusion devices 294 1998
7,077,866 Resorbable interbody spinal fusion devices 18 2001
* 2001/0008,980 Resorbable interbody spinal fusion devices 8 2001
6,548,002 Method of making a biodegradable interbody spinal fusion devices 59 2001
 
Kowmedica Osteonics Corp. (1)
6,902,581 Apparatus for fusing adjacent bone structure 36 2001
 
FLEXUSPINE, INC. (26)
7,909,869 Artificial spinal unit assemblies 24 2004
8,753,398 Method of inserting an expandable intervertebral implant without overdistraction 2 2005
8,257,440 Method of insertion of an expandable intervertebral implant 9 2005
8,172,903 Expandable intervertebral implant with spacer 11 2005
8,147,550 Expandable articulating intervertebral implant with limited articulation 4 2005
8,123,810 Expandable intervertebral implant with wedged expansion member 17 2005
8,118,870 Expandable articulating intervertebral implant with spacer 15 2005
8,118,871 Expandable articulating intervertebral implant 16 2005
7,708,778 Expandable articulating intervertebral implant with cam 32 2005
8,603,168 Artificial functional spinal unit system and method for use 3 2006
8,118,869 Dynamic interbody device 15 2006
8,052,723 Dynamic posterior stabilization systems and methods of use 20 2006
7,799,082 Artificial functional spinal unit system and method for use 25 2006
7,794,480 Artificial functional spinal unit system and method for use 37 2006
7,785,351 Artificial functional spinal implant unit system and method for use 44 2006
8,940,022 Artificial functional spinal unit system and method for use 0 2007
8,597,358 Dynamic interbody devices 6 2007
8,377,098 Artificial functional spinal unit system and method for use 7 2007
7,959,677 Artificial functional spinal unit system and method for use 19 2007
8,523,912 Posterior stabilization systems with shared, dual dampener systems 3 2007
8,267,965 Spinal stabilization systems with dynamic interbody devices 8 2007
8,187,330 Dampener system for a posterior stabilization system with a variable length elongated member 12 2007
8,182,514 Dampener system for a posterior stabilization system with a fixed length elongated member 11 2007
8,162,994 Posterior stabilization system with isolated, dual dampener systems 5 2007
8,157,844 Dampener system for a posterior stabilization system with a variable length elongated member 11 2007
8,940,051 Interbody device insertion systems and methods 0 2013
 
KYPHON SARL (82)
* 5,836,948 Spine distraction implant and method 577 1997
* 5,860,977 Spine distraction implant and method 491 1997
* 6,074,390 Spine distraction implant and method 274 1998
* 6,090,112 Spine distraction implant and method 171 1998
* 5,876,404 Spine distraction implant and method 206 1998
* 6,068,630 Spine distraction implant 380 1998
* 6,048,342 Spine distraction implant 415 1998
* 6,156,038 Spine distraction implant and method 173 1999
6,500,178 Spine distraction implant and method 261 1999
6,379,355 Spine distraction implant and method 157 1999
* 6,152,926 Spine distraction implant and method 161 1999
* 6,149,652 Spine distraction implant and method 163 1999
6,332,882 Spine distraction implant 147 1999
6,235,030 Spine distraction implant 227 1999
6,190,387 Spine distraction implant 170 1999
7,621,950 Expandable intervertebral spacer 83 2000
6,746,485 Hair used as a biologic disk, replacement, and/or structure and method 62 2000
6,451,019 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 361 2000
6,332,883 Spine distraction implant 167 2000
6,451,020 Spine distraction implant and method 172 2000
6,419,677 Spine distraction implant and method 171 2001
7,101,375 Spine distraction implant 177 2001
6,902,566 Spinal implants, insertion instruments, and methods of use 105 2001
* 2001/0012,938 Spine distraction implant 42 2001
6,514,256 Spine distraction implant and method 268 2001
6,478,796 Spin distraction implant and method 206 2001
6,582,433 Spine fixation device and method 326 2001
7,201,751 Supplemental spine fixation device 217 2001
6,699,246 Spine distraction implant 266 2001
6,699,247 Spine distraction implant 169 2001
6,926,728 Curved dilator and method 154 2001
6,652,534 Apparatus and method for determining implant size 137 2001
6,712,819 Mating insertion instruments for spinal implants and methods of use 222 2001
6,652,527 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 195 2001
6,695,842 Interspinous process distraction system and method with positionable wing and method 291 2001
7,189,234 Interspinous process implant sizer and distractor with a split head and size indicator and method 55 2001
7,029,473 Deflectable spacer for use as an interspinous process implant and method 51 2002
7,833,246 Interspinous process and sacrum implant and method 0 2003
7,497,859 Tools for implanting an artificial vertebral disk 16 2003
7,306,628 Interspinous process apparatus and method with a selectably expandable spacer 158 2003
7,273,496 Artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with crossbar spacer and method 59 2003
7,083,649 Artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with translating pivot point 122 2003
6,966,929 Artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with a spacer 111 2003
7,217,291 System and method for replacing degenerated spinal disks 102 2003
7,335,203 System and method for immobilizing adjacent spinous processes 152 2004
7,901,432 Method for lateral implantation of spinous process spacer 5 2004
7,758,619 Spinous process implant with tethers 20 2004
7,549,999 Interspinous process distraction implant and method of implantation 8 2004
7,510,567 Spinal implants, insertion instruments, and methods of use 12 2004
7,695,513 Distractible interspinous process implant and method of implantation 14 2004
7,452,379 Artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with crossbar spacer and method 1 2004
7,481,840 Multi-piece artificial spinal disk replacement device with selectably positioning articulating element 39 2004
7,691,146 Method of laterally inserting an artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with curved spacer 20 2004
7,670,377 Laterally insertable artifical vertebral disk replacement implant with curved spacer 19 2004
7,520,899 Laterally insertable artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with crossbar spacer 23 2004
7,503,935 Method of laterally inserting an artificial vertebral disk replacement with translating pivot point 33 2004
7,320,707 Method of laterally inserting an artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with crossbar spacer 59 2004
7,481,839 Bioresorbable interspinous process implant for use with intervertebral disk remediation or replacement implants and procedures 15 2004
7,575,600 Artificial vertebral disk replacement implant with translating articulation contact surface and method 38 2004
7,524,324 System and method for an interspinous process implant as a supplement to a spine stabilization implant 54 2004
7,601,170 Inter-cervical facet implant and method 44 2005
7,591,851 Inter-cervical facet implant and method 44 2005
7,955,356 Laterally insertable interspinous process implant 4 2005
7,918,877 Lateral insertion method for spinous process spacer with deployable member 3 2005
7,621,939 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 12 2005
8,100,944 Inter-cervical facet implant and method for preserving the tissues surrounding the facet joint 10 2005
7,909,853 Interspinous process implant including a binder and method of implantation 9 2005
8,048,117 Interspinous process implant and method of implantation 4 2005
8,172,877 Inter-cervical facet implant with surface enhancements 11 2005
8,128,660 Inter-cervical facet joint implant with locking screw system 10 2005
8,070,778 Interspinous process implant with slide-in distraction piece and method of implantation 3 2006
7,931,674 Interspinous process implant having deployable wing and method of implantation 13 2006
7,749,252 Interspinous process implant having deployable wing and method of implantation 82 2006
7,959,652 Interspinous process implant having deployable wings and method of implantation 10 2006
7,828,822 Spinous process implant 13 2006
8,029,540 Inter-cervical facet implant with implantation tool 9 2006
8,118,838 Inter-cervical facet implant with multiple direction articulation joint and method for implanting 10 2006
7,476,251 Interspinous process apparatus and method with a selectably expandable spacer 40 2006
7,803,190 Interspinous process apparatus and method with a selectably expandable spacer 7 2006
8,012,209 Interspinous process implant including a binder, binder aligner and method of implantation 3 2007
* 2008/0177,390 Disk Replacement Endoprosthesis 3 2007
7,635,378 Spine distraction implant and method 24 2007
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (18)
* 5,047,055 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus 637 1990
* 5,676,701 Low wear artificial spinal disc 577 1995
* 5,885,299 Apparatus and method for implant insertion 314 1996
* 5,976,186 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus 473 1996
* 5,906,616 Conically shaped anterior fusion cage and method of implantation 164 1997
* 6,042,582 Instrumentation and method for facilitating insertion of spinal implant 218 1998
6,296,664 Artificial intervertebral disc 190 1998
* 6,136,031 Artificial intervertebral disc 259 1998
6,280,475 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus implantation method 159 1999
6,315,797 Artificial intervertebral disc 183 2000
6,656,224 Artificial intervertebral disc 64 2001
6,726,722 Threaded apparatus for fusing adjacent bone structure 27 2001
6,783,721 Method of making an ion treated hydrogel 13 2001
7,128,762 Artificial intervertebral disc 8 2003
7,282,165 Wear resistant hydrogel for bearing applications 13 2004
7,332,117 Ion treated hydrogel 7 2004
8,870,956 Barrel-shaped apparatus for fusing adjacent bone structure 0 2005
7,608,105 Methods of inserting conically-shaped fusion cages 10 2005
 
JOINT SYNERGY, LLC (4)
7,115,144 Spinal implant 10 2004
7,083,651 Spinal implant 60 2004
7,195,644 Ball and dual socket joint 17 2005
7,491,239 Interior insert ball and dual socket joint 2 2005
 
INTRINSIC THERAPEUTICS, INC. (32)
6,482,235 Devices and methods of vertebral disc augmentation 240 2000
7,220,281 Implant for reinforcing and annulus fibrosis 72 2002
7,094,258 Methods of reinforcing an annulus fibrosis 47 2002
6,883,520 Methods and apparatus for dynamically stable spinal implant 149 2002
7,124,761 Deployment devices and methods for vertebral disc augmentation 51 2002
7,717,961 Apparatus delivery in an intervertebral disc 22 2003
7,507,243 Devices and method for augmenting a vertebral disc 28 2003
7,563,282 Method of supporting nucleus pulposus 24 2003
7,727,241 Device for delivering an implant through an annular defect in an intervertebral disc 19 2004
8,002,836 Method for the treatment of the intervertebral disc anulus 0 2004
7,749,275 Method of reducing spinal implant migration 18 2004
7,513,911 Method of implanting dynamically stable spinal implant 46 2004
7,553,329 Stabilized intervertebral disc barrier 54 2004
7,658,765 Resilient intervertebral disc implant 17 2004
8,231,678 Method of treating a herniated disc 3 2006
7,879,097 Method of performing a procedure within a disc 20 2006
7,524,333 Method of anchoring an implant in an intervertebral disc 41 2006
7,500,978 Method for delivering and positioning implants in the intervertebral disc environment 21 2006
7,553,330 Methods of reinforcing an intervertebral disc annulus 29 2006
7,998,213 Intervertebral disc herniation repair 8 2006
7,972,337 Devices and methods for bone anchoring 16 2006
7,959,679 Intervertebral anulus and nucleus augmentation 9 2007
7,867,278 Intervertebral disc anulus implant 17 2008
8,025,698 Method of rehabilitating an anulus fibrosus 8 2009
8,021,425 Versatile method of repairing an intervertebral disc 9 2009
8,454,612 Method for vertebral endplate reconstruction 0 2009
8,114,082 Anchoring system for disc repair 14 2009
8,323,341 Impaction grafting for vertebral fusion 0 2009
8,361,155 Soft tissue impaction methods 0 2010
8,409,284 Methods of repairing herniated segments in the disc 1 2011
8,257,437 Methods of intervertebral disc augmentation 4 2011
8,394,146 Vertebral anchoring methods 0 2011
 
INFINTIY ORTHOPAEDICS COMPANY, LTD. (1)
8,632,594 Intervertebral device and method of use 1 2006
 
ZYGA TECHNOLOGY, INC. (4)
8,696,707 Facet joint stabilization 0 2006
8,343,189 Method and apparatus for facet joint stabilization 3 2008
8,394,125 Systems and methods for facet joint treatment 8 2009
8,663,293 Systems and methods for facet joint treatment 1 2011
 
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (61)
6,974,478 Prostheses, systems and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 173 2002
6,902,580 Prosthesis for the replacement of a posterior element of a vertebra 154 2002
7,074,237 Multiple facet joint replacement 138 2003
7,041,136 Facet joint replacement 203 2003
7,074,238 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 56 2003
8,163,017 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 0 2003
8,092,532 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 0 2003
8,070,811 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 0 2003
8,066,771 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 0 2003
7,087,084 Method for replacing a natural facet joint with a prosthesis having an artificial facet joint structure 138 2003
8,187,303 Anti-rotation fixation element for spinal prostheses 0 2004
7,051,451 Facet joint prosthesis measurement and implant tools 145 2004
8,419,770 Spinal facet implants with mating articulating bearing surface and methods of use 0 2004
7,753,937 Linked bilateral spinal facet implants and methods of use 18 2004
7,588,590 Spinal facet implant with spherical implant apposition surface and bone bed and methods of use 16 2004
7,691,145 Prostheses, systems and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 18 2004
7,608,104 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artifical facet joint surfaces 13 2004
7,588,578 Surgical measurement systems and methods 6 2004
7,507,242 Surgical measurement and resection framework 9 2004
7,993,373 Polyaxial orthopedic fastening apparatus 10 2005
7,674,293 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 34 2005
7,722,647 Apparatus and method for posterior vertebral stabilization 5 2005
7,566,345 Prosthesis for the replacement of a posterior element of a vertebra 15 2005
7,445,635 Method and apparatus for spine joint replacement 45 2005
8,398,681 Adjacent level facet arthroplasty devices, spine stabilization systems, and methods 1 2005
8,313,511 Facet joint replacement 0 2005
7,618,453 Facet joint replacement 13 2005
7,406,775 Implantable orthopedic device component selection instrument and methods 49 2005
8,066,740 Facet joint prostheses 0 2005
8,221,461 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and systems for treating spinal pathologies 0 2005
8,062,336 Polyaxial orthopedic fastening apparatus with independent locking modes 8 2005
8,523,907 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2006
7,608,106 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 8 2006
8,764,801 Facet joint implant crosslinking apparatus and method 0 2006
7,290,347 Facet joint prosthesis measurement and implant tools 36 2006
8,231,655 Prostheses and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 1 2006
8,562,649 System and method for multiple level facet joint arthroplasty and fusion 0 2006
7,914,556 Arthroplasty revision system and method 1 2006
8,579,941 Linked bilateral spinal facet implants and methods of use 0 2007
7,621,955 Facet joint replacement 14 2007
8,496,686 Minimally invasive spine restoration systems, devices, methods and kits 0 2007
8,702,755 Angled washer polyaxial connection for dynamic spine prosthesis 0 2007
8,491,635 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
8,425,557 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 1 2007
8,496,687 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
8,900,273 Taper-locking fixation system 0 2008
8,353,933 Facet joint replacement 0 2008
8,333,789 Facet joint replacement 0 2008
8,409,254 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2008
8,675,930 Implantable orthopedic device component selection instrument and methods 0 2008
8,702,759 System and method for bone anchorage 0 2008
8,308,768 System and method for facet joint replacement 0 2008
8,252,027 System and method for facet joint replacement 0 2008
8,211,147 System and method for facet joint replacement 0 2008
8,206,418 System and method for facet joint replacement with detachable coupler 4 2008
8,906,063 Spinal facet joint implant 0 2008
8,777,994 System and method for multiple level facet joint arthroplasty and fusion 0 2008
7,998,177 Linked bilateral spinal facet implants and methods of use 8 2008
7,998,178 Linked bilateral spinal facet implants and methods of use 8 2008
7,914,560 Spinal facet implant with spherical implant apposition surface and bone bed and methods of use 8 2008
7,815,648 Surgical measurement systems and methods 0 2008
 
RAY MEDICA, INC. (1)
* 4,772,287 Prosthetic disc and method of implanting 725 1987
 
CERVITECH, INC. (2)
* 7,267,691 Cervical intervertebral prosthesis 26 2003
7,862,614 Intervertebral prosthesis system, in particular for the cervical spine 4 2006
 
Bridport-Gundry PLC c/o Pearsalls Implants (1)
* 6,093,205 Surgical implant 344 1998
 
ATLAS SPINE, INC. (2)
8,172,905 Spinal implant 0 2007
* 8,083,799 Spinal implant 0 2008
 
DIMICRON, INC. (1)
7,494,507 Articulating diamond-surfaced spinal implants 50 2002
 
NEUROCARE INTERNATIONAL, INC. (1)
7,632,312 Artifical lumbar disc 1 2005
 
Synthesis (U.S.A.) (1)
* 5,888,224 Implant for intervertebral space 348 1997
 
SPINAL CONCEPTS, INC. (1)
6,736,850 Vertebral pseudo arthrosis device and method 73 2001
 
Health & Research Services Inc. (1)
* 4,759,769 Artificial spinal disc 730 1987
 
MMSN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (3)
8,617,214 Spinal tension band 0 2008
7,935,133 Interlaminar hook 3 2008
8,097,038 Prosthetic vertebral assembly 0 2008
 
FLEXUSPINE (2)
7,753,958 Expandable intervertebral implant 54 2005
8,647,386 Expandable intervertebral implant system and method 3 2010
 
NUVASIVE, INC. (21)
7,708,776 Intervertebral disk replacement system and methods 21 2003
* 7,918,891 Systems and methods for spinal fusion 22 2005
8,328,851 Total disc replacement system and related methods 1 2006
8,876,904 Surgical access system and related methods 0 2006
7,946,236 Using zigzags to create three-dimensional embroidered structures 13 2007
7,942,104 3-dimensional embroidery structures via tension shaping 2 2007
8,673,005 System and methods for spinal fusion 0 2008
8,282,681 Bioresorbable spinal implant and related methods 0 2008
* 8,623,088 Spinal fusion implant and related methods 1 2008
8,377,135 Textile-based surgical implant and related methods 0 2009
* 8,187,334 System and methods for spinal fusion 3 2011
* 2012/0029,641 System and Methods for Spinal Fusion 2 2011
8,361,156 Systems and methods for spinal fusion 5 2012
D711537 Intervertebral implant 0 2012
8,870,960 Total disc replacement system and related methods 0 2012
* 8,608,804 Systems and methods for spinal fusion 2 2013
* 2013/0138,216 Systems and Methods for Spinal Fusion 2 2013
8,574,301 Systems and methods for spinal fusion 2 2013
8,685,105 Systems and methods for spinal fusion 0 2013
* 8,814,940 Systems and methods for spinal fusion 0 2014
* 2014/0148,908 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SPINAL FUSION 0 2014
 
REPLICATION MEDICAL, INC. (4)
6,264,695 Spinal nucleus implant 270 1999
6,726,721 Hydrogel-based prosthetic device for replaceing at least a part of the nucleus of a spinal disc 96 2001
* RE42837 Spinal nucleus implant 3 2003
7,204,897 Hydrogel-based prosthetic device for replacing at least a part of the nucleus of a spinal disc 9 2004
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (222)
* 5,015,247 Threaded spinal implant 943 1988
* 5,741,253 Method for inserting spinal implants 528 1992
* 5,772,661 Methods and instrumentation for the surgical correction of human thoracic and lumbar spinal disease from the antero-lateral aspect of the spine 571 1995
* 5,782,919 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 300 1995
7,534,254 Threaded frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 39 1995
7,491,205 Instrumentation for the surgical correction of human thoracic and lumbar spinal disease from the lateral aspect of the spine 32 1995
7,452,359 Apparatus for inserting spinal implants 42 1995
* 6,923,810 Frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 136 1995
6,270,498 Apparatus for inserting spinal implants 210 1995
6,210,412 Method for inserting frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 212 1995
* 6,096,038 Apparatus for inserting spinal implants 335 1995
* 5,797,909 Apparatus for inserting spinal implants 444 1995
* 5,984,967 Osteogenic fusion devices 206 1996
6,423,095 Intervertebral spacers 151 1996
* 5,782,830 Implant insertion device 338 1996
* 5,895,426 Fusion implant device and method of use 162 1996
* 6,123,705 Interbody spinal fusion implants 214 1996
* 5,860,973 Translateral spinal implant 394 1996
6,302,914 Lordotic interbody spinal fusion implants 157 1997
* 5,776,199 Artificial spinal fusion implants 380 1997
* 5,888,222 Intervertebral spacers 150 1997
6,206,922 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 246 1998
6,224,595 Method for inserting a spinal implant 117 1998
6,264,656 Threaded spinal implant 197 1998
* 6,149,650 Threaded spinal implant 78 1998
* 6,045,580 Fusion implant device and method of use 143 1998
6,241,770 Interbody spinal fusion implant having an anatomically conformed trailing end 125 1999
* 6,245,072 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 104 1999
6,179,874 Articulating spinal implant 326 1999
6,547,823 Intervertebral implant 89 1999
6,277,149 Ramp-shaped intervertebral implant 275 1999
7,147,665 Threaded cylindrical multidiscoid single or multiple array disc prosthesis 84 1999
6,440,168 Articulating spinal implant 178 1999
7,291,149 Method for inserting interbody spinal fusion implants 28 1999
6,447,544 Lordotic interbody spinal fusion implants 180 1999
6,610,089 Spinal implant and cutting tool preparation accessory for mounting the implant 91 1999
7,276,081 Bone grafts 6 1999
6,827,740 Spinal implant surface configuration 89 1999
6,582,432 Cap for use with artificial spinal fusion implant 50 2000
6,679,915 Articulating spinal implant 149 2000
6,645,206 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 48 2000
6,315,795 Fusion implant device and method of use 118 2000
7,462,195 Artificial lumbar interbody spinal implant having an asymmetrical leading end 16 2000
6,500,205 Expandable threaded arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with cylindrical configuration during insertion 180 2000
6,350,283 Bone hemi-lumbar interbody spinal implant having an asymmetrical leading end and method of installation thereof 117 2000
6,558,423 Interbody spinal fusion implants with multi-lock for locking opposed screws 179 2000
6,485,517 Nested interbody spinal fusion implants 121 2000
7,115,143 Orthopedic implant surface configuration 22 2000
6,814,756 Expandable threaded arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with lordotic configuration during insertion 66 2000
6,402,785 Artificial disc implant 272 2000
7,431,722 Apparatus including a guard member having a passage with a non-circular cross section for providing protected access to the spine 23 2000
8,734,447 Apparatus and method of inserting spinal implants 0 2000
7,008,453 Expandable push-in arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with cylindrical configuration during insertion 88 2000
7,993,347 Guard for use in performing human interbody spinal surgery 0 2000
6,758,849 Interbody spinal fusion implants 75 2000
6,620,196 Intervertebral disc nucleus implants and methods 186 2000
6,527,773 Cervical dowel and insertion tool 63 2000
6,733,531 Anchoring devices and implants for intervertebral disc augmentation 183 2000
6,830,570 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 166 2000
6,595,995 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 46 2000
6,709,458 Expandable push-in arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with tapered configuration during insertion 92 2001
RE42576 Human spinal disc prosthesis 0 2001
6,562,073 Spinal bone implant 92 2001
8,882,835 Interbody spinal fusion implant having an anatomically conformed trailing end 0 2001
6,764,491 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 153 2001
7,166,129 Method for forming a spinal implant surface configuration 46 2001
6,949,105 Method and apparatus for stereotactic implantation 38 2001
7,641,692 Implantable joint prosthesis 11 2001
6,562,045 Machining apparatus 24 2001
6,666,890 Bone hemi-lumbar interbody spinal implant having an asymmetrical leading end and method of installation thereof 55 2001
6,652,584 Expandable threaded arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with lordotic configuration during insertion 73 2001
6,733,504 Cervical dowel and insertion tool 34 2001
6,770,074 Apparatus for use in inserting spinal implants 175 2001
6,962,606 Expandable push-in interbody spinal fusion implant 130 2001
RE42480 Human spinal disc prothesis with hinges 2 2001
7,520,878 Threaded frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 0 2002
7,118,579 Instrumentation for inserting an expandable interbody spinal fusion implant 117 2002
7,207,991 Method for the endoscopic correction of spinal disease 108 2002
6,989,031 Hemi-interbody spinal implant manufactured from a major long bone ring or a bone composite 68 2002
6,890,355 Artificial contoured spinal fusion implants made of a material other than bone 86 2002
6,749,636 Contoured spinal fusion implants made of bone or a bone composite material 77 2002
7,060,073 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 136 2002
6,716,247 Expandable push-in interbody spinal fusion implant 181 2002
7,285,121 Devices and methods for the correction and treatment of spinal deformities 40 2002
7,399,303 Bone cutting device and method for use thereof 28 2002
7,503,933 Lordotic interbody spinal fusion implants 71 2002
7,169,183 Vertebral implant for promoting arthrodesis of the spine 65 2002
7,637,951 Nested interbody spinal fusion implants 45 2002
7,063,725 Systems and techniques for restoring and maintaining intervertebral anatomy 73 2002
7,118,598 Expandable push-in arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with cylindrical configuration during insertion 85 2002
* 6,723,126 Laterally expandable cage 215 2002
* 7,288,093 Spinal fusion implant having a curved end 78 2002
7,066,961 Spinal implant 144 2002
7,025,787 Implantable joint prosthesis and associated instrumentation 113 2002
7,041,135 Interbody spinal fusion implants with single-lock for locking opposed screws 86 2002
6,972,035 Expandable threaded arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with cylindrical configuration during insertion 92 2002
8,066,705 Instrumentation for the endoscopic correction of spinal disease 19 2003
7,125,380 Clamping apparatus and methods 4 2003
7,354,452 Spinal bone implant 30 2003
6,846,328 Articulating spinal implant 47 2003
6,974,479 System and method for blocking and/or retaining a prosthetic spinal implant 93 2003
7,300,440 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 24 2003
7,033,394 Interbody spinal fusion implants with end cap for locking vertebral body penetrating members 91 2003
7,601,174 Wear-resistant endoprosthetic devices 13 2003
7,112,224 Spinal implant and cutting tool preparation accessory for mounting the implant 33 2003
7,935,124 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 22 2003
7,326,214 Bone cutting device having a cutting edge with a non-extending center 26 2003
7,238,186 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 38 2003
7,309,359 Allogenic/xenogenic implants and methods for augmenting or repairing intervertebral discs 13 2003
7,662,185 Intervertebral implants 9 2003
7,887,593 Method of implanting natural tissue within the vertebral disc nucleus space using a drawstring 6 2003
8,075,621 Expandable push-in arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with tapered configuration during insertion 11 2003
6,793,679 Expandable push-in arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with tapered configuration during insertion 105 2003
8,673,004 Method for inserting an interbody spinal fusion implant having an anatomically conformed trailing end 0 2003
7,972,381 Spinal implant surface configuration with a projection having a back cut 9 2003
7,115,128 Method for forming through a guard an implantation space in the human spine 47 2003
7,264,622 System for radial bone displacement 36 2003
7,244,275 Orthopedic implant surface configuration with a projection having a back cut 49 2003
7,655,027 Method for inserting and deploying an expandable interbody spinal fusion implant 53 2003
7,387,643 Method for installation of artificial hemi-lumbar interbody spinal fusion implant having an asymmetrical leading end 43 2003
7,156,875 Arcuate artificial hemi-lumbar interbody spinal fusion implant having an asymmetrical leading end 41 2003
7,204,851 Method and apparatus for delivering an intervertebral disc implant 50 2003
7,179,262 Method and apparatus for stereotactic implantation 4 2003
7,022,137 Bone hemi-lumbar interbody spinal fusion implant having an asymmetrical leading end and method of installation thereof 24 2003
7,270,681 Articulating spinal implant 20 2004
7,621,958 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 12 2004
7,125,425 Systems and techniques for restoring and maintaining intervertebral anatomy 50 2004
* 7,331,995 Method for inserting an articular disc prosthesis via the transforaminal approach 68 2004
7,311,734 Intervertebral spacers 27 2004
6,953,477 Laterally expandable cage 77 2004
7,051,417 Method for forming an orthopedic implant surface configuration 32 2004
7,163,561 Flanged interbody spinal fusion implants 121 2004
7,435,262 Contoured cortical bone implants 34 2004
7,686,805 Methods for distraction of a disc space 47 2004
8,444,692 Instrumentation with inwardly moveable extensions for inserting an expandable interbody spinal fusion implant 0 2004
7,922,729 Instrumentation for inserting and deploying an expandable interbody spinal fusion implant 25 2004
7,717,944 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 19 2004
7,789,914 Implant having arcuate upper and lower bearing surfaces along a longitudinal axis 21 2004
7,637,954 Apparatus for inserting nested interbody spinal fusion implants 35 2004
7,618,461 Composite intervertebral disc implants and methods for forming the same 19 2004
7,503,936 Methods for forming and retaining intervertebral disc implants 31 2004
7,726,002 Processes for making spinal intervertebral implant, interconnections for such implant 2 2004
7,608,107 Expandable implant with interlocking walls and method for use thereof 63 2004
8,097,034 Expandable arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant with two expanders 14 2004
7,837,732 Intervertebral body fusion cage with keels and implantation methods 20 2004
7,744,651 Compositions and methods for treating intervertebral discs with collagen-based materials 1 2005
8,728,160 Expandable intervertebral spacer 0 2005
8,333,985 Non-glycerol stabilized bone graft 0 2005
7,780,708 Implant retaining device 7 2005
7,776,090 Inter-cervical facet implant and method 53 2005
7,691,148 Frusto-conical spinal implant 10 2005
8,105,383 Manufactured bone composite implant shaped to conform to a prepared implantation space 3 2005
7,540,882 Artificial spinal fusion implant with asymmetrical leading end 30 2005
7,455,692 Hemi-artificial contoured spinal fusion implants made of a material other than bone 31 2005
7,763,050 Inter-cervical facet implant with locking screw and method 30 2005
7,713,303 Collagen-based materials and methods for augmenting intervertebral discs 2 2005
7,520,900 Intervertebral disc nucleus implants and methods 16 2005
7,988,699 Adjustable instrumentation for spinal implant insertion 6 2005
7,892,286 Expandable push-in orthopedic implant 27 2005
7,569,054 Tubular member having a passage and opposed bone contacting extensions 44 2005
8,007,534 Expandable implant with expander 18 2005
8,066,749 Implant for stabilizing a bone graft during spinal fusion 10 2005
7,763,055 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 33 2006
8,361,124 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 1 2006
7,611,536 Hemi-interbody spinal fusion implants manufactured from a major long bone ring 33 2006
7,887,565 Apparatus and method for sequential distraction 26 2006
7,615,077 Intervertebral implants with radial teeth and methods of use 2 2006
8,292,957 Bone hemi-lumbar arcuate interbody spinal fusion implant having an asymmetrical leading end 1 2006
8,353,909 Surgical instrument for distracting a spinal disc space 0 2006
7,914,530 Tissue dilator and method for performing a spinal procedure 17 2006
7,722,619 Method of maintaining distraction of a spinal disc space 18 2006
8,403,986 Push-in interbody spinal fusion implant with multi-lock for locking opposed screws and method for use thereof 3 2006
7,481,812 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 22 2006
8,349,011 Systems and techniques for restoring and maintaining intervertebral anatomy 0 2006
7,476,252 System and techniques for restoring and maintaining intervertebral anatomy 10 2006
8,399,619 Injectable collagen material 0 2006
8,118,779 Collagen delivery device 0 2006
7,967,862 Posterior articular disc and method for implantation 1 2006
8,480,745 Spinal implant and cutting tool preparation accessory for mounting the implant 0 2006
8,066,750 Port structures for non-rigid bone plates 0 2006
8,771,358 Expandable push-in arcuate orthopedic implant 0 2006
8,323,343 Flanged interbody spinal fusion implants 2 2006
8,075,596 Spinal prosthesis systems 2 2007
7,867,259 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 12 2007
7,862,595 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 11 2007
7,731,981 Collagen-based materials and methods for treating synovial joints 1 2007
7,857,818 Method and apparatus for delivering an intervertebral disc implant 4 2007
7,837,734 System and method for replacing degenerated spinal disks 45 2007
8,075,622 Intervertebral spacers 1 2007
8,372,157 Joint revision implant 1 2008
8,323,340 Artificial hemi-lumbar interbody spinal implant having an asymmetrical leading end 1 2008
7,998,215 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 3 2008
7,967,863 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 5 2008
7,828,800 Threaded frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 14 2009
7,935,149 Spinal fusion implant with bone screws 24 2009
8,137,403 Hemi-interbody spinal fusion implants manufactured from a major long bone ring 1 2009
7,985,258 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 13 2009
8,092,542 Implantable joint prosthesis 3 2009
8,343,220 Nested interbody spinal fusion implants 3 2010
7,942,933 Frusto-conical spinal implant 7 2010
* 8,372,149 Artifical disc implant 0 2010
* 2010/0234,957 ARTIFICAL DISC IMPLANT 16 2010
8,672,980 Implant retaining device 0 2010
8,021,430 Anatomic spinal implant having anatomic bearing surfaces 45 2010
8,491,653 Intervertebral body fusion cage with keels and implantation methods 1 2010
8,057,475 Threaded interbody spinal fusion implant 2 2010
8,961,524 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 0 2010
8,926,703 Spinal fusion implant with bone screws and a bone screw lock 0 2011
8,409,292 Spinal fusion implant 1 2011
8,491,654 Devices and techniques for a posterior lateral disc space approach 0 2011
8,425,530 Apparatus for sizing a facet joint 1 2011
8,444,696 Anatomic spinal implant having anatomic bearing surfaces 1 2011
8,226,652 Threaded frusto-conical spinal implants 1 2011
8,251,997 Method for inserting an artificial implant between two adjacent vertebrae along a coronal plane 35 2011
8,353,959 Push-in interbody spinal fusion implants for use with self-locking screws 2 2012
8,679,118 Spinal implants 1 2012
8,758,344 Spinal implant and instruments 0 2012
8,900,275 Instruments and methods for stabilization of bony structures 0 2012
8,882,843 Interbody spinal fusion implant having a trailing end with at least one stabilization element 0 2012
8,834,569 Artificial hemi-lumbar interbody spinal fusion cage having an asymmetrical leading end 0 2012
8,771,321 Method for loading a spinal implant 0 2013
8,858,638 Spinal implant 0 2013
 
SPINAL ELEMENTS, INC. (16)
7,846,183 Vertebral facet joint prosthesis and method of fixation 60 2004
8,496,691 Side-biased orthopedic fastener retention 0 2006
8,496,708 Flanged interbody fusion device with hinge 1 2006
8,470,039 Flanged interbody fusion device with fastener insert and retaining ring 0 2006
8,100,955 Orthopedic expansion fastener 27 2006
8,652,137 Vertebral facet joint drill and method of use 5 2008
7,998,172 Vertebral facet joint prosthesis and method of fixation 33 2009
8,992,533 Vertebral facet joint drill and method of use 0 2010
8,858,597 Vertebral facet joint prosthesis and method of fixation 1 2010
8,740,949 Methods and apparatus for stabilizing bone 3 2011
8,998,953 Vertebral facet joint prosthesis and method of fixation 0 2011
D724733 Interbody bone implant 0 2011
8,696,721 Orthopedic expansion fastener 0 2011
8,740,942 Vertebral facet joint prosthesis and method of fixation 3 2013
8,882,804 Vertebral facet joint prosthesis and method of fixation 1 2013
8,801,794 Flanged interbody fusion device with fastener insert and retaining ring 0 2013
 
MUHANNA, NABIL L. (2)
6,824,565 System and methods for inserting a vertebral spacer 93 2001
* 6,936,070 Intervertebral disc prosthesis and methods of implantation 80 2002
 
MUHANNA, NABIL L., M.D. (1)
8,628,575 Vertebral body replacement and method of use 0 2011
 
LUCENT TECHNOLOGIES INC. (1)
* 6,458,159 Disc prosthesis 135 2000
 
GME Delaware 2 LLC (1)
7,955,390 Method and apparatus for spine joint replacement 8 2008
 
SPINEFRONTIER INC (1)
7,214,243 Intervertebral disk prosthesis 42 2003
 
AESCULAP AG (1)
* 8,021,424 Intervertebral implant 3 2009
 
CAUTHEN RESEARCH GROUP, INC. (1)
7,670,379 Spinal disc annulus reconstruction method 21 2006
 
KERAPLAST TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. (3)
6,379,690 Keratin-based hydrogel for biomedical applications and method of production 20 2000
6,849,092 Implantable prosthetic or tissue expanding device 17 2001
6,783,546 Implantable prosthetic or tissue expanding device 148 2001
 
IMDS LLC (3)
* 6,113,638 Method and apparatus for intervertebral implant anchorage 247 1999
6,800,092 Method and apparatus for intervertebral implant anchorage 35 2000
7,717,959 Intervertebral device and method of use 44 2003
 
ADVANCED BIO SURFACES, INC. (1)
8,100,979 Method and system for mammalian joint resurfacing 2 2009
 
ST. FRANCIS MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6,183,471 Spine distraction implant and method 164 1998
 
RIVERBEND DESIGN LLC (1)
7,201,776 Artificial intervertebral disc replacements with endplates 52 2002
 
St. Francis Technologies, Inc. (2)
6,238,397 Spine distraction implant and method 200 1999
6,280,444 Spine distraction implant and method 143 2000
 
P TECH, LLC. (1)
8,747,439 Method of using ultrasonic vibration to secure body tissue with fastening element 0 2006
 
TUTOGEN MEDICAL GMBH (1)
6,379,385 Implant of bone matter 53 2000
 
KARIN TEHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
6,875,213 Method of inserting spinal implants with the use of imaging 106 2003
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (3)
7,025,771 Tool to direct bone replacement material 69 2000
7,931,689 Method and apparatus for treating a vertebral body 18 2004
7,959,683 Packed demineralized cancellous tissue forms for disc nucleus augmentation, restoration, or replacement and methods of implantation 12 2007
 
LDR HOLDING CORPORATION (1)
8,932,359 Intervertebral implant having extendable bone fixation members 0 2013
 
MEDICINELODGE, INC. (4)
6,579,319 Facet joint replacement 300 2000
6,565,605 Multiple facet joint replacement 328 2000
6,419,703 Prosthesis for the replacement of a posterior element of a vertebra 322 2001
7,090,698 Method and apparatus for spine joint replacement 172 2002
 
Transl, Inc. (1)
7,329,259 Articulating spinal implant 56 2004
 
Warsaw Orthpedic, Inc. (1)
8,372,150 Spinal device and method 1 2010
 
Collabcom II, LLC (2)
8,202,299 Interspinous implant, tools and methods of implanting 2 2008
8,721,688 Interspinous implant, tools and methods of implanting 0 2012
 
CONCEPT MATRIX, LLC (12)
7,105,023 Vertebral defect device 18 2003
7,011,684 Intervertebral disk prosthesis 69 2003
7,740,658 Intervertebral disk prosthesis methods of use 0 2004
7,534,267 Methods of installing a vertebral defect device 17 2004
7,699,849 Diskectomy instrument with disposable blade head 3 2005
7,674,295 Vertebral defect device 2 2006
D549344 Diskectomy tool with convex head 0 2006
D557417 Disk prosthesis 0 2006
8,353,962 Dual composition vertebral defect device 0 2007
7,871,441 Cervical fixation device 10 2007
8,137,402 Vertebral defect device 0 2008
8,167,886 Insertion tool for a vertebral defect device 0 2009
 
SHOWA IKA KOHGYO CO., LTD. (1)
* 7,331,996 Intervertebral spacer 26 2003
 
SPINEWAVE, INC. (1)
6,595,998 Tissue distraction device 203 2001
 
Pioneer Signal Technology, Inc. (1)
8,388,684 Artificial disc device 8 2003
 
ANOVA CORP. (14)
6,419,704 Artificial intervertebral disc replacement methods and apparatus 440 1999
6,454,804 Engineered tissue annulus fibrosis augmentation methods and apparatus 96 2000
6,969,404 Annulus fibrosis augmentation methods and apparatus 108 2002
6,793,677 Method of providing cells and other biologic materials for transplantation 34 2002
6,755,863 Rotator cuff repair using engineered tissues 13 2002
6,648,919 Transplantation of engineered meniscus tissue to the intervertebral disc 62 2002
6,648,920 Natural and synthetic supplements to engineered annulus and disc tissues 68 2002
* 6,645,247 Supplementing engineered annulus tissues with autograft of allograft tendons 78 2002
7,201,774 Artificial intervertebral disc replacements incorporating reinforced wall sections 20 2003
7,273,497 Methods for treating a defect in the annulus fibrosis 32 2003
7,435,260 Use of morphogenetic proteins to treat human disc disease 26 2004
7,060,100 Artificial disc and joint replacements with modular cushioning components 23 2004
8,821,549 Methods and apparatus for anulus repair 0 2009
8,936,642 Methods for treating a defect in the annulus fibrosis 0 2011
 
COLLABCOM5, LLC., A COLORADO LIMITED LIABILITY CORP. (1)
8,974,496 Interspinous implant, tools and methods of implanting 0 2007
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (3)
* 6,679,887 Surgical procedure for implanting spinal fusion device 87 2001
6,743,257 Dynamic implanted intervertebral spacer 201 2001
* 7,485,145 Artificial intervertebral disc assembly 36 2005
 
SPINE SOLUTIONS, INC. (4)
6,936,071 Intervertebral implant 147 1999
7,803,162 Instruments and method for inserting an intervertebral implant 17 2003
8,105,381 Intervertebral implant, insertion tool and method of inserting same 1 2007
8,349,017 Instruments and method for inserting an intervertebral implant 2 2010
 
ULRICH GROSS (1)
* 5,002,576 Intervertebral disk endoprosthesis 418 1989
 
TLIF, LLC (1)
6,592,624 Prosthetic implant element 183 2000
 
GLOBUS MEDICAL, INC. (17)
* 7,621,956 Prosthetic spinal disc replacement 30 2004
8,062,375 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 39 2009
8,685,098 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 1 2010
8,845,731 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 0 2010
8,632,595 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 0 2010
8,491,659 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 0 2010
8,398,713 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 9 2010
8,876,866 Spinous process fusion devices and methods thereof 0 2010
8,864,833 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 0 2011
8,998,992 Devices and methods for treating bone 0 2012
8,679,183 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 1 2012
8,556,979 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 1 2012
8,518,120 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 1 2012
8,771,277 Device and a method for implanting a spinous process fixation device 0 2012
8,852,279 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 0 2012
8,845,734 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 0 2012
8,709,086 Expandable fusion device and method of installation thereof 1 2012
 
CORTEK SPINE, INC. (1)
6,241,769 Implant for spinal fusion 187 1998
 
SPINECO, INC. (3)
6,478,822 Spherical spinal implant 110 2001
6,689,132 Spinal implant insertion tool 48 2002
7,824,444 Expandable spherical spinal implant 9 2004
 
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA (2)
8,110,003 Prostheses for spine discs having fusion capability 0 2005
8,540,771 Prostheses for spine discs having fusion capability 0 2012
 
SPINADYNE, INC. (3)
8,852,235 Posteriorly inserted artificial disc and an artificial facet joint 0 2007
8,673,008 Posterior spinal arthroplasty system 0 2012
8,673,009 Spinal prosthesis and facet joint prosthesis 0 2012
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (1)
* 4,932,975 Vertebral prosthesis 555 1989
 
SPINE WAVE, INC. (7)
8,123,755 Tissue distraction device 5 2007
8,075,623 Apparatus and kit for distraction of tissue surfaces 0 2010
8,206,398 Apparatus for spinal fusion 0 2010
8,535,353 Method of providing spinal interbody fusion 0 2011
8,343,193 Method of supporting and distracting opposing vertebral bodies 4 2012
8,337,531 Method of supporting and distracting opposing vertebral bodies of a spine 5 2012
8,974,464 Expansion member for insertion into a body tissue space 0 2013
 
Gmedelware 2 LLC (1)
8,926,700 Spinal facet joint implant 0 2004
 
VERTEBRAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (4)
7,267,690 Interlocked modular disc nucleus prosthesis 24 2006
8,038,718 Multi-composite disc prosthesis 0 2006
8,100,977 Interlocked modular disc nucleus prosthesis 0 2007
7,914,582 Method and system for mammalian joint resurfacing 28 2007
* Cited By Examiner