US Patent No: 4,632,341

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Stabilizing force feedback in bio-actuated control systems

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Abstract

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A biomechanical feedback arrangement wherein a varying force tending to improve the neuromotor tracking response of a human subject, particularly in the presence of lateral or front-back G force fields, is added to the test subject input member of a feedback control system. Use of the biomechanical feedback in a high-performance aircraft and in a ground-based simulator apparatus is also disclosed, along with comparison results from simulator testing of human subjects.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCEWASHINGTON, DC3757

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Gruesbeck, William G Beavercreek, OH 4 232
McCollor, Donald G Springboro, OH 2 129
Repperger, Daniel W Dayton, OH 23 483

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
SP-COMMERCIAL FLIGHT, INC., A DE CORP. (2)
4,345,195 Strapdown multifunction servoactuator apparatus for aircraft 29 1980
4,426,607 Differential linkage apparatus for an aircraft series servoactuator apparatus 13 1982
 
Fokker B.V. (1)
4,398,889 Flight simulator 132 1981
 
ROBERTS SINTO CORPORATION (1)
4,278,920 Method and apparatus for generating position or path control programs using force feedback 25 1978
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (1)
4,477,043 Biodynamic resistant control stick 185 1982

Patent Citation Ranking

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Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
IMMERSION CORPORATION (70)
5,731,804 Method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth, low noise mechanical I/O for computer systems 176 1995
5,767,839 Method and apparatus for providing passive force feedback to human-computer interface systems 303 1995
5,576,727 Electromechanical human-computer interface with force feedback 318 1995
5,721,566 Method and apparatus for providing damping force feedback 295 1995
5,724,264 Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object 197 1995
5,739,811 Method and apparatus for controlling human-computer interface systems providing force feedback 329 1995
5,805,140 High bandwidth force feedback interface using voice coils and flexures 268 1995
5,734,373 Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback interface systems utilizing a host computer 446 1995
6,219,032 Method for providing force feedback to a user of an interface device based on interactions of a controlled cursor with graphical elements in a graphical user interface 169 1995
5,701,140 Method and apparatus for providing a cursor control interface with force feedback 162 1996
5,691,898 Safe and low cost computer peripherals with force feedback for consumer applications 470 1996
6,028,593 Method and apparatus for providing simulated physical interactions within computer generated environments 199 1996
6,134,506 Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object 99 1996
6,078,876 Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object 61 1996
5,880,714 Three-dimensional cursor control interface with force feedback 150 1997
6,050,718 Method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth force feedback with improved actuator feel 84 1997
6,037,927 Method and apparatus for providing force feedback to the user of an interactive computer simulation 103 1997
6,020,876 Force feedback interface with selective disturbance filter 216 1997
5,929,846 Force feedback interface device including grounded sensor system 110 1997
6,154,198 Force feedback interface apparatus including backlash and for generating feel sensations 72 1997
6,020,875 High fidelity mechanical transmission system and interface device 85 1997
6,486,872 Method and apparatus for providing passive fluid force feedback 50 1998
6,271,833 Low cost force feedback peripheral with button activated feel sensations 56 1998
6,219,033 Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback interface systems utilizing a host computer 42 1998
6,300,937 Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback for a computer interface device 65 1998
6,104,382 Force feedback transmission mechanisms 98 1998
6,201,533 Method and apparatus for applying force in force feedback devices using friction 16 1998
8,508,469 Networked applications including haptic feedback 0 1998
6,215,470 User interface device including braking mechanism for interfacing with computer simulations 24 1998
6,281,651 Haptic pointing devices 35 1998
6,046,727 Three dimensional position sensing interface with force output 49 1999
6,348,911 Force feedback device including safety switch and force magnitude ramping 40 1999
RE40341 Controller 0 1999
6,104,158 Force feedback system 107 1999
6,310,605 Force feedback interface with selective disturbance filter 28 1999
6,639,581 Flexure mechanism for interface device 60 1999
6,366,272 Providing interactions between simulated objects using force feedback 91 1999
6,271,828 Force feedback interface devices providing resistance forces using a fluid 58 1999
6,705,871 Method and apparatus for providing an interface mechanism for a computer simulation 25 1999
6,380,925 Force feedback device with spring selection mechanism 8 2000
6,366,273 Force feedback cursor control interface 22 2000
7,113,166 Force feedback devices using fluid braking 37 2000
7,039,866 Method and apparatus for providing dynamic force sensations for force feedback computer applications 25 2000
6,762,745 Actuator control providing linear and continuous force output 13 2000
6,704,002 Position sensing methods for interface devices 5 2000
6,850,222 Passive force feedback for computer interface devices 20 2000
6,859,819 Force feedback enabled over a computer network 57 2000
6,697,048 Computer interface apparatus including linkage having flex 21 2000
7,199,790 Providing force feedback to a user of an interface device based on interactions of a user-controlled cursor in a graphical user interface 46 2001
7,023,423 Laparoscopic simulation interface 31 2001
7,158,112 Interactions between simulated objects with force feedback 28 2001
7,061,467 Force feedback device with microprocessor receiving low level commands 21 2001
7,557,794 Filtering sensor data to reduce disturbances from force feedback 1 2001
7,131,073 Force feedback applications based on cursor engagement with graphical targets 29 2001
6,654,000 Physically realistic computer simulation of medical procedures 16 2001
6,987,504 Interface device for sensing position and orientation and outputting force to a user 18 2002
7,038,657 Power management for interface devices applying forces 16 2002
7,091,950 Force feedback device including non-rigid coupling 11 2002
7,236,157 Method for providing high bandwidth force feedback with improved actuator feel 25 2002
7,636,080 Networked applications including haptic feedback 2 2003
7,215,326 Physically realistic computer simulation of medical procedures 34 2003
7,209,117 Method and apparatus for streaming force values to a force feedback device 20 2003
7,821,496 Computer interface apparatus including linkage having flex 1 2004
7,054,775 Digitizing system and rotary table for determining 3-D geometry of an object 2 2004
7,027,032 Designing force sensations for force feedback computer applications 15 2004
7,944,433 Force feedback device including actuator with moving magnet 0 2004
7,249,951 Method and apparatus for providing an interface mechanism for a computer simulation 28 2004
7,605,800 Method and apparatus for controlling human-computer interface systems providing force feedback 12 2006
8,184,094 Physically realistic computer simulation of medical procedures 0 2009
8,072,422 Networked applications including haptic feedback 2 2009
 
3D SYSTEMS, INC. (28)
6,084,587 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with a haptic virtual reality environment 101 1996
6,191,796 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with rigid and deformable surfaces in a haptic virtual reality environment 85 1998
6,421,048 Systems and methods for interacting with virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 52 1999
6,552,722 Systems and methods for sculpting virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 46 1999
6,792,398 Systems and methods for creating virtual objects in a sketch mode in a haptic virtual reality environment 36 1999
6,985,133 Force reflecting haptic interface 35 1999
6,958,752 Systems and methods for three-dimensional modeling 20 2001
6,867,770 Systems and methods for voxel warping 13 2001
6,671,651 3-D selection and manipulation with a multiple dimension haptic interface 37 2002
7,103,499 3-D selection and manipulation with a multiple dimension haptic interface 5 2003
7,411,576 Force reflecting haptic interface 7 2003
7,382,378 Apparatus and methods for stenciling an image 12 2003
7,095,418 Apparatus and methods for texture mapping 9 2003
7,889,209 Apparatus and methods for wrapping texture onto the surface of a virtual object 6 2003
7,626,589 Haptic graphical user interface for adjusting mapped texture 7 2003
7,102,635 Systems and methods for sculpting virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 11 2004
7,149,596 Apparatus and methods for modifying a model of an object to enforce compliance with a manufacturing constraint 6 2004
7,864,173 Systems and methods for creating virtual objects in a sketch mode in a haptic virtual reality environment 6 2004
7,212,203 Systems and methods for voxel warping 9 2005
7,710,415 Systems and methods for three-dimensional modeling 4 2005
7,714,836 Force reflecting haptic interface 1 2005
7,400,331 Apparatus and methods for texture mapping 2 2006
7,259,761 Systems and methods for sculpting virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 11 2006
7,800,609 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with a haptic virtual reality environment 2 2008
7,808,509 Apparatus and methods for stenciling an image 2 2008
8,576,222 Systems and methods for interfacing with a virtual object in a haptic virtual environment 1 2011
8,174,535 Apparatus and methods for wrapping texture onto the surface of a virtual object 1 2011
8,456,484 Apparatus and methods for wrapping texture onto the surface of a virtual object 1 2012
 
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (7)
6,111,577 Method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface 273 1996
5,898,599 Force reflecting haptic interface 95 1996
6,405,158 Force reflecting haptic inteface 44 1999
6,369,834 Method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface 59 1999
7,225,404 Method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface 6 2001
6,853,965 Force reflecting haptic interface 38 2001
7,480,600 Force reflecting haptic interface 17 2004
 
ENGINEERING MATTERS, INC. (3)
6,320,284 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 17 1999
6,664,666 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 18 2001
6,909,205 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 22 2003
 
SIMBIONIX LTD. (3)
7,850,456 Surgical simulation device, system and method 8 2004
8,500,451 Preoperative surgical simulation 0 2008
8,543,338 System and method for performing computerized simulations for image-guided procedures using a patient specific model 0 2009
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (3)
4,842,607 Accurate hand movement assistance 14 1987
H000703 Manual control apparatus with electable mechanical impedance 0 1987
5,062,594 Flight control system with tactile feedback 34 1990
 
IMMERSION CORPORATION DELAWARE (2)
6,067,077 Position sensing for force feedback devices 84 1998
8,552,982 Position sensing methods for interface devices 0 2003
 
IMMERSION MEDICAL, INC. (2)
5,821,920 Control input device for interfacing an elongated flexible object with a computer system 213 1997
6,323,837 Method and apparatus for interfacing an elongated object with a computer system 33 1999
 
AVIX INC. (1)
7,167,157 Input device for improving man-machine interface 1 2002
 
CYBERNET HAPTIC SYSTEMS CORPORATION (1)
6,396,232 Haptic pointing devices 19 2001
 
ILLINOIS PINBALL COMPANY (1)
6,047,962 Amusement game with pinball playfield and combined flipper/four-way switch 17 1998
 
The Boeing Company (1)
5,137,234 Sidestick controllers 12 1990
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy (1)
7,319,466 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with a haptic virtual reality environment 4 2000
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (2)
H703 Manual control apparatus with electable mechanical impedance 9 1987
6,347,999 Pinball simulator game system 32 1999