US Patent No: 4,632,341

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Stabilizing force feedback in bio-actuated control systems

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Abstract

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A biomechanical feedback arrangement wherein a varying force tending to improve the neuromotor tracking response of a human subject, particularly in the presence of lateral or front-back G force fields, is added to the test subject input member of a feedback control system. Use of the biomechanical feedback in a high-performance aircraft and in a ground-based simulator apparatus is also disclosed, along with comparison results from simulator testing of human subjects.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCEWASHINGTON, DC683

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Gruesbeck, William G Gettysburg, OH 4 273
McCollor, Donald G Springboro, OH 2 132
Repperger, Daniel W Vandalia, OH 21 541

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Fokker B.V. (1)
* 4,398,889 Flight simulator 135 1981
 
SP-COMMERCIAL FLIGHT, INC., A DE CORP. (2)
* 4,345,195 Strapdown multifunction servoactuator apparatus for aircraft 34 1980
* 4,426,607 Differential linkage apparatus for an aircraft series servoactuator apparatus 13 1982
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (1)
* 4,477,043 Biodynamic resistant control stick 190 1982
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

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Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (2)
H703 Manual control apparatus with electable mechanical impedance 10 1987
* 6,347,999 Pinball simulator game system 46 1999
 
SIMBIONIX LTD. (4)
9,501,955 Endoscopic ultrasonography simulation 0 2002
7,850,456 Surgical simulation device, system and method 14 2004
8,500,451 Preoperative surgical simulation 2 2008
8,543,338 System and method for performing computerized simulations for image-guided procedures using a patient specific model 0 2009
 
GE AVIATION SYSTEMS LLC (1)
* 2011/0050,563 METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR A MOTION COMPENSATED INPUT DEVICE 2 2009
 
ILLINOIS PINBALL COMPANY (1)
* 6,047,962 Amusement game with pinball playfield and combined flipper/four-way switch 21 1998
 
BAYER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY GMBH (1)
* 2010/0305,170 Agents for Combating Plant Pests 1 2010
 
3D SYSTEMS, INC. (29)
* 6,084,587 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with a haptic virtual reality environment 125 1996
6,191,796 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with rigid and deformable surfaces in a haptic virtual reality environment 112 1998
6,421,048 Systems and methods for interacting with virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 66 1999
6,552,722 Systems and methods for sculpting virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 53 1999
6,792,398 Systems and methods for creating virtual objects in a sketch mode in a haptic virtual reality environment 52 1999
6,985,133 Force reflecting haptic interface 43 1999
6,958,752 Systems and methods for three-dimensional modeling 28 2001
6,867,770 Systems and methods for voxel warping 14 2001
6,671,651 3-D selection and manipulation with a multiple dimension haptic interface 44 2002
7,103,499 3-D selection and manipulation with a multiple dimension haptic interface 11 2003
7,411,576 Force reflecting haptic interface 12 2003
7,382,378 Apparatus and methods for stenciling an image 15 2003
7,095,418 Apparatus and methods for texture mapping 10 2003
7,889,209 Apparatus and methods for wrapping texture onto the surface of a virtual object 10 2003
7,626,589 Haptic graphical user interface for adjusting mapped texture 11 2003
7,102,635 Systems and methods for sculpting virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 26 2004
7,149,596 Apparatus and methods for modifying a model of an object to enforce compliance with a manufacturing constraint 10 2004
7,864,173 Systems and methods for creating virtual objects in a sketch mode in a haptic virtual reality environment 10 2004
7,212,203 Systems and methods for voxel warping 11 2005
7,710,415 Systems and methods for three-dimensional modeling 5 2005
7,714,836 Force reflecting haptic interface 6 2005
7,400,331 Apparatus and methods for texture mapping 2 2006
7,259,761 Systems and methods for sculpting virtual objects in a haptic virtual reality environment 12 2006
7,800,609 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with a haptic virtual reality environment 6 2008
7,808,509 Apparatus and methods for stenciling an image 2 2008
8,994,643 Force reflecting haptic interface 1 2008
8,576,222 Systems and methods for interfacing with a virtual object in a haptic virtual environment 4 2011
8,174,535 Apparatus and methods for wrapping texture onto the surface of a virtual object 3 2011
8,456,484 Apparatus and methods for wrapping texture onto the surface of a virtual object 2 2012
 
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (7)
* 6,111,577 Method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface 302 1996
* 5,898,599 Force reflecting haptic interface 113 1996
6,405,158 Force reflecting haptic inteface 51 1999
6,369,834 Method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface 66 1999
7,225,404 Method and apparatus for determining forces to be applied to a user through a haptic interface 25 2001
6,853,965 Force reflecting haptic interface 44 2001
7,480,600 Force reflecting haptic interface 42 2004
 
IMMERSION CORPORATION (70)
* 5,731,804 Method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth, low noise mechanical I/O for computer systems 186 1995
* 5,767,839 Method and apparatus for providing passive force feedback to human-computer interface systems 353 1995
* 5,576,727 Electromechanical human-computer interface with force feedback 346 1995
* 5,721,566 Method and apparatus for providing damping force feedback 318 1995
* 5,724,264 Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object 258 1995
* 5,739,811 Method and apparatus for controlling human-computer interface systems providing force feedback 380 1995
* 5,805,140 High bandwidth force feedback interface using voice coils and flexures 303 1995
* 5,734,373 Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback interface systems utilizing a host computer 501 1995
6,219,032 Method for providing force feedback to a user of an interface device based on interactions of a controlled cursor with graphical elements in a graphical user interface 214 1995
* 5,701,140 Method and apparatus for providing a cursor control interface with force feedback 174 1996
* 5,691,898 Safe and low cost computer peripherals with force feedback for consumer applications 524 1996
* 6,028,593 Method and apparatus for providing simulated physical interactions within computer generated environments 232 1996
* 6,134,506 Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object 114 1996
* 6,078,876 Method and apparatus for tracking the position and orientation of a stylus and for digitizing a 3-D object 73 1996
* 5,880,714 Three-dimensional cursor control interface with force feedback 165 1997
* 6,050,718 Method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth force feedback with improved actuator feel 105 1997
* 6,037,927 Method and apparatus for providing force feedback to the user of an interactive computer simulation 120 1997
* 6,020,876 Force feedback interface with selective disturbance filter 256 1997
* 5,929,846 Force feedback interface device including grounded sensor system 140 1997
* 6,154,198 Force feedback interface apparatus including backlash and for generating feel sensations 128 1997
* 6,020,875 High fidelity mechanical transmission system and interface device 95 1997
6,486,872 Method and apparatus for providing passive fluid force feedback 91 1998
6,271,833 Low cost force feedback peripheral with button activated feel sensations 83 1998
6,219,033 Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback interface systems utilizing a host computer 43 1998
6,300,937 Method and apparatus for controlling force feedback for a computer interface device 101 1998
* 6,104,382 Force feedback transmission mechanisms 107 1998
6,201,533 Method and apparatus for applying force in force feedback devices using friction 20 1998
8,508,469 Networked applications including haptic feedback 2 1998
6,215,470 User interface device including braking mechanism for interfacing with computer simulations 28 1998
6,281,651 Haptic pointing devices 64 1998
* 6,046,727 Three dimensional position sensing interface with force output 57 1999
6,348,911 Force feedback device including safety switch and force magnitude ramping 68 1999
RE40341 Controller 1 1999
* 6,104,158 Force feedback system 130 1999
6,310,605 Force feedback interface with selective disturbance filter 28 1999
6,639,581 Flexure mechanism for interface device 98 1999
6,366,272 Providing interactions between simulated objects using force feedback 139 1999
6,271,828 Force feedback interface devices providing resistance forces using a fluid 96 1999
6,705,871 Method and apparatus for providing an interface mechanism for a computer simulation 40 1999
6,380,925 Force feedback device with spring selection mechanism 11 2000
6,366,273 Force feedback cursor control interface 26 2000
7,113,166 Force feedback devices using fluid braking 72 2000
7,039,866 Method and apparatus for providing dynamic force sensations for force feedback computer applications 29 2000
6,762,745 Actuator control providing linear and continuous force output 16 2000
6,704,002 Position sensing methods for interface devices 9 2000
6,850,222 Passive force feedback for computer interface devices 57 2000
6,859,819 Force feedback enabled over a computer network 70 2000
6,697,048 Computer interface apparatus including linkage having flex 33 2000
7,199,790 Providing force feedback to a user of an interface device based on interactions of a user-controlled cursor in a graphical user interface 120 2001
7,023,423 Laparoscopic simulation interface 36 2001
7,158,112 Interactions between simulated objects with force feedback 70 2001
7,061,467 Force feedback device with microprocessor receiving low level commands 57 2001
7,557,794 Filtering sensor data to reduce disturbances from force feedback 3 2001
7,131,073 Force feedback applications based on cursor engagement with graphical targets 76 2001
6,654,000 Physically realistic computer simulation of medical procedures 23 2001
6,987,504 Interface device for sensing position and orientation and outputting force to a user 24 2002
7,038,657 Power management for interface devices applying forces 32 2002
7,091,950 Force feedback device including non-rigid coupling 13 2002
7,236,157 Method for providing high bandwidth force feedback with improved actuator feel 70 2002
7,636,080 Networked applications including haptic feedback 3 2003
7,215,326 Physically realistic computer simulation of medical procedures 83 2003
7,209,117 Method and apparatus for streaming force values to a force feedback device 60 2003
7,821,496 Computer interface apparatus including linkage having flex 2 2004
7,054,775 Digitizing system and rotary table for determining 3-D geometry of an object 3 2004
7,027,032 Designing force sensations for force feedback computer applications 47 2004
7,944,433 Force feedback device including actuator with moving magnet 1 2004
7,249,951 Method and apparatus for providing an interface mechanism for a computer simulation 66 2004
7,605,800 Method and apparatus for controlling human-computer interface systems providing force feedback 46 2006
8,184,094 Physically realistic computer simulation of medical procedures 0 2009
8,072,422 Networked applications including haptic feedback 4 2009
 
The Boeing Company (1)
* 5,137,234 Sidestick controllers 15 1990
 
IMMERSION MEDICAL, INC. (2)
* 5,821,920 Control input device for interfacing an elongated flexible object with a computer system 227 1997
6,323,837 Method and apparatus for interfacing an elongated object with a computer system 39 1999
 
CYBERNET HAPTIC SYSTEMS CORPORATION (1)
6,396,232 Haptic pointing devices 37 2001
 
AVIX INC. (2)
* 7,167,157 Input device for improving man-machine interface 2 2002
* 2006/0055,671 Input device for improving man-machine interface 2 2005
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy (1)
7,319,466 Method and apparatus for generating and interfacing with a haptic virtual reality environment 7 2000
 
ENGINEERING MATTERS, INC. (4)
6,320,284 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 20 1999
6,664,666 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 21 2001
6,909,205 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 22 2003
* 2004/0124,717 Motor assembly allowing output in multiple degrees of freedom 2 2003
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (3)
* 4,842,607 Accurate hand movement assistance 14 1987
H000703 Manual control apparatus with electable mechanical impedance 0 1987
* 5,062,594 Flight control system with tactile feedback 36 1990
 
IMMERSION CORPORATION DELAWARE (2)
* 6,067,077 Position sensing for force feedback devices 94 1998
8,552,982 Position sensing methods for interface devices 0 2003
* Cited By Examiner