US Patent No: 4,989,607

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Highly conductive non-stringy adhesive hydrophilic gels and medical electrode assemblies manufactured therefrom

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Abstract

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The highly conductive hydrogels of this invention are comprised of a cohesive uniform mixture of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone), a viscosity-enhancing hydrophilic polymer, and an effective amount of an electrolyte. This polymeric mixture which is crosslinked by exposure to radiant energy provides a gel-like solid which is sufficiently tacky and adhesive to adhere to the subjects' skin and yet is substantially non-stringy and non-aggressive such that the use of such hydrogel imparts less discomfort to the user. In addition, the consumer utilizing the product of this invention would not experience the objectionable sticky, stringy sensation associated with existing conductive adhesive gels.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
LUDLOW CORPORATIONNEEDHAM HEIGHTS, MA28

International Classification(s)

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Czap, Christine A Montgomery, NY 5 287
Keusch, Preston Hazlet, NJ 37 641
Lennon, Linda R.D. 1, Box 834, Campbell Hall, NY 10916 3 188
Murdock, Keith A 288 Haverstraw Rd., Suffern, NY 10901 4 210

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company (5)
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4,458,696 T.E.N.S. Electrode 83 1980
4,554,924 Conductive adhesive and biomedical electrode 86 1981
4,524,087 Conductive adhesive and biomedical electrode 120 1983
4,539,996 Conductive adhesive and biomedical electrode 112 1983
 
IPCO CORPORATION (3)
4,317,278 Method for manufacturing a disposable electrode 22 1980
4,318,746 Highly stable gel, its use and manufacture 15 1980
4,362,165 Stable gel electrode 35 1980
 
LUDLOW CORPORATION (3)
4,684,558 Adhesive polyethylene oxide hydrogel sheet and its production 41 1986
4,706,680 Conductive adhesive medical electrode assemblies 70 1986
4,777,954 Conductive adhesive medical electrode assemblies 83 1987
 
SHERWOOD SERVICES AG (2)
4,699,146 Hydrophilic, elastomeric, pressure-sensitive adhesive 190 1985
4,750,482 Hydrophilic, elastomeric, pressure-sensitive adhesive 115 1985
 
Albert Handtmann Armaturenfabrik GmbH & Co., KG. (1)
4,522,223 Double poppet valve 16 1983
 
C.R. BARD, INC. (1)
4,365,634 Medical electrode construction 149 1979
 
CIBA SPECIALTY CHEMICALS CORPORATION (1)
4,192,827 Water-insoluble hydrophilic copolymers 95 1978
 
CONMED CORPORATION (1)
4,543,958 Medical electrode assembly 45 1982
 
E. R. Squibb & Sons, Inc. (1)
4,860,754 Electrically conductive adhesive materials 38 1989
 
LECTEC CORPORATION (1)
4,274,420 Monitoring and stimulation electrode 79 1978
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (1)
4,593,053 Hydrophilic pressure sensitive biomedical adhesive composition 101 1984
 
Nitto Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. (1)
4,515,162 Electrode pad 59 1981
 
REHABILLICARE, INC. (1)
4,300,575 Air-permeable disposable electrode 52 1979
 
SENTRY MEDICAL PRODUCTS, INC., A CORP. OF MI (1)
4,393,584 Method of manufacture of electrode construction 85 1981
 
TOSHIBA AMERICA RESEARCH, INC. (1)
2002/0191,558 Distributed soft handoff among IP-based base stations 1 2001
 
Wescor, Inc. (1)
4,383,529 Iontophoretic electrode device, method and gel insert 192 1980

Patent Citation Ranking

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Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
DEXCOM, INC. (7)
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8,229,535 Systems and methods for blood glucose monitoring and alert delivery 1 2009
 
Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company (6)
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5,438,988 Pressure-sensitive poly(N-vinyl lactam) adhesive composition and biomedical electrodes using same 15 1993
5,409,966 Method for producing pressure sensitive poly (N-vinyl lactam) 49 1993
5,389,376 Pressure-sensitive poly(n-vinyl lactam) adhesive composition and skin covering articles using same 32 1993
5,536,446 Solid state conductive polymer compositions 25 1994
5,520,180 Biomedical electrodes containing solid state conductive polymer compositions 44 1994
 
ANIMAS TECHNOLOGIES LLC (4)
6,615,078 Methods and devices for removing interfering species 121 2000
6,902,905 Glucose measuring assembly with a hydrogel 164 2003
7,150,975 Hydrogel composition for measuring glucose flux 164 2003
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ENCORE MEDICAL ASSET CORPORATION (4)
5,236,412 Rehydratable product and method of preparation thereof 13 1990
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ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS INC. (4)
5,536,263 Non-occulusive adhesive patch for applying medication to the skin 43 1994
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6,096,333 Method of forming adhesive patch for applying medication to the skin 10 1997
6,096,334 Adhesive patch for applying medication to the skin and method 8 1998
 
LUDLOW CORPORATION (4)
5,143,071 Non-stringy adhesive hydrophilic gels 64 1990
5,354,790 Methods for the preparation of non-stringy adhesive hydrophilic gels 44 1992
5,405,366 Adhesive hydrogels having extended use lives and process for the preparation of same 77 1992
5,578,661 Gel forming system for use as wound dressings 33 1994
 
ALZA CORPORATION (3)
5,380,271 Electrotransport agent delivery device and method 17 1992
6,169,920 Iontophoretic drug delivery apparatus 35 1994
6,246,904 Electrotransport drug delivery reservoirs containing inert fillers 10 1997
 
GRAPHIC CONTROLS CORPORATION (3)
5,474,065 Non-invasive fetal probe 54 1994
5,665,477 Hydrogel adhesive for attaching medical device to patient 33 1995
5,833,622 Non-invasive fetal probe having improved mechanical and electrical properties 16 1996
 
LECTEC CORPORATION (3)
5,522,878 Solid multipurpose ultrasonic biomedical couplant gel in sheet form and method 49 1993
5,727,550 Dual purpose ultrasonic biomedical couplant pad and electrode 12 1996
6,469,227 Antipruritic patch 20 2000
 
MCNEIL-PPC, INC. (3)
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VYTERIS, INC. (3)
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BIOFISICA, INC. (2)
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COVIDIEN LP (2)
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8,594,812 Electrode pad packaging systems and methods 0 2012
 
EPICEPT CORPORATION (2)
6,638,981 Topical compositions and methods for treating pain 31 2001
6,645,521 Local prevention or amelioration of pain from surgically closed wounds 17 2002
 
IOMED, INC. (2)
5,328,455 Rehydratable product and method of preparation thereof 18 1993
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ISP INVESTMENTS INC. (2)
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MEDICOTEST A/S (2)
7,146,228 Skin electrode with a by-pass element 23 2001
6,845,272 Skin electrode 24 2002
 
APPLIED EXTRUSION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
5,489,437 Hydrogel products and methods of producing same 15 1993
 
C.R. BARD, INC. (1)
5,395,398 Microelectric apparatus for the antisepsis, promulgation of healing and analgesia of wound and chronic skin ulcers 48 1993
 
Cambrex Hydrogels (1)
5,540,033 Integrated Manufacturing process for hydrogels 17 1994
 
CARDIAC SCIENCE CORPORATION (1)
6,546,285 Long term wear electrode for defibrillation system 24 2000
 
COLGATE-PALMOLIVE COMPANY (1)
5,849,267 Stable desensitizing antitartar dentifrice 9 1997
 
DIVERSIFIED PHARMACEUTICALS INC. (1)
6,214,374 Compositions, methods and devices for the transdermal delivery of drugs 11 1996
 
ESD LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY (1)
7,280,873 Treatment of oropharyngeal disorders by application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation 7 2004
 
INTERNATIONALE NEDERLANDEN (U.S.) CAPITAL CORPORATION (1)
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JOHN L. ESSMYER (1)
5,622,168 Conductive hydrogels and physiological electrodes and electrode assemblies therefrom 70 1995
 
KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC. (1)
5,618,281 Adhesive composition comprising a polysiloxane 29 1995
 
KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V. (1)
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NIHON KOHDEN CORPORATION (1)
6,673,852 Conductive composition for biological electrode 4 2000
 
SHOWA DENKO K.K. (1)
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SPECTRUM LABORATORIES, LLC (1)
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SUNDANCE REHABILITIATION CORPORATION (1)
5,218,973 Disposable wound treatment electrode 21 1991
 
ZMD (1)
5,330,526 Combined defibrillation and pacing electrode 36 1992
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (8)
5,450,845 Medical electrode system 99 1993
5,678,545 Anisotropic adhesive multiple electrode system, and method of use 80 1995
5,938,597 Electrocardiograph bioelectric interface system and method of use 43 1997
6,650,934 Polymeric foam reservoirs for an electrotransport delivery device 3 1997
6,327,487 Bioelectric interface 18 1999
8,148,156 Synthetic urine and method for manufacturing synthetic urine 1 2009
8,377,695 Synthetic urine and method for manufacturing synthetic urine 0 2012
8,583,240 Device and method for treating dysphagia with electrical stimulation 0 2012