Digital video signals are divided in blocks, maximum and minimum values of each block are extracted, and a frequency distribution of one frame period of a dynamic range in each block is detected. The coding condition is determined by the frequency distribution and a predetermined N kinds of characteristic tables, and by determining only one characteristic table, the signal obtained by subtracting the minimum value of each block from the digital video signals of each block is coded in variable length according to the dynamic range of each block. The characteristic table shows the relationship of the distortion or the number of quantization bits between the original signal and decoded signal after coding and decoding with respect to the dynamic range of digital video signal in each block, and the picture quality of decoded image is set as a parameter.
* 5,583,573 Video encoder and encoding method using intercomparisons of pixel values in selection of appropriation quantization values to yield an amount of encoded data substantialy equal to nominal amount
* 6,052,488 Image coding apparatus for converting image information to variable length codes of predetermined code size, method of image coding and apparatus for storing/transmitting image
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