US Patent No: 5,461,411

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Process and architecture for digital micromirror printer

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Abstract

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Techniques for achieving high resolution, high-speed gray scale printing with binary spatial light modulators. A spatial light modulator array is divided into subarrays, and the subarrays are illuminated at various levels (510, 512, 514, 516) of a modulated light source. Additionally, each pixel (520) can be divided up into four phases and printed in phase pairs.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
AGFA-GEVAERT N.V.MORTSEL1144
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATEDDALLAS, TX18253

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Broddin, Dirk Edegem, BE 30 406
Florence, James M Dallas, TX 50 3468
Nelson, William E Penfield, NY 70 5412
St, Clair James Richardson, TX 4 375
Tavernier, Serge M F Mortsel, BE 1 302
Venkateswar, Vadlammanti Dallas, TX 2 375

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED (1)
5,285,407 Memory circuit for spatial light modulator 88 1991
 
XEROX CORPORATION (1)
5,357,273 Resolution conversion via intensity controlled overscanned illumination for optical printers and the like having high gamma photosensitive recording media 8 1992

Patent Citation Ranking

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Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
QUALCOMM MEMS TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (183)
7,123,216 Photonic MEMS and structures 556 1999
7,138,984 Directly laminated touch sensitive screen 108 2001
7,042,643 Interferometric modulation of radiation 186 2002
7,110,158 Photonic MEMS and structures 179 2002
7,550,794 Micromechanical systems device comprising a displaceable electrode and a charge-trapping layer 31 2002
7,297,471 Method for manufacturing an array of interferometric modulators 19 2003
7,221,495 Thin film precursor stack for MEMS manufacturing 106 2003
7,460,291 Separable modulator 54 2003
7,012,726 MEMS devices with unreleased thin film components 76 2003
7,198,973 Method for fabricating an interference display unit 102 2003
7,161,728 Area array modulation and lead reduction in interferometric modulators 152 2003
7,692,844 Interferometric modulation of radiation 23 2004
7,532,194 Driver voltage adjuster 4 2004
7,119,945 Altering temporal response of microelectromechanical elements 137 2004
7,706,050 Integrated modulator illumination 32 2004
7,193,768 Interference display cell 24 2004
7,476,327 Method of manufacture for microelectromechanical devices 39 2004
7,060,895 Modifying the electro-mechanical behavior of devices 49 2004
7,280,265 Interferometric modulation of radiation 47 2004
7,164,520 Packaging for an interferometric modulator 38 2004
7,250,315 Method for fabricating a structure for a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) device 50 2004
7,893,919 Display region architectures 9 2005
7,813,026 System and method of reducing color shift in a display 16 2005
7,551,159 System and method of sensing actuation and release voltages of an interferometric modulator 18 2005
7,424,198 Method and device for packaging a substrate 3 2005
7,142,346 System and method for addressing a MEMS display 32 2005
7,515,147 Staggered column drive circuit systems and methods 14 2005
7,379,227 Method and device for modulating light 13 2005
7,355,780 System and method of illuminating interferometric modulators using backlighting 40 2005
7,289,259 Conductive bus structure for interferometric modulator array 67 2005
7,460,246 Method and system for sensing light using interferometric elements 12 2005
7,560,299 Systems and methods of actuating MEMS display elements 21 2005
7,012,732 Method and device for modulating light with a time-varying signal 63 2005
7,359,066 Electro-optical measurement of hysteresis in interferometric modulators 8 2005
7,701,631 Device having patterned spacers for backplates and method of making the same 4 2005
7,259,449 Method and system for sealing a substrate 16 2005
7,781,850 Controlling electromechanical behavior of structures within a microelectromechanical systems device 4 2005
7,668,415 Method and device for providing electronic circuitry on a backplate 6 2005
7,429,334 Methods of fabricating interferometric modulators by selectively removing a material 15 2005
7,420,728 Methods of fabricating interferometric modulators by selectively removing a material 17 2005
7,405,924 System and method for protecting microelectromechanical systems array using structurally reinforced back-plate 8 2005
7,368,803 System and method for protecting microelectromechanical systems array using back-plate with non-flat portion 8 2005
7,299,681 Method and system for detecting leak in electronic devices 2 2005
7,920,135 Method and system for driving a bi-stable display 5 2005
7,679,627 Controller and driver features for bi-stable display 3 2005
7,586,484 Controller and driver features for bi-stable display 17 2005
7,535,466 System with server based control of client device display features 9 2005
7,532,195 Method and system for reducing power consumption in a display 8 2005
7,302,157 System and method for multi-level brightness in interferometric modulation 48 2005
7,289,256 Electrical characterization of interferometric modulators 13 2005
7,602,375 Method and system for writing data to MEMS display elements 4 2005
7,916,103 System and method for display device with end-of-life phenomena 2 2005
7,321,456 Method and device for corner interferometric modulation 44 2005
7,626,581 Device and method for display memory using manipulation of mechanical response 4 2005
7,372,613 Method and device for multistate interferometric light modulation 74 2005
7,889,163 Drive method for MEMS devices 20 2005
7,692,839 System and method of providing MEMS device with anti-stiction coating 1 2005
7,420,725 Device having a conductive light absorbing mask and method for fabricating same 43 2005
7,405,861 Method and device for protecting interferometric modulators from electrostatic discharge 4 2005
7,843,410 Method and device for electrically programmable display 6 2005
7,719,500 Reflective display pixels arranged in non-rectangular arrays 39 2005
7,547,565 Method of manufacturing optical interference color display 13 2005
7,527,995 Method of making prestructure for MEMS systems 31 2005
7,808,703 System and method for implementation of interferometric modulator displays 5 2005
7,349,136 Method and device for a display having transparent components integrated therein 8 2005
8,008,736 Analog interferometric modulator device 4 2005
7,710,629 System and method for display device with reinforcing substance 4 2005
8,124,434 Method and system for packaging a display 1 2005
7,471,444 Interferometric modulation of radiation 14 2005
7,388,706 Photonic MEMS and structures 15 2005
7,345,805 Interferometric modulator array with integrated MEMS electrical switches 6 2005
7,196,837 Area array modulation and lead reduction in interferometric modulators 26 2005
7,130,104 Methods and devices for inhibiting tilting of a mirror in an interferometric modulator 65 2005
7,553,684 Method of fabricating interferometric devices using lift-off processing techniques 6 2005
7,417,783 Mirror and mirror layer for optical modulator and method 9 2005
7,373,026 MEMS device fabricated on a pre-patterned substrate 15 2005
7,343,080 System and method of testing humidity in a sealed MEMS device 8 2005
RE40436 Hermetic seal and method to create the same 8 2005
8,878,825 System and method for providing a variable refresh rate of an interferometric modulator display 0 2005
7,304,784 Reflective display device having viewable display on both sides 45 2005
7,161,730 System and method for providing thermal compensation for an interferometric modulator display 83 2005
7,567,373 System and method for micro-electromechanical operation of an interferometric modulator 32 2005
7,936,497 MEMS device having deformable membrane characterized by mechanical persistence 5 2005
7,463,421 Method and device for modulating light 18 2005
7,317,568 System and method of implementation of interferometric modulators for display mirrors 3 2005
7,310,179 Method and device for selective adjustment of hysteresis window 8 2005
7,724,993 MEMS switches with deforming membranes 2 2005
7,492,502 Method of fabricating a free-standing microstructure 12 2005
7,417,735 Systems and methods for measuring color and contrast in specular reflective devices 34 2005
7,369,296 Device and method for modifying actuation voltage thresholds of a deformable membrane in an interferometric modulator 17 2005
7,630,119 Apparatus and method for reducing slippage between structures in an interferometric modulator 19 2005
7,136,213 Interferometric modulators having charge persistence 16 2005
7,564,612 Photonic MEMS and structures 71 2005
7,327,510 Process for modifying offset voltage characteristics of an interferometric modulator 201 2005
7,369,294 Ornamental display device 46 2005
7,684,104 MEMS using filler material and method 11 2005
7,653,371 Selectable capacitance circuit 18 2005
7,415,186 Methods for visually inspecting interferometric modulators for defects 5 2005
7,675,669 Method and system for driving interferometric modulators 4 2005
7,453,579 Measurement of the dynamic characteristics of interferometric modulators 11 2005
7,545,550 Systems and methods of actuating MEMS display elements 5 2005
8,310,441 Method and system for writing data to MEMS display elements 1 2005
7,446,927 MEMS switch with set and latch electrodes 6 2005
7,486,429 Method and device for multistate interferometric light modulation 12 2005
7,236,284 Photonic MEMS and structures 94 2005
7,630,114 Diffusion barrier layer for MEMS devices 3 2005
8,014,059 System and method for charge control in a MEMS device 0 2005
7,618,831 Method of monitoring the manufacture of interferometric modulators 0 2005
7,403,323 Process control monitors for interferometric modulators 1 2005
7,369,252 Process control monitors for interferometric modulators 0 2005
7,259,865 Process control monitors for interferometric modulators 20 2005
8,391,630 System and method for power reduction when decompressing video streams for interferometric modulator displays 1 2005
7,795,061 Method of creating MEMS device cavities by a non-etching process 4 2005
7,355,779 Method and system for driving MEMS display elements 4 2006
7,916,980 Interconnect structure for MEMS device 2 2006
7,382,515 Silicon-rich silicon nitrides as etch stops in MEMS manufacture 8 2006
8,194,056 Method and system for writing data to MEMS display elements 1 2006
7,582,952 Method for providing and removing discharging interconnect for chip-on-glass output leads and structures thereof 2 2006
7,547,568 Electrical conditioning of MEMS device and insulating layer thereof 8 2006
7,550,810 MEMS device having a layer movable at asymmetric rates 28 2006
7,450,295 Methods for producing MEMS with protective coatings using multi-component sacrificial layers 46 2006
7,483,197 Photonic MEMS and structures 18 2006
7,616,369 Film stack for manufacturing micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) devices 13 2006
7,532,377 Movable micro-electromechanical device 38 2006
7,643,203 Interferometric optical display system with broadband characteristics 24 2006
7,948,457 Systems and methods of actuating MEMS display elements 1 2006
7,903,047 Mode indicator for interferometric modulator displays 3 2006
7,711,239 Microelectromechanical device and method utilizing nanoparticles 2 2006
7,623,287 Non-planar surface structures and process for microelectromechanical systems 8 2006
7,527,996 Non-planar surface structures and process for microelectromechanical systems 5 2006
7,417,784 Microelectromechanical device and method utilizing a porous surface 50 2006
8,049,713 Power consumption optimized display update 2 2006
7,920,136 System and method of driving a MEMS display device 1 2006
7,706,044 Optical interference display cell and method of making the same 9 2006
7,880,954 Integrated modulator illumination 17 2006
7,369,292 Electrode and interconnect materials for MEMS devices 16 2006
7,349,139 System and method of illuminating interferometric modulators using backlighting 19 2006
8,174,469 Dynamic driver IC and display panel configuration 0 2006
7,161,094 Modifying the electro-mechanical behavior of devices 25 2006
7,372,619 Display device having a movable structure for modulating light and method thereof 84 2006
7,649,671 Analog interferometric modulator device with electrostatic actuation and release 18 2006
7,405,863 Patterning of mechanical layer in MEMS to reduce stresses at supports 6 2006
7,321,457 Process and structure for fabrication of MEMS device having isolated edge posts 73 2006
7,187,489 Photonic MEMS and structures 91 2006
7,636,151 System and method for providing residual stress test structures 0 2006
7,471,442 Method and apparatus for low range bit depth enhancements for MEMS display architectures 7 2006
7,702,192 Systems and methods for driving MEMS display 0 2006
7,835,061 Support structures for free-standing electromechanical devices 10 2006
7,385,744 Support structure for free-standing MEMS device and methods for forming the same 50 2006
7,777,715 Passive circuits for de-multiplexing display inputs 3 2006
7,527,998 Method of manufacturing MEMS devices providing air gap control 13 2006
7,388,704 Determination of interferometric modulator mirror curvature and airgap variation using digital photographs 4 2006
7,534,640 Support structure for MEMS device and methods therefor 15 2006
7,830,586 Transparent thin films 18 2006
7,554,711 MEMS devices with stiction bumps 44 2006
7,763,546 Methods for reducing surface charges during the manufacture of microelectromechanical systems devices 6 2006
7,566,664 Selective etching of MEMS using gaseous halides and reactive co-etchants 35 2006
7,928,940 Drive method for MEMS devices 0 2006
7,388,697 System and method for addressing a MEMS display 8 2006
7,242,512 System and method for addressing a MEMS display 9 2006
7,667,884 Interferometric modulators having charge persistence 3 2006
8,059,326 Display devices comprising of interferometric modulator and sensor 6 2007
7,738,156 Display devices comprising of interferometric modulator and sensor 0 2007
7,642,110 Method for fabricating a structure for a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device 17 2007
7,564,613 Microelectromechanical device and method utilizing a porous surface 7 2007
7,623,752 System and method of testing humidity in a sealed MEMS device 5 2008
7,570,865 System and method of testing humidity in a sealed MEMS device 1 2008
8,040,588 System and method of illuminating interferometric modulators using backlighting 2 2008
8,735,225 Method and system for packaging MEMS devices with glass seal 0 2009
7,932,728 Electrical conditioning of MEMS device and insulating layer thereof 3 2009
8,736,590 Low voltage driver scheme for interferometric modulators 0 2010
8,097,174 MEMS device and interconnects for same 0 2010
8,229,253 Electromechanical device configured to minimize stress-related deformation and methods for fabricating same 0 2010
8,394,656 Method of creating MEMS device cavities by a non-etching process 0 2010
8,853,747 Method of making an electronic device with a curved backplate 0 2010
8,817,357 Mechanical layer and methods of forming the same 0 2011
8,682,130 Method and device for packaging a substrate 0 2011
8,749,538 Device and method of controlling brightness of a display based on ambient lighting conditions 0 2011
8,638,491 Device having a conductive light absorbing mask and method for fabricating same 0 2012
8,878,771 Method and system for reducing power consumption in a display 0 2012
8,830,557 Methods of fabricating MEMS with spacers between plates and devices formed by same 0 2012
8,791,897 Method and system for writing data to MEMS display elements 0 2012
8,885,244 Display device 0 2013
 
SILICON LIGHT MACHINES CORPORATION (46)
5,841,579 Flat diffraction grating light valve 182 1995
5,808,797 Method and apparatus for modulating a light beam 325 1996
5,982,553 Display device incorporating one-dimensional grating light-valve array 360 1997
6,088,102 Display apparatus including grating light-valve array and interferometric optical system 132 1997
6,271,808 Stereo head mounted display using a single display device 63 1998
6,130,770 Electron gun activated grating light valve 73 1998
6,101,036 Embossed diffraction grating alone and in combination with changeable image display 69 1998
6,215,579 Method and apparatus for modulating an incident light beam for forming a two-dimensional image 112 1998
6,956,878 Method and apparatus for reducing laser speckle using polarization averaging 31 2000
7,177,081 High contrast grating light valve type device 19 2001
6,764,875 Method of and apparatus for sealing an hermetic lid to a semiconductor die 28 2001
6,865,346 Fiber optic transceiver 4 2001
6,747,781 Method, apparatus, and diffuser for reducing laser speckle 65 2001
6,829,092 Blazed grating light valve 13 2001
6,707,591 Angled illumination for a single order light modulator based projection system 4 2001
6,800,238 Method for domain patterning in low coercive field ferroelectrics 1 2002
6,782,205 Method and apparatus for dynamic equalization in wavelength division multiplexing 64 2002
6,991,953 Microelectronic mechanical system and methods 10 2002
6,767,751 Integrated driver process flow 5 2002
6,728,023 Optical device arrays with optimized image resolution 24 2002
7,054,515 Diffractive light modulator-based dynamic equalizer with integrated spectral monitor 1 2002
6,822,797 Light modulator structure for producing high-contrast operation using zero-order light 6 2002
6,872,984 Method of sealing a hermetic lid to a semiconductor die at an angle 25 2002
6,829,258 Rapidly tunable external cavity laser 30 2002
6,908,201 Micro-support structures 4 2002
6,813,059 Reduced formation of asperities in contact micro-structures 76 2002
7,057,795 Micro-structures with individually addressable ribbon pairs 2 2002
6,801,354 2-D diffraction grating for substantially eliminating polarization dependent losses 10 2002
6,956,995 Optical communication arrangement 4 2002
6,712,480 Controlled curvature of stressed micro-structures 7 2002
7,049,164 Microelectronic mechanical system and methods 55 2002
6,928,207 Apparatus for selectively blocking WDM channels 2 2002
7,057,819 High contrast tilting ribbon blazed grating 4 2002
6,987,600 Arbitrary phase profile for better equalization in dynamic gain equalizer 1 2002
6,934,070 Chirped optical MEM device 4 2002
6,927,891 Tilt-able grating plane for improved crosstalk in 1×N blaze switches 3 2002
7,068,372 MEMS interferometer-based reconfigurable optical add-and-drop multiplexor 5 2003
7,286,764 Reconfigurable modulator-based optical add-and-drop multiplexer 3 2003
6,947,613 Wavelength selective switch and equalizer 1 2003
6,922,272 Method and apparatus for leveling thermal stress variations in multi-layer MEMS devices 7 2003
7,391,973 Two-stage gain equalizer 1 2003
7,027,202 Silicon substrate as a light modulator sacrificial layer 55 2003
6,922,273 PDL mitigation structure for diffractive MEMS and gratings 2 2003
6,829,077 Diffractive light modulator with dynamically rotatable diffraction plane 3 2003
6,806,997 Patterned diffractive light modulator ribbon for PDL reduction 2 2003
7,042,611 Pre-deflected bias ribbons 0 2003
 
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY (22)
6,215,547 Reflective liquid crystal modulator based printing system 49 1998
6,330,018 Method and apparatus for printing high resolution images using reflective LCD modulators 15 1999
6,407,766 Method and apparatus for printing to a photosensitive media using multiple spatial light modulators 31 2000
6,646,716 Method and apparatus for printing multiple simultaneous images onto a photosensitive media 15 2000
6,552,740 Method and apparatus for printing monochromatic imaging using a spatial light modulator 9 2000
6,480,259 Method and apparatus for printing monochromatic images using a spatial light modulator having a selectable light source 17 2000
6,614,462 Method and apparatus for printing high resolution images using reflective LCD modulators 3 2000
6,580,490 Method and apparatus for printing images in multiple formats using a spatial light modulator 12 2000
6,930,797 Method and apparatus for printing high resolution images using multiple reflective spatial light modulators 4 2001
6,980,321 Method and apparatus for printing high resolution images using multiple reflective spatial light modulators 2 2001
6,778,290 Printing image frames corresponding to motion pictures 5 2001
6,980,280 Two level image writer 3 2001
6,734,889 Color printer comprising a linear grating spatial light modulator 3 2002
6,751,005 Compensating for pixel defects by spatial translation of scene content 8 2002
7,369,268 Light source using large area LEDs 3 2003
6,700,599 Apparatus for printing high resolution images using reflective LCD modulators 1 2003
6,917,462 Method and apparatus for translating a spatial light modulator to provide dithering 0 2003
7,042,483 Apparatus and method for printing using a light emissive array 2 2003
7,023,463 Method and apparatus for printing images from digital image data 2 2003
6,801,238 Apparatus for printing high resolution images using reflective LCD modulators 2 2003
7,224,379 Printer using direct-coupled emissive array 1 2004
7,782,347 Light source using large area LEDs 1 2008
 
PIXTRONIX, INC. (19)
8,159,428 Display methods and apparatus 3 2006
7,755,582 Display methods and apparatus 6 2006
7,405,852 Display apparatus and methods for manufacture thereof 42 2006
7,876,489 Display apparatus with optical cavities 32 2006
8,310,442 Circuits for controlling display apparatus 5 2006
8,482,496 Circuits for controlling MEMS display apparatus on a transparent substrate 0 2007
7,636,189 Display methods and apparatus 5 2007
7,551,344 Methods for manufacturing displays 9 2007
7,927,654 Methods and apparatus for spatial light modulation 12 2007
7,852,546 Spacers for maintaining display apparatus alignment 10 2007
7,746,529 MEMS display apparatus 13 2007
8,519,945 Circuits for controlling display apparatus 0 2007
8,248,560 Light guides and backlight systems incorporating prismatic structures and light redirectors 1 2008
8,526,096 Mechanical light modulators with stressed beams 0 2009
8,520,285 Methods for manufacturing cold seal fluid-filled display apparatus 1 2011
8,519,923 Display methods and apparatus 0 2012
8,599,463 MEMS anchors 0 2012
8,441,602 Light guides and backlight systems incorporating prismatic structures and light redirectors 2 2012
8,545,084 Light guides and backlight systems incorporating light redirectors at varying densities 0 2012
 
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED (7)
5,615,016 Exposure scheme for minimizing microbanding inslm-based printers 2 1994
6,074,790 Black and white defect correction for a digital micromirror printer 3 1994
5,630,027 Method and apparatus for compensating horizontal and vertical alignment errors in display systems 24 1994
5,699,168 Grayscale printing with sliding window memory 1 1995
5,997,150 Multiple emitter illuminator engine 75 1996
5,841,956 Anti-aliasing for digital printing with dot shape modulation and greyscale 5 1997
5,719,682 Method of improved printing using a spatial light modulator 12 1997
 
MASKLESS LITHOGRAPHY, INC. (4)
7,167,296 Continuous direct-write optical lithography 16 2003
7,295,362 Continuous direct-write optical lithography 20 2004
7,719,753 Method of operation for SLM-based optical lithography tool 6 2007
7,508,570 Gray level method for slim-based optical lithography 17 2007
 
DAY INTERNATIONAL, INC. (3)
6,855,482 Liquid transfer articles and method for producing the same using digital imaging photopolymerization 9 2002
7,125,649 Liquid transfer articles and method for producing the same using digital imaging photopolymerization 3 2005
7,550,251 Liquid transfer articles and method for producing the same using digital imaging photopolymerization 5 2005
 
SMITH, JEFFERY M. (2)
6,391,245 Method for creating three-dimensional objects by cross-sectional lithography 31 1999
6,500,378 Method and apparatus for creating three-dimensional objects by cross-sectional lithography 64 2000
 
ASML NETHERLANDS B.V. (1)
8,003,308 Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method for writing a digital image 1 2010
 
CENTOCOR ORTHO BIOTECH INC. (1)
7,291,921 Structure of a micro electro mechanical system and the manufacturing method thereof 26 2004
 
CLEARCUBE TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
6,421,393 Technique to transfer multiple data streams over a wire or wireless medium 2 1998
 
FUJI PHOTO FILM CO., LTD. (1)
6,862,108 Optical printer with micromirror device 2 2001
 
HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P. (1)
6,975,339 Electrostatic-writing mechanism having micromirrors to selectively direct light onto optical photoconductor mechanism 0 2003
 
INFOPRINT SOLUTIONS COMPANY, LLC, A DELAWARE CORPORATION (1)
7,369,150 Method, system and program product for amplitude modulated multiple pel print quality enhancement 0 2005
 
INTEL CORPORATION (1)
6,999,227 Projection system 0 2003
 
INTELLECTUAL VENTURES FUND 83 LLC (1)
7,307,764 Apparatus and method for controlled movement of pixel imaging device 0 2003
 
IRIDIGM DISPLAY CORPORATION (1)
7,256,922 Interferometric modulators with thin film transistors 33 2004
 
MASKLESS LITOHGRAPHY, INC. (1)
7,639,416 Apparatus for SLM-based optical lithography with gray level capability 6 2007
 
MICRONIC LASER SYSTEMS AB (1)
6,624,880 Method and apparatus for microlithography 20 2001
 
Pitronix, Inc. (1)
8,262,274 Light guides and backlight systems incorporating light redirectors at varying densities 2 2011
 
Qualcomm Mems Technologies Co., Ltd. (1)
7,172,915 Optical-interference type display panel and method for making the same 74 2004
 
TRI-STAR TECHNOLOGIES (1)
6,836,284 Laser marking using a digital micro-mirror device 1 2003
 
UDC, LLC (1)
7,499,208 Current mode display driver circuit realization feature 10 2005
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (1)
8,891,152 Methods for manufacturing cold seal fluid-filled display apparatus 0 2013