Automatic training of character templates using a transcription and a two-dimensional image source model

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United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 5689620
SERIAL NO

08431223

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Abstract

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A technique for automatically training a set of character templates using unsegmented training samples uses as input a two-dimensional (2D) image of characters, called glyphs, as the source of training samples, a transcription associated with the 2D image as a source of labels for the glyph samples, and an explicit, formal 2D image source model that models as a grammar the structural and functional features of a set of 2D images that may be used as the source of training data. The input transcription may be a literal transcription associated with the 2D input image, or it may be nonliteral, for example containing logical structure tags for document formatting, such as found in markup languages. The technique uses spatial positioning information about the 2D image modeled by the 2D image source model and uses labels in the transcription to determine labeled glyph positions in the 2D image that identify locations of glyph samples. The character templates are produced using the input 2D image and the labeled glyph positions without assigning pixels to glyph samples prior to training. In one implementation, the 2D image source model is a regular grammar having the form of a finite state transition network, and the transcription is also represented as a finite state network. The two networks are merged to produce a transcription-image network, which is used to decode the input 2D image to produce labeled glyph positions that identify training data samples in the 2D image. In one implementation of the template construction process, a pixel scoring technique is used to produce character templates contemporaneously from blocks of training data samples aligned at glyph positions.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddress
XEROX CORPORATION201 MERRITT 7 P O BOX 4505 NORWALK CT 06851-1056

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Chou, Philip Andrew Menlo Park, CA 19 526
Kopec, Gary E Belmont, CA 12 863
Niles, Leslie T Palo Alto, CA 6 524

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