US Patent No: 5,716,366

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Hemostatic surgical cutting or stapling instrument

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Abstract

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A hemostatic surgical instrument is provided for coagulation, cauterization and/or welding of tissue especially in the performance of endoscopic procedures. The instrument compresses the tissue between interfacing surfaces of first and second elements. A preferred application of the invention is in a cutting instrument wherein a hemostatic line is formed along a cut line using therapeutic heat energy. Surgical fasteners, for example, staples may be also included in the instrument.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
ETHICON ENDO-SURGERY, INC.CINCINNATI, OH1751

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Yates, David C West Chester, OH 115 14038

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
HEMOSTATIC SURGERY CORPORATION (1)
* 4,848,337 Abherent surgical instrument and method 85 1986
 
PLS LIQUIDATING LLC (1)
* 5,336,221 Method and apparatus for applying thermal energy to tissue using a clamp 297 1992
 
Medical Scientific, Inc. (2)
* 5,207,691 Electrosurgical clip applicator 335 1991
* 5,417,687 Bipolar electrosurgical trocar 408 1993
 
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, AS COLLATERAL AGENT (1)
* 5,445,638 Bipolar coagulation and cutting forceps 491 1993
 
ETHICON, INC. (1)
* 5,306,280 Endoscopic suture clip applying device with heater 194 1992
 
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC. (1)
* 5,122,137 Temperature controlled RF coagulation 603 1990
 
OLYMPUS WINTER & IBE GMBH (1)
* 4,655,216 Combination instrument for laparoscopical tube sterilization 344 1985
 
MICROSURGE, INC. (1)
* 5,147,356 Surgical instrument 89 1991
 
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO., LTD. (1)
* 5,389,098 Surgical device for stapling and/or fastening body tissues 586 1993
 
PROCLOSURE, LLC (1)
* 5,364,389 Method and apparatus for sealing and/or grasping luminal tissue 153 1992
 
CABOT TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION (1)
* 5,458,598 Cutting and coagulating forceps 353 1993
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Vascular Insights LLC (2)
7,967,834 Vascular treatment device 3 2007
8,696,645 Vascular treatment devices and methods 0 2011
 
SHERWOOD SERVICES AG (2)
* 2004/0115,296 Retractable overmolded insert retention apparatus 153 2003
7,270,660 Apparatus and method for sealing and cutting tissue 150 2005
 
JUST RIGHT SURGICAL, LLC (1)
9,039,694 RF generator system for surgical vessel sealing 0 2011
 
TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP LP (12)
7,044,353 Surgical stapler 365 2004
7,128,253 Surgical stapler 399 2005
RE40514 Surgical stapler 37 2005
7,258,262 Surgical stapler 315 2006
7,225,964 Surgical stapler 351 2006
7,278,562 Surgical stapler 249 2006
7,308,998 Surgical stapler 179 2007
7,891,532 Surgical stapler 43 2008
8,430,876 Vessel sealer and divider with knife lockout 13 2009
8,011,553 Surgical stapler 50 2010
8,056,788 Surgical stapler 38 2011
8,272,553 Surgical stapler 36 2012
 
ERBE ELEKTROMEDIZIN GMBH (2)
6,174,309 Seal & cut electrosurgical instrument 508 1999
D668337 Electro-surgical clamp and cutting device 6 2011
 
TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP AG (22)
7,435,249 Electrosurgical instruments which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue 109 2001
7,160,298 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces effects to adjacent tissue structures 162 2001
7,135,020 Electrosurgical instrument reducing flashover 153 2001
7,118,587 Vessel sealer and divider 240 2001
7,101,372 Vessel sealer and divider 258 2001
7,101,373 Vessel sealer and divider 241 2001
7,090,673 Vessel sealer and divider 358 2002
7,150,097 Method of manufacturing jaw assembly for vessel sealer and divider 213 2003
7,033,354 Electrosurgical electrode having a non-conductive porous ceramic coating 156 2003
7,241,296 Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels 166 2003
D541938 Open vessel sealer with mechanical cutter 339 2004
7,384,420 Vessel sealer and divider 119 2004
D533942 Open vessel sealer with mechanical cutter 339 2004
7,195,631 Forceps with spring loaded end effector assembly 207 2004
D541418 Lung sealing device 369 2004
D535027 Low profile vessel sealing and cutting mechanism 360 2004
D531311 Pistol grip style elongated dissecting and dividing instrument 366 2004
D525361 Hemostat style elongated dissecting and dividing instrument 336 2004
D564662 Hourglass-shaped knife for electrosurgical forceps 326 2004
7,384,421 Slide-activated cutting assembly 109 2005
7,223,265 Electrosurgical electrode having a non-conductive porous ceramic coating 156 2006
7,458,972 Electrosurgical electrode having a non-conductive porous ceramic coating 109 2007
 
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (1)
8,033,442 Tool assembly for a surgical stapling device 12 2007
 
CARDICA, INC. (2)
7,875,029 Surgical device switchable between clip application and coagulation modes 3 2009
8,701,960 Surgical stapler with reduced clamp gap for insertion 0 2009
 
APPLIED MEDICAL RESOURCES CORPORATION (2)
7,909,819 Monopolar electrosurgical return electrode 6 2006
8,048,068 Monopolar electrosurgical return electrode 0 2011
 
Coviden IP (1)
D680220 Slider handle for laparoscopic device 2 2012
 
ZIMMER CFP USA HOLDING CO. (1)
6,423,059 Radio frequency ablation apparatus with remotely articulating and self-locking electrode wand 53 1999
 
COVIDIEN LP (213)
6,986,451 Surgical stapler 346 2000
8,281,973 Surgical stapling device 27 2002
7,032,799 Surgical stapling apparatus and method 308 2002
7,334,717 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 171 2003
7,517,356 Surgical stapler and method 130 2003
7,431,730 Surgical stapling apparatus having a wound closure material applicator assembly 235 2003
7,238,195 Wound closure material applicator and stapler 331 2003
7,207,471 Electrosurgical stapling apparatus 321 2003
7,726,537 Surgical stapler with universal articulation and tissue pre-clamp 165 2003
7,617,961 Tool assembly for surgical stapling device 29 2003
7,588,177 Tool assembly for surgical stapling device 132 2003
* 7,559,449 Energy stored in spring with controlled release 32 2004
7,159,750 Surgical stapling device 427 2004
7,296,722 Surgical fastener applying apparatus with controlled beam deflection 40 2004
8,770,459 Surgical stapling device with independent tip rotation 0 2004
7,455,682 Structure containing wound treatment material 121 2005
7,780,055 Loading unit having drive assembly locking mechanism 111 2005
7,744,628 Surgical stapling apparatus having a wound closure material applicator assembly 46 2005
7,608,073 Energy based partial circumferential hemorrhoid repair device 4 2005
7,326,232 Surgical stapling apparatus and method 17 2006
7,464,847 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 243 2006
7,461,767 Battery powered surgical instrument 194 2006
7,721,935 Surgical stapling device 8 2006
8,708,210 Method and force-limiting handle mechanism for a surgical instrument 0 2006
8,608,043 Surgical instrument having a multi-layered drive beam 0 2006
8,584,921 Surgical instrument with articulating tool assembly 2 2006
7,845,535 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 41 2006
7,637,410 Surgical instrument including a locking assembly 30 2006
8,033,438 Surgical stapling device 11 2006
7,951,149 Ablative material for use with tissue treatment device 30 2006
7,766,910 Vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 76 2006
7,740,160 Surgical stapling apparatus having a wound closure material applicator assembly 13 2006
7,424,965 Surgical stapling device 236 2007
7,631,793 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 208 2007
D649249 End effectors of an elongated dissecting and dividing instrument 58 2007
D575395 Hemostat style elongated dissecting and dividing instrument 231 2007
7,559,453 Electrosurgical stapling apparatus 24 2007
7,571,845 Surgical stapling apparatus having a wound closure material applicator assembly 24 2007
8,267,935 Electrosurgical instrument reducing current densities at an insulator conductor junction 1 2007
8,066,166 Surgical stapling device with dissecting tip 6 2007
8,800,837 Powered surgical instrument 0 2007
7,950,560 Powered surgical instrument 161 2007
7,823,760 Powered surgical stapling device platform 20 2007
7,931,660 Powered tacker instrument 27 2007
8,070,746 Radiofrequency fusion of cardiac tissue 11 2007
D575401 Vessel sealer 243 2007
7,597,230 Surgical stapling device 51 2007
7,494,039 Surgical stapling device 260 2007
7,584,880 Surgical stapling device 24 2007
7,543,729 Surgical fastener applying apparatus with controlled beam deflection 25 2007
8,596,513 Surgical stapler with universal articulation and tissue pre-clamp 0 2007
7,942,300 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 11 2008
9,039,736 Surgical stapling device with dissecting tip 0 2008
7,934,628 Surgical stapling device 13 2008
7,757,925 Battery powered surgical instrument 19 2008
7,631,794 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 38 2008
7,770,774 Surgical stapler 124 2008
7,690,547 Tool assembly for a surgical stapling device 22 2008
7,635,073 Surgical stapler and method 48 2008
8,701,959 Mechanically pivoting cartridge channel for surgical instrument 15 2008
7,942,303 Knife lockout mechanisms for surgical instrument 96 2008
7,789,283 Knife/firing rod connection for surgical instrument 16 2008
8,336,752 Energy stored in spring with controlled release 0 2008
8,469,956 Variable resistor jaw 4 2008
7,870,989 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 134 2008
8,257,387 Method of transferring pressure in an articulating surgical instrument 19 2008
8,162,973 Method of transferring pressure in an articulating surgical instrument 21 2008
7,866,525 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 32 2008
8,795,274 Tissue fusion jaw angle improvement 0 2008
8,784,417 Tissue fusion jaw angle improvement 0 2008
8,317,787 Tissue fusion jaw angle improvement 7 2008
7,624,902 Surgical stapling apparatus 165 2008
8,241,282 Vessel sealing cutting assemblies 12 2008
7,648,055 Surgical stapling apparatus with powered articulation 37 2008
8,221,416 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps with thermoplastic clevis 8 2008
8,303,582 Electrosurgical instrument having a coated electrode utilizing an atomic layer deposition technique 6 2008
8,241,283 Dual durometer insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 6 2008
8,734,443 Vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 0 2008
7,877,852 Method of manufacturing an end effector assembly for sealing tissue 18 2008
7,877,853 Method of manufacturing end effector assembly for sealing tissue 21 2008
9,023,043 Insulating mechanically-interfaced boot and jaws for electrosurgical forceps 0 2008
8,628,544 Knife bar for surgical instrument 0 2008
8,267,936 Insulating mechanically-interfaced adhesive for electrosurgical forceps 2 2008
8,251,996 Insulating sheath for electrosurgical forceps 5 2008
8,235,992 Insulating boot with mechanical reinforcement for electrosurgical forceps 6 2008
8,236,025 Silicone insulated electrosurgical forceps 6 2008
7,896,214 Tissue stop for surgical instrument 30 2008
8,235,993 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps with exohinged structure 8 2008
8,968,314 Apparatus, system and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 0 2008
8,535,312 Apparatus, system and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 5 2008
8,142,473 Method of transferring rotational motion in an articulating surgical instrument 34 2008
8,469,957 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 4 2008
7,909,221 Battery powered surgical instrument 163 2008
8,636,761 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an endoscopic electrosurgical procedure 2 2008
8,016,827 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 34 2008
7,922,063 Powered surgical instrument 171 2008
8,486,107 Method of sealing tissue using radiofrequency energy 5 2008
7,699,204 Structure containing wound treatment material 185 2008
7,954,685 Articulation and firing force mechanisms 13 2008
7,793,814 Surgical stapling device 17 2008
8,197,479 Vessel sealer and divider 28 2008
7,699,205 Surgical fastener applying apparatus with controlled beam deflection 16 2009
8,764,748 End effector assembly for electrosurgical device and method for making the same 0 2009
8,216,236 Electrosurgical stapling apparatus 4 2009
8,623,276 Method and system for sterilizing an electrosurgical instrument 1 2009
8,192,428 Electrosurgical instrument and method 7 2009
8,298,232 Endoscopic vessel sealer and divider for large tissue structures 26 2009
8,187,273 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 24 2009
8,127,976 Stapler cartridge and channel interlock 5 2009
8,132,706 Surgical stapling apparatus having articulation mechanism 19 2009
7,762,445 Electrosurgical stapling apparatus 33 2009
8,931,683 Surgical stapling device 0 2009
7,891,534 Surgical stapling device 11 2009
9,022,271 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 0 2009
7,819,896 Tool assembly for a surgical stapling device 9 2009
8,061,576 Surgical instrument 12 2009
7,857,184 Tool assembly for surgical stapling device 12 2009
8,074,861 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 1 2009
8,413,869 Surgical stapler and method 2 2009
7,913,893 Surgical stapler 49 2009
7,845,534 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 140 2009
8,006,887 Surgical stapling apparatus with powered articulation 15 2010
8,066,169 Structure containing wound treatment material 8 2010
8,808,288 Surgical forceps including belt blade reverser mechanism 0 2010
8,011,552 Surgical fastener applying apparatus with controlled beam deflection 13 2010
8,490,852 Energy stored in spring with controlled release 1 2010
8,033,440 Surgical stapling device 12 2010
8,348,127 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 79 2010
8,118,207 Surgical stapling device 0 2010
8,821,514 Powered tack applier 0 2010
8,074,862 Knife/firing rod connection for surgical instrument 4 2010
8,286,850 Surgical stapling apparatus having a wound closure material applicator assembly 1 2010
8,342,378 One handed stapler 2 2010
8,167,186 Surgical stapling device 5 2010
8,388,652 Surgical stapling apparatus having a wound closure material applicator assembly 2 2010
8,091,754 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 4 2010
8,459,521 Powered surgical stapling device platform 2 2010
8,418,907 Surgical stapler having cartridge with adjustable cam mechanism 2 2010
8,061,577 Tool assembly for a surgical stapling device 6 2010
8,091,753 Surgical stapling device 5 2010
8,308,041 Staple formed over the wire wound closure procedure 3 2010
8,215,532 Tissue stop for surgical instrument 0 2010
8,191,752 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 27 2010
8,052,024 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 12 2010
8,245,900 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 21 2010
8,132,705 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 9 2010
8,267,924 Powered surgical instrument 16 2011
8,746,534 Tissue stop for surgical instrument 0 2011
8,113,408 Surgical stapling device 5 2011
8,740,039 Tissue stop for surgical instrument 0 2011
8,201,721 Powered surgical instrument 79 2011
8,348,125 Battery powered surgical instrument 3 2011
8,328,823 Powered tacker instrument 14 2011
8,015,976 Knife lockout mechanisms for surgical instrument 11 2011
8,292,148 Articulation and firing force mechanisms 3 2011
8,561,874 Surgical instrument with articulating tool assembly 0 2011
8,763,876 Surgical instrument and cartridge for use therewith 1 2011
8,092,493 Surgical stapling apparatus with powered articulation 7 2011
8,292,149 Surgical fastener applying apparatus with controlled beam deflection 2 2011
8,899,461 Tissue stop for surgical instrument 0 2011
8,162,197 Surgical stapler 37 2011
8,276,594 Knife lockout mechanisms for surgical instrument 3 2011
8,286,848 Surgical stapling device 2 2011
8,424,739 Surgical stapling device with independent tip rotation 30 2011
8,408,442 Tool assembly for a surgical stapling device 27 2011
8,235,274 Surgical instrument 5 2011
8,157,150 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 8 2011
9,016,539 Multi-use loading unit 0 2011
8,322,588 Structure containing wound treatment material 0 2011
8,328,065 Knife/firing rod connection for surgical instrument 2 2011
8,425,504 Radiofrequency fusion of cardiac tissue 1 2011
8,740,036 Surgical instrument with actuator spring arm 0 2011
8,240,537 Surgical stapling apparatus with powered articulation 4 2011
8,505,801 Surgical fastener applying apparatus 0 2011
8,292,151 Tool assembly for surgical stapling device 28 2011
8,418,904 Surgical stapling device 2 2012
8,864,010 Curved guide member for articulating instruments 0 2012
8,968,360 Surgical instrument with resilient driving member and related methods of use 1 2012
8,898,888 System for manufacturing electrosurgical seal plates 0 2012
8,852,228 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 0 2012
8,505,802 Surgical stapler with timer and feedback display 6 2012
8,568,444 Method of transferring rotational motion in an articulating surgical instrument 1 2012
9,028,493 In vivo attachable and detachable end effector assembly and laparoscopic surgical instrument and methods therefor 0 2012
8,979,827 Surgical instrument with articulation mechanism 0 2012
8,505,799 Battery powered surgical instrument 2 2012
8,454,602 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 2 2012
9,033,202 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 0 2012
8,925,783 Powered surgical instrument 0 2012
8,413,868 Surgical instrument 6 2012
8,770,458 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 1 2012
8,506,557 Powered surgical instrument 16 2012
8,419,768 Surgical stapling apparatus with powered articulation 3 2012
8,529,566 Vessel sealer and divider with knife lockout 2 2012
8,696,667 Dual durometer insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 3 2012
8,523,898 Endoscopic electrosurgical jaws with offset knife 2 2012
8,453,912 Surgical stapler 35 2012
8,496,152 Articulation and firing force mechanisms 2 2012
8,701,961 Surgical fastener applying apparatus with controlled beam deflection 0 2012
8,616,427 Tool assembly for surgical stapling device 0 2012
8,893,950 Surgical apparatus for applying tissue fasteners 0 2012
8,616,429 Structure containing wound treatment material 0 2012
8,636,766 Surgical stapling apparatus including sensing mechanism 2 2012
8,573,460 Surgical instrument 1 2013
8,740,035 Surgical stapler 1 2013
8,858,554 Apparatus, system, and method for performing an electrosurgical procedure 0 2013
8,685,004 Powered surgical instrument 0 2013
8,888,814 Surgical instrument 0 2013
8,875,970 Structure containing wound treatment material 0 2013
8,939,343 Surgical stapling apparatus including a drive beam 1 2013
8,887,979 Surgical stapler 0 2014
8,931,681 Surgical instrument and cartridge for use therewith 0 2014
9,004,340 Surgical instrument having a plastic surface 0 2014
9,027,817 Surgical stapling apparatus including sensing mechanism 0 2014
 
WEBROOT SOFTWARE, INC. (1)
8,348,123 Surgical stapling device with dissecting tip 28 2010
 
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO., LTD. (1)
7,329,257 Medical treatment instrument 220 2003
 
MICROLINE SURGICAL, INC. (1)
7,329,255 System for regulating heating in a tissue sealing and cutting device 17 2003
 
VNUS MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES (1)
7,517,349 Electrosurgical instrument and method 49 2005
 
ETHICON ENDO-SURGERY, INC. (247)
6,773,409 Surgical system for applying ultrasonic energy to tissue 242 2001
* 6,929,644 Electrosurgical jaw structure for controlled energy delivery 351 2001
6,913,579 Electrosurgical working end and method for obtaining tissue samples for biopsy 144 2002
7,083,619 Electrosurgical instrument and method of use 260 2002
6,802,843 Electrosurgical working end with resistive gradient electrodes 336 2002
6,926,716 Electrosurgical instrument 371 2002
* 6,770,072 Electrosurgical jaw structure for controlled energy delivery 345 2002
7,011,657 Jaw structure for electrosurgical instrument and method of use 282 2003
* 7,112,201 Electrosurgical instrument and method of use 146 2003
* 7,041,102 Electrosurgical working end with replaceable cartridges 353 2003
* 7,311,709 Electrosurgical instrument and method of use 219 2003
6,905,497 Jaw structure for electrosurgical instrument 252 2003
7,070,597 Electrosurgical working end for controlled energy delivery 272 2003
7,087,054 Electrosurgical instrument and method of use 263 2003
7,169,146 Electrosurgical probe and method of use 290 2004
7,189,233 Electrosurgical instrument 135 2004
7,354,440 Electrosurgical instrument and method of use 140 2004
7,309,849 Polymer compositions exhibiting a PTC property and methods of fabrication 116 2004
* 7,632,269 Electrosurgical instrument with replaceable cartridge 13 2005
7,955,331 Electrosurgical instrument and method of use 32 2005
* 8,057,508 Surgical instrument incorporating an electrically actuated articulation locking mechanism 18 2005
7,186,253 Electrosurgical jaw structure for controlled energy delivery 120 2005
8,905,977 Surgical stapling instrument having an electroactive polymer actuated medical substance dispenser 0 2005
8,075,558 Electrosurgical instrument and method 5 2005
7,669,746 Staple cartridges for forming staples having differing formed staple heights 177 2005
7,799,039 Surgical instrument having a hydraulically actuated end effector 165 2005
8,186,555 Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with mechanical closure system 68 2006
7,845,537 Surgical instrument having recording capabilities 176 2006
7,770,775 Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with adaptive user feedback 219 2006
7,766,210 Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with user feedback system 169 2006
7,753,904 Endoscopic surgical instrument with a handle that can articulate with respect to the shaft 178 2006
7,644,848 Electronic lockouts and surgical instrument including same 230 2006
7,568,603 Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with articulatable end effector 204 2006
8,322,455 Manually driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument 53 2006
7,740,159 Pneumatically powered surgical cutting and fastening instrument with a variable control of the actuating rate of firing with mechanical power assist 166 2006
8,720,766 Surgical stapling instruments and staples 18 2006
8,485,412 Surgical staples having attached drivers and stapling instruments for deploying the same 36 2006
8,365,976 Surgical staples having dissolvable, bioabsorbable or biofragmentable portions and stapling instruments for deploying the same 48 2006
8,360,297 Surgical cutting and stapling instrument with self adjusting anvil 48 2006
8,348,131 Surgical stapling instrument with mechanical indicator to show levels of tissue compression 53 2006
8,220,690 Connected surgical staples and stapling instruments for deploying the same 60 2006
7,794,475 Surgical staples having compressible or crushable members for securing tissue therein and stapling instruments for deploying the same 213 2006
7,665,647 Surgical cutting and stapling device with closure apparatus for limiting maximum tissue compression force 237 2006
7,506,791 Surgical stapling instrument with mechanical mechanism for limiting maximum tissue compression 309 2006
7,467,740 Surgical stapling instruments having flexible channel and anvil features for adjustable staple heights 246 2006
8,652,120 Surgical instrument with wireless communication between control unit and sensor transponders 18 2007
8,459,520 Surgical instrument with wireless communication between control unit and remote sensor 40 2007
7,954,682 Surgical instrument with elements to communicate between control unit and end effector 133 2007
7,900,805 Surgical instrument with enhanced battery performance 147 2007
7,738,971 Post-sterilization programming of surgical instruments 170 2007
7,721,931 Prevention of cartridge reuse in a surgical instrument 170 2007
7,721,936 Interlock and surgical instrument including same 167 2007
8,540,128 Surgical stapling device with a curved end effector 38 2007
7,381,209 Electrosurgical instrument 121 2007
8,317,070 Surgical stapling devices that produce formed staples having different lengths 52 2007
7,673,781 Surgical stapling device with staple driver that supports multiple wire diameter staples 173 2007
7,500,979 Surgical stapling device with multiple stacked actuator wedge cams for driving staple drivers 229 2007
8,075,555 Surgical sealing surfaces and methods of use 4 2007
8,893,946 Laparoscopic tissue thickness and clamp load measuring devices 7 2007
8,056,787 Surgical stapling and cutting instrument with travel-indicating retraction member 86 2007
7,490,749 Surgical stapling and cutting instrument with manually retractable firing member 260 2007
7,810,693 Surgical stapling and cutting instrument with articulatable end effector 206 2007
7,721,934 Articulatable drive shaft arrangements for surgical cutting and fastening instruments 151 2007
7,731,072 Surgical stapling and cutting instrument with improved anvil opening features 183 2007
7,588,175 Surgical stapling and cutting instrument with improved firing system 208 2007
7,588,176 Surgical cutting instrument with improved closure system 251 2007
7,753,245 Surgical stapling instruments 166 2007
7,604,150 Surgical stapling instrument with an anti-back up mechanism 252 2007
7,597,229 End effector closure system for a surgical stapling instrument 224 2007
7,549,564 Surgical stapling instrument with an articulating end effector 292 2007
8,991,676 Surgical staple having a slidable crown 0 2007
8,727,197 Staple cartridge cavity configuration with cooperative surgical staple 18 2007
8,590,762 Staple cartridge cavity configurations 42 2007
7,966,799 Method of manufacturing staples 103 2007
7,735,703 Re-loadable surgical stapling instrument 181 2007
7,673,782 Surgical stapling instrument having a releasable buttress material 204 2007
7,669,747 Washer for use with a surgical stapling instrument 241 2007
7,604,151 Surgical stapling systems and staple cartridges for deploying surgical staples with tissue compression features 310 2007
7,438,209 Surgical stapling instruments having a releasable staple-forming pocket 353 2007
7,954,684 Surgical stapling instrument with a firing member return mechanism 130 2008
7,658,311 Surgical stapling instrument with a geared return mechanism 271 2008
8,758,391 Interchangeable tools for surgical instruments 14 2008
8,657,174 Motorized surgical cutting and fastening instrument having handle based power source 22 2008
8,636,736 Motorized surgical cutting and fastening instrument 20 2008
8,622,274 Motorized cutting and fastening instrument having control circuit for optimizing battery usage 23 2008
8,584,919 Surgical stapling apparatus with load-sensitive firing mechanism 28 2008
8,459,525 Motorized surgical cutting and fastening instrument having a magnetic drive train torque limiting device 53 2008
7,913,891 Disposable loading unit with user feedback features and surgical instrument for use therewith 146 2008
7,866,527 Surgical stapling apparatus with interlockable firing system 183 2008
7,861,906 Surgical stapling apparatus with articulatable components 218 2008
7,857,185 Disposable loading unit for surgical stapling apparatus 177 2008
7,819,296 Surgical stapling apparatus with retractable firing systems 180 2008
7,819,297 Surgical stapling apparatus with reprocessible handle assembly 181 2008
7,819,298 Surgical stapling apparatus with control features operable with one hand 213 2008
7,810,692 Disposable loading unit with firing indicator 186 2008
7,798,386 Surgical instrument articulation joint cover 236 2008
7,793,812 Disposable motor-driven loading unit for use with a surgical cutting and stapling apparatus 188 2008
7,980,443 End effectors for a surgical cutting and stapling instrument 126 2008
7,934,630 Staple cartridges for forming staples having differing formed staple heights 142 2008
7,981,113 Electrosurgical instrument 31 2008
9,050,083 Motorized surgical instrument 0 2008
8,161,977 Accessing data stored in a memory of a surgical instrument 81 2008
8,608,045 Powered surgical cutting and stapling apparatus with manually retractable firing system 26 2008
8,397,971 Sterilizable surgical instrument 46 2009
8,939,974 Surgical instrument comprising first and second drive systems actuatable by a common trigger mechanism 0 2009
8,906,016 Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising steam control paths 0 2009
8,747,404 Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising non-conductive grasping portions 0 2009
8,574,231 Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising a movable electrode or insulator 0 2009
8,186,560 Surgical stapling systems and staple cartridges for deploying surgical staples with tissue compression features 71 2009
8,899,466 Devices and methods for introducing a surgical circular stapling instrument into a patient 3 2009
8,622,275 Circular stapler introducer with rigid distal end portion 23 2009
8,414,577 Surgical instruments and components for use in sterile environments 46 2009
8,353,438 Circular stapler introducer with rigid cap assembly configured for easy removal 60 2009
8,353,439 Circular stapler introducer with radially-openable distal end portion 57 2009
8,348,129 Surgical stapler having a closure mechanism 58 2009
8,141,762 Surgical stapler comprising a staple pocket 106 2009
8,267,300 Dampening device for endoscopic surgical stapler 75 2009
8,464,923 Surgical stapling devices for forming staples with different formed heights 37 2010
8,353,437 Surgical stapling instrument with a geared return mechanism 55 2010
8,672,208 Surgical stapling instrument having a releasable buttress material 18 2010
8,540,133 Staple cartridge 36 2010
8,858,571 Hydraulically and electrically actuated articulation joints for surgical instruments 14 2010
8,696,665 Surgical cutting and sealing instrument with reduced firing force 14 2010
8,834,518 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws 0 2010
8,709,035 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with jaws having a parallel closure motion 0 2010
8,623,044 Cable actuated end-effector for a surgical instrument 0 2010
8,496,682 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws 2 2010
8,535,311 Electrosurgical instrument comprising closing and firing systems 1 2010
8,408,439 Surgical stapling instrument with an articulatable end effector 46 2010
8,308,040 Surgical stapling instrument with an articulatable end effector 55 2010
8,685,020 Surgical instruments and end effectors therefor 6 2010
8,631,987 Pneumatically powered surgical cutting and fastening instrument with a variable control of the actuating rate of firing with mechanical power assist 23 2010
8,840,603 Surgical instrument with wireless communication between control unit and sensor transponders 12 2010
8,632,535 Interlock and surgical instrument including same 23 2010
8,926,607 Electrosurgical instrument employing multiple positive temperature coefficient electrodes 1 2010
8,888,776 Electrosurgical instrument employing an electrode 1 2010
8,795,276 Electrosurgical instrument employing a plurality of electrodes 1 2010
8,790,342 Electrosurgical instrument employing pressure-variation electrodes 0 2010
9,005,199 Heat management configurations for controlling heat dissipation from electrosurgical instruments 0 2010
8,764,747 Electrosurgical instrument comprising sequentially activated electrodes 0 2010
8,753,338 Electrosurgical instrument employing a thermal management system 0 2010
8,322,589 Surgical stapling instruments 56 2010
8,834,466 Surgical instrument comprising an articulatable end effector 0 2010
* 8,613,383 Surgical instruments with electrodes 2 2010
8,453,906 Surgical instruments with electrodes 4 2010
* 2012/0012,636 SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS WITH ELECTRODES 20 2010
9,011,437 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument 0 2010
8,979,843 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument 0 2010
8,979,844 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument 0 2010
8,702,704 Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument 0 2010
8,540,129 Surgical stapling instrument with improved firing trigger arrangement 36 2010
8,789,740 Linear cutting and stapling device with selectively disengageable cutting member 14 2010
8,453,908 Surgical stapling instrument with improved firing trigger arrangement 39 2010
8,196,795 Disposable motor-driven loading unit for use with a surgical cutting and stapling apparatus 75 2010
8,973,803 Surgical stapling apparatus with control features operable with one hand 1 2010
8,360,296 Surgical stapling head assembly with firing lockout for a surgical stapler 69 2010
9,044,227 Collapsible fastener cartridge 0 2010
9,044,228 Fastener system comprising a plurality of fastener cartridges 0 2010
9,033,203 Fastening instrument for deploying a fastener system comprising a retention matrix 0 2010
8,978,956 Jaw closure arrangements for surgical instruments 1 2010
8,925,782 Implantable fastener cartridge comprising multiple layers 5 2010
8,899,463 Surgical staple cartridges supporting non-linearly arranged staples and surgical stapling instruments with common staple-forming pockets 7 2010
8,864,007 Implantable fastener cartridge having a non-uniform arrangement 8 2010
8,840,003 Surgical stapling instrument with compact articulation control arrangement 10 2010
8,814,024 Fastener system comprising a plurality of connected retention matrix elements 13 2010
8,783,542 Fasteners supported by a fastener cartridge support 12 2010
8,763,877 Surgical instruments with reconfigurable shaft segments 13 2010
8,757,465 Fastener system comprising a retention matrix and an alignment matrix 13 2010
8,752,699 Implantable fastener cartridge comprising bioabsorbable layers 13 2010
8,740,034 Surgical stapling instrument with interchangeable staple cartridge arrangements 12 2010
8,740,037 Compressible fastener cartridge 13 2010
8,529,600 Fastener system comprising a retention matrix 52 2010
8,474,677 Fastener system comprising a retention matrix and a cover 59 2010
8,393,514 Selectively orientable implantable fastener cartridge 81 2010
8,628,529 Surgical instrument with magnetic clamping force 5 2010
8,424,740 Surgical instrument having a directional switching mechanism 45 2010
8,167,185 Surgical instrument having recording capabilities 83 2010
8,875,971 Surgical stapling apparatus with interlockable firing system 7 2010
8,715,277 Control of jaw compression in surgical instrument having end effector with opposing jaw members 0 2010
8,636,187 Surgical stapling systems that produce formed staples having different lengths 18 2011
8,196,796 Shaft based rotary drive system for surgical instruments 82 2011
8,172,124 Surgical instrument having recording capabilities 90 2011
8,157,153 Surgical instrument with force-feedback capabilities 91 2011
9,028,519 Motorized surgical instrument 0 2011
8,540,130 Disposable motor-driven loading unit for use with a surgical cutting and stapling apparatus 36 2011
8,113,410 Surgical stapling apparatus with control features 101 2011
8,517,243 Surgical instrument with wireless communication between control unit and remote sensor 37 2011
8,561,870 Surgical stapling instrument 26 2011
8,820,603 Accessing data stored in a memory of a surgical instrument 6 2011
8,763,879 Accessing data stored in a memory of surgical instrument 6 2011
8,534,528 Surgical instrument having a multiple rate directional switching mechanism 26 2011
8,567,656 Staple cartridges for forming staples having differing formed staple heights 30 2011
8,978,954 Staple cartridge comprising an adjustable distal portion 1 2011
8,864,009 Tissue thickness compensator for a surgical stapler comprising an adjustable anvil 8 2011
8,857,694 Staple cartridge loading assembly 10 2011
8,777,004 Compressible staple cartridge comprising alignment members 13 2011
8,746,535 Tissue thickness compensator comprising detachable portions 14 2011
8,740,038 Staple cartridge comprising a releasable portion 13 2011
9,072,535 Surgical stapling instruments with rotatable staple deployment arrangements 0 2011
9,060,770 Robotically-driven surgical instrument with E-beam driver 0 2011
8,992,422 Robotically-controlled endoscopic accessory channel 0 2011
8,931,682 Robotically-controlled shaft based rotary drive systems for surgical instruments 3 2011
8,752,749 Robotically-controlled disposable motor-driven loading unit 11 2011
8,684,253 Surgical instrument with wireless communication between a control unit of a robotic system and remote sensor 14 2011
8,292,155 Motor-driven surgical cutting and fastening instrument with tactile position feedback 97 2011
8,333,313 Surgical stapling instrument with a firing member return mechanism 76 2011
8,205,781 Surgical stapler with apparatus for adjusting staple height 102 2011
8,833,632 Firing member displacement system for a stapling instrument 10 2011
8,789,739 Continuous stapling instrument 14 2011
9,055,941 Staple cartridge including collapsible deck 0 2011
9,050,084 Staple cartridge including collapsible deck arrangement 0 2011
8,893,949 Surgical stapler with floating anvil 7 2011
8,789,741 Surgical instrument with trigger assembly for generating multiple actuation motions 13 2011
8,746,529 Accessing data stored in a memory of a surgical instrument 14 2011
8,460,292 Electrosurgical instrument and method 3 2011
8,844,789 Automated end effector component reloading system for use with a robotic system 12 2012
8,820,605 Robotically-controlled surgical instruments 14 2012
8,800,838 Robotically-controlled cable-based surgical end effectors 16 2012
8,783,541 Robotically-controlled surgical end effector system 13 2012
8,616,431 Shiftable drive interface for robotically-controlled surgical tool 36 2012
8,602,288 Robotically-controlled motorized surgical end effector system with rotary actuated closure systems having variable actuation speeds 39 2012
8,573,461 Surgical stapling instruments with cam-driven staple deployment arrangements 44 2012
8,573,465 Robotically-controlled surgical end effector system with rotary actuated closure systems 44 2012
8,479,969 Drive interface for operably coupling a manipulatable surgical tool to a robot 57 2012
9,044,230 Surgical cutting and fastening instrument with apparatus for determining cartridge and firing motion status 0 2012
8,752,747 Surgical instrument having recording capabilities 14 2012
* 2012/0197,248 ELECTROSURGICAL INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF USE 0 2012
8,668,130 Surgical stapling systems and staple cartridges for deploying surgical staples with tissue compression features 21 2012
8,602,287 Motor driven surgical cutting instrument 26 2012
8,499,993 Surgical staple cartridge 38 2012
9,072,536 Differential locking arrangements for rotary powered surgical instruments 0 2012
9,028,494 Interchangeable end effector coupling arrangement 0 2012
8,747,238 Rotary drive shaft assemblies for surgical instruments with articulatable end effectors 14 2012
8,911,471 Articulatable surgical device 5 2012
8,746,530 Surgical instrument with wireless communication between control unit and remote sensor 14 2012
8,808,325 Surgical stapling instrument with staples having crown features for increasing formed staple footprint 0 2012
8,794,497 Surgical stapling head assembly with firing lockout for a surgical stapler 14 2012
8,657,178 Surgical stapling apparatus 21 2013
9,005,230 Motorized surgical instrument 0 2013
8,899,465 Staple cartridge comprising drivers for deploying a plurality of staples 7 2013
8,763,875 End effector for use with a surgical fastening instrument 16 2013
9,084,601 Detachable motor powered surgical instrument 0 2013
8,925,788 End effectors for surgical stapling instruments 5 2014
8,973,804 Cartridge assembly having a buttressing member 1 2014
8,998,058 Detachable motor powered surgical instrument 0 2014
8,991,677 Detachable motor powered surgical instrument 0 2014
9,072,515 Surgical stapling apparatus 0 2014
 
OLYMPUS CORPORATION (2)
* 7,458,969 Therapeutic device for tissue from living body 0 2002
* 7,306,599 Medical instrument and medical instrument system 16 2004
 
COVIDIEN AG (111)
7,582,087 Vessel sealing instrument 33 2001
7,118,570 Vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes 178 2001
7,103,947 Molded insulating hinge for bipolar instruments 163 2002
7,083,618 Vessel sealer and divider 266 2002
7,267,677 Vessel sealing instrument 170 2002
7,776,036 Bipolar concentric electrode assembly for soft tissue fusion 23 2003
7,597,693 Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas 55 2003
7,156,846 Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas 233 2003
7,799,026 Compressible jaw configuration with bipolar RF output electrodes for soft tissue fusion 51 2003
* 2004/0143,263 Compressible jaw configuration with bipolar RF output electrodes for soft tissue fusion 208 2003
7,442,193 Electrically conductive/insulative over-shoe for tissue fusion 107 2003
7,179,258 Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels 164 2004
7,160,299 Method of fusing biomaterials with radiofrequency energy 315 2004
* 7,753,909 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces thermal damage to adjacent tissue 25 2004
* 7,147,638 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces thermal damage to adjacent tissue 235 2004
7,491,201 Tissue sealer with non-conductive variable stop members and method of sealing tissue 169 2004
* 2004/0249,374 Vessel sealing instrument 197 2004
7,252,667 Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism and distal lockout 182 2004
7,887,535 Vessel sealing wave jaw 33 2004
7,276,068 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 170 2004
7,150,749 Vessel sealer and divider having elongated knife stroke and safety cutting mechanism 173 2004
7,811,283 Open vessel sealing instrument with hourglass cutting mechanism and over-ratchet safety 28 2004
D567943 Over-ratchet safety for a vessel sealing instrument 223 2004
7,232,440 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 193 2004
7,367,976 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 158 2004
7,131,970 Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism 183 2004
7,510,556 Vessel sealing instrument 105 2004
7,491,202 Electrosurgical forceps with slow closure sealing plates and method of sealing tissue 110 2005
7,377,920 Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument 106 2005
7,207,990 Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument 153 2005
7,837,685 Switch mechanisms for safe activation of energy on an electrosurgical instrument 18 2005
7,708,735 Incorporating rapid cooling in tissue fusion heating processes 24 2005
7,628,791 Single action tissue sealer 43 2005
7,540,872 Articulating bipolar electrosurgical instrument 164 2005
7,955,332 Mechanism for dividing tissue in a hemostat-style instrument 15 2005
7,628,792 Bilateral foot jaws 57 2005
7,500,975 Spring loaded reciprocating tissue cutting mechanism in a forceps-style electrosurgical instrument 114 2005
7,686,827 Magnetic closure mechanism for hemostat 25 2005
7,594,916 Electrosurgical forceps with energy based tissue division 34 2005
7,329,256 Vessel sealing instrument 186 2005
7,686,804 Vessel sealer and divider with rotating sealer and cutter 29 2006
7,909,823 Open vessel sealing instrument 19 2006
8,882,766 Method and system for controlling delivery of energy to divide tissue 0 2006
7,771,425 Vessel sealer and divider having a variable jaw clamping mechanism 26 2006
7,131,971 Vessel sealer and divider 168 2006
7,641,653 Open vessel sealing forceps disposable handswitch 32 2006
7,846,158 Apparatus and method for electrode thermosurgery 15 2006
7,270,664 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 175 2006
8,128,624 Electrosurgical instrument that directs energy delivery and protects adjacent tissue 31 2006
7,776,037 System and method for controlling electrode gap during tissue sealing 53 2006
7,744,615 Apparatus and method for transecting tissue on a bipolar vessel sealing instrument 57 2006
8,597,297 Vessel sealing instrument with multiple electrode configurations 0 2006
7,255,697 Vessel sealer and divider 169 2006
7,922,953 Method for manufacturing an end effector assembly 19 2006
7,846,161 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 27 2006
7,819,872 Flexible endoscopic catheter with ligasure 20 2006
7,789,878 In-line vessel sealer and divider 28 2006
7,922,718 Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism 25 2006
8,647,341 Vessel sealer and divider for use with small trocars and cannulas 0 2006
7,879,035 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 46 2006
7,722,607 In-line vessel sealer and divider 62 2006
7,857,812 Vessel sealer and divider having elongated knife stroke and safety for cutting mechanism 20 2006
7,655,007 Method of fusing biomaterials with radiofrequency energy 31 2006
7,935,052 Forceps with spring loaded end effector assembly 20 2007
7,931,649 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 58 2007
8,211,105 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue 9 2007
7,481,810 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 120 2007
7,445,621 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 134 2007
7,442,194 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 115 2007
7,963,965 Bipolar electrosurgical instrument for sealing vessels 16 2007
8,540,711 Vessel sealer and divider 0 2007
8,192,433 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 7 2007
7,553,312 Vessel sealing instrument 105 2007
7,513,898 Vessel sealing instrument 117 2008
7,828,798 Laparoscopic bipolar electrosurgical instrument 25 2008
8,123,743 Mechanism for dividing tissue in a hemostat-style instrument 9 2008
8,361,071 Vessel sealing forceps with disposable electrodes 1 2008
8,298,228 Electrosurgical instrument which reduces collateral damage to adjacent tissue 1 2008
7,799,028 Articulating bipolar electrosurgical instrument 33 2008
8,241,284 Vessel sealer and divider with non-conductive stop members 7 2009
8,496,656 Tissue sealer with non-conductive variable stop members and method of sealing tissue 0 2009
8,382,754 Electrosurgical forceps with slow closure sealing plates and method of sealing tissue 0 2009
8,303,586 Spring loaded reciprocating tissue cutting mechanism in a forceps-style electrosurgical instrument 1 2009
7,896,878 Vessel sealing instrument 19 2009
8,623,017 Open vessel sealing instrument with hourglass cutting mechanism and overratchet safety 2 2009
7,947,041 Vessel sealing instrument 14 2009
7,887,536 Vessel sealing instrument 37 2009
8,277,447 Single action tissue sealer 13 2009
8,740,901 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 0 2010
7,951,150 Vessel sealer and divider with rotating sealer and cutter 28 2010
8,668,689 In-line vessel sealer and divider 0 2010
8,679,114 Incorporating rapid cooling in tissue fusion heating processes 0 2010
8,348,948 Vessel sealing system using capacitive RF dielectric heating 5 2010
8,257,352 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 14 2010
8,945,125 Compressible jaw configuration with bipolar RF output electrodes for soft tissue fusion 0 2010
8,641,713 Flexible endoscopic catheter with ligasure 4 2010
8,034,052 Apparatus and method for electrode thermosurgery 14 2010
8,361,072 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 5 2010
8,394,095 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 1 2011
8,147,489 Open vessel sealing instrument 11 2011
8,197,633 Method for manufacturing an end effector assembly 5 2011
8,551,091 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 0 2011
8,394,096 Open vessel sealing instrument with cutting mechanism 1 2011
8,366,709 Articulating bipolar electrosurgical instrument 3 2011
8,333,765 Vessel sealing instrument with electrical cutting mechanism 2 2012
8,597,296 Bipolar forceps having monopolar extension 0 2012
8,591,506 Vessel sealing system 12 2012
RE44834 Insulating boot for electrosurgical forceps 2 2012
8,945,126 Single action tissue sealer 0 2013
8,939,973 Single action tissue sealer 0 2013
8,945,127 Single action tissue sealer 0 2014
 
ETHICON, INC. (1)
7,431,720 Multi-function clamping device with stapler and ablation heads 6 2003
 
Ethcon Endo-Surgery, Inc. (1)
9,044,243 Surgical cutting and fastening device with descendible second trigger arrangement 0 2011
 
MAQUET CARDIOVASCULAR LLC (5)
8,197,472 Tissue welding and cutting apparatus and method 3 2005
7,918,848 Tissue welding and cutting apparatus and method 73 2005
8,894,638 Tissue welding and cutting apparatus and method 0 2012
8,623,003 Apparatus and method for regulating tissue welder jaws 2 2012
8,961,503 Apparatus and method for regulating tissue welder jaws 0 2014
 
Lina Medical APS (1)
6,679,882 Electrosurgical device for coagulating and for making incisions, a method of severing blood vessels and a method of coagulating and for making incisions in or severing tissue 285 2000
 
GYRUS MEDICAL LIMITED (3)
7,211,081 Electrosurgical generator 157 2003
7,195,627 Electrosurgical generator 156 2005
7,717,910 Electrosurgical generator 2 2007
* Cited By Examiner