Separation membranes excellent in strength, durability, heat resistance and solvent resistance as well as in balance between substance separation properties and substance permeability are disclosed, which are formed from polyhydrazidoimide resins, and preferably comprises a non-porous dense layer formed from a polyhydrazidoimide resin obtained from the reaction of an aromatic tetracarboxylic dianhydride such as 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic anhydride and an aromatic dihydrazide such as isophthalic dihydrazide as essential components.
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