Method and apparatus for personnel detection and tracking

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 6188777
SERIAL NO

09102101

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ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

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Abstract

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Techniques from computer vision and computer graphics are combined to robustly track a target (e.g., a user) and perform a function based upon the image and/or the identity attributed to the target's face. Three primary modules are used to track a user's head: depth estimation, color segmentation, and pattern classification. The combination of these three techniques allows for robust performance despite unknown background, crowded conditions, and rapidly changing pose or expression of the user. Each of the modules can also provide an identity classification module with valuable information so that the identity of a user can be estimated. With an estimate of the position of a target in 3-D and the target's identity, applications such as individualized computer programs or graphics techniques to distort and/or morph the shape or apparent material properties of the user's face can be performed. The system can track and respond to a user's face in real-time using completely passive and non-invasive techniques.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
INTEL CORPORATIONSANTA CLARA, CA29226

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Baker, Harlyn Los Altos, CA 8 1210
Darrell, Trevor San Francisco, CA 9 1441
Gordon, Gaile Palo Alto, CA 10 1270
Harville, Michael Palo Alto, CA 52 3228
Woodfill, John San Francisco, CA 5 1262

Cited Art Landscape

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* 2010/0141,786 FACE RECOGNITION USING FACE TRACKER CLASSIFIER DATA 34 2009
7853043 Digital image processing using face detection information 9 2009
* 2010/0092,039 Digital Image Processing Using Face Detection Information 22 2009
8326066 Digital image adjustable compression and resolution using face detection information 0 2010
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8385610 Face tracking for controlling imaging parameters 11 2010
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7962629 Method for establishing a paired connection between media devices 11 2010
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8055090 Digital image processing using face detection information 0 2010
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8155401 Perfecting the effect of flash within an image acquisition devices using face detection 2 2010
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7953251 Method and apparatus for detection and correction of flash-induced eye defects within digital images using preview or other reference images 12 2010
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8126208 Digital image processing using face detection information 4 2010
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8224108 Digital image processing using face detection information 3 2010
8270674 Real-time face tracking in a digital image acquisition device 3 2011
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8836777 Automatic detection of vertical gaze using an embedded imaging device 4 2011
8494232 Image processing method and apparatus 1 2011
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8515138 Image processing method and apparatus 0 2011
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8294767 Body scan 3 2009
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8487938 Standard Gestures 5 2009
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8707216 Controlling objects via gesturing 5 2009
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8773355 Adaptive cursor sizing 0 2009
9256282 Virtual object manipulation 0 2009
8988437 Chaining animations 0 2009
* 2010/0241,998 VIRTUAL OBJECT MANIPULATION 18 2009
8448094 Mapping a natural input device to a legacy system 2 2009
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9313376 Dynamic depth power equalization 0 2009
9377857 Show body position 0 2009
9015638 Binding users to a gesture based system and providing feedback to the users 2 2009
8253746 Determine intended motions 28 2009
* 2010/0281,432 SHOW BODY POSITION 53 2009
9498718 Altering a view perspective within a display environment 0 2009
9400559 Gesture shortcuts 0 2009
9383823 Combining gestures beyond skeletal 0 2009
8942428 Isolate extraneous motions 6 2009
8856691 Gesture tool 0 2009
8744121 Device for identifying and tracking multiple humans over time 15 2009
8649554 Method to control perspective for a camera-controlled computer 4 2009
8542252 Target digitization, extraction, and tracking 6 2009
8418085 Gesture coach 28 2009
8379101 Environment and/or target segmentation 26 2009
* 2010/0302,365 Depth Image Noise Reduction 6 2009
* 2010/0302,247 Target digitization, extraction, and tracking 32 2009
8487871 Virtual desktop coordinate transformation 6 2009
* 2010/0302,145 VIRTUAL DESKTOP COORDINATE TRANSFORMATION 16 2009
8320619 Systems and methods for tracking a model 9 2009
8625837 Protocol and format for communicating an image from a camera to a computing environment 0 2009
8509479 Virtual object 1 2009
8340432 Systems and methods for detecting a tilt angle from a depth image 12 2009
* 2010/0303,291 Virtual Object 2 2009
9182814 Systems and methods for estimating a non-visible or occluded body part 1 2009
8390680 Visual representation expression based on player expression 4 2009
9159151 Bringing a visual representation to life via learned input from the user 0 2009
8264536 Depth-sensitive imaging via polarization-state mapping 17 2009
9141193 Techniques for using human gestures to control gesture unaware programs 0 2009
8508919 Separation of electrical and optical components 0 2009
8330134 Optical fault monitoring 0 2009
* 2011/0062,309 OPTICAL FAULT MONITORING 1 2009
8976986 Volume adjustment based on listener position 0 2009
8760571 Alignment of lens and image sensor 0 2009
8428340 Screen space plane identification 3 2009
* 2011/0069,870 SCREEN SPACE PLANE IDENTIFICATION 3 2009
* 2011/0069,221 ALIGNMENT OF LENS AND IMAGE SENSOR 0 2009
* 2011/0069,841 VOLUME ADJUSTMENT BASED ON LISTENER POSITION 7 2009
8452087 Image selection techniques 3 2009
* 2011/0075,921 Image Selection Techniques 4 2009
8723118 Imager for constructing color and depth images 2 2009
* 2011/0079,714 IMAGER FOR CONSTRUCTING COLOR AND DEPTH IMAGES 3 2009
8867820 Systems and methods for removing a background of an image 3 2009
8564534 Human tracking system 18 2009
* 2011/0081,044 Systems And Methods For Removing A Background Of An Image 25 2009
9400548 Gesture personalization and profile roaming 1 2009
* 2011/0093,820 GESTURE PERSONALIZATION AND PROFILE ROAMING 68 2009
8295546 Pose tracking pipeline 13 2009
* 2010/0197,390 POSE TRACKING PIPELINE 34 2009
8988432 Systems and methods for processing an image for target tracking 1 2009
* 2011/0102,438 Systems And Methods For Processing An Image For Target Tracking 24 2009
8963829 Methods and systems for determining and tracking extremities of a target 6 2009
8843857 Distance scalable no touch computing 21 2009
* 2011/0119,640 DISTANCE SCALABLE NO TOUCH COMPUTING 92 2009
8682028 Visual target tracking 2 2009
8588465 Visual target tracking 3 2009
8577084 Visual target tracking 1 2009
8577085 Visual target tracking 1 2009
8565476 Visual target tracking 1 2009
8565477 Visual target tracking 4 2009
* 2010/0197,391 VISUAL TARGET TRACKING 6 2009
* 2010/0197,395 VISUAL TARGET TRACKING 6 2009
* 2010/0197,392 VISUAL TARGET TRACKING 7 2009
9244533 Camera navigation for presentations 1 2009
* 2011/0151,974 GESTURE STYLE RECOGNITION AND REWARD 14 2009
8320621 Depth projector system with integrated VCSEL array 37 2009
9268404 Application gesture interpretation 0 2010
9019201 Evolving universal gesture sets 2 2010
8631355 Assigning gesture dictionaries 24 2010
* 2011/0173,574 IN APPLICATION GESTURE INTERPRETATION 75 2010
* 2011/0173,204 ASSIGNING GESTURE DICTIONARIES 30 2010
8933884 Tracking groups of users in motion capture system 2 2010
* 2011/0175,809 Tracking Groups Of Users In Motion Capture System 18 2010
8676581 Speech recognition analysis via identification information 6 2010
8265341 Voice-body identity correlation 6 2010
* 2011/0182,481 VOICE-BODY IDENTITY CORRELATION 4 2010
8864581 Visual based identitiy tracking 4 2010
* 2011/0190,055 VISUAL BASED IDENTITIY TRACKING 32 2010
8687044 Depth camera compatibility 2 2010
8619122 Depth camera compatibility 1 2010
* 2011/0187,820 DEPTH CAMERA COMPATIBILITY 11 2010
* 2011/0187,819 DEPTH CAMERA COMPATIBILITY 4 2010
8717469 Fast gating photosurface 4 2010
* 2011/0187,826 FAST GATING PHOTOSURFACE 1 2010
8659658 Physical interaction zone for gesture-based user interfaces 33 2010
8499257 Handles interactions for human—computer interface 3 2010
* 2011/0193,939 PHYSICAL INTERACTION ZONE FOR GESTURE-BASED USER INTERFACES 96 2010
* 2011/0197,161 HANDLES INTERACTIONS FOR HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACE 22 2010
9652042 Architecture for controlling a computer using hand gestures 0 2010
* 2010/0146,464 Architecture For Controlling A Computer Using Hand Gestures 46 2010
8633890 Gesture detection based on joint skipping 2 2010
* 2011/0199,291 GESTURE DETECTION BASED ON JOINT SKIPPING 11 2010
* 2011/0199,302 CAPTURING SCREEN OBJECTS USING A COLLISION VOLUME 6 2010
8928579 Interacting with an omni-directionally projected display 0 2010
* 2011/0205,147 Interacting With An Omni-Directionally Projected Display 5 2010
8655069 Updating image segmentation following user input 7 2010
8422769 Image segmentation using reduced foreground training data 7 2010
8411948 Up-sampling binary images for segmentation 6 2010
* 2011/0221,755 BIONIC MOTION 2 2010
8279418 Raster scanning for depth detection 1 2010
* 2011/0228,251 RASTER SCANNING FOR DEPTH DETECTION 17 2010
8213680 Proxy training data for human body tracking 13 2010
* 2011/0228,976 PROXY TRAINING DATA FOR HUMAN BODY TRACKING 8 2010
8514269 De-aliasing depth images 3 2010
* 2011/0234,756 DE-ALIASING DEPTH IMAGES 10 2010
* 2011/0234,481 ENHANCING PRESENTATIONS USING DEPTH SENSING CAMERAS 16 2010
8523667 Parental control settings based on body dimensions 8 2010
* 2011/0237,324 PARENTAL CONTROL SETTINGS BASED ON BODY DIMENSIONS 67 2010
8605763 Temperature measurement and control for laser and light-emitting diodes 4 2010
9098873 Motion-based interactive shopping environment 1 2010
8351651 Hand-location post-process refinement in a tracking system 22 2010
8379919 Multiple centroid condensation of probability distribution clouds 4 2010
8284847 Detecting motion for a multifunction sensor device 21 2010
8885890 Depth map confidence filtering 1 2010
8498481 Image segmentation using star-convexity constraints 3 2010
8457353 Gestures and gesture modifiers for manipulating a user-interface 13 2010
8693724 Method and system implementing user-centric gesture control 18 2010
8803888 Recognition system for sharing information 6 2010
9008355 Automatic depth camera aiming 0 2010
8751215 Machine based sign language interpreter 2 2010
9557574 Depth illumination and detection optics 0 2010
8330822 Thermally-tuned depth camera light source 4 2010
9384329 Caloric burn determination from body movement 0 2010
8749557 Interacting with user interface via avatar 3 2010
8675981 Multi-modal gender recognition including depth data 0 2010
8982151 Independently processing planes of display data 0 2010
8670029 Depth camera illuminator with superluminescent light-emitting diode 18 2010
8558873 Use of wavefront coding to create a depth image 5 2010
8296151 Compound gesture-speech commands 21 2010
8381108 Natural user input for driving interactive stories 1 2010
8416187 Item navigation using motion-capture data 3 2010
9075434 Translating user motion into multiple object responses 1 2010
8613666 User selection and navigation based on looped motions 5 2010
8437506 System for fast, probabilistic skeletal tracking 7 2010
8988508 Wide angle field of view active illumination imaging system 0 2010
8681255 Integrated low power depth camera and projection device 2 2010
8548270 Time-of-flight depth imaging 1 2010
9484065 Intelligent determination of replays based on event identification 1 2010
9298263 Show body position 0 2010
8467574 Body scan 1 2010
8592739 Detection of configuration changes of an optical element in an illumination system 1 2010
8866889 In-home depth camera calibration 4 2010
8667519 Automatic passive and anonymous feedback system 6 2010
9349040 Bi-modal depth-image analysis 1 2010
8553934 Orienting the position of a sensor 0 2010
8618405 Free-space gesture musical instrument digital interface (MIDI) controller 6 2010
8408706 3D gaze tracker 7 2010
9171264 Parallel processing machine learning decision tree training 0 2010
8920241 Gesture controlled persistent handles for interface guides 1 2010
8884968 Modeling an object from image data 1 2010
8448056 Validation analysis of human target 4 2010
8803952 Plural detector time-of-flight depth mapping 0 2010
8660303 Detection of body and props 12 2010
* 2011/0085,705 DETECTION OF BODY AND PROPS 26 2010
8994718 Skeletal control of three-dimensional virtual world 3 2010
8385596 First person shooter control with virtual skeleton 3 2010
9123316 Interactive content creation 1 2010
8488888 Classification of posture states 6 2010
9247238 Reducing interference between multiple infra-red depth cameras 0 2011
8891067 Multiple synchronized optical sources for time-of-flight range finding systems 1 2011
8587583 Three-dimensional environment reconstruction 13 2011
8401225 Moving object segmentation using depth images 18 2011
8401242 Real-time camera tracking using depth maps 13 2011
8724887 Environmental modifications to mitigate environmental factors 0 2011
8629976 Methods and systems for hierarchical de-aliasing time-of-flight (TOF) systems 1 2011
* 2011/0188,028 METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR HIERARCHICAL DE-ALIASING TIME-OF-FLIGHT (TOF) SYSTEMS 6 2011
8942917 Change invariant scene recognition by an agent 6 2011
8497838 Push actuation of interface controls 4 2011
8638985 Human body pose estimation 9 2011
9551914 Illuminator with refractive optical element 2 2011
9067136 Push personalization of interface controls 0 2011
8571263 Predicting joint positions 4 2011
9470778 Learning from high quality depth measurements 0 2011
9298287 Combined activation for natural user interface systems 0 2011
8824749 Biometric recognition 5 2011
8503494 Thermal management system 0 2011
8620113 Laser diode modes 10 2011
8888331 Low inductance light source module 0 2011
9137463 Adaptive high dynamic range camera 0 2011
8788973 Three-dimensional gesture controlled avatar configuration interface 2 2011
8760395 Gesture recognition techniques 11 2011
9594430 Three-dimensional foreground selection for vision system 0 2011
8526734 Three-dimensional background removal for vision system 2 2011
8578302 Predictive determination 1 2011
* 2011/0234,490 Predictive Determination 4 2011
9597587 Locational node device 0 2011
8325984 Systems and methods for tracking a model 22 2011
9054764 Sensor array beamformer post-processor 0 2011
8818002 Robust adaptive beamforming with enhanced noise suppression 2 2011
9280203 Gesture recognizer system architecture 0 2011
8869072 Gesture recognizer system architecture 0 2011
9098110 Head rotation tracking from depth-based center of mass 0 2011
8786730 Image exposure using exclusion regions 0 2011
9165368 Method and system to segment depth images and to detect shapes in three-dimensionally acquired data 1 2011
8597142 Dynamic camera based practice mode 8 2011
9259643 Control of separate computer game elements 0 2011
8702507 Manual and camera-based avatar control 1 2011
8897491 System for finger recognition and tracking 6 2011
9724600 Controlling objects in a virtual environment 0 2011
9557836 Depth image compression 0 2011
9117281 Surface segmentation from RGB and depth images 1 2011
8782567 Gesture recognizer system architecture 3 2011
8483436 Systems and methods for tracking a model 14 2011
8854426 Time-of-flight camera with guided light 2 2011
9013489 Generation of avatar reflecting player appearance 2 2011
8929612 System for recognizing an open or closed hand 2 2011
8724906 Computing pose and/or shape of modifiable entities 7 2011
8509545 Foreground subject detection 1 2011
9039528 Visual target tracking 1 2011
8803800 User interface control based on head orientation 1 2011
9100685 Determining audience state or interest using passive sensor data 4 2011
8971612 Learning image processing tasks from scene reconstructions 4 2011
8879831 Using high-level attributes to guide image processing 1 2011
8630457 Problem states for pose tracking pipeline 0 2011
8811938 Providing a user interface experience based on inferred vehicle state 3 2011
9342139 Pairing a computing device to a user 0 2011
9720089 3D zoom imager 0 2012
8542910 Human tracking system 14 2012
8351652 Systems and methods for tracking a model 4 2012
8762894 Managing virtual ports 0 2012
8553939 Pose tracking pipeline 1 2012
9208571 Object digitization 0 2012
* 9069381 Interacting with a computer based application 1 2012
8968091 Scalable real-time motion recognition 0 2012
* 8926431 Visual based identity tracking 1 2012
8374423 Motion detection using depth images 7 2012
* 2012/0165,097 VISUAL BASED IDENTITIY TRACKING 4 2012
* 2012/0165,096 INTERACTING WITH A COMPUTER BASED APPLICATION 5 2012
8363212 System architecture design for time-of-flight system having reduced differential pixel size, and time-of-flight systems so designed 11 2012
8898687 Controlling a media program based on a media reaction 9 2012
9210401 Projected visual cues for guiding physical movement 1 2012
8959541 Determining a future portion of a currently presented media program 6 2012
9147253 Raster scanning for depth detection 1 2012
9007417 Body scan 0 2012
9646340 Avatar-based virtual dressing room 0 2012
8451278 Determine intended motions 3 2012
9696427 Wide angle depth detection 0 2012
9001118 Avatar construction using depth camera 2 2012
8781156 Voice-body identity correlation 1 2012
8565485 Pose tracking pipeline 12 2012
9311715 Method and system to segment depth images and to detect shapes in three-dimensionally acquired data 1 2012
9063001 Optical fault monitoring 0 2012
9195305 Recognizing user intent in motion capture system 2 2012
8891827 Systems and methods for tracking a model 1 2012
8882310 Laser die light source module with low inductance 0 2012
8660310 Systems and methods for tracking a model 1 2012
8587773 System architecture design for time-of-flight system having reduced differential pixel size, and time-of-flight systems so designed 13 2012
8503766 Systems and methods for detecting a tilt angle from a depth image 2 2012
8452051 Hand-location post-process refinement in a tracking system 7 2012
8897493 Body scan 0 2013
8896721 Environment and/or target segmentation 0 2013
8588517 Motion detection using depth images 5 2013
9264807 Multichannel acoustic echo reduction 0 2013
9251590 Camera pose estimation for 3D reconstruction 1 2013
9052746 User center-of-mass and mass distribution extraction using depth images 4 2013
9274747 Natural user input for driving interactive stories 0 2013
8611607 Multiple centroid condensation of probability distribution clouds 1 2013
9242171 Real-time camera tracking using depth maps 3 2013
9519989 Visual representation expression based on player expression 0 2013
9135516 User body angle, curvature and average extremity positions extraction using depth images 4 2013
9092657 Depth image processing 0 2013
9274606 NUI video conference controls 0 2013
8787658 Image segmentation using reduced foreground training data 0 2013
8644609 Up-sampling binary images for segmentation 0 2013
8610665 Pose tracking pipeline 0 2013
8953844 System for fast, probabilistic skeletal tracking 0 2013
8897495 Systems and methods for tracking a model 1 2013
8775916 Validation analysis of human target 17 2013
9262673 Human body pose estimation 2 2013
8929668 Foreground subject detection 0 2013
8917240 Virtual desktop coordinate transformation 0 2013
9191570 Systems and methods for detecting a tilt angle from a depth image 0 2013
8983233 Time-of-flight depth imaging 0 2013
9462253 Optical modules that reduce speckle contrast and diffraction artifacts 0 2013
8861839 Human tracking system 1 2013
9443310 Illumination modules that emit structured light 0 2013
9442186 Interference reduction for TOF systems 2 2013
9052382 System architecture design for time-of-flight system having reduced differential pixel size, and time-of-flight systems so designed 0 2013
8970487 Human tracking system 1 2013
9031103 Temperature measurement and control for laser and light-emitting diodes 0 2013
9769459 Power efficient laser diode driver circuit and method 0 2013
9508385 Audio-visual project generator 0 2013
8860663 Pose tracking pipeline 0 2013
9291449 Detection of configuration changes among optical elements of illumination system 0 2013
9215478 Protocol and format for communicating an image from a camera to a computing environment 0 2013
9468848 Assigning gesture dictionaries 0 2013
9679390 Systems and methods for removing a background of an image 0 2013
9524024 Method to control perspective for a camera-controlled computer 0 2014
9569005 Method and system implementing user-centric gesture control 0 2014
9656162 Device for identifying and tracking multiple humans over time 0 2014
9098493 Machine based sign language interpreter 0 2014
9372544 Gesture recognition techniques 2 2014
9292083 Interacting with user interface via avatar 1 2014
8908091 Alignment of lens and image sensor 0 2014
9596643 Providing a user interface experience based on inferred vehicle state 0 2014
9491226 Recognition system for sharing information 0 2014
9539500 Biometric recognition 0 2014
9522328 Human tracking system 0 2014
9465980 Pose tracking pipeline 0 2014
9056254 Time-of-flight camera with guided light 0 2014
9278287 Visual based identity tracking 0 2014
9582717 Systems and methods for tracking a model 0 2014
9619561 Change invariant scene recognition by an agent 0 2014
9659377 Methods and systems for determining and tracking extremities of a target 1 2014
9519828 Isolate extraneous motions 0 2014
9788032 Determining a future portion of a currently presented media program 0 2015
9478057 Chaining animations 0 2015
9489053 Skeletal control of three-dimensional virtual world 0 2015
9607213 Body scan 0 2015
9628844 Determining audience state or interest using passive sensor data 1 2015
9311560 Extraction of user behavior from depth images 0 2015
9529566 Interactive content creation 0 2015
9519970 Systems and methods for detecting a tilt angle from a depth image 0 2015
9787943 Natural user interface having video conference controls 0 2016
 
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* 2005/0190,962 Rapid computer modeling of faces for animation 3 2005
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