Releasable fastener system

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 7032282
APP PUB NO 20040074064A1
SERIAL NO

10305381

Stats

ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

Importance

Loading Importance Indicators... loading....

Abstract

See full text

A releasable fastener system comprises a loop portion and a hook portion. The loop portion includes a support and a loop material disposed on one side thereof. The hook portion generally includes a support and a plurality of closely spaced upstanding hook elements extending from one side thereof, wherein the plurality of hook elements comprises a first portion fabricated from a shape memory material and at least one additional portion fabricated from a different shape memory material. An activation device is coupled to the plurality of hook elements, the activation device being operable to selectively provide an activation signal to the plurality of hook elements to change a shape orientation, a yield strength property, a flexural modulus property, or a combination thereof to reduce a shear force and/or a pull-off force of an engaged hook and loop portion. When the hook portion and loop portion are pressed together they interlock to form a releasable engagement. The resulting joint created by the engagement is relatively resistant to shear and pull forces and weak in peel strength forces. Introducing a suitable activation signal to the plurality of hook elements causes a change in shape orientation, flexural modulus property, or a combination thereof that is effectively reduces the shear and/or pull off forces in the releasable engagement. In this manner, disengagement of the releasable fastener system provides separation of the hook portion from the loop portion under controlled conditions. Also disclosed herein are processes for operating the releasable fastener system.

Loading the Abstract Image... loading....

First Claim

See full text

Family

Loading Family data... loading....

Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLCDETROIT, MI12826

International Classification(s)

  • [Classification Symbol]
  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Browne, Alan L Grosse Pointe, MI 343 3269
Powell, Bob Ross Birmingham, MI 3 37

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (8)
5133112 Closure device 27 1991
5328337 Guided vanes hydraulic power system 14 1993
5497861 Variable motion dampener 35 1994
5671498 Scrubbing device 43 1995
5983467 Interlocking device 44 1997
* 5979744 Object wrapping and method of wrapping an object 27 1998
6029783 Variable resistance device using electroactive fluid 18 1998
* 6447478 Thin-film shape memory alloy actuators and processing methods 97 1998
 
Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company (3)
5071363 Miniature multiple conductor electrical connector 109 1990
5611122 Interengaging fastener having reduced noise generation 44 1994
5657516 Dual structured fastener elements 101 1995
 
The IDOD Trust (1)
5474227 Method of forming seamed metal tube 21 1994
 
MTS SYSTEMS CORPORATION (1)
6605795 Control system for depositing powder to a molten puddle 16 2000
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (1)
6102912 Vertebral rod of constant section for spinal osteosynthesis instrumentations 138 1998
 
MCGANTY, STEPHEN (1)
5212855 Multiple button closure-fastener 37 1991
 
RELTEC CORPORATION (1)
5712524 Piezoelectric rotation driving apparatus 49 1995
 
THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC (1)
5798188 Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell with bipolar plate having molded polymer projections 63 1997
 
GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC (4)
6742227 Releasable fastener system and process 11 2002
6766566 Releasable fastener system 16 2002
6815873 Releasable fastener system 16 2002
6797914 Joining workpieces by laser welding with powder injection 14 2003
 
Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (1)
5319257 Unitaxial constant velocity microactuator 46 1992
 
CORNING INCORPORATED (1)
5885652 Method and apparatus for coating optical fibers 22 1996
 
TAIWAN PAIHO LIMITED (1)
6502290 Hook tape fabrication method 11 2001
 
THE DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY (1)
6156842 Structures and fabricated articles having shape memory made from .alpha.-olefin/vinyl or vinylidene aromatic and/or hindered aliphatic vinyl or vinylidene interpolymers 166 1999
 
LIST, HANS (1)
4391147 Transducer device for measuring mechanical values on hollow bodies 25 1981
 
KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V. (1)
* 6598274 Electrically releasable hook and loop fastener 22 2002
 
ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION (2)
5136201 Piezoelectric robotic articulation 43 1991
5182484 Releasing linear actuator 47 1991
 
VELCRO INDUSTRIES B.V. (5)
4775310 Apparatus for making a separable fastener 144 1986
4794028 Method for continuously producing a multi-hook fastner member and product of the method 185 1986
5725928 Touch fastener with magnetic attractant 52 1995
5656351 Hook and loop fastener including an epoxy binder 30 1996
6129970 Touch fastener with magnetic attractant and molded article containing same 26 1999
 
VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY (2)
5816587 Method and apparatus for reducing brake shudder 32 1996
5814999 Method and apparatus for measuring displacement and force 24 1997
 
SCHAEFFLER KG (1)
5969518 Antifriction mounting having a rotational-speed measuring device protected from contamination 48 1997
 
SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA (1)
6628542 Magnetoresistive device and magnetic memory using the same 26 2001
 
GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY (1)
5486676 Coaxial single point powder feed nozzle 57 1994
 
APLIX (1)
6148487 Laminated self-gripping tape, molded product, and method of manufacturing a molded article including a self-gripping tape 20 1999
 
Brunel University (2)
2002/0062,547 METHOD FOR DISASSEMBLING DIFFERENT ELEMENTS 23 1999
2002/0050,045 Method for disassembling different elements 14 2001
 
GKSS-FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM GEESTHACHT GMBH (1)
6388043 Shape memory polymers 499 1999
 
IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD. (1)
5817380 Snap-zipper and bag with the same 26 1997
 
DAIMLERCHRYSLER AG (2)
2002/0007,884 Semifinished product made from a shape memory alloy having a two-way effect and method for manufacturing the same 25 2001
* 6546602 Releasable closure 20 2002
 
INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY (1)
6257133 Method and apparatus for controlling cross directional nip dynamics 21 1999
 
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC. (1)
6593540 Hand held powder-fed laser fusion welding torch 37 2002
 
LORD CORPORATION (3)
5284330 Magnetorheological fluid devices 174 1992
5547049 Magnetorheological fluid composite structures 55 1994
6203717 Stable magnetorheological fluids 33 1999
 
FLORA, INC. (1)
5492534 Controlled release portable pump 210 1994
 
UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH - OF THE COMMONWEALTH SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION (1)
6740094 Shape memory polymer actuator and catheter 40 2001
 
INVENSYS CONTROLS UK LIMITED (1)
6454923 Gas sensor 29 2000
 
KURARAY CO., LTD. (2)
4931344 Fastener component 81 1988
6460230 Mold-in fastening member and production of molded resin article having mold-in fastening member 31 2001
 
FOSTER-MILLER, INC. (1)
5191166 Survivability enhancement 63 1991
 
YKK CORPORATION (2)
* 5669120 Molded surface fastener 87 1996
5797170 Synthetic resin molded surface fastener 68 1997
 
VELCRO BVBA (2)
* 5945193 Touch fastener with porous metal containing layer 55 1995
* 6544245 Bi-stable fastening 30 2001
 
THE BOEING COMPANY (1)
4752537 Metal matrix composite fiber reinforced weld 26 1986
 
APLIX CORPORATION (1)
4693921 Fastening tape designed to be attached to a molded article during molding, and its attaching method 76 1984
 
ROBERT BOSCH GMBH (1)
4382243 Electromagnetic positioning device with piezo-electric control 20 1981
 
SHAHINPOOR, MOHSEN (1)
2004/0025,639 Novel electrically active ionic polymer metal composites and novel methods of manufacturing them 14 2002
 
MONSANTO COMPANY (2)
4637944 Process and device for temporarily holding and releasing objects 17 1985
4642254 Process and device for temporarily holding and releasing objects 16 1986
 
ASAHI KASEI KABUSHIKI KAISHA (1)
4634636 Polyacetylene composite 13 1984
 
KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE, INC. (1)
2002/0076,520 Magnetic fastening system 18 2000
 
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC (2)
6102933 Release mechanism utilizing shape memory polymer material 249 1999
6086599 Micro devices using shape memory polymer patches for mated connections 58 1999
 
KINGSTON TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
5037178 Amorphous memory polymer alignment device 18 1990
 
BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED (1)
6681849 Downhole packer system utilizing electroactive polymers 25 2001
 
FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
5974856 Method for allowing rapid evaluation of chassis elastomeric devices in motor vehicles 26 1997
 
CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY (1)
5312456 Micromechanical barb and method for making the same 103 1991
 
GOTTLIEB BINDER GMBH & CO. KG (1)
2004/0033,336 Hook-and-loop fastener produced from a shape memory plastic material 19 2003
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N V (1)
* 2010/0234,779 PRESSURE ACTUATOR AND METHODS FOR APPLYING PRESSURE 1 2007
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (1)
* 9003615 Silent hook and loop fastener system 0 2012
 
HITACHI DISPLAYS, LTD. (1)
* 2009/0074,993 Active material activated cover 2 2007
 
SPIRIT AEROSYSTEMS, INC. (8)
8951375 Methods and systems for co-bonding or co-curing composite parts using a rigid/malleable SMP apparatus 0 2011
8877114 Method for removing a SMP apparatus from a cured composite part 0 2011
8815145 Methods and systems for fabricating composite stiffeners with a rigid/malleable SMP apparatus 1 2011
8734703 Methods and systems for fabricating composite parts using a SMP apparatus as a rigid lay-up tool and bladder 2 2011
9073240 Reconfigurable shape memory polymer tooling supports 0 2011
8974217 Reconfigurable shape memory polymer tooling supports 0 2011
8608890 Reconfigurable shape memory polymer tooling supports 0 2011
8945455 Reconfigurable shape memory polymer support tooling 0 2011
 
KONICA MINOLTA OPTO, INC. (2)
* 7688533 Drive apparatus and lens drive apparatus 3 2008
* 2008/0282,696 DRIVE APPARATUS AND LENS DRIVE APPARATUS 11 2008
 
Spirit AreoSystems, Inc. (1)
8945325 Methods and systems for forming integral composite parts with a SMP apparatus 1 2011
 
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED (1)
* 9277789 Current, temperature or electromagnetic field actuated fasteners 0 2013
 
GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC (11)
* 7628116 Shape memory polymer temperature sensing devices and methods of use 8 2005
* 2005/0199,055 Shape memory polymer temperature sensing devices and methods of use 6 2005
7500704 Compartment access system with active material component and method for controlling access to an interior compartment 24 2006
* 2008/0100,079 Compartment access system with active material component and method for controlling access to an interior compartment 4 2006
8870144 Active material adaptive object holders 2 2007
* 2008/0272,259 Active material adaptive object holders 11 2007
* 8012292 Multilayer adhesive for thermal reversible joining of substrates 1 2007
* 2008/0292,848 MULTILAYER ADHESIVE FOR THERMAL REVERSIBLE JOINING OF SUBSTRATES 7 2007
* 8540297 Manipulating center console components utilizing active material actuation 3 2009
* 2010/0066,113 MANIPULATING CENTER CONSOLE COMPONENTS UTILIZING ACTIVE MATERIAL ACTUATION 7 2009
* 2012/0266,417 ACTIVE MATERIAL BASED FASTENERS INCLUDING CABLE TIES AND TWIST TIES 0 2012
* Cited By Examiner

Maintenance Fees

Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee due date
11.5 Year Payment $7400.00 $3700.00 $1850.00 Oct 25, 2017
Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee
Surcharge - 11.5 year - Late payment within 6 months $160.00 $80.00 $40.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unavoidable $700.00 $350.00 $175.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unintentional $1,640.00 $820.00 $410.00