US Patent No: 7,092,914

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Methods for matching, selecting, narrowcasting, and/or classifying based on rights management and/or other information

Stats

ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

Importance

Loading Importance Indicators... loading....

Abstract

See full text

Rights management information is used at least in part in a matching, narrowcasting, classifying and/or selecting process. A matching and classification utility system comprising a kind of Commerce Utility System is used to perform the matching, narrowcasting, classifying and/or selecting. The matching and classification utility system may match, narrowcast, classify and/or select people and/or things, non-limiting examples of which include software objects. The Matching and Classification Utility system may use any pre-existing classification schemes, including at least some rights management information and/or other qualitative and/or parameter data indicating and/or defining classes, classification systems, class hierarchies, category schemes, class assignments, category assignments, and/or class membership. The Matching and Classification Utility may also use at least some rights management information together with any artificial intelligence, expert system, statistical, computational, manual, or any other means to define new classes, class hierarchies, classification systems, category schemes, and/or assign persons, things, and/or groups of persons and/or things to at least one class.

Loading the Abstract Image... loading....

First Claim

See full text

Family

Loading Family data... loading....

Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
INTERTRUST TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATIONSUNNYVALE, CA201

International Classification(s)

  • [Classification Symbol]
  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Shear, Victor H Bethesda, MD 147 20054
Van, Wie David M Sunnyvale, CA 145 18583
Weber, Robert P Menlo Park, CA 70 6707

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (33)
4,670,857 Cartridge-controlled system whose use is limited to authorized cartridges 131 1981
4,528,588 Method and apparatus for marking the information content of an information carrying signal 483 1982
4,523,271 Software protection method and apparatus 50 1982
4,462,078 Computer program protection method 166 1982
4,558,176 Computer systems to inhibit unauthorized copying, unauthorized usage, and automated cracking of protected software 390 1982
4,553,252 Counting computer software cartridge 157 1982
4,593,376 System for vending program cartridges which have circuitry for inhibiting program usage after preset time interval expires 314 1983
4,573,119 Computer software protection system 77 1983
4,584,641 Copyprotecting system for software protection 219 1983
4,677,552 International commodity trade exchange 611 1984
4,595,950 Method and apparatus for marking the information content of an information carrying signal 387 1984
4,688,169 Computer software security system 233 1985
4,823,264 Electronic funds transfer system 589 1986
4,748,561 Method of protecting computer software 61 1986
4,747,139 Software security method and systems 272 1986
4,796,181 Billing system for computer software 255 1986
4,999,806 Software distribution system 539 1987
4,868,877 Public key/signature cryptosystem with enhanced digital signature certification 413 1988
5,047,928 Billing system for computer software 385 1989
5,005,200 Public key/signature cryptosystem with enhanced digital signature certification 374 1989
5,001,752 Public/key date-time notary facility 210 1989
5,163,091 Knowledge based system for document authentication (apparatus) 92 1990
5,136,643 Public/key date-time notary facility 218 1990
5,227,797 Radar tomography 59 1991
5,150,407 Secured data storage devices 140 1991
5,185,717 Tamper resistant module having logical elements arranged in multiple layers on the outer surface of a substrate to protect stored information 122 1992
5,214,702 Public key/signature cryptosystem with enhanced digital signature certification 285 1992
5,422,953 Personal date/time notary device 158 1993
5,390,247 Method and apparatus for creating, supporting, and using travelling programs 173 1993
5,337,360 Method and apparatus for creating, supporting, and using travelling programs 171 1994
5,689,566 Network with secure communications sessions 253 1995
5,748,960 Method and apparatus for validating travelling object-oriented programs with digital signatures 143 1996
* 5,842,173 Computer-based surgical services management system 118 1997
 
SECURITY SOFTWARE AMERICA, INC., A CORP. OF DE (1)
4,757,533 Security system for microcomputers 259 1985
 
MAAST PARTNERS LTD, A CALIFORNIA LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (1)
4,484,217 Method and system for remote reporting, particularly for pay television billing 313 1982
 
CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL RESEARCH INITIATIVES (1)
6,135,646 System for uniquely and persistently identifying, managing, and tracking digital objects 315 1997
 
Pueblo Technologies, Inc. (1)
4,685,056 Computer security device 208 1985
 
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION (1)
5,343,527 Hybrid encryption method and system for protecting reusable software components 309 1993
 
NIELSEN HOLDINGS N.V. (4)
5,450,490 Apparatus and methods for including codes in audio signals and decoding 533 1994
5,574,962 Method and apparatus for automatically identifying a program including a sound signal 305 1994
5,581,800 Method and apparatus for automatically identifying a program including a sound signal 329 1995
5,787,334 Method and apparatus for automatically identifying a program including a sound signal 166 1996
 
HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY (3)
5,023,907 Network license server 580 1988
5,218,605 Software modules for testing computer hardware and software 81 1990
5,058,162 Method of distributing computer data files 159 1990
 
WILMINGTON TRUST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, AS ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT (1)
5,724,424 Digital active advertising 1046 1995
 
HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P. (10)
5,005,122 Arrangement with cooperating management server node and network service node 617 1987
4,937,863 Software licensing management system 373 1988
5,129,084 Object container transfer system and method in an object based computer operating system 133 1989
5,224,163 Method for delegating authorization from one entity to another through the use of session encryption keys 305 1990
5,325,524 Locating mobile objects in a distributed computer system 109 1992
5,204,897 Management interface for license management system 588 1992
5,260,999 Filters in license management system 593 1992
5,319,785 Polling of I/O device status comparison performed in the polled I/O device 51 1992
5,421,006 Method and apparatus for assessing integrity of computer system software 477 1994
5,438,508 License document interchange format for license management system 402 1994
 
U.S. PHILIPS CORPORATION (2)
4,454,594 Method and apparatus to secure proprietary operation of computer equipment 272 1981
5,392,220 Method and system for organizing data 76 1994
 
CPT, Ltd. (1)
4,597,058 Cartridge programming system 312 1983
 
WISTARIA TRADING LTD (4)
5,428,606 Digital information commodities exchange 535 1993
5,539,735 Digital information commodities exchange 352 1994
5,613,004 Steganographic method and device 731 1995
5,687,236 Steganographic method and device 513 1996
 
PARKER-HANNIFIN CORPORATION (1)
5,473,692 Roving software license for a hardware agent 556 1994
 
SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC. (3)
5,138,712 Apparatus and method for licensing software on a network of computers 589 1989
5,359,721 Non-supervisor mode cross address space dynamic linking 113 1991
5,724,425 Method and apparatus for enhancing software security and distributing software 338 1994
 
BRITISH TECHNOLOGY GROUP LIMITED (1)
4,634,807 Software protection device 271 1985
 
GREEN WIRELESS LLC (1)
5,355,474 System for multilevel secure database management using a knowledge base with release-based and other security constraints for query, response and update modification 251 1991
 
INTELLECTUAL VENTURES I LLC (2)
5,603,031 System and method for distributed computation based upon the movement, execution, and interaction of processes in a network 266 1993
6,016,393 System and method for distributed computation based upon the movement, execution, and interaction of processes in a network 93 1997
 
TEKNEKRON SOFTWARE SYSTEMS (2)
5,187,787 Apparatus and method for providing decoupling of data exchange details for providing high performance communication between software processes 392 1989
5,257,369 Apparatus and method for providing decoupling of data exchange details for providing high performance communication between software processes 431 1990
 
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED (2)
4,590,552 Security bit for designating the security status of information stored in a nonvolatile memory 122 1982
4,962,533 Data protection for computer systems 85 1989
 
SYMANTEC CORPORATION (1)
5,530,752 Systems and methods for protecting software from unlicensed copying and use 122 1994
 
PTT Research (1)
5,504,837 Method for resolving conflicts among distributed entities through the generation of counter proposals by transversing a goal hierarchy with acceptable, unacceptable, and indeterminate nodes 185 1993
 
Etat Francais represente par le Ministre des P.T.T. (C.N.E.T.) (1)
4,807,288 Microprocessor intended particularly for executing the calculation algorithms of a public code encoding system 77 1983
 
VOLPE WELTY FUND SLP (2)
5,208,748 Method and apparatus for structuring and managing human communications by explicitly defining the types of communications permitted between participants 201 1989
5,216,603 Method and apparatus for structuring and managing human communications by explicitly defining the types of communications permitted between participants 159 1990
 
XEROX CORPORATION (12)
4,558,413 Software version management system 941 1983
5,091,966 Adaptive scaling for decoding spatially periodic self-clocking glyph shape codes 357 1990
5,128,525 Convolution filtering for decoding self-clocking glyph shape codes 252 1990
5,168,147 Binary image processing for decoding self-clocking glyph shape codes 246 1990
5,221,833 Methods and means for reducing bit error rates in reading self-clocking glyph codes 247 1991
5,245,165 Self-clocking glyph code for encoding dual bit digital values robustly 224 1991
5,649,099 Method for delegating access rights through executable access control program without delegating access rights not in a specification to any intermediary nor comprising server security 263 1993
5,449,895 Explicit synchronization for self-clocking glyph codes 151 1993
5,449,896 Random access techniques for use with self-clocking glyph codes 136 1993
5,453,605 Global addressability for self-clocking glyph codes 106 1993
5,444,779 Electronic copyright royalty accounting system using glyphs 420 1994
5,534,975 Document processing system utilizing document service cards to provide document processing services 221 1995
 
Tibco, Inc. (1)
5,557,798 Apparatus and method for providing decoupling of data exchange details for providing high performance communication between software processes 472 1990
 
PUBLIC ESTABLISHMENT (1)
4,816,655 Method and apparatus for checking the authenticity of individual-linked documents and the identity of the holders thereof 108 1986
 
WEBVENTION GROUP LLC (1)
5,251,294 Accessing, assembling, and using bodies of information 134 1990
 
Medical Payment Systems, Incorporated (1)
4,858,121 Medical payment system 359 1986
 
INTERNATIONAL COMPUTERS LIMITED (1)
5,283,830 Security mechanism for a computer system 124 1992
 
Compagnie Internationale pour l'Informatique CII-Honeywell Bull (Societe Anonyme) (1)
4,471,216 System and process for identification of persons requesting access to particular facilities 143 1980
 
PUBLIC KEY PARTNERS (1)
4,995,082 Method for identifying subscribers and for generating and verifying electronic signatures in a data exchange system 206 1990
 
VAN DETSAN NETWORKS LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY (1)
4,926,480 Card-computer moderated systems 336 1988
 
CONTENTGUARD HOLDINGS, INC. (5)
5,629,980 System for controlling the distribution and use of digital works 1198 1994
5,634,012 System for controlling the distribution and use of digital works having a fee reporting mechanism 818 1994
5,638,443 System for controlling the distribution and use of composite digital works 826 1994
* 5,715,403 System for controlling the distribution and use of digital works having attached usage rights where the usage rights are defined by a usage rights grammar 1104 1994
5,530,235 Interactive contents revealing storage device 491 1995
 
NINTENDO CO., LTD. (1)
4,305,131 Dialog between TV movies and human viewers 566 1980
 
III HOLDINGS 2, LLC (1)
5,636,276 Device for the distribution of music information in digital form 505 1995
 
Special Effects Software, Inc. (1)
5,199,066 Method and apparatus for protecting software 195 1989
 
GOOGLE INC. (2)
5,235,642 Access control subsystem and method for distributed computer system using locally cached authentication credentials 447 1992
5,534,855 Method and system for certificate based alias detection 242 1994
 
U S WEST TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
5,550,971 Method and system for generating a user interface adaptable to various database management systems 189 1995
 
WARNER BROS. ENTERTAINMENT INC. (2)
5,463,565 Data block format for software carrier and player therefor 165 1993
5,896,454 System and method for controlling copying and playing of digital programs 113 1996
 
L'ETAT FRANCIS, REPRESENTE PAR LE SECRETAIRE D'ETAT AUX POSTES ET TELECOMMUNICATIONS (CENTRE NATIONAL D'ETUDES DES DES TELECOMMMUNICATIONS) (1)
4,323,921 System for transmitting information provided with means for controlling access to the information transmitted 375 1980
 
L'ETAT FRANCAIS, REPRESENTE PAR SECRETAIRE D'ETAT POSTES ET TELECOMMUNICATIONS (CENTRE NATIONAL D'ETUDES DES TELECOMMUNICATION) (1)
4,337,483 Text video-transmission system provided with means for controlling access to the information 273 1980
 
OPENTV, INC. (1)
5,625,693 Apparatus and method for authenticating transmitting applications in an interactive TV system 192 1995
 
CP8 TECHNOLOGIES (3)
4,683,553 Method and device for protecting software delivered to a user by a supplier 217 1986
5,479,509 Method for signature of an information processing file, and apparatus for implementing it 221 1994
5,442,645 Method for checking the integrity of a program or data, and apparatus for implementing this method 194 1994
 
TAGAWA, RICHARD S. (1)
* 5,732,398 Self-service system for selling travel-related services or products 422 1995
 
SILICON GRAPHICS INTERNATIONAL CORP. (1)
5,390,330 Control system and method for direct execution of software application information models without code generation 156 1993
 
MICRONYX, INC. (1)
4,864,616 Cryptographic labeling of electronically stored data 144 1987
 
IPG HEALTHCARE 501 LIMITED (1)
5,335,346 Access control policies for an object oriented database, including access control lists which span across object boundaries 292 1991
 
DONALD, THOMAS CHRISTOPHER (1)
4,471,163 Software protection system 280 1981
 
EduTech Research Labs, Ltd. (1)
* 5,458,494 Remotely operable teaching system and method therefor 96 1993
 
AT&T Technologies, Inc. (1)
4,306,289 Digital computer having code conversion apparatus for an encrypted program 207 1980
 
Atalla Corporation (1)
4,588,991 File access security method and means 258 1983
 
TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (2)
5,136,647 Method for secure time-stamping of digital documents 340 1990
5,136,646 Digital document time-stamping with catenate certificate 307 1991
 
Xidak, Inc. (1)
5,201,046 Relational database management system and method for storing, retrieving and modifying directed graph data structures 186 1990
 
FACEBOOK, INC. (1)
5,671,279 Electronic commerce using a secure courier system 631 1995
 
Continental Can Company, Inc. (1)
4,757,914 Laminated closure for a plastic container 52 1987
 
DIGIMARC CORPORATION (7)
5,768,426 Graphics processing system employing embedded code signals 514 1994
5,636,292 Steganography methods employing embedded calibration data 689 1995
5,710,834 Method and apparatus responsive to a code signal conveyed through a graphic image 294 1995
5,748,763 Image steganography system featuring perceptually adaptive and globally scalable signal embedding 348 1995
5,748,783 Method and apparatus for robust information coding 454 1995
* 5,765,152 System and method for managing copyrighted electronic media 1028 1995
5,745,604 Identification/authentication system using robust, distributed coding 284 1996
 
PRIME COMPUTER, INC. (1)
4,924,378 License mangagement system and license storage key 462 1988
 
McAfee, Inc. (1)
5,361,359 System and method for controlling the use of a computer 223 1992
 
STRATEGIC PROCESSING CORPORATION (1)
4,799,156 Interactive market management system 1771 1986
 
CITIBANK, N.A. (3)
5,453,601 Electronic-monetary system 751 1991
5,557,518 Trusted agents for open electronic commerce 873 1994
5,455,407 Electronic-monetary system 433 1995
 
GOULD INC. (1)
4,672,572 Protector system for computer access and use 254 1984
 
Aquatrol Corporation (1)
4,893,332 Low-powered remote sensor 44 1988
 
ORACLE AMERICA, INC. (2)
5,757,914 System and method for protecting use of dynamically linked executable modules 139 1995
5,692,047 System and method for executing verifiable programs with facility for using non-verifiable programs from trusted sources 182 1995
 
AKAMAI TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (2)
2009/0132,648 CONTENT DELIVERY AND GLOBAL TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT NETWORK SYSTEM 56 2009
2009/0132,648 CONTENT DELIVERY AND GLOBAL TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT NETWORK SYSTEM 56 2009
 
ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION (1)
5,754,849 Self-describing object providing dynamic manipulation of heterogeneous data values and semantic identity between memory and transmission representations 198 1996
 
STANDARD MICROSYSTEMS CORPORATION (1)
4,513,174 Software security method using partial fabrication of proprietary control word decoders and microinstruction memories 170 1981
 
Codart, Inc. (1)
4,598,288 Apparatus for controlling the reception of transmitted programs 326 1983
 
CELLCO PARTNERSHIP D/B/A VERIZON WIRELESS (1)
5,285,494 Network management system 309 1992
 
SANGAMO-WESTON INCORPORATED, 180 TECHNOLOGY DRIVE, NORCROSS, GEORGIA 30092, A DE CORP. (1)
4,361,877 Billing recorder with non-volatile solid state memory 197 1980
 
MEDIABAY. COM, INC. (1)
4,528,643 System for reproducing information in material objects at a point of sale location 728 1983
 
RAKUTEN, INC. (1)
5,455,953 Authorization system for obtaining in single step both identification and access rights of client to server directly from encrypted authorization ticket 431 1993
 
LUCENT TECHNOLOGIES INC. (1)
5,629,770 Document copying deterrent method using line and word shift techniques 150 1995
 
CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC. (2)
5,048,085 Transaction system security method and apparatus 236 1989
5,148,481 Transaction system security method and apparatus 286 1991
 
SECURE COMPUTING CORPORATION (2)
4,621,321 Secure data processing system architecture 162 1984
4,713,753 Secure data processing system architecture with format control 317 1985
 
ST. PATENT HOLDINGS LLC (1)
5,509,070 Method for encouraging purchase of executable and non-executable software 547 1992
 
MEDIADNA,COM (1)
5,845,281 Method and system for managing a data object so as to comply with predetermined conditions for usage 374 1996
 
NITONI PTY LIMITED (1)
5,291,598 Method and system for decentralized manufacture of copy-controlled software 156 1992
 
Beak and Bumper, LLC (1)
* 5,774,872 Automated taxable transaction reporting/collection system 93 1996
 
Remote Systems, Inc. (1)
4,652,990 Protected software access control apparatus and method 225 1983
 
EMC CORPORATION (1)
5,349,642 Method and apparatus for authentication of client server communication 177 1992
 
Computerized Data Ssytems for Mfg., Inc. (1)
4,864,494 Software usage authorization system with key for decrypting/re-encrypting/re-transmitting moving target security codes from protected software 263 1986
 
INTEL CORPORATION (6)
4,442,484 Microprocessor memory management and protection mechanism 175 1980
5,539,828 Apparatus and method for providing secured communications 252 1994
5,717,923 Method and apparatus for dynamically customizing electronic information to individual end users 798 1994
5,568,552 Method for providing a roving software license from one node to another node 424 1995
5,633,932 Apparatus and method for preventing disclosure through user-authentication at a printing node 360 1995
5,892,899 Tamper resistant methods and apparatus 133 1996
 
JDA SOFTWARE GROUP (3)
2002/0169,657 Supply chain demand forecasting and planning 81 2001
2002/0169,657 Supply chain demand forecasting and planning 81 2001
2002/0169,657 Supply chain demand forecasting and planning 81 2001
 
BLUE SPIKE LLC (1)
5,745,569 Method for stega-cipher protection of computer code 382 1996
 
VIDEO-ON-DEMAND VENTURES LLC (1)
4,949,187 Video communications system having a remotely controlled central source of video and audio data 849 1988
 
RAINBOW TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
4,593,353 Software protection method and apparatus 238 1981
 
Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (1)
* 5,241,671 Multimedia search system using a plurality of entry path means which indicate interrelatedness of information 658 1989
 
PENTA SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, IN., A CORP OF MD (1)
4,458,315 Apparatus and method for preventing unauthorized use of computer programs 306 1982
 
Phylaxia Oltoanyagtermelo Vallalat (1)
4,622,222 Process for the preparation of a lyophilized vaccine against duck virus hepatitis 29 1982
 
Pride Software Development Corp. (1)
4,796,220 Method of controlling the copying of software 400 1986
 
SYBASE, INC. (1)
5,572,673 Secure multi-level system for executing stored procedures 163 1993
 
Verbatim Corporation (1)
4,562,495 Multiple system disk 152 1984
 
RIDDELL, H. GEORGE (2)
5,103,476 Secure system for activating personal computer software at remote locations 447 1990
5,222,134 Secure system for activating personal computer software at remote locations 500 1991
 
NEXTLEVEL SYSTEM OF DELAWARE (1)
5,010,571 Metering retrieval of encrypted data stored in customer data retrieval terminal 409 1986
 
Visa U.S.A. Inc. (1)
4,578,530 End-to-end encryption system and method of operation 309 1983
 
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (1)
5,689,587 Method and apparatus for data hiding in images 237 1996
 
KOKUSAI DENSHIN DENWA CO., LTD. (1)
5,508,913 Electronic automatic offer matching system for freezer exchange transactions among banks 149 1994
 
WAVE SYSTEMS CORP. (2)
5,247,575 Information distribution system 884 1992
5,351,293 System method and apparatus for authenticating an encrypted signal 221 1993
 
Signal Security Technologies (2)
4,696,034 High security pay television system 190 1984
5,155,680 Billing system for computing software 201 1989
 
SACHIKO OKANO (1)
5,504,818 Information processing system using error-correcting codes and cryptography 218 1994
 
STAR CO RANGER DIGITAL, LLC (1)
2004/0095,382 Portable memory drive retaining personalized interface on multiple host computers 13 2002
 
FISCHER, ADDISON M. (2)
5,412,717 Computer system security method and apparatus having program authorization information data structures 323 1992
5,311,591 Computer system security method and apparatus for creating and using program authorization information data structures 335 1993
 
Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha (1)
* 4,593,183 Automatic transaction machine 99 1983
 
DSI of Hawaii, Inc. (1)
* 5,335,169 System for tracking multiple rate assessments on transactions 94 1992
 
PIONEER ELECTRONIC CORPORATION (1)
5,940,505 Information recording method and apparatus, function recording method and apparatus, and information reproducing method and apparatus 49 1996
 
HE HOLDINGS, INC., A DELAWARE CORP. (1)
4,727,550 Radiation source 96 1985
 
PREVIEW SOFTWARE (1)
4,658,093 Software distribution system 824 1983
 
INFOSPACE, INC. (1)
4,529,870 Cryptographic identification, financial transaction, and credential device 435 1982
 
ENTRYPOINT, INC. (1)
5,740,549 Information and advertising distribution system and method 1592 1995
 
SONY CORPORATION (1)
6,009,170 Method for appending a signal with ciphered playback mode information 54 1996
 
BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY (1)
4,646,234 Anti-piracy system using separate storage and alternate execution of selected proprietary and public portions of computer programs 95 1984
 
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. (1)
4,494,156 Selectable format computer disk copier machine 172 1982
 
FLEXERA SOFTWARE LLC (1)
5,390,297 System for controlling the number of concurrent copies of a program in a network based on the number of available licenses 258 1987
 
WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION (1)
4,375,579 Database encryption and decryption circuit and method using subkeys 191 1980
 
Romox, Inc. (1)
4,680,731 Reprogrammable cartridge memory with built-in identification circuitry and programming method 91 1986
 
Intertrust Technologies Corporation (26)
5,940,504 Licensing management system and method in which datagrams including an address of a licensee and indicative of use of a licensed product are sent from the licensee's site 571 1992
5,943,422 Steganographic techniques for securely delivering electronic digital rights management control information over insecure communication channels 857 1996
6,157,721 Systems and methods using cryptography to protect secure computing environments 483 1996
5,892,900 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 2171 1996
5,910,987 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 820 1996
5,915,019 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 670 1997
5,917,912 System and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 649 1997
5,949,876 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 603 1997
5,920,861 Techniques for defining using and manipulating rights management data structures 583 1997
5,999,949 Text file compression system utilizing word terminators 241 1997
5,982,891 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 903 1997
6,112,181 Systems and methods for matching, selecting, narrowcasting, and/or classifying based on rights management and/or other information 874 1997
6,668,325 Obfuscation techniques for enhancing software security 365 1998
6,253,193 Systems and methods for the secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 651 1998
6,185,683 Trusted and secure techniques, systems and methods for item delivery and execution 695 1998
6,240,185 Steganographic techniques for securely delivering electronic digital rights management control information over insecure communication channels 339 1999
6,138,119 Techniques for defining, using and manipulating rights management data structures 462 1999
6,363,488 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 507 1999
6,389,402 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 410 1999
6,237,786 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 405 1999
6,427,140 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 399 1999
6,658,568 Trusted infrastructure support system, methods and techniques for secure electronic commerce transaction and rights management 448 1999
6,292,569 Systems and methods using cryptography to protect secure computing environments 330 2000
6,449,367 Steganographic techniques for securely delivering electronic digital rights management control information over insecure communication channels 309 2001
6,640,304 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 266 2002
6,618,484 Steganographic techniques for securely delivering electronic digital rights management control information over insecure communication channels 187 2002
 
Applied Spectrum Technologies, Inc. (1)
4,672,605 Data and voice communications system 420 1984
 
LEGERITY, INC. (1)
5,199,074 Encryption system 41 1992
 
NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION (2)
4,975,878 Programmable memory data protection scheme 88 1989
5,533,123 Programmable distributed personal security 252 1994
 
FLEHR HOHBACH TEST ALBRITTON & HERBERT LLP (1)
5,758,152 Method and apparatus for the generation and manipulation of data structures 103 1990
 
Kent Ridge Digital Labs (1)
5,499,298 Controlled dissemination of digital information 202 1994
 
NCR CORPORATION (2)
4,691,350 Security device for stored sensitive data 114 1986
5,014,234 System with software usage timer and counter for allowing limited use but preventing continued unauthorized use of protected software 347 1986
 
Corban International, Ltd. (1)
4,446,519 Method and apparatus for providing security for computer software 288 1981
 
SMITH ENGINEERING, A SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP (1)
4,462,076 Video game cartridge recognition and security system 242 1982
 
THORN EMI PLC (1)
5,079,648 Marked recorded signals 196 1989
 
DALLAS SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION (3)
4,319,079 Crypto microprocessor using block cipher 269 1980
4,465,901 Crypto microprocessor that executes enciphered programs 247 1981
4,433,207 Cryptographic decoder for computer programs 267 1981
 
AGROTEAM CONSULTANTS LTD. (1)
5,621,797 Electronic ticket presentation and transfer method 331 1995
 
UNISYS CAD/CAM (1)
4,683,968 System for preventing software piracy employing multi-encrypted keys and single decryption circuit modules 79 1985
 
ACTIVISION PUBLISHING, INC. (1)
5,563,946 Method and apparatus for enabling trial period use of software products: method and apparatus for passing encrypted files between data processing systems 328 1994
 
QMS, INC. (1)
4,888,798 Modular software security 232 1986
 
AMERIPRISE FINANCIAL, INC. (1)
* 5,819,263 Financial planning system incorporating relationship and group management 218 1996
 
SECURE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION (1)
5,276,735 Data enclave and trusted path system 376 1992
 
SGS-THOMSON MICROELECTRONICS, INC. (1)
4,609,985 Microcomputer with severable ROM 39 1982
 
HARMONY LOGIC SYSTEMS LLC (3)
5,473,687 Method for retrieving secure information from a database 169 1993
5,394,469 Method and apparatus for retrieving secure information from mass storage media 255 1994
5,592,549 Method and apparatus for retrieving selected information from a secure information source 138 1995
 
FINANCIAL NEW NETWORK INC., A CORP. OF CALIFORNIA (1)
4,677,434 Access control system for transmitting data from a central station to a plurality of receiving stations and method therefor 272 1984
 
VASCO CORPORATION, 1919 S. HIGHLAND, SUITE 118-C, LOMBARD, ILLINOIS 60148, A UTAH CORP. (2)
4,599,489 Solid state key for controlling access to computer software 137 1984
4,609,777 Solid state key for controlling access to computer software 97 1985
 
SOVERAIN SOFTWARE LLC (1)
5,715,314 Network sales system 1297 1994
 
SAFENET, INC. (1)
5,337,357 Method of software distribution protection 304 1993
 
STEVEN M. HOFFBERG 2004-1 GRAT (1)
2002/0151,992 Media recording device with packet data interface 39 2002
 
SIGHTSOUND.COM INCORPORATED (2)
5,191,573 Method for transmitting a desired digital video or audio signal 343 1990
5,966,440 System and method for transmitting desired digital video or digital audio signals 135 1995
 
Software Concepts, Inc. (1)
4,740,890 Software protection system with trial period usage code and unlimited use unlocking code both recorded on program storage media 388 1983
 
ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING RESOURCES, INC. (4)
4,827,508 Database usage metering and protection system and method 982 1985
4,977,594 Database usage metering and protection system and method 784 1989
5,050,213 Database usage metering and protection system and method 680 1990
5,410,598 Database usage metering and protection system and method 698 1994
 
Electronic Signature Lock Corporation (1)
4,621,334 Personal identification apparatus 104 1983
 
PITNEY BOWES INC. (2)
5,113,518 Method and system for preventing unauthorized use of software 224 1988
5,022,080 Electronic notary 121 1990
 
HITACHI, LTD. (2)
4,434,464 Memory protection system for effecting alteration of protection information without intervention of control program 169 1981
2005/0204,105 Remote copy system 5 2004
 
SOFTWARE SECURITY, INC. (1)
4,562,306 Method and apparatus for protecting computer software utilizing an active coded hardware device 227 1983
 
Effective Security Systems, Inc. (1)
4,791,565 Apparatus for controlling the use of computer software 187 1984
 
Panafacom Limited (1)
4,701,846 Computer system capable of interruption using special protection code for write interruption region of memory device 63 1986
 
ASSA ABLOY AB (2)
5,457,747 Anti-fraud verification system using a data card 164 1994
5,420,927 Method for certifying public keys in a digital signature scheme 136 1994
 
SPEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
5,457,746 System and method for access control for portable data storage media 421 1994
 
APPLE INC. (4)
5,537,526 Method and apparatus for processing a display document utilizing a system level document framework 225 1993
5,491,800 Object-oriented remote procedure call networking system 338 1993
5,553,282 Software project history database and method of operation 214 1994
5,638,504 System and method of processing documents with document proxies 136 1996
 
GOOGLE TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS LLC (1)
5,678,170 Method and apparatus for monitoring and limiting distribution of data 63 1994
 
MONDEX INTERNATIONAL LIMITED (1)
5,440,634 Value transfer system 221 1993
 
KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA (1)
5,485,622 Password processing system for computer 79 1992
 
INTER*ACT SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED (1)
* 5,373,440 Promotional game method and apparatus therefor 279 1992
 
RAYTHEON BBN TECHNOLOGIES CORP. (1)
5,319,735 Embedded signalling 633 1991
 
DIGITAL ON-DEMAND, INC. (1)
* 5,418,713 Apparatus and method for an on demand data delivery system for the preview, selection, retrieval and reproduction at a remote location of previously recorded or programmed materials 579 1993
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION (36)
4,328,544 Electronic point-of-sale system using direct-access storage 85 1980
4,562,305 Software cryptographic apparatus and method 59 1982
4,577,289 Hardware key-on-disk system for copy-protecting magnetic storage media 212 1983
4,644,493 Implementing a shared higher level of privilege on personal computers for copy protection of software 206 1984
4,780,821 Method for multiple programs management within a network having a server computer and a plurality of remote computers 288 1986
4,817,140 Software protection system using a single-key cryptosystem, a hardware-based authorization system and a secure coprocessor 371 1986
5,146,575 Implementing privilege on microprocessor systems for use in software asset protection 115 1986
4,903,296 Implementing a shared higher level of privilege on personal computers for copy protection of software 115 1986
4,757,534 Code protection using cryptography 260 1987
4,930,073 Method to prevent use of incorrect program version in a computer system 154 1987
4,866,769 Hardware assist for protecting PC software 235 1987
4,953,209 Self-verifying receipt and acceptance system for electronically delivered data objects 280 1988
4,941,175 Tamper-resistant method for authorizing access to data between a host and a predetermined number of attached workstations 85 1989
5,027,397 Data protection by detection of intrusion into electronic assemblies 78 1989
5,109,413 Manipulating rights-to-execute in connection with a software copy protection mechanism 270 1989
5,201,047 Attribute-based classification and retrieval system 169 1989
5,263,157 Method and system for providing user access control within a distributed data processing system by the exchange of access control profiles 389 1990
5,263,158 Method and system for variable authority level user access control in a distributed data processing system having multiple resource manager 256 1990
5,263,165 System for providing user access control within a distributed data processing system having multiple resource managers 161 1990
5,119,493 System for recording at least one selected activity from a selected resource object within a distributed data processing system 76 1990
5,032,979 Distributed security auditing subsystem for an operating system 343 1990
5,287,407 Computer software protection 173 1991
5,367,621 Data processing method to provide a generalized link from a reference point in an on-line book to an arbitrary multimedia object which can be dynamically updated 261 1991
5,164,988 Method to establish and enforce a network cryptographic security policy in a public key cryptosystem 203 1991
5,265,164 Cryptographic facility environment backup/restore and replication in a public key cryptosystem 197 1991
5,276,901 System for controlling group access to objects using group access control folder and group identification as individual user 238 1991
5,301,231 User defined function facility 174 1992
5,319,705 Method and system for multimedia access control enablement 714 1992
* 5,535,322 Data processing system with improved work flow system and method 203 1992
5,497,491 System and method for importing and exporting data between an object oriented computing environment and an external computing environment 152 1993
5,365,587 Self modifying access code for altering capabilities 66 1993
5,504,757 Method for selecting transmission speeds for transmitting data packets over a serial bus 156 1994
5,692,180 Object-oriented cell directory database for a distributed computing environment 178 1995
5,699,427 Method to deter document and intellectual property piracy through individualization 125 1995
5,745,678 Method and system for the secured distribution of multimedia titles 206 1997
5,956,408 Apparatus and method for secure distribution of data 170 1998
 
AT&T IPM CORP. (1)
5,455,861 Secure telecommunications 133 1993
 
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (1)
4,798,209 Method and apparatus for non-contacting identification of the temperature distribution in an examination subject 65 1987
 
NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS CORPORATION (1)
6,102,965 System and method for providing client/server access to graphical programs 100 1997
 
CHECKFREE CORPORATION (1)
5,383,113 System and method for electronically providing customer services including payment of bills, financial analysis and loans 638 1991
 
FUJITSU LIMITED (2)
4,589,064 System for controlling key storage unit which controls access to main storage 173 1983
5,103,392 System for storing history of use of programs including user credit data and having access by the proprietor 197 1990
 
SECURE-TIME, INC., A CORP OF IDAHO (1)
4,700,296 Electronic access control system 125 1985
 
ROUND ROCK RESEARCH, LLC (1)
5,577,209 Apparatus and method for providing multi-level security for communication among computers and terminals on a network 277 1994
 
NATIONAL RURAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS COOPERATIVE (1)
4,893,248 Monitoring and reporting system for remote terminals 286 1987
 
TESTDRIVE CORPORATION (1)
5,341,429 Transformation of ephemeral material 407 1992
 
Champion Securities (1)
* 5,126,936 Goal-directed financial asset management system 496 1989
 
Key Logic, Inc. (1)
4,584,639 Computer security system 132 1983
 
FREESCALE SEMICONDUCTOR, INC. (1)
5,432,950 System for securing a data processing system and method of operation 97 1993
 
THE TITAN CORPORATION (1)
4,712,238 Selective-subscription descrambling 245 1984
 
UP TWO, INC. (1)
5,640,546 Composition of systems of objects by interlocking coordination, projection, and distribution 139 1995
 
SofTel, Inc. (2)
5,388,211 Method and apparatus for remotely controlling and monitoring the use of computer software 316 1993
5,497,479 Method and apparatus for remotely controlling and monitoring the use of computer software 225 1995
 
ALPVISION S.A. (1)
5,524,933 Method for the marking of documents 142 1994
 
AT&T Bell Laboratories (1)
5,343,526 Method for establishing licensor changeable limits on software usage 67 1992
 
Kabushiki Kaisha Sega Enterprises (1)
5,371,792 CD-ROM disk and security check method for the same 181 1993
 
UNILOC LUXEMBOURG S.A. (1)
5,490,216 System for software registration 230 1993
 
MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC (6)
5,301,326 Method and system for controlling the execution of an application program 86 1991
5,432,928 Updating objects stored in a permanent container while preserving logical contiguity 49 1992
5,655,077 Method and system for authenticating access to heterogeneous computing services 374 1994
5,802,590 Method and system for providing secure access to computer resources 122 1994
5,689,565 Cryptography system and method for providing cryptographic services for a computer application 198 1995
5,978,484 System and method for safety distributing executable objects 197 1996
 
GENERAL COMPUTER CORPORATION (1)
4,525,599 Software protection methods and apparatus 153 1982
 
FUJITSU SIEMENS COMPUTERS GMBH (1)
5,224,160 Process for securing and for checking the integrity of the secured programs 126 1992
 
Nova Biomedical Corporation (1)
4,975,647 Controlling machine operation with respect to consumable accessory units 200 1988
 
QUALCOMM INCORPORATED (1)
5,103,459 System and method for generating signal waveforms in a CDMA cellular telephone system 1624 1990
 
VERIZON PATENT AND LICENSING INC. (1)
4,919,545 Distributed security procedure for intelligent networks 167 1988
 
INTERACTIVE HOME SYSTEMS (1)
5,721,788 Method and system for digital image signatures 617 1992
 
RUNTIME INNOVATIONS LIMITED, 1.02 KELVIN CAMPUS, WEST OF SCOTLAND SCIENCE PARK, GLASGOW, G20 OSP, (1)
4,868,736 Code operated access control system for electronic data store 47 1987
 
ENTERASYS NETWORKS, INC. (1)
5,136,716 Session control in network for digital data processing system which supports multiple transfer protocols 164 1990
 
MATRA COMMUNICATION, SOCIETE ANONYME (1)
5,280,479 Device for insertion of digital packets in a transmission channel 74 1992
 
DIGITAL RIVER, INC. (1)
2005/0154,676 Electronic commerce system method for detecting fraud 16 2005
 
SURETY, LLC (1)
5,373,561 Method of extending the validity of a cryptographic certificate 224 1992
 
NORTH AMERICAN PHILIPS CORPORATION (1)
4,442,486 Protected programmable apparatus 182 1981
 
National Information Utilities Corporation (1)
4,768,087 Education utility 257 1985
 
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY (1)
5,206,951 Integration of data between typed objects by mutual, direct invocation between object managers corresponding to object types 260 1991
 
TECSEC INCORPORATED (3)
5,369,707 Secure network method and apparatus 194 1993
5,369,702 Distributed cryptographic object method 241 1993
5,432,851 Personal computer access control system 76 1993
 
E-CONTACT TECHNOLOGIES LLC (1)
5,347,579 Personal computer diary 198 1993
 
INTELLISYNC CORPORATION (1)
5,392,390 Method for mapping, translating, and dynamically reconciling data between disparate computer platforms 508 1992
 
LANRALD DATA MGMT. NV, LLC (1)
5,065,429 Method and apparatus for protecting material on storage media 245 1990
 
UNISYS CORPORATION (1)
5,111,390 Software security system for maintaining integrity of compiled object code by restricting users ability to define compilers 107 1988
 
SILANIS TECHNOLOGY INC. (1)
5,606,609 Electronic document verification system and method 643 1994
 
AT&T CORP. (2)
5,450,493 Secure communication method and apparatus 137 1993
5,513,261 Key management scheme for use with electronic cards 159 1993
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
LEXTRON SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
* 2001/0034,758 Virtual private network (VPN) for servicing home gateway system through external disk management 18 2001
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (10)
* 7,734,480 Clinical care utilization management system 4 2001
* 2006/0020,586 System and method for providing access to databases via directories and other hierarchical structures and interfaces 170 2005
* 2007/0162,369 Internet-based method of and system for transfering and exercising monetary rights within a financial marketplace 3 2006
* 8,327,436 Infrastructure architecture for secure network management with peer to peer functionality 2 2006
* 2007/0112,578 Infrastructure Architecture for Secure Network Management with Peer to Peer Functionality 17 2006
* 7,860,729 Clinical care utilization management system 2 2006
* 2007/0233,590 Internet-based method of and system for transfering and exercising monetary rights within a marketplace 8 2007
8,028,908 Systems and methods for the secure control of data within heterogeneous systems and networks 2 2007
* 2007/0256,117 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE SECURE CONTROL OF DATA WITHIN HETEROGENEOUS SYSTEMS AND NETWORKS 5 2007
* 8,073,733 Media development network 5 2008
 
DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION (1)
8,351,643 Media fingerprints that reliably correspond to media content 6 2008
 
Shomo, Patrick (1)
8,387,877 Systems and methods for the secure control of data within heterogeneous systems and networks 0 2011
 
HITACHI, LTD. (4)
* 8,112,378 Methods and systems for performing root cause analysis 6 2008
8,583,581 Method and system for performing root cause analysis 2 2012
8,732,111 Method and system for performing root cause analysis 1 2013
8,990,141 Method and system for performing root cause analysis 0 2014
 
ORACLE AMERICA, INC. (2)
* 7,726,567 Method and system for generating an electronic product identification report in an embedded device 1 2006
* 2008/0116,275 Method and system for generating an electronic product identification report in an embedded device 2 2006
 
Philippe Caland (1)
8,374,972 Media development network 1 2011
 
RIGHT INTEL CORPORATION (2)
* 9,064,234 Systems and methods for the analysis and dissemination of data within a networked community 0 2012
* 2013/0018,959 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE ANALYSIS AND DISSEMINATION OF DATA WITHIN A NETWORKED COMMUNITY 0 2012
 
DOCUMENTUM RECORDS MANAGEMENT INC. (2)
* 8,135,710 Computer readable electronic records automated classification system 3 2008
* 2009/0089,305 Computer readable electronic records automated classification system 3 2008
 
BLAZENT, INC. (1)
* 2006/0111,874 Method and system for filtering, organizing and presenting selected information technology information as a function of business dimensions 13 2005
 
MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC (4)
* 7,430,754 Method for dynamic application of rights management policy 10 2004
* 2005/0216,901 Method for updating data in accordance with rights management policy 9 2004
* 2008/0086,417 Payment abstraction layer 14 2006
8,769,492 Method for updating data in accordance with rights management policy 0 2011
 
Renar Company, LLC (1)
* 8,706,770 Method and apparatus for creating and categorizing exemplar structures to access information regarding a collection of objects 0 2007
 
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION (4)
* 2004/0117,222 System and method for evaluating information aggregates by generation of knowledge capital 16 2002
7,970,722 System, method and computer program product for a collaborative decision platform 2 2009
8,160,988 System, method and computer program product for a collaborative decision platform 0 2010
8,005,777 System, method and computer program product for a collaborative decision platform 16 2010
 
Intertrust Technologies Corporation (11)
8,307,212 Steganographic techniques for securely delivering electronic digital rights management control information over insecure communication channels 1 2003
8,751,793 Trusted infrastructure support systems, methods and techniques for secure electronic commerce transaction and rights management 5 2003
7,415,617 Trusted infrastructure support systems, methods and techniques for secure electronic commerce, electronic transactions, commerce process control and automation, distributed computing, and rights management 101 2004
* 2005/0060,584 Trusted infrastructure support systems, methods and techniques for secure electronic commerce, electronic transactions, commerce process control and automation, distributed computing, and rights management 26 2004
7,281,133 Trusted and secure techniques, systems and methods for item delivery and execution 28 2005
7,844,835 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 20 2005
8,533,851 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 6 2006
8,185,473 Trusted infrastructure support systems, methods and techniques for secure electronic commerce, electronic transactions, commerce process control and automation, distributed computing, and rights management 22 2006
7,917,749 Systems and methods for secure transaction management and electronic rights protection 10 2006
8,543,842 System and methods for secure transaction management and electronics rights protection 4 2006
7,925,898 Systems and methods using cryptography to protect secure computing environments 8 2006
 
PARDALIS, INC. (2)
* 8,307,000 Common point authoring system for the complex sharing of hierarchically authored data objects in a distribution chain 0 2011
* 2011/0191,830 Common Point Authoring System For The Complex Sharing Of Hierarchically Authored Data Objects In A Distribution Chain 0 2011
 
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (1)
* 2011/0314,561 Server implemented method and system for securing data 0 2010
 
RIOSOFT HOLDINGS, INC. (1)
* 8,972,379 Centralized web-based software solution for search engine optimization 0 2012
 
TRIZETTO CORPORATION (1)
* 7,747,850 Automated, internet-based secure digital certificate distribution and maintenance 1 2005
 
RADIANT LOGIC, INC. (1)
* 2006/0173,873 System and method for providing access to databases via directories and other hierarchical structures and interfaces 91 2006
 
ACCENTURE GLOBAL SERVICES LIMITED (3)
7,895,123 Digital content publication 1 2001
* 7,552,205 Distributed transaction event matching 5 2002
* 2005/0198,111 Distributed transaction event matching 4 2002
 
INTEREST CAPTURING SYSTEMS, LLC (3)
8,255,296 System for implementing a security issuer rights management process over a distributed communications network, deployed in a financial marketplace 1 2009
8,626,626 Method of and system for capturing interest earned on the monetary value of transferred monetary rights managed on an internet-based monetary rights transfer (MRT) network supported by a real-time gross settlement (RTGS) system 1 2011
8,589,261 System for implementing a security issuer rights management process over a distributed communications network deployed in a financial marketplace 0 2012
 
EMC CORPORATION (4)
* 7,478,088 Computer readable electronic records automated classification system 9 2003
* 2003/0182,304 Computer readable electronic records automated classification system 35 2003
* 8,380,696 Methods and apparatus for dynamically classifying objects 8 2006
* 8,375,020 Methods and apparatus for classifying objects 2 2006
 
IRDETO USA, INC. (1)
* 2005/0021,467 Distributed digital rights network (drn), and methods to access operate and implement the same 96 2004
 
BENBRIA CORPORATION (1)
* 9,094,282 System and method for rule-based information routing and participation 0 2013
 
YAHOO! INC. (2)
* 7,933,903 System and method to determine the validity of and interaction on a network 0 2010
8,423,543 System and method to determine the validity of an interaction on a network 0 2011
* Cited By Examiner

Maintenance Fees

Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee due date
11.5 Year Payment $7400.00 $3700.00 $1850.00 Feb 15, 2018
Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee
Surcharge - 11.5 year - Late payment within 6 months $160.00 $80.00 $40.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unavoidable $700.00 $350.00 $175.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unintentional $1,640.00 $820.00 $410.00