US Patent No: 7,309,338

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20030195518

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Abstract

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Methods and apparatus for forming one or more trans-sacral axial instrumentation/fusion (TASIF) axial bore through vertebral bodies in general alignment with a visualized, anterior or posterior axial instrumentation/fusion line (AAIFL or PAIFL) in a minimally invasive, low trauma, manner and providing a therapy to the spine employing the axial bore. Anterior or posterior starting positions aligned with the AAIFL or PAIFL are accessed through respective anterior and posterior tracts. Curved or relatively straight anterior and curved posterior TASIF axial bores are formed from the anterior and posterior starting positions. The therapies performed through the TASIF axial bores include discoscopy, full and partial discectomy, vertebroplasty, balloon-assisted vertebroplasty, drug delivery, electrical stimulation and various forms of spinal disc cavity augmentation, spinal disc replacement, fusion of spinal motion segments and implantation of radioactive seeds. Axial spinal implants and bone growth materials can be placed into single or multiple parallel or diverging TASIF axial bores to fuse two or more vertebrae, or distract or shock absorb two or more vertebrae.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC.RALEIGH, NC85

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Cragg, Andrew H Edina, MN 230 8876

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC. (19)
6,575,979 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 150 2000
6,558,386 Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine 135 2000
6,740,090 Methods and apparatus for forming shaped axial bores through spinal vertebrae 106 2000
6,790,210 Methods and apparatus for forming curved axial bores through spinal vertebrae 113 2000
6,558,390 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 263 2001
7,014,633 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 105 2001
6,899,716 Method and apparatus for spinal augmentation 158 2002
6,921,403 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 138 2002
7,087,058 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 92 2003
2005/0137,601 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 36 2004
2005/0137,602 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction 59 2004
2005/0137,605 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 39 2004
2005/0137,612 Access assembly for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 32 2004
2005/0149,034 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 47 2004
2005/0165,406 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 51 2004
2005/0261,695 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 65 2005
2006/0058,800 Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 40 2005
2007/0010,717 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 72 2006
2006/0264,957 APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING A DISCECTOMY THROUGH A TRANS-SACRAL AXIAL BORE WITHIN THE VERTEBRAE OF THE SPINE 41 2006
 
SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (19)
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5,258,031 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty 688 1992
5,357,983 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 162 1993
5,496,322 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 78 1994
5,669,909 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 402 1995
5,569,248 Apparatus for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 300 1995
5,792,044 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 362 1996
5,728,097 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial internal fixation 210 1996
5,954,635 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 252 1997
6,007,487 Tissue retractor for use through a cannula 204 1997
5,885,292 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods and instruments 82 1997
5,891,147 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods & instruments 198 1997
6,033,406 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 151 1998
6,019,792 Articulating spinal implant 456 1998
6,176,823 Fixture for supporting a viewing element within a cannula 109 1998
6,162,170 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 130 1999
6,217,509 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 183 1999
6,206,822 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 163 1999
6,562,046 Screw delivery system and method 164 2001
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (13)
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5,505,732 Apparatus and method of inserting spinal implants 382 1995
6,210,412 Method for inserting frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 195 1995
6,436,098 Method for inserting spinal implants and for securing a guard to the spine 154 1996
6,423,095 Intervertebral spacers 139 1996
5,741,261 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods and instruments 245 1996
6,123,705 Interbody spinal fusion implants 184 1996
5,902,231 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 301 1996
6,264,656 Threaded spinal implant 180 1998
6,152,871 Apparatus for percutaneous surgery 235 1998
6,206,826 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 206 1999
6,287,313 Screw delivery system and method 177 1999
6,315,795 Fusion implant device and method of use 111 2000
 
ZIMMER SPINE, INC. (8)
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5,059,193 Expandable spinal implant and surgical method 732 1990
5,700,291 Laparoscopic spinal stabilization method 135 1995
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5,964,761 Method and instruments for percutaneous arthroscopic disc removal, bone biopsy and fixation of vertebrae 94 1997
6,010,502 Method and apparatus for conjoining bone bodies 99 1997
6,187,000 Cannula for receiving surgical instruments 170 1998
6,175,758 Method for percutaneous arthroscopic disc removal, bone biopsy and fixation of the vertebrae 108 1999
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (6)
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HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (5)
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5,192,326 Hydrogel bead intervertebral disc nucleus 503 1991
5,395,317 Unilateral biportal percutaneous surgical procedure 284 1991
5,906,616 Conically shaped anterior fusion cage and method of implantation 148 1997
6,036,696 Guide-pin placement device and method of use 80 1997
 
TRANS1 INC. (5)
2003/0191,474 Apparatus for performing a discectomy through a trans-sacral axial bore within the vertebrae of the spine 57 2001
2003/0204,189 Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine 50 2003
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2005/0137,607 Bone dilator system 37 2004
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NEUROTHERM, INC. (4)
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6,383,190 High pressure applicator 175 1999
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SMITH & NEPHEW RICHARDS INC. (4)
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KYPHON SARL (3)
4,969,888 Surgical protocol for fixation of osteoporotic bone using inflatable device 471 1989
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6,419,677 Spine distraction implant and method 155 2001
 
NUVASIVE, INC. (3)
6,387,130 Segmented linked intervertebral implant systems 214 2000
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ORTHOPHOENIX, LLC (3)
5,972,015 Expandable, asymetric structures for deployment in interior body regions 267 1997
6,440,138 Structures and methods for creating cavities in interior body regions 178 1998
6,241,734 Systems and methods for placing materials into bone 348 1998
 
BONUTTI SKELETAL INNOVATIONS LLC (2)
5,269,785 Apparatus and method for tissue removal 290 1990
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BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC. (2)
4,966,604 Expandable atherectomy cutter with flexibly bowed blades 337 1989
RE36857 Interlocking peel-away dilation catheter 79 1994
 
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO., LTD. (2)
6,371,968 Cavity retaining tool for bone surgery, a cavity retaining tool for general surgery, an endoscopic surgery system involving the use of a cavity retaining tool, and a procedure for surgery 222 1997
5,976,146 Surgical operation system and method of securing working space for surgical operation in body 214 1998
 
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC. (2)
5,062,850 Axially-fixed vertebral body prosthesis and method of fixation 208 1990
5,242,444 Lumbosacral fixation and fusion method and device 145 1991
 
VERTEBRAL SYSTEMS, LLC (2)
5,242,443 Percutaneous fixation of vertebrae 222 1991
5,480,440 Open surgical technique for vertebral fixation with subcutaneous fixators positioned between the skin and the lumbar fascia of a patient 183 1993
 
ACTIVE IMPLANTS CORPORATION (1)
2002/0107,573 Method and apparatus for computerized surgery 84 2001
 
ACUMED LLC (1)
6,030,162 Axial tension screw 172 1998
 
AHN, SAMUEL S. (1)
5,383,884 Spinal disc surgical instrument 105 1992
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (1)
2002/0077,702 Dynamic implanted intervertebral spacer 51 2001
 
ANOVA CORP. (1)
6,371,990 Annulus fibrosis augmentation methods and apparatus 190 2000
 
ARTHROCARE CORPORATION (1)
6,500,173 Methods for electrosurgical spine surgery 109 2001
 
ASFORA IP, LLC (1)
6,419,678 Curved drill guide system 61 2000
 
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC CORPORATION (1)
5,921,971 Single operator exchange biliary catheter 163 1997
 
BOWLING, ROY E. (1)
5,395,188 Guide for angled and curved drilling 50 1993
 
Bridport-Gundry PLC c/o Pearsalls Implants (1)
6,093,205 Surgical implant 329 1998
 
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
5,554,163 Atherectomy device 133 1995
 
CLARUS MEDICAL, LLC (1)
5,285,795 Percutaneous discectomy system having a bendable discectomy probe and a steerable cannula 242 1991
 
CROSS ATLANTIC PARTNERS IV K/S (1)
5,290,289 Nitinol spinal instrumentation and method for surgically treating scoliosis 189 1992
 
DANEK MEDICL, INC. (1)
5,396,880 Endoscope for direct visualization of the spine and epidural space 198 1992
 
DARRELL C. BRETT, M.D., P.C. (1)
6,409,766 Collapsible and expandable interbody fusion device 173 2000
 
DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (1)
5,071,437 Artificial disc 581 1990
 
DISC DYNAMICS, INC. (1)
5,888,220 Articulating joint repair 299 1996
 
DiscoTech N.V. (1)
6,127,597 Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair 474 1998
 
DISK WHISK, INC. (1)
5,968,062 Surgical cutting device removeably connected to a rotarty drive element 76 1997
 
DOW CORNING ENTERPRISES (1)
5,242,461 Variable diameter rotating recanalization catheter and surgical method 102 1991
 
DYNAMIC SPINE, INC. (1)
5,827,328 Intervertebral prosthetic device 316 1996
 
EBI, LLC (1)
6,395,007 Apparatus and method for fixation of osteoporotic bone 176 2000
 
EDWARDS LIFESCIENCES CORPORATION (1)
5,807,318 Method of perfusing the coronary vasculature 74 1996
 
Fairant; Paulette (1)
5,733,284 Device for anchoring spinal instrumentation on a vertebra 188 1996
 
FARRELL, EDWARD M. (1)
4,862,891 Device for sequential percutaneous dilation 180 1988
 
GENESIS ORTHOPEDICS (1)
5,591,170 Intramedullary bone cutting saw 191 1994
 
HEGGENESS, MICHAEL (1)
5,558,674 Devices and methods for posterior spinal fixation 222 1993
 
HENRY FORD HOSPITAL (1)
4,553,273 Vertebral body prosthesis and spine stabilizing method 397 1983
 
HOSPITAL FOR JOINT DISEASES (1)
5,785,709 Apparatus and method for performing a surgical procedure on bone lesions 38 1995
 
K2M, INC. (1)
5,713,904 Selectively expandable sacral fixation screw-sleeve device 252 1997
 
LDR HOLDING CORPORATION (1)
6,447,546 Apparatus and method for fusing opposing spinal vertebrae 133 2000
 
MCGUIRE, DAVID A. (1)
5,366,457 Method and apparatus for preparing a bone and tendon graft 59 1993
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (1)
5,190,546 Medical devices incorporating SIM alloy elements 520 1991
 
MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. (1)
6,066,152 Rotatable attachment mechanism for attaching a medical obstruction treatment device sub-assembly to a drive motor unit 40 1998
 
MIDAS REX, L.P. (1)
4,541,423 Drilling a curved hole 116 1983
 
NOBEL BIOCARE AB (1)
6,652,535 Distraction osteogenesis fixture 34 2001
 
NOETIX MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES (1)
5,403,276 Apparatus for minimally invasive tissue removal 167 1993
 
OLYMPUS ENDO TECHNOLOGY AMERICA INC. (1)
6,379,334 Rotate advance catheterization system 60 1999
 
R&B SURGICAL SOLUTIONS, LTD. (1)
5,888,223 Anterior stabilization device 271 1998
 
RAYMEDICA, LLC (1)
5,562,736 Method for surgical implantation of a prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 510 1994
 
REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
2002/0038,123 Osteotomy implant 39 2001
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (1)
4,636,217 Anterior spinal implant 455 1985
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO A CORPORATION OF OH (1)
4,453,539 Expandable intramedullary nail for the fixation of bone fractures 110 1982
 
ROMANO, DAVID (1)
5,002,546 Curved bore drilling apparatus 93 1990
 
RUBICOR MEDICAL, INC. (1)
6,022,362 Excisional biopsy devices and methods 198 1998
 
SOFAMOR DANEK GROUP, INC. (1)
6,447,547 Artificial spinal fusion implants 171 2000
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (1)
6,436,140 Expandable interbody fusion cage and method for insertion 191 2001
 
SPINAL INNOVATIONS, L.L.C. (1)
5,976,187 Fusion implant 145 1997
 
SPINE PARTNERS, LLC (1)
6,764,489 Hinged anterior thoracic/lumbar plate 77 2002
 
SPINECORE, INC. (1)
6,436,102 Method of distracting vertebral bones 116 2001
 
SpinLabs, LLC (1)
6,402,750 Devices and methods for the treatment of spinal disorders 482 2000
 
SYNTHEON, LLC (1)
6,080,099 Radioactive therapeutic seeds 108 1998
 
TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP AG (1)
5,433,739 Method and apparatus for heating an intervertebral disc for relief of back pain 498 1993
 
ULRICH GMBH & CO. KG (1)
5,571,192 Prosthetic vertebral implant 308 1995
 
ULRICH, HEINRICH (1)
5,571,190 Implant for the replacement of vertebrae and/or stabilization and fixing of the spinal column 190 1994
 
UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI (1)
5,415,661 Implantable spinal assist device 689 1993
 
UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA (1)
6,805,697 Method and system for fusing a spinal region 165 2002
 
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON (1)
5,928,239 Percutaneous surgical cavitation device and method 148 1998
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (1)
5,735,899 Low profile intraosseous anterior spinal fusion system and method 150 1996
 
WAGNER, JOHN (1)
5,916,267 Anterior spinal implant system for vertebral body prosthesis 141 1997
 
WENZEL SPINE, INC. (1)
5,653,708 Cervical spine rod fixation system 150 1994
 
ZIMMER GMBH (1)
5,702,454 Process for implanting an invertebral prosthesis 281 1996
 
ZIMMER TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
6,447,514 Polymer filled hip fracture fixation device 125 2000
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (27)
4,265,231 Curved drill attachment for bone drilling uses 134 1979
4,309,777 Artificial intervertebral disc 654 1980
4,401,112 Spinal fixator 465 1981
4,545,374 Method and instruments for performing a percutaneous lumbar diskectomy 731 1982
4,554,914 Prosthetic vertebral body 514 1983
4,657,550 Buttressing device usable in a vertebral prosthesis 460 1986
4,756,649 Counterbore for the bilateral attachment of plane surfaces to bolt holes 45 1987
4,844,088 Surgical cutting device with reciprocating cutting member 99 1987
5,030,201 Expandable atherectomy catheter device 353 1989
5,195,968 Catheter steering mechanism 317 1992
5,246,458 Artificial disk 354 1992
5,336,223 Telescoping spinal fixator 264 1993
5,313,962 Method of performing laparoscopic lumbar discectomy 262 1993
5,514,137 Fixation of orthopedic devices 142 1993
5,514,180 Prosthetic intervertebral devices 643 1994
6,093,207 Middle expanded, removable intervertebral disk stabilizer disk 161 1994
6,120,502 Apparatus and method for the delivery of electrical current for interbody spinal arthrodesis 113 1994
5,665,122 Expandable intervertebral cage and surgical method 477 1995
5,630,816 Double barrel spinal fixation system and method 285 1995
5,702,455 Expandable prosthesis for spinal fusion 445 1996
5,989,290 Height-adjustable artificial vertebral body 189 1997
6,010,495 Instrumentation for endoscopic surgical insertion and application of liquid, gel and like material 46 1998
6,053,916 Sacroiliac implant 133 1999
6,395,034 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 216 1999
6,447,518 Flexible shaft components 78 2000
6,692,495 Vertebral fixator and articulation 145 2000
2002/0032,444 Methods and devices for treatment of bone fractures 58 2000

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC. (26)
7,569,056 Methods and apparatus for forming shaped axial bores through spinal vertebrae 29 2004
8,052,613 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 6 2004
7,740,633 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 13 2004
7,588,574 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 31 2004
7,530,993 Method of spinal fixation 24 2004
7,500,977 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 42 2004
7,608,077 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 27 2005
7,776,042 Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 3 2005
7,547,317 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 21 2006
7,641,657 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 8 2006
7,744,599 Articulating spinal implant 10 2007
7,727,263 Articulating spinal implant 10 2007
7,799,032 Guide pin introducer for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 9 2007
7,763,025 Spinal fusion kit for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 20 2007
7,799,033 Access kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 9 2007
7,794,463 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 10 2007
7,914,535 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 6 2009
8,034,055 Method and apparatus for providing access to a presacral space 6 2009
8,292,928 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 0 2009
8,167,947 Methods for push distraction and for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 3 2010
8,328,847 Assemblies for provision of therapy to motion segments 0 2010
8,105,365 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 4 2010
8,308,777 Method and apparatus for removable spinal implant extending between at least two adjacent vertebral bodies 0 2010
8,317,867 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 1 2012
8,709,087 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 0 2012
8,523,918 Therapy to adjacent motion segments 0 2012
 
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (17)
8,187,303 Anti-rotation fixation element for spinal prostheses 0 2004
7,959,634 Orthopedic surgery access devices 1 2005
8,398,681 Adjacent level facet arthroplasty devices, spine stabilization systems, and methods 1 2005
8,066,740 Facet joint prostheses 0 2005
8,221,461 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and systems for treating spinal pathologies 0 2005
8,523,907 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2006
8,231,655 Prostheses and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 1 2006
7,914,556 Arthroplasty revision system and method 0 2006
8,496,686 Minimally invasive spine restoration systems, devices, methods and kits 0 2007
8,702,755 Angled washer polyaxial connection for dynamic spine prosthesis 0 2007
8,491,635 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
8,425,557 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 1 2007
8,496,687 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
7,909,873 Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting 3 2007
8,409,254 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2008
8,675,930 Implantable orthopedic device component selection instrument and methods 0 2008
8,623,025 Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting 0 2010
 
VERTOS MEDICAL, INC. (5)
7,896,879 Spinal ligament modification 0 2005
7,942,830 Ipsilateral approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 3 2006
8,696,671 Percutaneous tissue excision devices 0 2006
8,608,762 Translaminar approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 0 2008
8,734,477 Translaminar approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 0 2013
 
AOI MEDICAL, INC. (2)
8,353,911 Extendable cutting member 0 2008
8,221,420 Trauma nail accumulator 0 2010
 
CAVITECH, LLC (2)
8,142,462 Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures 0 2005
8,562,634 Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures 0 2012
 
SCHRAMM, MICHAEL R. (2)
8,123,787 Method of treating scoliosis using a biological implant 0 2008
8,641,738 Method of treating scoliosis using a biological implant 0 2012
 
STOUT MEDICAL GROUP, L.P. (2)
8,709,042 Expandable support device and method of use 0 2007
8,535,380 Fixation device and method 0 2010
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (1)
8,439,947 Suture anchor implantation instrumentation system 0 2010
 
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
8,657,856 Size transition spinal rod 0 2010
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (1)
7,931,689 Method and apparatus for treating a vertebral body 13 2004
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (1)
8,123,808 Vertebral endplate connection implant and method 1 2009
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (3)
8,195,307 Combination electrical stimulating and infusion device and method 0 2008
8,409,208 Device and method to access the anterior column of the spine 2 2009
8,323,277 Combination electrical stimulating and infusion method 1 2011

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7.5 Year Payment $3600.00 $1800.00 $900.00 Jun 18, 2015
11.5 Year Payment $7400.00 $3700.00 $1850.00 Jun 18, 2019
Fee Large entity fee small entity fee micro entity fee
Surcharge - 7.5 year - Late payment within 6 months $160.00 $80.00 $40.00
Surcharge - 11.5 year - Late payment within 6 months $160.00 $80.00 $40.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unavoidable $700.00 $350.00 $175.00
Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unintentional $1,640.00 $820.00 $410.00

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