US Patent No: 7,309,338

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20030195518

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Abstract

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Methods and apparatus for forming one or more trans-sacral axial instrumentation/fusion (TASIF) axial bore through vertebral bodies in general alignment with a visualized, anterior or posterior axial instrumentation/fusion line (AAIFL or PAIFL) in a minimally invasive, low trauma, manner and providing a therapy to the spine employing the axial bore. Anterior or posterior starting positions aligned with the AAIFL or PAIFL are accessed through respective anterior and posterior tracts. Curved or relatively straight anterior and curved posterior TASIF axial bores are formed from the anterior and posterior starting positions. The therapies performed through the TASIF axial bores include discoscopy, full and partial discectomy, vertebroplasty, balloon-assisted vertebroplasty, drug delivery, electrical stimulation and various forms of spinal disc cavity augmentation, spinal disc replacement, fusion of spinal motion segments and implantation of radioactive seeds. Axial spinal implants and bone growth materials can be placed into single or multiple parallel or diverging TASIF axial bores to fuse two or more vertebrae, or distract or shock absorb two or more vertebrae.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC.RALEIGH, NC87

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Cragg, Andrew H Edina, MN 230 9050

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC. (19)
6,575,979 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 153 2000
6,558,386 Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine 139 2000
6,740,090 Methods and apparatus for forming shaped axial bores through spinal vertebrae 107 2000
6,790,210 Methods and apparatus for forming curved axial bores through spinal vertebrae 115 2000
6,558,390 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 271 2001
7,014,633 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 111 2001
6,899,716 Method and apparatus for spinal augmentation 162 2002
6,921,403 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 144 2002
7,087,058 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 96 2003
2005/0137,601 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 36 2004
2005/0137,602 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction 61 2004
2005/0137,605 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 39 2004
2005/0137,612 Access assembly for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 32 2004
2005/0149,034 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 47 2004
2005/0165,406 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 54 2004
2005/0261,695 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 67 2005
2006/0058,800 Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 40 2005
2007/0010,717 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 75 2006
2006/0264,957 APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING A DISCECTOMY THROUGH A TRANS-SACRAL AXIAL BORE WITHIN THE VERTEBRAE OF THE SPINE 44 2006
 
SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (19)
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5,258,031 Intervertebral disk arthroplasty 694 1992
5,357,983 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 163 1993
5,496,322 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 78 1994
5,669,909 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 405 1995
5,569,248 Apparatus for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 302 1995
5,792,044 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 365 1996
5,728,097 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial internal fixation 210 1996
5,954,635 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 254 1997
6,007,487 Tissue retractor for use through a cannula 207 1997
5,885,292 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods and instruments 82 1997
5,891,147 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods & instruments 199 1997
6,033,406 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 153 1998
6,019,792 Articulating spinal implant 459 1998
6,176,823 Fixture for supporting a viewing element within a cannula 109 1998
6,162,170 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 130 1999
6,217,509 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 187 1999
6,206,822 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 166 1999
6,562,046 Screw delivery system and method 164 2001
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (13)
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5,505,732 Apparatus and method of inserting spinal implants 387 1995
6,210,412 Method for inserting frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 195 1995
6,436,098 Method for inserting spinal implants and for securing a guard to the spine 157 1996
6,423,095 Intervertebral spacers 139 1996
5,741,261 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods and instruments 246 1996
6,123,705 Interbody spinal fusion implants 189 1996
5,902,231 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 304 1996
6,264,656 Threaded spinal implant 182 1998
6,152,871 Apparatus for percutaneous surgery 239 1998
6,206,826 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 210 1999
6,287,313 Screw delivery system and method 180 1999
6,315,795 Fusion implant device and method of use 111 2000
 
ZIMMER SPINE, INC. (8)
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5,059,193 Expandable spinal implant and surgical method 741 1990
5,700,291 Laparoscopic spinal stabilization method 135 1995
6,416,515 Spinal fixation system 173 1996
5,964,761 Method and instruments for percutaneous arthroscopic disc removal, bone biopsy and fixation of vertebrae 95 1997
6,010,502 Method and apparatus for conjoining bone bodies 103 1997
6,187,000 Cannula for receiving surgical instruments 172 1998
6,175,758 Method for percutaneous arthroscopic disc removal, bone biopsy and fixation of the vertebrae 109 1999
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (6)
5,571,189 Expandable fabric implant for stabilizing the spinal motion segment 574 1994
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5,989,256 Bone fixation cable ferrule 151 1999
6,086,589 Method and device for fixing spondylolisthesis posteriorly 90 1999
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HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (5)
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5,192,326 Hydrogel bead intervertebral disc nucleus 507 1991
5,395,317 Unilateral biportal percutaneous surgical procedure 286 1991
5,906,616 Conically shaped anterior fusion cage and method of implantation 151 1997
6,036,696 Guide-pin placement device and method of use 82 1997
 
TRANS1 INC. (5)
2003/0191,474 Apparatus for performing a discectomy through a trans-sacral axial bore within the vertebrae of the spine 57 2001
2003/0204,189 Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine 50 2003
2005/0137,604 Method and apparatus for introducing material along an access path to a treatment site 36 2004
2005/0137,607 Bone dilator system 37 2004
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NEUROTHERM, INC. (4)
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6,383,190 High pressure applicator 178 1999
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SMITH & NEPHEW RICHARDS INC. (4)
4,573,448 Method for decompressing herniated intervertebral discs 495 1983
5,584,887 Percutaneous screw adapter 82 1992
5,545,228 Offset bone bolt 128 1993
5,762,629 Oval cannula assembly and method of use 290 1996
 
KYPHON SARL (3)
4,969,888 Surgical protocol for fixation of osteoporotic bone using inflatable device 477 1989
6,066,154 Inflatable device for use in surgical protocol relating to fixation of bone 258 1997
6,419,677 Spine distraction implant and method 155 2001
 
NUVASIVE, INC. (3)
6,387,130 Segmented linked intervertebral implant systems 219 2000
6,540,747 System for securing joints together 154 2000
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ORTHOPHOENIX, LLC (3)
5,972,015 Expandable, asymetric structures for deployment in interior body regions 272 1997
6,440,138 Structures and methods for creating cavities in interior body regions 180 1998
6,241,734 Systems and methods for placing materials into bone 355 1998
 
BONUTTI SKELETAL INNOVATIONS LLC (2)
5,269,785 Apparatus and method for tissue removal 292 1990
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BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC. (2)
4,966,604 Expandable atherectomy cutter with flexibly bowed blades 343 1989
RE36857 Interlocking peel-away dilation catheter 82 1994
 
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO., LTD. (2)
6,371,968 Cavity retaining tool for bone surgery, a cavity retaining tool for general surgery, an endoscopic surgery system involving the use of a cavity retaining tool, and a procedure for surgery 226 1997
5,976,146 Surgical operation system and method of securing working space for surgical operation in body 220 1998
 
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC. (2)
5,062,850 Axially-fixed vertebral body prosthesis and method of fixation 209 1990
5,242,444 Lumbosacral fixation and fusion method and device 146 1991
 
VERTEBRAL SYSTEMS, LLC (2)
5,242,443 Percutaneous fixation of vertebrae 223 1991
5,480,440 Open surgical technique for vertebral fixation with subcutaneous fixators positioned between the skin and the lumbar fascia of a patient 184 1993
 
ACTIVE IMPLANTS CORPORATION (1)
2002/0107,573 Method and apparatus for computerized surgery 86 2001
 
ACUMED LLC (1)
6,030,162 Axial tension screw 174 1998
 
AHN, SAMUEL S. (1)
5,383,884 Spinal disc surgical instrument 107 1992
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (1)
2002/0077,702 Dynamic implanted intervertebral spacer 53 2001
 
ANOVA CORP. (1)
6,371,990 Annulus fibrosis augmentation methods and apparatus 192 2000
 
ARTHROCARE CORPORATION (1)
6,500,173 Methods for electrosurgical spine surgery 113 2001
 
ASFORA IP, LLC (1)
6,419,678 Curved drill guide system 61 2000
 
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC CORPORATION (1)
5,921,971 Single operator exchange biliary catheter 165 1997
 
BOWLING, ROY E. (1)
5,395,188 Guide for angled and curved drilling 50 1993
 
Bridport-Gundry PLC c/o Pearsalls Implants (1)
6,093,205 Surgical implant 330 1998
 
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
5,554,163 Atherectomy device 135 1995
 
CLARUS MEDICAL, LLC (1)
5,285,795 Percutaneous discectomy system having a bendable discectomy probe and a steerable cannula 246 1991
 
CROSS ATLANTIC PARTNERS IV K/S (1)
5,290,289 Nitinol spinal instrumentation and method for surgically treating scoliosis 190 1992
 
DANEK MEDICL, INC. (1)
5,396,880 Endoscope for direct visualization of the spine and epidural space 199 1992
 
DARRELL C. BRETT, M.D., P.C. (1)
6,409,766 Collapsible and expandable interbody fusion device 177 2000
 
DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (1)
5,071,437 Artificial disc 586 1990
 
DISC DYNAMICS, INC. (1)
5,888,220 Articulating joint repair 300 1996
 
DiscoTech N.V. (1)
6,127,597 Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair 481 1998
 
DISK WHISK, INC. (1)
5,968,062 Surgical cutting device removeably connected to a rotarty drive element 78 1997
 
DOW CORNING ENTERPRISES (1)
5,242,461 Variable diameter rotating recanalization catheter and surgical method 105 1991
 
DYNAMIC SPINE, INC. (1)
5,827,328 Intervertebral prosthetic device 318 1996
 
EBI, LLC (1)
6,395,007 Apparatus and method for fixation of osteoporotic bone 179 2000
 
EDWARDS LIFESCIENCES CORPORATION (1)
5,807,318 Method of perfusing the coronary vasculature 75 1996
 
Fairant; Paulette (1)
5,733,284 Device for anchoring spinal instrumentation on a vertebra 189 1996
 
FARRELL, EDWARD M. (1)
4,862,891 Device for sequential percutaneous dilation 182 1988
 
GENESIS ORTHOPEDICS (1)
5,591,170 Intramedullary bone cutting saw 195 1994
 
HEGGENESS, MICHAEL (1)
5,558,674 Devices and methods for posterior spinal fixation 224 1993
 
HENRY FORD HOSPITAL (1)
4,553,273 Vertebral body prosthesis and spine stabilizing method 399 1983
 
HOSPITAL FOR JOINT DISEASES (1)
5,785,709 Apparatus and method for performing a surgical procedure on bone lesions 38 1995
 
K2M, INC. (1)
5,713,904 Selectively expandable sacral fixation screw-sleeve device 253 1997
 
LDR HOLDING CORPORATION (1)
6,447,546 Apparatus and method for fusing opposing spinal vertebrae 133 2000
 
MCGUIRE, DAVID A. (1)
5,366,457 Method and apparatus for preparing a bone and tendon graft 59 1993
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (1)
5,190,546 Medical devices incorporating SIM alloy elements 523 1991
 
MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. (1)
6,066,152 Rotatable attachment mechanism for attaching a medical obstruction treatment device sub-assembly to a drive motor unit 40 1998
 
MIDAS REX, L.P. (1)
4,541,423 Drilling a curved hole 117 1983
 
NOBEL BIOCARE AB (1)
6,652,535 Distraction osteogenesis fixture 34 2001
 
NOETIX MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES (1)
5,403,276 Apparatus for minimally invasive tissue removal 170 1993
 
OLYMPUS ENDO TECHNOLOGY AMERICA INC. (1)
6,379,334 Rotate advance catheterization system 60 1999
 
R&B SURGICAL SOLUTIONS, LTD. (1)
5,888,223 Anterior stabilization device 274 1998
 
RAYMEDICA, LLC (1)
5,562,736 Method for surgical implantation of a prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 515 1994
 
REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
2002/0038,123 Osteotomy implant 39 2001
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (1)
4,636,217 Anterior spinal implant 456 1985
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO A CORPORATION OF OH (1)
4,453,539 Expandable intramedullary nail for the fixation of bone fractures 112 1982
 
ROMANO, DAVID (1)
5,002,546 Curved bore drilling apparatus 94 1990
 
RUBICOR MEDICAL, INC. (1)
6,022,362 Excisional biopsy devices and methods 202 1998
 
SOFAMOR DANEK GROUP, INC. (1)
6,447,547 Artificial spinal fusion implants 177 2000
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (1)
6,436,140 Expandable interbody fusion cage and method for insertion 194 2001
 
SPINAL INNOVATIONS, L.L.C. (1)
5,976,187 Fusion implant 147 1997
 
SPINE PARTNERS, LLC (1)
6,764,489 Hinged anterior thoracic/lumbar plate 77 2002
 
SPINECORE, INC. (1)
6,436,102 Method of distracting vertebral bones 119 2001
 
SpinLabs, LLC (1)
6,402,750 Devices and methods for the treatment of spinal disorders 485 2000
 
SYNTHEON, LLC (1)
6,080,099 Radioactive therapeutic seeds 110 1998
 
TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP AG (1)
5,433,739 Method and apparatus for heating an intervertebral disc for relief of back pain 503 1993
 
ULRICH GMBH & CO. KG (1)
5,571,192 Prosthetic vertebral implant 309 1995
 
ULRICH, HEINRICH (1)
5,571,190 Implant for the replacement of vertebrae and/or stabilization and fixing of the spinal column 192 1994
 
UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI (1)
5,415,661 Implantable spinal assist device 690 1993
 
UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA (1)
6,805,697 Method and system for fusing a spinal region 169 2002
 
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON (1)
5,928,239 Percutaneous surgical cavitation device and method 151 1998
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (1)
5,735,899 Low profile intraosseous anterior spinal fusion system and method 151 1996
 
WAGNER, JOHN (1)
5,916,267 Anterior spinal implant system for vertebral body prosthesis 144 1997
 
WENZEL SPINE, INC. (1)
5,653,708 Cervical spine rod fixation system 150 1994
 
ZIMMER GMBH (1)
5,702,454 Process for implanting an invertebral prosthesis 285 1996
 
ZIMMER TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
6,447,514 Polymer filled hip fracture fixation device 125 2000
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (27)
4,265,231 Curved drill attachment for bone drilling uses 136 1979
4,309,777 Artificial intervertebral disc 660 1980
4,401,112 Spinal fixator 468 1981
4,545,374 Method and instruments for performing a percutaneous lumbar diskectomy 736 1982
4,554,914 Prosthetic vertebral body 518 1983
4,657,550 Buttressing device usable in a vertebral prosthesis 461 1986
4,756,649 Counterbore for the bilateral attachment of plane surfaces to bolt holes 45 1987
4,844,088 Surgical cutting device with reciprocating cutting member 100 1987
5,030,201 Expandable atherectomy catheter device 357 1989
5,195,968 Catheter steering mechanism 321 1992
5,246,458 Artificial disk 355 1992
5,336,223 Telescoping spinal fixator 264 1993
5,313,962 Method of performing laparoscopic lumbar discectomy 263 1993
5,514,137 Fixation of orthopedic devices 144 1993
5,514,180 Prosthetic intervertebral devices 645 1994
6,093,207 Middle expanded, removable intervertebral disk stabilizer disk 162 1994
6,120,502 Apparatus and method for the delivery of electrical current for interbody spinal arthrodesis 113 1994
5,665,122 Expandable intervertebral cage and surgical method 482 1995
5,630,816 Double barrel spinal fixation system and method 285 1995
5,702,455 Expandable prosthesis for spinal fusion 446 1996
5,989,290 Height-adjustable artificial vertebral body 190 1997
6,010,495 Instrumentation for endoscopic surgical insertion and application of liquid, gel and like material 46 1998
6,053,916 Sacroiliac implant 136 1999
6,395,034 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 217 1999
6,447,518 Flexible shaft components 80 2000
6,692,495 Vertebral fixator and articulation 147 2000
2002/0032,444 Methods and devices for treatment of bone fractures 58 2000

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC. (26)
7,569,056 Methods and apparatus for forming shaped axial bores through spinal vertebrae 29 2004
8,052,613 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 6 2004
7,740,633 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 13 2004
7,588,574 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 31 2004
7,530,993 Method of spinal fixation 24 2004
7,500,977 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 43 2004
7,608,077 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 27 2005
7,776,042 Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 3 2005
7,547,317 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 21 2006
7,641,657 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 8 2006
7,744,599 Articulating spinal implant 10 2007
7,727,263 Articulating spinal implant 10 2007
7,799,032 Guide pin introducer for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 9 2007
7,763,025 Spinal fusion kit for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 21 2007
7,799,033 Access kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 9 2007
7,794,463 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 10 2007
7,914,535 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 6 2009
8,034,055 Method and apparatus for providing access to a presacral space 6 2009
8,292,928 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 0 2009
8,167,947 Methods for push distraction and for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 3 2010
8,328,847 Assemblies for provision of therapy to motion segments 0 2010
8,105,365 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 4 2010
8,308,777 Method and apparatus for removable spinal implant extending between at least two adjacent vertebral bodies 0 2010
8,317,867 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 1 2012
8,709,087 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 0 2012
8,523,918 Therapy to adjacent motion segments 0 2012
 
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (17)
8,187,303 Anti-rotation fixation element for spinal prostheses 0 2004
7,959,634 Orthopedic surgery access devices 1 2005
8,398,681 Adjacent level facet arthroplasty devices, spine stabilization systems, and methods 1 2005
8,066,740 Facet joint prostheses 0 2005
8,221,461 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and systems for treating spinal pathologies 0 2005
8,523,907 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2006
8,231,655 Prostheses and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 1 2006
7,914,556 Arthroplasty revision system and method 0 2006
8,496,686 Minimally invasive spine restoration systems, devices, methods and kits 0 2007
8,702,755 Angled washer polyaxial connection for dynamic spine prosthesis 0 2007
8,491,635 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
8,425,557 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 1 2007
8,496,687 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
7,909,873 Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting 5 2007
8,409,254 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2008
8,675,930 Implantable orthopedic device component selection instrument and methods 0 2008
8,623,025 Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting 0 2010
 
VERTOS MEDICAL, INC. (5)
7,896,879 Spinal ligament modification 0 2005
7,942,830 Ipsilateral approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 3 2006
8,696,671 Percutaneous tissue excision devices 0 2006
8,608,762 Translaminar approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 0 2008
8,734,477 Translaminar approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 0 2013
 
AOI MEDICAL, INC. (2)
8,353,911 Extendable cutting member 0 2008
8,221,420 Trauma nail accumulator 0 2010
 
CAVITECH, LLC (2)
8,142,462 Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures 1 2005
8,562,634 Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures 0 2012
 
SCHRAMM, MICHAEL R. (2)
8,123,787 Method of treating scoliosis using a biological implant 0 2008
8,641,738 Method of treating scoliosis using a biological implant 0 2012
 
STOUT MEDICAL GROUP, L.P. (2)
8,709,042 Expandable support device and method of use 0 2007
8,535,380 Fixation device and method 0 2010
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (1)
8,439,947 Suture anchor implantation instrumentation system 0 2010
 
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
8,657,856 Size transition spinal rod 0 2010
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (1)
7,931,689 Method and apparatus for treating a vertebral body 13 2004
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (1)
8,123,808 Vertebral endplate connection implant and method 1 2009
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (3)
8,195,307 Combination electrical stimulating and infusion device and method 0 2008
8,409,208 Device and method to access the anterior column of the spine 2 2009
8,323,277 Combination electrical stimulating and infusion method 1 2011

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7.5 Year Payment $3600.00 $1800.00 $900.00 Jun 18, 2015
11.5 Year Payment $7400.00 $3700.00 $1850.00 Jun 18, 2019
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Surcharge after expiration - Late payment is unintentional $1,640.00 $820.00 $410.00