US Patent No: 7,309,338

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20030195518

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Abstract

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Methods and apparatus for forming one or more trans-sacral axial instrumentation/fusion (TASIF) axial bore through vertebral bodies in general alignment with a visualized, anterior or posterior axial instrumentation/fusion line (AAIFL or PAIFL) in a minimally invasive, low trauma, manner and providing a therapy to the spine employing the axial bore. Anterior or posterior starting positions aligned with the AAIFL or PAIFL are accessed through respective anterior and posterior tracts. Curved or relatively straight anterior and curved posterior TASIF axial bores are formed from the anterior and posterior starting positions. The therapies performed through the TASIF axial bores include discoscopy, full and partial discectomy, vertebroplasty, balloon-assisted vertebroplasty, drug delivery, electrical stimulation and various forms of spinal disc cavity augmentation, spinal disc replacement, fusion of spinal motion segments and implantation of radioactive seeds. Axial spinal implants and bone growth materials can be placed into single or multiple parallel or diverging TASIF axial bores to fuse two or more vertebrae, or distract or shock absorb two or more vertebrae.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC.RALEIGH, NC89

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Cragg, Andrew H Edina, MN 234 9533

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC. (19)
6,575,979 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 159 2000
6,558,386 Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine 142 2000
6,740,090 Methods and apparatus for forming shaped axial bores through spinal vertebrae 117 2000
6,790,210 Methods and apparatus for forming curved axial bores through spinal vertebrae 124 2000
6,558,390 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 280 2001
7,014,633 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 117 2001
6,899,716 Method and apparatus for spinal augmentation 168 2002
6,921,403 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 153 2002
7,087,058 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 100 2003
2005/0137,601 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 37 2004
2005/0137,602 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction 62 2004
2005/0137,605 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 43 2004
2005/0137,612 Access assembly for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 33 2004
2005/0149,034 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 48 2004
2005/0165,406 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 55 2004
2005/0261,695 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 69 2005
2006/0058,800 Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 40 2005
2007/0010,717 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 79 2006
2006/0264,957 APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING A DISCECTOMY THROUGH A TRANS-SACRAL AXIAL BORE WITHIN THE VERTEBRAE OF THE SPINE 47 2006
 
SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (19)
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5,496,322 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 81 1994
5,669,909 Interbody fusion device and method for restoration of normal spinal anatomy 422 1995
5,569,248 Apparatus for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 308 1995
5,792,044 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 380 1996
5,728,097 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial internal fixation 215 1996
5,954,635 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 262 1997
6,007,487 Tissue retractor for use through a cannula 215 1997
5,885,292 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods and instruments 82 1997
5,891,147 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods & instruments 211 1997
6,033,406 Method for subcutaneous suprafascial pedicular internal fixation 157 1998
6,019,792 Articulating spinal implant 466 1998
6,176,823 Fixture for supporting a viewing element within a cannula 113 1998
6,162,170 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 134 1999
6,217,509 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 194 1999
6,206,822 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 171 1999
6,562,046 Screw delivery system and method 166 2001
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (13)
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6,210,412 Method for inserting frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants 200 1995
6,436,098 Method for inserting spinal implants and for securing a guard to the spine 166 1996
6,423,095 Intervertebral spacers 144 1996
5,741,261 Minimally invasive spinal surgical methods and instruments 254 1996
6,123,705 Interbody spinal fusion implants 198 1996
5,902,231 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 314 1996
6,264,656 Threaded spinal implant 188 1998
6,152,871 Apparatus for percutaneous surgery 247 1998
6,206,826 Devices and methods for percutaneous surgery 216 1999
6,287,313 Screw delivery system and method 186 1999
6,315,795 Fusion implant device and method of use 115 2000
 
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5,059,193 Expandable spinal implant and surgical method 759 1990
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6,187,000 Cannula for receiving surgical instruments 175 1998
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SPINEOLOGY, INC. (6)
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HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (5)
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5,192,326 Hydrogel bead intervertebral disc nucleus 517 1991
5,395,317 Unilateral biportal percutaneous surgical procedure 295 1991
5,906,616 Conically shaped anterior fusion cage and method of implantation 158 1997
6,036,696 Guide-pin placement device and method of use 89 1997
 
TRANS1 INC. (5)
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2003/0204,189 Axial spinal implant and method and apparatus for implanting an axial spinal implant within the vertebrae of the spine 50 2003
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2005/0137,607 Bone dilator system 39 2004
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SMITH & NEPHEW RICHARDS INC. (4)
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KYPHON SARL (3)
4,969,888 Surgical protocol for fixation of osteoporotic bone using inflatable device 488 1989
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NUVASIVE, INC. (3)
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ORTHOPHOENIX, LLC (3)
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6,440,138 Structures and methods for creating cavities in interior body regions 185 1998
6,241,734 Systems and methods for placing materials into bone 369 1998
 
BONUTTI SKELETAL INNOVATIONS LLC (2)
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BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC. (2)
4,966,604 Expandable atherectomy cutter with flexibly bowed blades 352 1989
RE36857 Interlocking peel-away dilation catheter 84 1994
 
OLYMPUS OPTICAL CO., LTD. (2)
6,371,968 Cavity retaining tool for bone surgery, a cavity retaining tool for general surgery, an endoscopic surgery system involving the use of a cavity retaining tool, and a procedure for surgery 237 1997
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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC. (2)
5,062,850 Axially-fixed vertebral body prosthesis and method of fixation 210 1990
5,242,444 Lumbosacral fixation and fusion method and device 151 1991
 
VERTEBRAL SYSTEMS, LLC (2)
5,242,443 Percutaneous fixation of vertebrae 231 1991
5,480,440 Open surgical technique for vertebral fixation with subcutaneous fixators positioned between the skin and the lumbar fascia of a patient 191 1993
 
ACTIVE IMPLANTS CORPORATION (1)
2002/0107,573 Method and apparatus for computerized surgery 86 2001
 
ACUMED LLC (1)
6,030,162 Axial tension screw 181 1998
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (1)
2002/0077,702 Dynamic implanted intervertebral spacer 54 2001
 
ANOVA CORP. (1)
6,371,990 Annulus fibrosis augmentation methods and apparatus 195 2000
 
ARTHROCARE CORPORATION (1)
6,500,173 Methods for electrosurgical spine surgery 115 2001
 
ASFORA IP, LLC (1)
6,419,678 Curved drill guide system 65 2000
 
AUGUSTINE FUND, L.P. (1)
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BOSTON SCIENTIFIC CORPORATION (1)
5,921,971 Single operator exchange biliary catheter 165 1997
 
BOWLING, ROY E. (1)
5,395,188 Guide for angled and curved drilling 53 1993
 
Bridport-Gundry PLC c/o Pearsalls Implants (1)
6,093,205 Surgical implant 334 1998
 
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
5,554,163 Atherectomy device 137 1995
 
CLARUS MEDICAL, LLC (1)
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CROSS ATLANTIC PARTNERS IV K/S (1)
5,290,289 Nitinol spinal instrumentation and method for surgically treating scoliosis 191 1992
 
DANEK MEDICL, INC. (1)
5,396,880 Endoscope for direct visualization of the spine and epidural space 204 1992
 
DARRELL C. BRETT, M.D., P.C. (1)
6,409,766 Collapsible and expandable interbody fusion device 184 2000
 
DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (1)
5,071,437 Artificial disc 605 1990
 
DISC DYNAMICS, INC. (1)
5,888,220 Articulating joint repair 306 1996
 
DiscoTech N.V. (1)
6,127,597 Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair 495 1998
 
DISK WHISK, INC. (1)
5,968,062 Surgical cutting device removeably connected to a rotarty drive element 78 1997
 
DOW CORNING ENTERPRISES (1)
5,242,461 Variable diameter rotating recanalization catheter and surgical method 105 1991
 
DYNAMIC SPINE, INC. (1)
5,827,328 Intervertebral prosthetic device 326 1996
 
EBI, LLC (1)
6,395,007 Apparatus and method for fixation of osteoporotic bone 187 2000
 
EDWARDS LIFESCIENCES CORPORATION (1)
5,807,318 Method of perfusing the coronary vasculature 76 1996
 
Fairant; Paulette (1)
5,733,284 Device for anchoring spinal instrumentation on a vertebra 193 1996
 
FARRELL, EDWARD M. (1)
4,862,891 Device for sequential percutaneous dilation 186 1988
 
GENESIS ORTHOPEDICS (1)
5,591,170 Intramedullary bone cutting saw 209 1994
 
HEGGENESS, MICHAEL (1)
5,558,674 Devices and methods for posterior spinal fixation 238 1993
 
HENRY FORD HOSPITAL (1)
4,553,273 Vertebral body prosthesis and spine stabilizing method 404 1983
 
HOSPITAL FOR JOINT DISEASES (1)
5,785,709 Apparatus and method for performing a surgical procedure on bone lesions 38 1995
 
K2M, INC. (1)
5,713,904 Selectively expandable sacral fixation screw-sleeve device 258 1997
 
LDR HOLDING CORPORATION (1)
6,447,546 Apparatus and method for fusing opposing spinal vertebrae 137 2000
 
MCGUIRE, DAVID A. (1)
5,366,457 Method and apparatus for preparing a bone and tendon graft 59 1993
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (1)
5,190,546 Medical devices incorporating SIM alloy elements 527 1991
 
MICRO THERAPEUTICS, INC. (1)
6,066,152 Rotatable attachment mechanism for attaching a medical obstruction treatment device sub-assembly to a drive motor unit 40 1998
 
MIDAS REX, L.P. (1)
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NOBEL BIOCARE AB (1)
6,652,535 Distraction osteogenesis fixture 35 2001
 
NOETIX MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES (1)
5,403,276 Apparatus for minimally invasive tissue removal 174 1993
 
OLYMPUS ENDO TECHNOLOGY AMERICA INC. (1)
6,379,334 Rotate advance catheterization system 62 1999
 
R&B SURGICAL SOLUTIONS, LTD. (1)
5,888,223 Anterior stabilization device 282 1998
 
RAYMEDICA, LLC (1)
5,562,736 Method for surgical implantation of a prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 535 1994
 
REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
2002/0038,123 Osteotomy implant 43 2001
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (1)
4,636,217 Anterior spinal implant 461 1985
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO A CORPORATION OF OH (1)
4,453,539 Expandable intramedullary nail for the fixation of bone fractures 116 1982
 
ROMANO, DAVID (1)
5,002,546 Curved bore drilling apparatus 98 1990
 
RUBICOR MEDICAL, INC. (1)
6,022,362 Excisional biopsy devices and methods 204 1998
 
SOFAMOR DANEK GROUP, INC. (1)
6,447,547 Artificial spinal fusion implants 183 2000
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (1)
6,436,140 Expandable interbody fusion cage and method for insertion 197 2001
 
SPINAL INNOVATIONS, L.L.C. (1)
5,976,187 Fusion implant 149 1997
 
SPINE PARTNERS, LLC (1)
6,764,489 Hinged anterior thoracic/lumbar plate 79 2002
 
SPINECORE, INC. (1)
6,436,102 Method of distracting vertebral bones 121 2001
 
SpinLabs, LLC (1)
6,402,750 Devices and methods for the treatment of spinal disorders 504 2000
 
SYNTHEON, LLC (1)
6,080,099 Radioactive therapeutic seeds 111 1998
 
TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP AG (1)
5,433,739 Method and apparatus for heating an intervertebral disc for relief of back pain 512 1993
 
ULRICH GMBH & CO. KG (1)
5,571,192 Prosthetic vertebral implant 314 1995
 
ULRICH, HEINRICH (1)
5,571,190 Implant for the replacement of vertebrae and/or stabilization and fixing of the spinal column 197 1994
 
UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI (1)
5,415,661 Implantable spinal assist device 710 1993
 
UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA (1)
6,805,697 Method and system for fusing a spinal region 174 2002
 
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON (1)
5,928,239 Percutaneous surgical cavitation device and method 159 1998
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (1)
5,735,899 Low profile intraosseous anterior spinal fusion system and method 156 1996
 
WAGNER, JOHN (1)
5,916,267 Anterior spinal implant system for vertebral body prosthesis 147 1997
 
WENZEL SPINE, INC. (1)
5,653,708 Cervical spine rod fixation system 153 1994
 
ZIMMER GMBH (1)
5,702,454 Process for implanting an invertebral prosthesis 295 1996
 
ZIMMER TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
6,447,514 Polymer filled hip fracture fixation device 129 2000
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (27)
4,265,231 Curved drill attachment for bone drilling uses 146 1979
4,309,777 Artificial intervertebral disc 669 1980
4,401,112 Spinal fixator 473 1981
4,545,374 Method and instruments for performing a percutaneous lumbar diskectomy 752 1982
4,554,914 Prosthetic vertebral body 526 1983
4,657,550 Buttressing device usable in a vertebral prosthesis 470 1986
4,756,649 Counterbore for the bilateral attachment of plane surfaces to bolt holes 45 1987
4,844,088 Surgical cutting device with reciprocating cutting member 100 1987
5,030,201 Expandable atherectomy catheter device 360 1989
5,195,968 Catheter steering mechanism 325 1992
5,246,458 Artificial disk 358 1992
5,336,223 Telescoping spinal fixator 268 1993
5,313,962 Method of performing laparoscopic lumbar discectomy 267 1993
5,514,137 Fixation of orthopedic devices 148 1993
5,514,180 Prosthetic intervertebral devices 660 1994
6,093,207 Middle expanded, removable intervertebral disk stabilizer disk 164 1994
6,120,502 Apparatus and method for the delivery of electrical current for interbody spinal arthrodesis 114 1994
5,665,122 Expandable intervertebral cage and surgical method 502 1995
5,630,816 Double barrel spinal fixation system and method 293 1995
5,702,455 Expandable prosthesis for spinal fusion 454 1996
5,989,290 Height-adjustable artificial vertebral body 192 1997
6,010,495 Instrumentation for endoscopic surgical insertion and application of liquid, gel and like material 46 1998
6,053,916 Sacroiliac implant 140 1999
6,395,034 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 219 1999
6,447,518 Flexible shaft components 86 2000
6,692,495 Vertebral fixator and articulation 153 2000
2002/0032,444 Methods and devices for treatment of bone fractures 59 2000

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
BAXANO SURGICAL, INC. (26)
7,569,056 Methods and apparatus for forming shaped axial bores through spinal vertebrae 30 2004
8,052,613 Spinal nucleus extraction tool 7 2004
7,740,633 Guide pin for guiding instrumentation along a soft tissue tract to a point on the spine 15 2004
7,588,574 Kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 34 2004
7,530,993 Method of spinal fixation 24 2004
7,500,977 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 47 2004
7,608,077 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 30 2005
7,776,042 Methods and apparatus for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 3 2005
7,547,317 Methods of performing procedures in the spine 24 2006
7,641,657 Method and apparatus for providing posterior or anterior trans-sacral access to spinal vertebrae 10 2006
7,744,599 Articulating spinal implant 12 2007
7,727,263 Articulating spinal implant 12 2007
7,799,032 Guide pin introducer for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 11 2007
7,763,025 Spinal fusion kit for guiding instrumentation through soft tissue to a point on the spine 26 2007
7,799,033 Access kits for enabling axial access and procedures in the spine 12 2007
7,794,463 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 12 2007
7,914,535 Method and apparatus for manipulating material in the spine 7 2009
8,034,055 Method and apparatus for providing access to a presacral space 6 2009
8,292,928 Method and apparatus for spinal distraction and fusion 0 2009
8,167,947 Methods for push distraction and for provision of therapy to adjacent motion segments 3 2010
8,328,847 Assemblies for provision of therapy to motion segments 0 2010
8,105,365 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 4 2010
8,308,777 Method and apparatus for removable spinal implant extending between at least two adjacent vertebral bodies 0 2010
8,317,867 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 1 2012
8,709,087 Methods and apparatus for performing therapeutic procedures in the spine 0 2012
8,523,918 Therapy to adjacent motion segments 0 2012
 
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (17)
8,187,303 Anti-rotation fixation element for spinal prostheses 0 2004
7,959,634 Orthopedic surgery access devices 2 2005
8,398,681 Adjacent level facet arthroplasty devices, spine stabilization systems, and methods 1 2005
8,066,740 Facet joint prostheses 0 2005
8,221,461 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and systems for treating spinal pathologies 0 2005
8,523,907 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2006
8,231,655 Prostheses and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 1 2006
7,914,556 Arthroplasty revision system and method 0 2006
8,496,686 Minimally invasive spine restoration systems, devices, methods and kits 0 2007
8,702,755 Angled washer polyaxial connection for dynamic spine prosthesis 0 2007
8,491,635 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
8,425,557 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 1 2007
8,496,687 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 0 2007
7,909,873 Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting 6 2007
8,409,254 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 0 2008
8,675,930 Implantable orthopedic device component selection instrument and methods 0 2008
8,623,025 Delivery apparatus and methods for vertebrostenting 0 2010
 
VERTOS MEDICAL, INC. (5)
7,896,879 Spinal ligament modification 0 2005
7,942,830 Ipsilateral approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 3 2006
8,696,671 Percutaneous tissue excision devices 0 2006
8,608,762 Translaminar approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 0 2008
8,734,477 Translaminar approach to minimally invasive ligament decompression procedure 0 2013
 
AOI MEDICAL, INC. (2)
8,353,911 Extendable cutting member 0 2008
8,221,420 Trauma nail accumulator 0 2010
 
CAVITECH, LLC (2)
8,142,462 Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures 3 2005
8,562,634 Instruments and methods for reducing and stabilizing bone fractures 0 2012
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (2)
8,439,947 Suture anchor implantation instrumentation system 0 2010
8,821,494 Surgical instruments and methods of use 0 2012
 
SCHRAMM, MICHAEL R. (2)
8,123,787 Method of treating scoliosis using a biological implant 0 2008
8,641,738 Method of treating scoliosis using a biological implant 0 2012
 
STOUT MEDICAL GROUP, L.P. (2)
8,709,042 Expandable support device and method of use 0 2007
8,535,380 Fixation device and method 0 2010
 
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
8,657,856 Size transition spinal rod 0 2010
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (1)
7,931,689 Method and apparatus for treating a vertebral body 15 2004
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (1)
8,123,808 Vertebral endplate connection implant and method 1 2009
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (3)
8,195,307 Combination electrical stimulating and infusion device and method 0 2008
8,409,208 Device and method to access the anterior column of the spine 2 2009
8,323,277 Combination electrical stimulating and infusion method 1 2011

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