US Patent No: 7,680,522

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Method and apparatus for detecting misapplied sensors

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20080081967

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Abstract

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A method and system are provided for determining whether a spectrophotometric sensor is misapplied. In one embodiment, a spectrophotometric sensor is provided with a strain sensor configures to provide a signal related to the curvature of the spectrophotometric sensor. In such an embodiment, the signal may be compared, such as by an associated monitor, with an expected signal value. Based upon this comparison, a determination may be made whether or not the spectrophotometric sensor is misapplied.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
COVIDIEN LPMANSFIELD, MA3334

International Classification(s)

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Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Andersohn, Lutz Livermore, CA 11 99
Andriola, Pete Alamo, CA 2 12

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
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5,427,093 Oximeter probe 138 1993
5,413,101 Pulse oximeter probe 153 1994
5,520,177 Oximeter probe 165 1994
5,521,851 Noise reduction method and apparatus 121 1994
5,595,176 Pulse oximeter 142 1994
5,766,125 Apparatus for determining the concentration of light-absorbing materials in blood 114 1995
5,551,423 Pulse oximeter probe 158 1995
5,590,652 Drive circuit for light-emitting diode in pulse oximeter 127 1996
5,666,952 Tissue transmitted light sensor 104 1996
5,995,859 Method and apparatus for accurately measuring the saturated oxygen in arterial blood by substantially eliminating noise from the measurement signal 194 1997
6,154,667 Pulse oximeter probe 191 1998
6,230,035 Apparatus for determining concentrations of light-absorbing materials in living tissue 202 1999
6,453,184 Device for measuring light absorption materials in blood 123 2000
6,671,526 Probe and apparatus for determining concentration of light-absorbing materials in living tissue 187 2000
6,665,551 Current driving system of light emitting diode 120 2000
6,546,267 Biological sensor 208 2000
2002/0038,078 Apparatus for measuring/determining concentrations of light absorbing materials in blood 120 2001
2003/0100,840 Pulse photometry probe 91 2002
6,780,158 Signal processing method and pulse wave signal processing method 123 2002
7,025,728 Method for reducing noise, and pulse photometer using the method 94 2003
2004/0092,805 Signal processing method, and pulse photometer using the method 116 2003
 
PHDX SYSTEMS, INC. (2)
5,673,692 Single site, multi-variable patient monitor 218 1995
6,556,852 Earpiece with sensors to measure/monitor multiple physiological variables 122 2001
 
MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. (1)
5,922,607 Measuring process for blood gas analysis sensors 104 1996
 
Vander Corporation (1)
4,805,623 Spectrophotometric method for quantitatively determining the concentration of a dilute component in a light- or other radiation-scattering environment 439 1987
 
SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO., LTD. (1)
6,571,114 Medical measurement apparatus 95 2001
 
ITAMAR MEDICAL LTD. (2)
6,461,305 Pressure applicator devices particularly useful for non-invasive detection of medical conditions 184 2000
6,916,289 Pressure applicator devices particularly useful for non-invasive detection of medical conditions 78 2004
 
SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. (6)
6,026,314 Method and device for noninvasive measurements of concentrations of blood components 168 1998
6,714,805 Method and apparatus for noninvasively monitoring hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation 126 2002
6,990,426 Diagnostic method and apparatus using light 101 2003
2004/0024,326 Probe for use in measuring a biological signal and biological signal measuring system incorporating the probe 99 2003
2004/0204,865 Method of removing abnormal data and blood component spectroscopy analysis system employing the same 90 2004
7,209,775 Ear type apparatus for measuring a bio signal and measuring method therefor 118 2004
 
SPACELABS, INC. (2)
5,158,082 Apparatus for heating tissue with a photoplethysmograph sensor 193 1990
5,055,671 Apparatus for detecting transducer movement using a first and second light detector 106 1990
 
SPACELABS MEDICAL, INC. (1)
5,626,140 System and method of multi-sensor fusion of physiological measurements 157 1995
 
BOARD OF REGENTS, THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SYSTEM (2)
6,498,942 Optoacoustic monitoring of blood oxygenation 134 2000
2005/0043,599 Pulse oximetry device and method 102 2004
 
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH), U.S. DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (DHHS), U.S. GOVERNMENT (1)
6,397,091 Manual and automatic probe calibration 457 1999
 
SPACELABS HEALTHCARE, LLC (5)
5,680,857 Alignment guide system for transmissive pulse oximetry sensors 152 1992
5,687,722 System and method for the algebraic derivation of physiological signals 129 1995
5,588,427 Enhancement of physiological signals using fractal analysis 182 1995
5,692,505 Data processing systems and methods for pulse oximeters 107 1996
5,817,008 Conformal pulse oximetry sensor and monitor 161 1996
 
ELEKON INDUSTRIES USA, INC. (2)
2005/0197,548 DISPOSABLE/REUSABLE FLEXIBLE SENSOR 110 2004
2005/0228,248 Clip-type sensor having integrated biasing and cushioning means 147 2004
 
MAP MEDIZINTECHNIK FÃœR ARZT UND PATIENT GMBH & CO. KG (1)
5,275,159 Method and apparatus for diagnosis of sleep disorders 513 1992
 
CENTURY MEDICAL KABUSHIKI KAISHA (1)
5,807,246 Display device in medical examination and treatment system 126 1995
 
MASIMO LABORATORIES, INC. (1)
6,850,787 Signal component processor 377 2002
 
NATIONAL RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (1)
4,955,379 Motion artefact rejection system for pulse oximeters 230 1988
 
Optix LP (3)
6,222,189 Methods of enhancing optical signals by mechanical manipulation in non-invasive testing 149 1998
6,411,832 Method of improving reproducibility of non-invasive measurements 103 1999
6,992,772 Method and apparatus for optical sampling to reduce interfering variances 90 2003
 
AVL MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS AG (2)
4,890,619 System for the measurement of the content of a gas in blood, in particular the oxygen saturation of blood 151 1987
5,299,570 System for measuring the saturation of at least one gas, particularly the oxygen saturation of blood 191 1992
 
S.P.O. Medical Equipment Ltd. (1)
6,553,242 Physiological stress detector device and method 133 2000
 
S.P.O. MEDICAL LTD. (1)
7,006,855 Sensor for radiance based diagnostics 96 1999
 
OHMEDA INC. (1)
5,924,985 Patient probe disconnect alarm 95 1997
 
A. W. Faber-Castell (1)
5,084,327 Fluorescent marking liquid 111 1989
 
Schnettler; Jenifer M. (1)
5,259,761 Tooth vitality probe and process 98 1990
 
SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD. (3)
4,867,557 Reflection type oximeter for applying light pulses to a body tissue to measure oxygen saturation 211 1988
4,974,591 Bio-photosensor 188 1988
4,926,867 Light-reflecting and heating type oximeter 170 1989
 
KINDERLIFE INSTRUMENTS, INC. (1)
6,594,511 Method and apparatus for determining physiological characteristics 132 2001
 
GIV VENTURES PARTNERS LP (1)
6,453,183 Cerebral oxygenation monitor 106 2000
 
Metrologic Instruments, Inc. (1)
6,971,580 AUTOMATED METHOD OF AND SYSTEM FOR DIMENSIONING OBJECTS OVER A CONVEYOR BELT STRUCTURE BY APPLYING CONTOURING TRACING, VERTICE DETECTION, CORNER POINT DETECTION, AND CORNER POINT REDUCTION METHODS TO TWO-DIMENSIONAL RANGE DATA MAPS OF THE SPACE ABOVE THE CONVEYOR BELT CAPTURED BY AN AMPLITUDE MODULATED LASER SCANNING BEAM 80 2002
 
ABBOTT LABORATORIES (1)
2003/0212,316 Method and apparatus for determining blood parameters and vital signs of a patient 107 2002
 
Imagenix, Inc. (1)
6,622,034 Oximeter sensor with functional liner 112 2002
 
PROTHIA (6)
5,425,362 Fetal sensor device 138 1993
6,308,089 Limited use medical probe 277 1999
6,339,715 Method and apparatus for processing a physiological signal 120 1999
6,449,501 Pulse oximeter with signal sonification 133 2000
6,647,280 Method and apparatus for processing a physiological signal 113 2002
6,711,425 Pulse oximeter with calibration stabilization 183 2002
 
SQUARE ONE TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
5,237,994 Integrated lead frame pulse oximetry sensor 127 1991
 
CAS MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC. (2)
6,456,862 Method for non-invasive spectrophotometric blood oxygenation monitoring 124 2001
7,072,701 Method for spectrophotometric blood oxygenation monitoring 114 2003
 
PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATION (1)
6,801,798 Body-member-illuminating pressure cuff for use in optical noninvasive measurement of blood parameters 161 2002
 
DAEDULUS 1, L.L.C. (1)
5,978,691 Device and method for noninvasive continuous determination of blood gases, pH, hemoglobin level, and oxygen content 163 1997
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF, THE (1)
7,047,055 Fetal pulse oximetry 123 2001
 
PROVIDENCE HEALTH SYSTEM - OREGON (2)
6,421,549 Adaptive calibration pulsed oximetry method and device 122 2000
6,760,609 Adaptive calibration pulsed oximetry method and device 122 2002
 
Picker International, Inc. (1)
5,323,776 MRI compatible pulse oximetry system 146 1992
 
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. (1)
4,807,630 Apparatus and method for use in pulse oximeters 137 1987
 
WOOLSTHORPE TECHNOLOGIES (3)
6,480,729 Method for determining blood constituents 143 2001
6,819,950 Method for noninvasive continuous determination of physiologic characteristics 147 2001
6,719,705 Device and method for noninvasive continuous determination of physiologic characteristics 126 2002
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army (6)
6,144,867 Self-piercing pulse oximeter sensor assembly 103 1999
6,253,098 Disposable pulse oximeter assembly and protective cover therefor 105 1999
6,256,524 Pulse oximeter sensor combined with a combination oropharyngeal airway and bite block 121 1999
6,263,223 Method for monitoring arterial oxygen saturation 116 1999
6,266,547 Nasopharyngeal airway with reflectance pulse oximeter sensor 95 1999
6,470,200 Pacifier pulse oximeter sensor 105 2001
 
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (1)
5,213,099 Ear canal pulse/oxygen saturation measuring device 137 1991
 
PALCO LABS, INC. (1)
6,618,602 Method and apparatus for simultaneously determining a patient's identification and blood oxygen saturation 122 2002
 
CYBRO MEDICAL, LTD. (1)
2002/0042,558 Pulse oximeter and method of operation 184 2001
 
KESTREL LABS, INC. (2)
6,647,279 Hybrid optical delivery system for photoplethysmography 98 2002
6,754,515 Stabilization of noisy optical sources in photoplethysmography 124 2002
 
E.P. LIMITED (1)
5,978,693 Apparatus and method for reduction of motion artifact 124 1998
 
PERKINELMER INSTRUMENTS LLC (1)
6,430,513 Monitoring constituents of an animal organ using statistical correlation 124 2000
 
PHILIPS ELECTRONICS NORTH AMERICA CORPORATION (8)
5,058,588 Oximeter and medical sensor therefor 236 1989
5,287,853 Adapter cable for connecting a pulsoximetry sensor unit to a medical measuring device 128 1992
5,349,519 Method for digitally processing signals containing information regarding arterial blood flow 110 1993
5,413,102 Medical sensor 110 1994
5,517,988 Method for detecting an irregular state in a non-invasive pulse oximeter system 134 1994
6,083,157 Method and apparatus for the non-invasive determination of the concentration of a component 106 1998
6,122,535 Method and apparatus for determining the concentration of a component 162 1998
6,725,074 Quality indicator for measurement signals, in particular, for medical measurement signals such as those used in measuring oxygen saturation 157 2002
 
HITACHI MEDICAL CORPORATION (1)
2006/0058,594 Measuring probe and living body optical measuring device 94 2003
 
I.S.S. (USA) Inc. (1)
6,078,833 Self referencing photosensor 130 1998
 
HITACHI, LTD. (1)
5,239,185 Method and equipment for measuring absorptance of light scattering materials using plural wavelengths of light 103 1992
 
KOWA COMPANY, LTD. (2)
5,522,388 Pulse spectrometer 127 1994
5,575,285 Apparatus for measuring oxygen saturation 182 1994
 
Sirraya, Inc. (1)
5,348,003 Method and apparatus for chemical analysis 339 1992
 
GE MEDICAL SYSTEMS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (3)
6,519,484 Pulse oximetry sensor 104 2000
6,801,802 System and method for selecting physiological data from a plurality of physiological data sources 123 2001
7,305,262 Apparatus and method for acquiring oximetry and electrocardiogram signals 102 2003
 
KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA (1)
5,483,646 Memory access control method and system for realizing the same 108 1994
 
NellcorPuritan Bennett Incorporated (2)
7,016,715 Selection of preset filter parameters based on signal quality 103 2003
7,039,538 Pulse oximeter with separate ensemble averaging for oxygen saturation and heart rate 33 2004
 
NIPPON COLIN, LTD., (1)
4,714,080 Method and apparatus for noninvasive monitoring of arterial blood oxygen saturation 179 1986
 
WILLIAMS, JOAN (1)
6,589,172 Switching device for an array of multiple medical sensors 100 2001
 
NELLCOR, INCORPORATED (11)
5,402,777 Methods and devices for facilitated non-invasive oxygen monitoring 130 1992
5,348,004 Electronic processor for pulse oximeter 180 1993
5,555,882 Method and apparatus for reducing ambient noise effects in electronic monitoring instruments 147 1994
5,524,617 Isolated layer pulse oximetry 136 1995
5,995,856 Non-contact optical monitoring of physiological parameters 223 1995
5,662,106 Oximeter with motion detection for alarm modification 165 1996
5,746,206 Isolated layer pulse oximetry 138 1996
6,272,363 Pulse oximeter and sensor optimized for low saturation 141 1998
6,370,408 Medical sensor with amplitude independent output 122 1999
6,662,033 Pulse oximeter and sensor optimized for low saturation 138 2001
2005/0143,634 Method and apparatus for estimating a physiological parameter 51 2005
 
NELLCOR PURITAN BENNETT INCORPORATED (110)
4,802,486 Method and apparatus for detecting optical pulses 234 1985
4,685,464 Durable sensor for detecting optical pulses 294 1985
4,621,643 Calibrated optical oximeter probe 360 1986
4,653,498 Pulse oximeter monitor 378 1986
4,800,495 Method and apparatus for processing signals used in oximetry 253 1986
4,819,646 Feedback-controlled method and apparatus for processing signals used in oximetry 155 1986
4,859,056 Multiple-pulse method and apparatus for use in oximetry 142 1986
4,869,253 Method and apparatus for indicating perfusion and oxygen saturation trends in oximetry 222 1986
4,913,150 Method and apparatus for the automatic calibration of signals employed in oximetry 279 1986
4,700,708 Calibrated optical oximeter probe 356 1986
4,830,014 Sensor having cutaneous conformance 238 1987
4,770,179 Calibrated optical oximeter probe 233 1987
4,869,254 Method and apparatus for calculating arterial oxygen saturation 277 1988
4,911,167 Method and apparatus for detecting optical pulses 341 1988
4,938,218 Perinatal pulse oximetry sensor 327 1988
4,928,692 Method and apparatus for detecting optical pulses 221 1988
4,892,101 Method and apparatus for offsetting baseline portion of oximeter signal 189 1989
4,934,372 Method and apparatus for detecting optical pulses 255 1989
5,259,381 Apparatus for the automatic calibration of signals employed in oximetry 222 1989
5,078,136 Method and apparatus for calculating arterial oxygen saturation based plethysmographs including transients 229 1989
5,109,849 Perinatal pulse oximetry sensor 183 1990
5,099,842 Perinatal pulse oximetry probe 153 1990
5,228,440 Fetal pulse oximetry apparatus and method of use 120 1990
* 5,226,417 Apparatus for the detection of motion transients 186 1991
5,218,962 Multiple region pulse oximetry probe and oximeter 207 1991
5,267,563 Oximeter sensor with perfusion enhancing 152 1991
5,351,685 Condensed oximeter system with noise reduction software 193 1991
5,209,230 Adhesive pulse oximeter sensor with reusable portion 236 1991
5,247,932 Sensor for intrauterine use 232 1991
5,246,002 Noise insensitive pulse transmittance oximeter 189 1992
5,246,003 Disposable pulse oximeter sensor 255 1992
RE35122 Method and apparatus for detecting optical pulses 198 1992
5,377,675 Method and apparatus for improved fetus contact with fetal probe 111 1992
5,368,224 Method for reducing ambient noise effects in electronic monitoring instruments 344 1992
5,368,026 Oximeter with motion detection for alarm modification 214 1993
5,469,845 Disposable pulse oximeter sensor 198 1993
5,485,847 Pulse oximeter using a virtual trigger for heart rate synchronization 138 1993
5,392,777 Oximeter sensor with perfusion enhancing 146 1993
5,560,355 Medical sensor with amplitude independent output 177 1993
5,507,286 Method and apparatus for improving the durability of a sensor 119 1993
5,421,329 Pulse oximeter sensor optimized for low saturation 166 1994
5,533,507 Condensed oximeter system with noise reduction software 134 1994
5,743,260 Fetal pulse oximetry apparatus and method of use 116 1995
5,782,237 Pulse oximeter and sensor optimized for low saturation 142 1995
RE36000 Adhesive pulse oximeter sensor with reusable portion 158 1995
5,577,500 Condensed oximeter system with noise reduction software 125 1995
5,779,630 Medical sensor with modulated encoding scheme 157 1995
5,673,693 Method and apparatus for improving the durability of a sensor 137 1995
5,678,544 Disposable pulse oximeter sensor 187 1995
5,676,141 Electronic processor for pulse oximeters 182 1995
5,743,263 Pulse Oximeter using a virtual trigger for heart rate synchronization 154 1995
5,839,439 Oximeter sensor with rigid inner housing and pliable overmold 153 1995
5,660,567 Medical sensor connector with removable encoding device 304 1995
5,724,967 Noise reduction apparatus for low level analog signals 102 1995
5,810,724 Reusable sensor accessory containing a conformable spring activated rubber sleeved clip 158 1995
5,807,247 Method and apparatus for facilitating compatibility between pulse oximeters and sensor probes 167 1995
5,818,985 Optical oximeter probe adapter 139 1995
5,746,697 Medical diagnostic apparatus with sleep mode 214 1996
5,797,841 Shunt barrier in pulse oximeter sensor 138 1996
5,713,355 Method and apparatus for reducing ambient noise effects in electronic monitoring instruments 154 1996
5,752,914 Continuous mesh EMI shield for pulse oximetry sensor 140 1996
5,853,364 Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering 290 1996
5,842,982 Infant neonatal pulse oximeter sensor 119 1996
5,776,058 Pressure-attached presenting part fetal pulse oximetry sensor 114 1996
5,813,980 Fetal pulse oximetry sensor with remote securing mechanism 117 1996
5,823,952 Pulse oximeter sensor with differential slip coefficient 141 1996
5,727,547 Presenting part fetal oximeter sensor with securing mechanism for providing tension to scalp attachment 97 1996
5,803,910 Condensed oximeter system and method with noise reduction software 141 1996
5,961,450 Medical sensor with amplitude independent output 130 1996
5,782,756 Method and apparatus for in vivo blood constituent analysis 142 1996
5,851,179 Pulse oximeter sensor with articulating head 139 1996
6,018,673 Motion compatible sensor for non-invasive optical blood analysis 216 1996
5,830,136 Gel pad optical sensor 187 1996
5,921,921 Pulse oximeter with sigma-delta converter 153 1996
6,195,575 Fetal sensor which self-inflates using capillary force 96 1997
5,924,982 Oximeter sensor with user-modifiable color surface 98 1997
6,115,621 Oximetry sensor with offset emitters and detector 130 1997
5,910,108 Method and apparatus for improving the durability of a sensor 143 1997
5,924,979 Medical diagnostic apparatus with sleep mode 213 1997
5,885,213 Method and apparatus for reducing ambient noise effects in electronic monitoring instruments 148 1997
5,916,155 Fetal sensor with securing balloons remote from optics 107 1997
5,865,736 Method and apparatus for nuisance alarm reductions 203 1997
5,961,452 Positioning method for pulse oximetry fetal sensor 97 1997
6,023,541 Active optical oximeter probe adapter 155 1998
5,916,154 Method of enhancing performance in pulse oximetry via electrical stimulation 187 1998
6,064,899 Fiber optic oximeter connector with element indicating wavelength shift 100 1998
6,044,283 Medical sensor with modulated encoding scheme 205 1998
6,173,196 Shunt barrier in pulse oximeter sensor 123 1998
6,083,172 Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering 208 1998
6,112,107 Flexible sensor with bulge enhancing contact 141 1998
6,370,409 Positioning method for pulse oximetry fetal sensor 98 1999
6,374,129 Motion compatible sensor for non-invasive optical blood analysis 165 1999
6,411,833 Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering 181 1999
6,708,049 Sensor with signature of data relating to sensor 214 2000
6,430,423 Shunt barrier in pulse oximeter sensor 119 2000
6,721,584 Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering 154 2001
6,836,679 Method and apparatus for estimating physiological parameters using model-based adaptive filtering 147 2002
6,671,530 Positioning method for pulse oximetry fetal sensor 96 2002
6,845,256 Motion compatible sensor for non-invasive optical blood analysis 180 2002
6,763,255 Shunt barrier in pulse oximeter sensor 118 2002
6,681,126 Method and apparatus for improving the durability of a sensor 122 2002
2004/0006,261 Oximeter sensor with digital memory encoding patient data 123 2003
7,130,671 Pulse oximeter sensor off detector 103 2004
2004/0162,472 Sensor with signature of data relating to sensor 127 2004
2005/0197,552 Pulse oximeter with alternate heart-rate determination 21 2004
2006/0224,058 Pulse oximetry sensor and technique for using the same on a distal region of a patient's digit 94 2005
2007/0032,710 Bi-stable medical sensor and technique for using the same 85 2005
* 2007/0078,316 Medical sensor and technique for using the same 40 2005
2007/0100,220 Adjusting parameters used in pulse oximetry analysis 14 2005
2006/0253,016 Systems and methods to assess one or more body fluid metrics 17 2005
 
CERCACOR LABORATORIES, INC. (7)
5,760,910 Optical filter for spectroscopic measurement and method of producing the optical filter 375 1995
5,860,919 Active pulse blood constituent monitoring method 416 1997
5,940,182 Optical filter for spectroscopic measurement and method of producing the optical filter 376 1998
6,278,522 Optical filter for spectroscopic measurement and method of producing the optical filter 376 1999
6,920,345 Optical sensor including disposable and reusable elements 349 2003
7,003,338 Method and apparatus for reducing coupling between signals 314 2003
7,027,849 Blood parameter measurement system 382 2003
 
NELLCOR PURITAN BENNETT LLC (12)
5,361,758 Method and device for measuring concentration levels of blood constituents non-invasively 304 1991
5,429,128 Finger receptor 141 1993
5,465,714 Electro-optical sensor for spectrophotometric medical devices 143 1994
5,482,034 Method and apparatus for spectrophotometric cerebral oximetry and the like 163 1994
5,584,296 Patient sensor for optical cerebral oximeters and the like 181 1994
5,645,060 Method and apparatus for removing artifact and noise from pulse oximetry 246 1995
5,795,292 Method for improving signal-to-noise in clinical spectrometric procedures 119 1996
7,248,910 Physiological parameter monitoring system and sensor assembly for same 109 2002
2006/0258,921 Method of analyzing and processing signals 140 2004
7,315,753 Pulse oximeter with parallel saturation calculation modules 108 2004
2005/0085,735 Method and apparatus for estimating a physiological parameter 47 2004
7,302,284 Pulse oximeter with parallel saturation calculation modules 17 2005
 
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE (2)
4,880,304 Optical sensor for pulse oximeter 167 1987
5,094,239 Composite signal implementation for acquiring oximetry signals 103 1989
 
SMITHS MEDICAL ASD, INC. (3)
5,437,275 Pulse oximetry sensor 158 1994
6,654,621 Finger oximeter with finger grip suspension system 140 2001
6,643,531 Combination fingerprint and oximetry device 101 2002
 
SMITHS INDUSTRIES MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
5,431,159 Pulse oximetry 125 1991
 
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (3)
5,924,980 Method and apparatus for adaptively reducing the level of noise in an acquired signal 165 1998
6,135,952 Adaptive filtering of physiological signals using a modeled synthetic reference signal 127 1999
6,285,894 Method and device for non-invasive in vivo determination of blood constituents 112 1999
 
FRESENIUS MEDICAL CARE HOLDINGS, INC. (1)
6,681,128 System for noninvasive hematocrit monitoring 104 2001
 
WATERMARK MEDICAL, INC. (2)
6,811,538 Sleep apnea risk evaluation 106 2001
7,297,119 Sleep apnea risk evaluation 82 2004
 
SATO, IKUO (1)
5,687,719 Pulse oximeter probe 124 1994
 
IDEAL LIFE INC. (1)
2005/0020,887 Medical monitoring device and system 176 2004
 
OSI OPTOELECTRONICS, INC. (2)
6,385,821 Apparatus for securing an oximeter probe to a patient 111 2000
6,681,454 Apparatus and method for securing an oximeter probe to a patient 121 2002
 
MORTARA INSTRUMENT, INC. (2)
6,697,655 Low power pulse oximeter 128 2001
6,564,077 Method and apparatus for pulse oximetry 129 2001
 
GE HEALTHCARE FINLAND OY (1)
6,912,413 Pulse oximeter 93 2003
 
SARNOFF CORPORATION (1)
7,107,088 Pulse oximetry methods and apparatus for use within an auditory canal 100 2004
 
Futrex, Inc. (2)
5,028,787 Non-invasive measurement of blood glucose 393 1989
5,365,066 Low cost means for increasing measurement sensitivity in LED/IRED near-infrared instruments 113 1992
 
MINOLTA CO., LTD. (1)
6,829,496 Blood component measurement apparatus 165 2002
 
Instrumentarium Oy (1)
6,104,938 Procedure, apparatus and detector for the determination of fractional oxygen saturation 171 1998
 
INSTRUMENTARIUM CORP. (5)
5,099,841 Measurement of the composition of blood 110 1990
6,285,895 Measuring sensor for monitoring characteristics of a living tissue 248 1998
6,041,247 Non-invasive optical measuring sensor and measuring method 174 1998
6,791,689 Sensor assembly and method for measuring nitrogen dioxide 95 2000
6,963,767 Pulse oximeter 74 2002
 
RADIOMETER BASEL AG (3)
6,151,107 Method of non-invasive determination of oxygen saturation in tissue in which blood is circulating 109 1999
6,181,959 Detection of parasitic signals during pulsoxymetric measurement 163 1999
6,654,622 Device for the combined measurement of the arterial oxygen saturation and the transcutaneous CO2 partial pressure on an ear lobe 122 1999
 
Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha (4)
4,586,513 Noninvasive device for photoelectrically measuring the property of arterial blood 212 1983
4,714,341 Multi-wavelength oximeter having a means for disregarding a poor signal 326 1985
4,694,833 Noninvasive device for photoelectrically measuring the property of arterial blood 183 1986
4,942,877 Device for measuring oxygen saturation degree in arterial blood 302 1987
 
NONIN MEDICAL, INC. (2)
5,792,052 Finger clip pulse oximeter 166 1995
5,800,349 Offset pulse oximeter sensor 173 1997
 
Scico, Inc. (1)
5,596,986 Blood oximeter 157 1993
 
COVIDIEN LP (66)
5,960,610 Method of curving a fetal sensor 95 1997
6,035,223 Method and apparatus for determining the state of an oximetry sensor 135 1997
6,094,592 Methods and apparatus for estimating a physiological parameter using transforms 222 1998
6,226,539 Pulse oximeter having a low power led drive 135 1999
6,298,252 Oximeter sensor with encoder connected to detector 142 1999
6,351,658 Multiple-code oximeter calibration element 125 1999
6,356,774 Oximeter sensor with encoded temperature characteristic 239 1999
6,466,808 Single device for both heating and temperature measurement in an oximeter sensor 121 1999
6,463,310 Method and circuit for storing and providing historical physiological data 166 2000
6,675,031 Method and circuit for indicating quality and accuracy of physiological measurements 144 2000
6,381,480 Method and apparatus for monitoring fetal cerebral oxygenation during childbirth 115 2000
6,490,466 Interconnect circuit between non-compatible oximeter and sensor 121 2000
6,571,113 Oximeter sensor adapter with coding element 130 2000
6,591,122 Device and method for monitoring body fluid and electrolyte disorders 190 2001
6,801,797 Pulse oximeter sensor with piece-wise function 209 2001
6,615,065 Multi-channel non-invasive tissue oximeter 187 2001
6,754,516 Nuisance alarm reductions in a physiological monitor 162 2001
6,719,686 Fetal probe having an optical imaging device 106 2001
6,553,241 Oximeter sensor with digital memory encoding sensor expiration data 345 2001
6,591,123 Oximeter sensor with digital memory recording sensor data 150 2001
6,600,940 Oximeter sensor with digital memory 147 2001
6,606,510 Oximeter sensor with digital memory encoding patient data 122 2001
6,628,975 Oximeter sensor with digital memory storing data 129 2001
6,701,170 Blind source separation of pulse oximetry signals 184 2001
6,839,579 Temperature indicating oximetry sensor 122 2001
6,694,160 Pulse oximeter sensor with widened metal strip 105 2001
6,748,254 Stacked adhesive optical sensor 144 2002
7,006,856 Signal quality metrics design for qualifying data for a physiological monitor 132 2003
7,085,597 Oximeter sensor with digital memory recording sensor data 107 2003
7,236,811 Device and method for monitoring body fluid and electrolyte disorders 139 2003
7,047,056 Hat-based oximeter sensor 105 2003
7,079,880 Blind source separation of pulse oximetry signals 100 2003
7,289,837 Forehead sensor placement 27 2003
2004/0117,891 Headband with tension indicator 104 2003
7,162,288 Techniques for detecting heart pulses and reducing power consumption in sensors 91 2004
7,194,293 Selection of ensemble averaging weights for a pulse oximeter based on signal quality metrics 45 2004
2005/0197,579 Method and apparatus for optical detection of mixed venous and arterial blood pulsation in tissue 46 2004
2005/0203,357 Pulse oximetry motion artifact rejection using near infrared absorption by water 40 2004
7,277,741 Pulse oximetry motion artifact rejection using near infrared absorption by water 36 2004
2005/0203,357 Pulse oximetry motion artifact rejection using near infrared absorption by water 40 2004
2005/0203,357 Pulse oximetry motion artifact rejection using near infrared absorption by water 40 2004
2005/0203,357 Pulse oximetry motion artifact rejection using near infrared absorption by water 40 2004
2005/0203,357 Pulse oximetry motion artifact rejection using near infrared absorption by water 40 2004
2004/0171,920 Pulse oximeter sensor with piece-wise function 131 2004
7,113,815 Stacked adhesive optical sensor 108 2004
7,123,950 Nuisance alarm reductions in a physiological monitor 130 2004
2007/0068,527 Method and system for determining when to reposition a physiological sensor 3 2005
2007/0073,121 Medical sensor for reducing motion artifacts and technique for using the same 72 2005
2006/0030,764 Method and circuit for indicating quality and accuracy of physiological measurements 123 2005
2007/0077,200 Method and system for controlled maintenance of hypoxia for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes 84 2005
2007/0118,027 Method for evaluating extracellular water concentration in tissue 15 2005
2006/0135,860 Signal quality metrics design for qualifying data for a physiological monitor 11 2005
2007/0179,369 System and method for detection of unstable oxygen saturation 11 2006
2006/0195,028 Hat-based oximeter sensor 104 2006
7,209,774 Pulse oximeter with separate ensemble averaging for oxygen saturation and heart rate 18 2006
2006/0276,700 Stacked adhesive optical sensor 53 2006
2006/0264,726 Forehead sensor placement 28 2006
2006/0264,727 Forehead sensor placement 25 2006
2006/0281,984 Forehead sensor placement 27 2006
2007/0032,712 Unitary medical sensor assembly and technique for using the same 83 2006
2007/0032,715 Compliant diaphragm medical sensor and technique for using the same 75 2006
2007/0073,125 Medical sensor for reducing motion artifacts and technique for using the same 64 2006
2007/0073,128 Medical sensor for reducing motion artifacts and technique for using the same 63 2006
2007/0073,126 Medical sensor and technique for using the same 87 2006
2007/0106,137 Pulse oximetry signal correction using near infrared absorption by water 29 2006
2007/0208,242 Selection of ensemble averaging weights for a pulse oximeter based on signal quality metrics 7 2007
 
VIOPTIX, INC. (2)
6,597,931 System and method for absolute oxygen saturation 130 2000
6,587,703 System and method for measuring absolute oxygen saturation 129 2001
 
NON-INVASIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC. (6)
6,192,260 Methods and apparatus for examining tissue in vivo using the decay characteristics of scattered electromagnetic radiation 119 1992
5,353,799 Examination of subjects using photon migration with high directionality techniques 195 1992
5,564,417 Pathlength corrected oximeter and the like 235 1993
5,553,614 Examination of biological tissue using frequency domain spectroscopy 223 1993
5,779,631 Spectrophotometer for measuring the metabolic condition of a subject 250 1995
6,263,221 Quantitative analyses of biological tissue using phase modulation spectroscopy 138 1997
 
MISAWA HOMES INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, NO. 4-5, TAKAIDOHIGASHI 2-CHOME, SUGINAMI-KU, TOKYO, JAPAN (1)
4,971,062 Fingertip pulse wave sensor 166 1989
 
SIEMENS MEDICAL SOLUTIONS USA, INC. (1)
6,594,512 Method and apparatus for estimating a physiological parameter from a physiological signal 103 2001
 
FIRST BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION (3)
4,773,422 Single channel pulse oximeter 246 1987
RE33643 Pulse oximeter with circuit leakage and ambient light compensation 136 1990
5,490,523 Finger clip pulse oximeter 172 1994
 
Misawa Homes Institute of Research & Development (1)
5,065,749 Fingertip pulse wave sensor 164 1990
 
SOMANETICS CORPORATION (3)
5,140,989 Examination instrument for optical-response diagnostic apparatus 142 1986
5,217,013 Patient sensor for optical cerebral oximeter and the like 181 1991
5,902,235 Optical cerebral oximeter 180 1996
 
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A. (118)
5,431,170 Pulse responsive device 511 1992
5,337,744 Low noise finger cot probe 449 1993
5,490,505 Signal processing apparatus 581 1993
5,482,036 Signal processing apparatus and method 553 1994
5,452,717 Finger-cot probe 436 1994
5,632,272 Signal processing apparatus 558 1994
5,638,818 Low noise optical probe 424 1994
5,758,644 Manual and automatic probe calibration 530 1995
5,769,785 Signal processing apparatus and method 464 1995
5,645,440 Patient cable connector 406 1995
D393830 Patient cable connector 393 1995
5,782,757 Low-noise optical probes 478 1995
5,685,299 Signal processing apparatus 451 1995
5,823,950 Manual and automatic probe calibration 394 1996
6,088,607 Low noise optical probe 480 1997
5,934,925 Patient cable connector 399 1997
6,002,952 Signal processing apparatus and method 538 1997
6,157,850 Signal processing apparatus 468 1997
5,890,929 Shielded medical connector 385 1997
6,081,735 Signal processing apparatus 643 1997
6,263,222 Signal processing apparatus 492 1997
6,184,521 Photodiode detector with integrated noise shielding 395 1998
5,919,134 Method and apparatus for demodulating signals in a pulse oximetry system 410 1998
6,011,986 Manual and automatic probe calibration 476 1998
5,995,855 Pulse oximetry sensor adapter 460 1998
6,525,386 Non-protruding optoelectronic lens 409 1998
5,997,343 Patient cable sensor switch 380 1998
6,229,856 Method and apparatus for demodulating signals in a pulse oximetry system 395 1998
6,067,462 Signal processing apparatus and method 471 1998
6,256,523 Low-noise optical probes 453 1998
6,036,642 Signal processing apparatus and method 438 1998
6,236,872 Signal processing apparatus 425 1998
6,144,868 Reusable pulse oximeter probe and disposable bandage apparatus 349 1999
6,334,065 Stereo pulse oximeter 458 1999
6,285,896 Fetal pulse oximetry sensor 385 1999
6,321,100 Reusable pulse oximeter probe with disposable liner 336 1999
6,349,228 Pulse oximetry sensor adapter 399 1999
6,343,224 Reusable pulse oximeter probe and disposable bandage apparatus 340 1999
6,580,086 Shielded optical probe and method 449 1999
6,206,830 Signal processing apparatus and method 423 1999
6,165,005 Patient cable sensor switch 375 1999
6,377,829 Resposable pulse oximetry sensor 423 1999
6,152,754 Circuit board based cable connector 409 1999
6,463,311 Plethysmograph pulse recognition processor 398 1999
6,606,511 Pulse oximetry pulse indicator 444 2000
6,515,273 System for indicating the expiration of the useful operating life of a pulse oximetry sensor 404 2000
6,584,336 Universal/upgrading pulse oximeter 451 2000
6,360,114 Pulse oximeter probe-off detector 420 2000
6,699,194 Signal processing apparatus and method 451 2000
6,430,525 Variable mode averager 384 2000
6,526,300 Pulse oximeter probe-off detection system 376 2000
6,470,199 Elastic sock for positioning an optical probe 394 2000
6,697,656 Pulse oximetry sensor compatible with multiple pulse oximetry systems 373 2000
6,770,028 Dual-mode pulse oximeter 414 2000
6,519,487 Reusable pulse oximeter probe and disposable bandage apparatus 337 2000
6,280,213 Patient cable connector 396 2000
6,542,764 Pulse oximeter monitor for expressing the urgency of the patient's condition 385 2000
6,643,530 Method and apparatus for demodulating signals in a pulse oximetry system 378 2000
6,501,975 Signal processing apparatus and method 457 2001
6,684,091 Reusable pulse oximeter probe and disposable bandage method 330 2001
6,541,756 Shielded optical probe having an electrical connector 412 2001
6,388,240 Shielded optical probe and method having a longevity indication 438 2001
6,684,090 Pulse oximetry data confidence indicator 477 2001
6,792,300 Low-noise optical probes for reducing light piping 374 2001
2002/0026,109 Low-noise optical probes 104 2001
6,721,585 Universal modular pulse oximeter probe for use with reusable and disposable patient attachment devices 328 2001
6,597,933 Pulse oximetry sensor adapter 387 2001
6,678,543 Optical probe and positioning wrap 465 2001
6,745,060 Signal processing apparatus 418 2001
6,650,917 Signal processing apparatus 445 2001
6,671,531 Sensor wrap including foldable applicator 414 2001
6,654,624 Pulse oximeter probe-off detector 427 2001
6,760,607 Ribbon cable substrate pulse oximetry sensor 357 2001
6,714,804 Stereo pulse oximeter 389 2001
6,658,276 Pulse oximeter user interface 427 2002
RE38492 Signal processing apparatus and method 390 2002
6,725,075 Resposable pulse oximetry sensor 390 2002
6,985,764 Flex circuit shielded optical sensor 343 2002
6,697,658 Low power pulse oximeter 429 2002
RE38476 Signal processing apparatus 393 2002
6,735,459 Reusable pulse oximeter probe and disposable bandage apparatus 336 2002
6,813,511 Low-noise optical probes for reducing ambient noise 382 2002
2003/0045,785 Low-noise optical probes for reducing ambient noise 9 2002
6,816,741 Plethysmograph pulse recognition processor 380 2002
6,934,570 Physiological sensor combination 362 2002
6,826,419 Signal processing apparatus and method 377 2002
6,830,711 Mold tool for an optoelectronic element 363 2003
7,067,893 Optoelectronic element with a non-protruding lens 309 2003
7,225,006 Attachment and optical probe 272 2003
6,822,564 Parallel measurement alarm processor 404 2003
6,950,687 Isolation and communication element for a resposable pulse oximetry sensor 353 2003
6,861,639 Systems and methods for indicating an amount of use of a sensor 371 2003
6,771,994 Pulse oximeter probe-off detection system 374 2003
6,850,788 Physiological measurement communications adapter 363 2003
7,132,641 Shielded optical probe having an electrical connector 312 2003
6,993,371 Pulse oximetry sensor adaptor 382 2003
2004/0147,823 Pulse oximetry sensor adaptor 8 2003
7,096,054 Low noise optical housing 301 2003
6,898,452 Stereo pulse oximeter 350 2003
7,254,433 Signal processing apparatus 301 2003
2004/0068,164 Signal processing apparatus 138 2003
7,096,052 Optical probe including predetermined emission wavelength based on patient type 294 2003
7,003,339 Method and apparatus for demodulating signals in a pulse oximetry system 325 2003
7,142,901 Parameter compensated physiological monitor 292 2003
2004/0158,134 Pulse oximeter probe-off detector 9 2003
6,996,427 Pulse oximetry data confidence indicator 417 2003
7,039,449 Resposable pulse oximetry sensor 333 2003
2004/0147,824 Manual and automatic probe calibration 105 2004
7,295,866 Low power pulse oximeter 264 2004
7,215,984 Signal processing apparatus 376 2004
2004/0204,637 Signal processing apparatus and method 125 2004
2004/0210,146 Signal processing apparatus 112 2004
7,024,233 Pulse oximetry data confidence indicator 341 2004
2005/0043,600 Low-noise optical probes for reducing ambient noise 107 2004
7,254,434 Variable pressure reusable sensor 280 2004
7,280,858 Pulse oximetry sensor 287 2005
2005/0277,819 Physiological sensor combination 114 2005
2006/0084,852 Flex circuit shielded optical sensor 7 2005
 
BCI, INC. (1)
5,558,096 Blood pulse detection method using autocorrelation 111 1995
 
SANOFI-AVENTIS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH (2)
6,113,541 Noninvasive blood chemistry measurement method and system 102 1998
2004/0098,009 Method and apparatus for body fluid sampling and analyte sensing 214 2003
 
MALLINCKRODT INC. (1)
7,198,778 Tumor-targeted optical contrast agents 100 2003
 
XOETRONICS, LLC (1)
5,871,442 Photonic molecular probe 121 1997
 
ARISTO MEDICAL PRODUCTS, INC. (1)
5,417,207 Apparatus for the invasive use of oximeter probes 144 1993
 
RESPIRONICSNOVAMETRIX, INC. (1)
5,999,834 Disposable adhesive wrap for use with reusable pulse oximetry sensor and method of making 128 1998
 
PURITAN-BENNETT CORPORATION (2)
4,883,353 Pulse oximeter 183 1988
4,883,055 Artificially induced blood pulse for use with a pulse oximeter 234 1988
 
Invivo Research, Inc. (1)
4,948,248 Blood constituent measuring device and method 187 1989
 
NOSTIX LLC (1)
6,802,812 Noninvasive optical sensor for measuring near infrared light absorbing analytes 108 2001
 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE (1)
5,040,539 Pulse oximeter for diagnosis of dental pulp pathology 107 1989
 
MARQUETTE MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC. (1)
6,061,584 Pulse oximetry sensor 129 1998
 
Marquette Electronics, Inc. (1)
5,339,810 Pulse oximetry sensor 124 1993
 
Essential Medical Devices, Inc. (4)
5,810,723 Non-invasive carboxyhemoglobin analyer 132 1996
6,064,898 Non-invasive blood component analyzer 236 1998
6,397,093 Non-invasive carboxyhemoglobin analyzer 126 2000
6,615,064 Non-invasive blood component analyzer 223 2000
 
U.S. ALCOHOL TESTING OF AMERICA, INC. (1)
5,066,859 Hematocrit and oxygen saturation blood analyzer 225 1990
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
COVIDIEN LP (3)
* 8,718,736 Physiological sensor with offset adhesive layer 0 2010
* 2011/0021,901 PHYSIOLOGICAL SENSOR WITH OFFSET ADHESIVE LAYER 0 2010
8,930,145 Light focusing continuous wave photoacoustic spectroscopy and its applications to patient monitoring 0 2010
* Cited By Examiner

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