Filamentous carbon particles for cleaning oil spills and method of production

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 7691271
SERIAL NO

11807803

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Abstract

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A compact hydrogen generator is coupled to or integrated with a fuel cell for portable power applications. Hydrogen is produced via thermocatalytic decomposition (cracking, pyrolysis) of hydrocarbon fuels in oxidant-free environment. The apparatus can utilize a variety of hydrocarbon fuels, including natural gas, propane, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, crude oil (including sulfurous fuels). The hydrogen-rich gas produced is free of carbon oxides or other reactive impurities, so it could be directly fed to any type of a fuel cell. The catalysts for hydrogen production in the apparatus are carbon-based or metal-based materials and doped, if necessary, with a sulfur-capturing agent. Additionally disclosed are two novel processes for the production of two types of carbon filaments, and a novel filamentous carbon product. The hydrogen generator can be conveniently integrated with high temperature fuel cells to produce an efficient and self-contained source of electrical power.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDAORLANDO, FL694

International Classification(s)

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Muradov, Nazim Melbourne, US 15 102

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORPORATION (1)
5601937 Hydrocarbon reformer for electrochemical cells 94 1995
 
ELECTROPHOR, INC. (2)
* 5521008 Manufacture of activated carbon fiber 25 1994
* 5904854 Method for purifying water 22 1997
 
International Fuel Cells Corporation (2)
4737161 Compact hydrogen generator 67 1987
5470360 Fuel cell power plant reformer burner gas flow control system 54 1994
 
GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (1)
5763114 Integrated reformer/CPN SOFC stack module design 82 1997
 
ZTEK CORPORATION (1)
5858314 Thermally enhanced compact reformer 137 1996
 
L'AIR LIQUIDE, SOCIETE ANONYME POUR L'ETUDE ET L'EXPLOITATION DES PROCEDES GEORGES CLAUDE (1)
5888470 Process for the production of hydrogen and of energy 8 1996
 
HITACHI, LTD. (1)
5110559 Hydrogen generating apparatus 34 1990
 
SOFCO-EFS HOLDINGS LLC (1)
5366819 Thermally integrated reformer for solid oxide fuel cells 88 1993
 
Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (1)
5780179 Fuel cell system for use on mobile bodies 80 1996
 
Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company (1)
5641585 Miniature ceramic fuel cell 116 1995
 
MEDALERT, INC. (1)
5229102 Catalytic ceramic membrane steam-hydrocarbon reformer 243 1990
 
BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (1)
* 6423435 Fuel cell system with an assigned hydrogen generating arrangement 9 2000
 
BALL CORPORATION (1)
5593640 Portable hydrogen generator 61 1995
 
WELLMAN DEFENCE LIMITED (1)
* 5401589 Application of fuel cells to power generation systems 223 1993
 
SK ENERGY CO., LTD. (1)
5932181 Natural gas-using hydrogen generator 70 1997
 
LG FUEL CELL SYSTEMS INC. (1)
5938800 Compact multi-fuel steam reformer 121 1997
 
DCNS SA (1)
5997594 Steam reformer with internal hydrogen purification 208 1997
 
RESEARCH FOUNDATION OF STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, THE (1)
* 5643670 Particulate carbon complex 26 1993
 
UOP LLC (1)
* 6409974 Water gas shift process and apparatus for purifying hydrogen for use with fuel cells 20 1998
 
SHOWA SHELL SEKIYU K.K. (1)
5284717 Method for producing raw materials for a reformer by cracking and desulfurizing petroleum fuels 19 1993
 
NUCELLSYS GMBH (1)
* 6231831 Hydrogen separating membrane, methanol reformation system equipped therewith, and operating method therefor 42 1998
 
H2-Tech S.A.R.L (1)
* 6245309 Method and devices for producing hydrogen by plasma reformer 53 1999
 
GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION (2)
* 6077620 Fuel cell system with combustor-heated reformer 160 1997
* 6451465 Method for operating a combustor in a fuel cell system 9 2000
 
SHOWA DENKO K.K. (1)
* 6103373 Carbon fiber material and electrode materials and method of manufacture therefor 23 1998
 
HYRADIX, INC. (2)
* 6299994 Process for providing a pure hydrogen stream for use with fuel cells 60 1999
* 6436354 Apparatus for generation of pure hydrogen for use with fuel cells 20 2000
 
AGENCY FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH (1)
5650132 Process for producing hydrogen from hydrocarbon 16 1995
 
NGK INSULATORS, LTD. (1)
5897970 System for production of high-purity hydrogen, process for production of high-purity hydrogen, and fuel cell system 94 1997
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
SEERSTONE LLC (1)
* 9556031 Method for producing solid carbon by reducing carbon oxides 0 2014
 
UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA (1)
* 7914683 Particles of spilled oil-absorbing carbon in contact with water 0 2009
* Cited By Examiner

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7.5 Year Payment $3600.00 $1800.00 $900.00 Oct 6, 2017
11.5 Year Payment $7400.00 $3700.00 $1850.00 Oct 6, 2021
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