US Patent No: 7,753,937

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Linked bilateral spinal facet implants and methods of use

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20050131409

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ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

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Abstract

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Superior and/or inferior facets of one or more facet joints may be replaced by superior and/or inferior facet joint prostheses. In one embodiment, a kit of superior or inferior prostheses is provided, in which the prostheses have at least two dimensions that vary among members of the kit independently of each other. Each prosthesis may have a bone engaging surface having a surface that is polyaxially rotatable against a corresponding resection of a vertebra. Each prosthesis may also have an articulating surface shaped such that, after attachment to the spine, the replaced or partially replaced facet joints provide a larger medial-lateral range of motion when the spine is flexed than when the spine is extended. Crosslinks may be used to connect left and right prosthesis together in such a manner that they are stabilized in a position in which they are seated directly against the vertebra.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLCWILMINGTON, DE95

International Classification(s)

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  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Chervitz, Alan Palm Harbor, FL 84 2567
Fallin, T Wade Hyde Park, UT 337 9410
Hoy, Robert W Paradise, UT 88 2700
Justin, Daniel F Logan, UT 265 4380

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
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5,860,977 Spine distraction implant and method 472 1997
6,074,390 Spine distraction implant and method 264 1998
6,090,112 Spine distraction implant and method 163 1998
5,876,404 Spine distraction implant and method 194 1998
6,068,630 Spine distraction implant 363 1998
6,048,342 Spine distraction implant 397 1998
6,156,038 Spine distraction implant and method 165 1999
6,149,652 Spine distraction implant and method 156 1999
6,152,926 Spine distraction implant and method 152 1999
6,379,355 Spine distraction implant and method 148 1999
6,500,178 Spine distraction implant and method 250 1999
6,190,387 Spine distraction implant 161 1999
6,235,030 Spine distraction implant 212 1999
6,332,882 Spine distraction implant 140 1999
6,451,019 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 342 2000
6,419,676 Spine distraction implant and method 180 2000
6,626,944 Interspinous prosthesis 350 2000
6,332,883 Spine distraction implant 156 2000
6,451,020 Spine distraction implant and method 162 2000
6,419,677 Spine distraction implant and method 164 2001
6,796,983 Spine distraction implant and method 155 2001
2001/0031,965 Spine distraction implant and method 88 2001
6,478,796 Spin distraction implant and method 194 2001
6,514,256 Spine distraction implant and method 257 2001
6,582,433 Spine fixation device and method 316 2001
6,699,246 Spine distraction implant 257 2001
6,699,247 Spine distraction implant 158 2001
6,652,534 Apparatus and method for determining implant size 127 2001
6,652,527 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 186 2001
6,695,842 Interspinous process distraction system and method with positionable wing and method 279 2001
2002/0143,331 Inter-spinous process implant and method with deformable spacer 213 2001
2004/0153,071 Interspinous process distraction system and method with positionable wing and method 67 2003
2004/0167,520 Spinous process implant with tethers 104 2004
2004/0220,568 Method for lateral implantation of spinous process spacer 90 2004
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WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (19)
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5,522,899 Artificial spinal fusion implants 561 1995
5,797,909 Apparatus for inserting spinal implants 420 1995
5,868,745 Spinal protection device 178 1996
6,176,861 Modular spinal system 89 1997
6,206,922 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 241 1998
6,293,949 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 475 2000
6,761,719 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 202 2001
6,783,527 Flexible spinal stabilization system and method 317 2001
6,733,534 System and method for spine spacing 305 2002
6,652,585 Flexible spine stabilization system 140 2002
2002/0138,146 Anterior expandable spinal fusion cage system 8 2002
2003/0153,912 Intervertebral connecting device 92 2002
2004/0082,954 Formable orthopedic fixation system with cross linking 109 2003
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2004/0230,192 Intervertebral linking device 120 2004
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GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (15)
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2004/0049,275 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 169 2003
2004/0049,278 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 169 2003
2004/0049,281 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 176 2003
2005/0137,706 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 64 2004
2005/0149,190 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 63 2004
2005/0119,748 Prostheses, systems and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artificial facet joint surfaces 91 2004
2005/0143,818 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artifical facet joint surfaces 107 2004
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SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (14)
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5,702,453 Adjustable vertebral body replacement 298 1996
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6,004,322 Modular pedicle screw system 157 1996
5,961,516 Device for mechanically connecting and assisting vertebrae with respect to one another 214 1997
6,019,792 Articulating spinal implant 474 1998
6,540,785 Artificial intervertebral joint permitting translational and rotational motion 211 2000
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DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (10)
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FACET SOLUTIONS, INC. (9)
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2004/0230,304 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artifical facet joint surfaces 143 2003
2004/0049,273 Facet Arthroplasty devices and methods 172 2003
2004/0049,276 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 169 2003
2004/0049,277 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 173 2003
2005/0131,406 Polyaxial adjustment of facet joint prostheses 188 2003
2005/0027,361 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 146 2004
2005/0137,705 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 63 2004
2005/0043,799 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 86 2004
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (6)
5,092,893 Human orthopedic vertebra implant 188 1990
5,047,055 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus 624 1990
5,192,326 Hydrogel bead intervertebral disc nucleus 525 1991
5,676,701 Low wear artificial spinal disc 561 1995
6,190,414 Apparatus for fusion of adjacent bone structures 448 1996
6,206,882 Plating system for the spine 155 2000
 
SALUT, LTD. (6)
5,127,912 Sacral implant system 370 1990
5,470,333 System for stabilizing the cervical and the lumbar region of the spine 306 1993
5,527,312 Facet screw anchor 257 1994
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RAYMEDICA, LLC (4)
5,562,736 Method for surgical implantation of a prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 543 1994
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6,113,639 Trial implant and trial implant kit for evaluating an intradiscal space 279 1999
 
ZIMMER SPINE, INC. (4)
4,743,260 Method for a flexible stabilization system for a vertebral column 473 1985
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MEDICINELODGE, INC. (3)
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6,565,605 Multiple facet joint replacement 313 2000
6,419,703 Prosthesis for the replacement of a posterior element of a vertebra 308 2001
 
MEDTRONIC SOFAMOR DANEK, INC. (3)
5,674,296 Human spinal disc prosthesis 730 1996
6,156,067 Human spinal disc prosthesis 504 1997
6,001,130 Human spinal disc prosthesis with hinges 587 1997
 
ZIMMER GMBH (3)
4,955,908 Metallic intervertebral prosthesis 365 1988
5,171,280 Intervertebral prosthesis 397 1991
5,370,697 Artificial intervertebral disk member 576 1993
 
ANOVA CORP. (2)
6,419,704 Artificial intervertebral disc replacement methods and apparatus 431 1999
* 2002/0133,155 Cross-coupled vertebral stabilizers incorporating spinal motion restriction 172 2002
 
ASAHI KOGAKU KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA (2)
5,147,361 Vertebral connecting plate 297 1990
5,534,031 Prosthesis for spanning a space formed upon removal of an intervertebral disk 174 1994
 
BIEDERMANN TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG (2)
2004/0049,190 Dynamic stabilization device for bones, in particular for vertebrae 282 2003
2004/0225,289 Dynamic anchoring device and dynamic stabilization device for bones, in particular for vertebrae, with such an anchoring device 272 2004
 
Gordon, Maya, Roberts and Thomas, Number 1, LLC (2)
6,228,118 Multiple axis intervertebral prosthesis 250 1998
6,146,421 Multiple axis intervertebral prosthesis 339 1999
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (2)
6,312,469 Lamina prosthesis for delivery of medical treatment 52 1999
6,481,440 Lamina prosthesis for delivery of medical treatment 193 2000
 
NUVASIVE, INC. (2)
6,540,747 System for securing joints together 161 2000
6,485,518 Facet screw and bone allograft intervertebral support and fusion system 200 2000
 
PALOMAR MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (2)
2003/0195,494 Light energy delivery head 3 2003
2003/0195,494 Light energy delivery head 3 2003
 
PERUMALA CORPORATION (2)
5,653,762 Method of stabilizing adjacent vertebrae with rotating, lockable, middle-expanded intervertebral disk stabilizer 317 1995
6,264,655 Cervical disk and spinal stabilizer 85 1997
 
RAY MEDICA, INC. (2)
4,772,287 Prosthetic disc and method of implanting 703 1987
4,904,260 Prosthetic disc containing therapeutic material 573 1988
 
SHOWA IKA KOHGYO CO., LTD. (2)
2003/0109,880 Bone connector 192 2002
2003/0229,346 Screw for fixing atlantoaxial joint 10 2003
 
Societe PSI (2)
5,375,823 Application of an improved damper to an intervertebral stabilization device 327 1993
5,540,688 Intervertebral stabilization device incorporating dampers 442 1994
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (2)
5,507,745 Occipito-cervical osteosynthesis instrumentation 149 1994
5,814,046 Pedicular screw and posterior spinal instrumentation 123 1995
 
SPINE-TECH, INC. (2)
4,501,269 Process for fusing bone joints 606 1984
5,263,953 Apparatus and system for fusing bone joints 351 1991
 
SPINEFRONTIER, L.L.S. (2)
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* 6,669,729 Apparatus and method for the replacement of posterior vertebral elements 329 2003
 
St. Francis Technologies, Inc. (2)
6,238,397 Spine distraction implant and method 189 1999
6,280,444 Spine distraction implant and method 137 2000
 
UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND DENTISTRY OF NEW JERSEY (2)
4,911,718 Functional and biocompatible intervertebral disc spacer 502 1988
5,545,229 Functional and biocompatible intervertebral disc spacer containing elastomeric material of varying hardness 354 1993
 
WALDEMAR LINK GMBH & CO. KG (2)
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5,556,431 Intervertebral disc endoprosthesis 519 1994
 
ZIMMER DENTAL, INC. (2)
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5,683,464 Spinal disk implantation kit 344 1995
 
ZIMMER SPINE AUSTIN, INC. (2)
6,761,720 Intervertebral implant 384 2002
2004/0024,458 Intervertebral implant with deformable wedge 98 2003
 
ABBOTT SPINE INC. (1)
2004/0147,928 Spinal stabilization system using flexible members 279 2003
 
ACROMED (1)
5,129,900 Spinal column retaining method and apparatus 316 1990
 
Acromed B.V. (1)
5,391,168 Device for correcting the shape of the human spinal column and/or for fixing the human spinal column 90 1993
 
ACROMED CORPORATION (1)
4,790,303 Apparatus and method for securing bone graft 290 1987
 
ADVANCED SPINE FIXATION SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED (1)
5,649,926 Spinal segmental reduction derotational fixation system 103 1995
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (1)
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AMEI TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
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ANULEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6,835,205 Devices and methods for the treatment of spinal disorders 349 2002
 
ARCROMED CORPORATION (1)
5,690,629 Apparatus for maintaining vertebrae of a spinal column in a desired spatial relationship 172 1996
 
BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC. (1)
6,066,325 Fragmented polymeric compositions and methods for their use 252 1998
 
BLACKSTONE MEDICAL, INC. (1)
6,413,259 Bone plate assembly including a screw retaining member 308 2000
 
BONE RUNNER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (1)
6,585,769 Artificial spinal ligament 130 2000
 
Bridport-Gundry PLC c/o Pearsalls Implants (1)
6,093,205 Surgical implant 339 1998
 
CG Surgical Limited (1)
6,080,157 Device to stabilize the lamina 154 1998
 
CHOICE SPINE, LP (1)
5,704,936 Spinal osteosynthesis device 217 1994
 
COLLINS, EILEEN E., BENEFICIARY (1)
5,147,404 Vertebra prosthesis 186 1990
 
DEPUY SPINE, INC. (1)
6,475,219 Anterior vertebral protection method and device 96 2001
 
DISC REPLACEMENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6,039,763 Articulating spinal disc prosthesis 379 1998
 
EBI, LLC (1)
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ENCORE MEDICAL ASSET CORPORATION (1)
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Fairant; Paulette (1)
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GENDLER FAMILY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (1)
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Health & Research Services Inc. (1)
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HH SPINAL LLC (1)
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HOSPITAL FOR JOINT DISEASES (1)
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HOWLAND, ROBERT W. (1)
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IPSEN SPA (1)
2004/0009,232 Granulates containing liposoluble substances and a process for the preparation thereof 7 2002
 
Kabushiki Kaisha Biomaterial Universe Corporation of Japan (1)
5,458,643 Artificial intervertebral disc 386 1994
 
LDR HOLDING CORPORATION (1)
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LI MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
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Loop Telecommunication International, Inc. (1)
6,132,465 Tapered prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 331 1998
 
MEDICAL DESIGNS, LLC (1)
2004/0186,475 Posterior spinal reconstruction system 110 2004
 
MIDAS REX, L.P. (1)
5,236,460 Vertebral body prosthesis 361 1991
 
MMSN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (1)
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NEWFREY LLC (1)
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OHIO MEDICAL INSTRUMENT COMPANY, INC. (1)
4,892,545 Vertebral lock 224 1988
 
PARADIGM SPINE (1)
5,645,599 Interspinal vertebral implant 674 1996
 
PFIZER INC. (1)
5,534,028 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus with diminished lateral bulging 422 1993
 
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
5,456,722 Load bearing polymeric cable 266 1993
 
Polyclinique de Bourgogne & Les Hortensiad (1)
5,180,393 Artificial ligament for the spine 381 1992
 
PSI (1)
5,480,401 Extra-discal inter-vertebral prosthesis for controlling the variations of the inter-vertebral distance by means of a double damper 273 1994
 
R&B SURGICAL SOLUTIONS, LTD. (1)
5,888,223 Anterior stabilization device 291 1998
 
RACHIOTEK LLC (1)
2005/0177,166 Mounting mechanisms for pedicle screws and related assemblies 107 2004
 
RE-SPINE LLC (1)
2005/0043,797 Facet joint prosthesis 75 2004
 
Science et Medecine (SEM) (1)
5,387,213 Osseous surgical implant particularly for an intervertebral stabilizer 340 1993
 
SCIENT'X (1)
6,241,730 Intervertebral link device capable of axial and angular displacement 259 1998
 
SCIENTIFIC-PRODUCTION STATE SMALL ENTERPRISES MITS. (1)
5,986,169 Porous nickel-titanium alloy article 157 1997
 
SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC (1)
5,666,243 Spring loaded stacked actuator assembly 63 1996
 
September 28, Inc. (1)
* 5,584,831 Spinal fixation device and method 103 1993
 
Shapiro Partners Limited (1)
5,439,464 Method and instruments for performing arthroscopic spinal surgery 362 1993
 
SMITH & NEPHEW ORTHOPAEDICS AG (1)
6,290,700 Device for stiffening and/or correcting a vertebral column or such like 159 2000
 
SOFAMOR DANEK HOLDINGS, INC. (1)
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SPINECORE, INC. (1)
6,527,806 Intervertebral spacer device having a spiral wave washer force restoring element 124 2001
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (1)
5,571,189 Expandable fabric implant for stabilizing the spinal motion segment 599 1994
 
SpinLabs, LLC (1)
6,402,750 Devices and methods for the treatment of spinal disorders 514 2000
 
ST. FRANCIS MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6,183,471 Spine distraction implant and method 155 1998
 
STRYKER CORPORATION (1)
* 5,261,907 Interconnecting device able to lock spinal osteosynthesis fasteners 160 1992
 
STRYKER FRANCE S.A. (1)
6,267,764 Osteosynthesis system with elastic deformation for spinal column 240 1999
 
STRYKER SPINE (1)
6,440,169 Interspinous stabilizer to be fixed to spinous processes of two vertebrae 480 2000
 
SURGICRAFT LIMITED (1)
5,725,582 Surgical implants 436 1995
 
SURGICRAFT LIMITED FISHING LINE ROAD (1)
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SYNTHES USA, LLC (1)
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THEKEN SPINE, LLC (1)
2004/0143,264 Metal-backed UHMWPE rod sleeve system preserving spinal motion 209 2003
 
TLIF, LLC (1)
5,824,094 Spinal disc 401 1997
 
Tribus, Clifford (1)
6,461,359 Spine stabilization device 187 1999
 
United States Surgical Corporation (1)
6,063,088 Method and instrumentation for implant insertion 343 1997
 
UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI (1)
5,415,661 Implantable spinal assist device 723 1993
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (1)
5,735,899 Low profile intraosseous anterior spinal fusion system and method 159 1996
 
VEREINIGTE EDELSTHLWERKE A.G., ELISABETHSTRASSE 12, VIENNA, AUSTRIA A-1011 A CORP. OF AUSTRIA (1)
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WAGNER, JOHN (1)
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WENZEL SPINE, INC. (1)
5,545,166 Spinal segmental reduction derotational fixation system 114 1994
 
Zacouto, Fred (1)
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ZIMMER SPINE S.A.S. (1)
2004/0049,189 Flexible linking piece for stabilising the spine 220 2003
 
ZIMMER TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
4,863,476 Spinal implant 575 1987
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (45)
4,289,123 Orthopedic appliance 345 1980
4,349,921 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 894 1980
4,479,491 Intervertebral stabilization implant 229 1982
4,483,334 External fixation device 155 1983
4,554,914 Prosthetic vertebral body 531 1983
4,604,995 Spinal stabilizer 397 1984
4,599,086 Spine stabilization device and method 524 1985
4,657,550 Buttressing device usable in a vertebral prosthesis 474 1986
4,827,918 Fixing instrument for use in spinal surgery 231 1987
4,863,477 Synthetic intervertebral disc prosthesis 549 1987
4,946,458 Pedicle screw 513 1989
5,011,484 Surgical implant for restricting the relative movement of vertebrae 363 1989
5,092,866 Flexible inter-vertebral stabilizer as well as process and apparatus for determining or verifying its tension before installation on the spinal column 661 1990
5,092,867 Correction and supporting apparatus, in particular for the spinal column 164 1990
5,306,308 Intervertebral implant 371 1992
5,246,458 Artificial disk 361 1992
5,318,567 Screw-on plate for treatment of fractures of the odontoid apophysis 69 1992
5,306,275 Lumbar spine fixation apparatus and method 457 1992
5,313,962 Method of performing laparoscopic lumbar discectomy 270 1993
5,360,430 Intervertebral locking device 305 1993
5,458,641 Vertebral body prosthesis 381 1993
5,514,180 Prosthetic intervertebral devices 666 1994
5,458,642 Synthetic intervertebral disc 397 1994
5,443,516 Joint prosthesis 76 1994
5,603,713 Anterior lumbar/cervical bicortical compression plate 263 1994
5,609,634 Intervertebral prosthesis making possible rotatory stabilization and flexion/extension stabilization 401 1995
5,582,612 Vertebral fixing and retrieving device having centrally two fixation 124 1995
5,702,392 Coupling plate for spinal correction and a correction device of using the same 136 1995
5,645,597 Disc replacement method and apparatus 415 1995
5,672,175 Dynamic implanted spinal orthosis and operative procedure for fitting 518 1996
5,702,450 Intervertebral disk prosthesis 397 1996
5,683,465 Artificial intervertebral disk prosthesis 441 1996
RE36221 Flexible inter-vertebral stabilizer as well as process and apparatus for determining or verifying its tension before installation on the spinal column 355 1996
5,755,796 Prosthesis of the cervical intervertebralis disk 243 1996
5,749,873 Apparatus for the mobile fixation of bones 74 1996
6,019,759 Multi-Directional fasteners or attachment devices for spinal implant elements 163 1996
5,865,846 Human spinal disc prosthesis 619 1997
5,893,889 Artificial disc 446 1997
5,951,555 Device for the correction of spinal deformities 132 1998
6,179,838 Bone fixation arrangements and method 125 1998
6,014,588 Facet joint pain relief method and apparatus 184 1998
6,063,121 Vertebral body prosthesis 357 1998
6,314,325 Nerve hyperpolarization method and apparatus for pain relief 105 1999
2003/0220,643 Devices to prevent spinal extension 335 2003
2004/0181,285 Vertebral implants adapted for posterior insertion 79 2003
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
LDR MEDICAL (6)
8,858,635 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 0 2005
8,465,546 Intervertebral disc prosthesis insertion assemblies 2 2007
8,343,219 Intersomatic cage, intervertebral prosthesis, anchoring device and implantation instruments 8 2008
8,257,439 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 5 2009
8,267,999 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 5 2009
8,771,284 Intervertebral disc prosthesis and instrumentation for insertion of the prosthesis between the vertebrae 0 2012
 
KSPINE, INC. (3)
8,114,158 Facet device and method 4 2008
8,357,182 Alignment system with longitudinal support features 1 2009
8,828,058 Growth directed vertebral fixation system with distractible connector(s) and apical control 0 2010
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (5)
8,486,111 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2006
8,690,922 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2010
8,685,062 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2010
8,585,739 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2010
8,221,459 Pedicle screw connector apparatus and method 0 2010
* Cited By Examiner

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