US Patent No: 7,753,937

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Linked bilateral spinal facet implants and methods of use

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20050131409
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ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

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Abstract

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Superior and/or inferior facets of one or more facet joints may be replaced by superior and/or inferior facet joint prostheses. In one embodiment, a kit of superior or inferior prostheses is provided, in which the prostheses have at least two dimensions that vary among members of the kit independently of each other. Each prosthesis may have a bone engaging surface having a surface that is polyaxially rotatable against a corresponding resection of a vertebra. Each prosthesis may also have an articulating surface shaped such that, after attachment to the spine, the replaced or partially replaced facet joints provide a larger medial-lateral range of motion when the spine is flexed than when the spine is extended. Crosslinks may be used to connect left and right prosthesis together in such a manner that they are stabilized in a position in which they are seated directly against the vertebra.

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLCWILMINGTON, DE99

International Classification(s)

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  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Chervitz, Alan Palm Harbor, FL 85 2631
Fallin, T Wade Hyde Park, UT 339 9613
Hoy, Robert W Paradise, UT 90 2767
Justin, Daniel F Logan, UT 267 4523

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
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5,860,977 Spine distraction implant and method 476 1997
6,074,390 Spine distraction implant and method 266 1998
6,090,112 Spine distraction implant and method 166 1998
5,876,404 Spine distraction implant and method 197 1998
6,068,630 Spine distraction implant 366 1998
6,048,342 Spine distraction implant 401 1998
6,156,038 Spine distraction implant and method 168 1999
6,149,652 Spine distraction implant and method 158 1999
6,152,926 Spine distraction implant and method 155 1999
6,379,355 Spine distraction implant and method 150 1999
6,500,178 Spine distraction implant and method 253 1999
6,190,387 Spine distraction implant 164 1999
6,235,030 Spine distraction implant 215 1999
6,332,882 Spine distraction implant 142 1999
6,451,019 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 345 2000
6,419,676 Spine distraction implant and method 182 2000
6,626,944 Interspinous prosthesis 352 2000
6,332,883 Spine distraction implant 159 2000
6,451,020 Spine distraction implant and method 165 2000
6,419,677 Spine distraction implant and method 166 2001
6,796,983 Spine distraction implant and method 156 2001
2001/0031,965 Spine distraction implant and method 89 2001
6,478,796 Spin distraction implant and method 197 2001
6,514,256 Spine distraction implant and method 259 2001
6,582,433 Spine fixation device and method 319 2001
6,699,246 Spine distraction implant 259 2001
6,699,247 Spine distraction implant 160 2001
6,652,534 Apparatus and method for determining implant size 129 2001
6,652,527 Supplemental spine fixation device and method 189 2001
6,695,842 Interspinous process distraction system and method with positionable wing and method 281 2001
2002/0143,331 Inter-spinous process implant and method with deformable spacer 215 2001
2004/0153,071 Interspinous process distraction system and method with positionable wing and method 68 2003
2004/0167,520 Spinous process implant with tethers 106 2004
2004/0220,568 Method for lateral implantation of spinous process spacer 91 2004
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WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (19)
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5,522,899 Artificial spinal fusion implants 564 1995
5,797,909 Apparatus for inserting spinal implants 424 1995
5,868,745 Spinal protection device 179 1996
6,176,861 Modular spinal system 92 1997
6,206,922 Methods and instruments for interbody fusion 244 1998
6,293,949 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 478 2000
6,761,719 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 204 2001
6,783,527 Flexible spinal stabilization system and method 318 2001
6,733,534 System and method for spine spacing 306 2002
6,652,585 Flexible spine stabilization system 141 2002
2002/0138,146 Anterior expandable spinal fusion cage system 9 2002
2003/0153,912 Intervertebral connecting device 98 2002
2004/0082,954 Formable orthopedic fixation system with cross linking 112 2003
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GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (15)
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2004/0049,275 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 172 2003
2004/0049,278 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 172 2003
2004/0049,281 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 179 2003
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2005/0149,190 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 64 2004
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2005/0143,818 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artifical facet joint surfaces 108 2004
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SDGI HOLDINGS, INC. (14)
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5,702,453 Adjustable vertebral body replacement 301 1996
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6,004,322 Modular pedicle screw system 159 1996
5,961,516 Device for mechanically connecting and assisting vertebrae with respect to one another 220 1997
6,019,792 Articulating spinal implant 476 1998
6,540,785 Artificial intervertebral joint permitting translational and rotational motion 213 2000
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DEPUY ACROMED, INC. (10)
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FACET SOLUTIONS, INC. (9)
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2004/0230,304 Prostheses, tools and methods for replacement of natural facet joints with artifical facet joint surfaces 145 2003
2004/0049,273 Facet Arthroplasty devices and methods 175 2003
2004/0049,276 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 172 2003
2004/0049,277 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 177 2003
2005/0131,406 Polyaxial adjustment of facet joint prostheses 193 2003
2005/0027,361 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 148 2004
2005/0137,705 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 64 2004
2005/0043,799 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 88 2004
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (6)
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5,676,701 Low wear artificial spinal disc 564 1995
6,190,414 Apparatus for fusion of adjacent bone structures 450 1996
6,206,882 Plating system for the spine 156 2000
 
SALUT, LTD. (6)
5,127,912 Sacral implant system 374 1990
5,470,333 System for stabilizing the cervical and the lumbar region of the spine 311 1993
5,527,312 Facet screw anchor 260 1994
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RAYMEDICA, LLC (4)
5,562,736 Method for surgical implantation of a prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 547 1994
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6,113,639 Trial implant and trial implant kit for evaluating an intradiscal space 280 1999
 
ZIMMER SPINE, INC. (4)
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MEDICINELODGE, INC. (3)
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6,565,605 Multiple facet joint replacement 317 2000
6,419,703 Prosthesis for the replacement of a posterior element of a vertebra 312 2001
 
MEDTRONIC SOFAMOR DANEK, INC. (3)
5,674,296 Human spinal disc prosthesis 735 1996
6,156,067 Human spinal disc prosthesis 508 1997
6,001,130 Human spinal disc prosthesis with hinges 593 1997
 
ZIMMER GMBH (3)
4,955,908 Metallic intervertebral prosthesis 369 1988
5,171,280 Intervertebral prosthesis 399 1991
5,370,697 Artificial intervertebral disk member 579 1993
 
ANOVA CORP. (2)
6,419,704 Artificial intervertebral disc replacement methods and apparatus 432 1999
* 2002/0133,155 Cross-coupled vertebral stabilizers incorporating spinal motion restriction 176 2002
 
ASAHI KOGAKU KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA (2)
5,147,361 Vertebral connecting plate 298 1990
5,534,031 Prosthesis for spanning a space formed upon removal of an intervertebral disk 178 1994
 
BIEDERMANN TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG (2)
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2004/0225,289 Dynamic anchoring device and dynamic stabilization device for bones, in particular for vertebrae, with such an anchoring device 276 2004
 
Gordon, Maya, Roberts and Thomas, Number 1, LLC (2)
6,228,118 Multiple axis intervertebral prosthesis 252 1998
6,146,421 Multiple axis intervertebral prosthesis 341 1999
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (2)
6,312,469 Lamina prosthesis for delivery of medical treatment 54 1999
6,481,440 Lamina prosthesis for delivery of medical treatment 197 2000
 
NUVASIVE, INC. (2)
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6,485,518 Facet screw and bone allograft intervertebral support and fusion system 205 2000
 
PALOMAR MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (2)
2003/0195,494 Light energy delivery head 6 2003
2003/0195,494 Light energy delivery head 6 2003
 
PERUMALA CORPORATION (2)
5,653,762 Method of stabilizing adjacent vertebrae with rotating, lockable, middle-expanded intervertebral disk stabilizer 320 1995
6,264,655 Cervical disk and spinal stabilizer 86 1997
 
RAY MEDICA, INC. (2)
4,772,287 Prosthetic disc and method of implanting 706 1987
4,904,260 Prosthetic disc containing therapeutic material 578 1988
 
SHOWA IKA KOHGYO CO., LTD. (2)
2003/0109,880 Bone connector 199 2002
2003/0229,346 Screw for fixing atlantoaxial joint 13 2003
 
Societe PSI (2)
5,375,823 Application of an improved damper to an intervertebral stabilization device 332 1993
5,540,688 Intervertebral stabilization device incorporating dampers 451 1994
 
Sofamor S.N.C. (2)
5,507,745 Occipito-cervical osteosynthesis instrumentation 154 1994
5,814,046 Pedicular screw and posterior spinal instrumentation 125 1995
 
SPINE-TECH, INC. (2)
4,501,269 Process for fusing bone joints 610 1984
5,263,953 Apparatus and system for fusing bone joints 356 1991
 
SPINEFRONTIER, L.L.S. (2)
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* 6,669,729 Apparatus and method for the replacement of posterior vertebral elements 334 2003
 
St. Francis Technologies, Inc. (2)
6,238,397 Spine distraction implant and method 192 1999
6,280,444 Spine distraction implant and method 138 2000
 
UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND DENTISTRY OF NEW JERSEY (2)
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5,545,229 Functional and biocompatible intervertebral disc spacer containing elastomeric material of varying hardness 356 1993
 
WALDEMAR LINK GMBH & CO. KG (2)
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5,556,431 Intervertebral disc endoprosthesis 523 1994
 
ZIMMER DENTAL, INC. (2)
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5,683,464 Spinal disk implantation kit 348 1995
 
ZIMMER SPINE AUSTIN, INC. (2)
6,761,720 Intervertebral implant 386 2002
2004/0024,458 Intervertebral implant with deformable wedge 100 2003
 
ABBOTT SPINE INC. (1)
2004/0147,928 Spinal stabilization system using flexible members 285 2003
 
ACROMED (1)
5,129,900 Spinal column retaining method and apparatus 321 1990
 
Acromed B.V. (1)
5,391,168 Device for correcting the shape of the human spinal column and/or for fixing the human spinal column 92 1993
 
ACROMED CORPORATION (1)
4,790,303 Apparatus and method for securing bone graft 294 1987
 
ADVANCED SPINE FIXATION SYSTEMS, INCORPORATED (1)
5,649,926 Spinal segmental reduction derotational fixation system 105 1995
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (1)
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AMEI TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
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ANULEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
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ARCROMED CORPORATION (1)
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BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC. (1)
6,066,325 Fragmented polymeric compositions and methods for their use 254 1998
 
BLACKSTONE MEDICAL, INC. (1)
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BONE RUNNER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (1)
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Bridport-Gundry PLC c/o Pearsalls Implants (1)
6,093,205 Surgical implant 341 1998
 
CG Surgical Limited (1)
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CHOICE SPINE, LP (1)
5,704,936 Spinal osteosynthesis device 223 1994
 
COLLINS, EILEEN E., BENEFICIARY (1)
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DEPUY SPINE, INC. (1)
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DISC REPLACEMENT TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6,039,763 Articulating spinal disc prosthesis 381 1998
 
EBI, LLC (1)
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Fairant; Paulette (1)
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Health & Research Services Inc. (1)
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HH SPINAL LLC (1)
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Kabushiki Kaisha Biomaterial Universe Corporation of Japan (1)
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LDR HOLDING CORPORATION (1)
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Loop Telecommunication International, Inc. (1)
6,132,465 Tapered prosthetic spinal disc nucleus 333 1998
 
MEDICAL DESIGNS, LLC (1)
2004/0186,475 Posterior spinal reconstruction system 116 2004
 
MIDAS REX, L.P. (1)
5,236,460 Vertebral body prosthesis 365 1991
 
MMSN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (1)
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NEWFREY LLC (1)
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OHIO MEDICAL INSTRUMENT COMPANY, INC. (1)
4,892,545 Vertebral lock 225 1988
 
PARADIGM SPINE (1)
5,645,599 Interspinal vertebral implant 681 1996
 
PFIZER INC. (1)
5,534,028 Hydrogel intervertebral disc nucleus with diminished lateral bulging 424 1993
 
PIONEER SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
5,456,722 Load bearing polymeric cable 270 1993
 
Polyclinique de Bourgogne & Les Hortensiad (1)
5,180,393 Artificial ligament for the spine 386 1992
 
PSI (1)
5,480,401 Extra-discal inter-vertebral prosthesis for controlling the variations of the inter-vertebral distance by means of a double damper 278 1994
 
R&B SURGICAL SOLUTIONS, LTD. (1)
5,888,223 Anterior stabilization device 295 1998
 
RACHIOTEK LLC (1)
2005/0177,166 Mounting mechanisms for pedicle screws and related assemblies 112 2004
 
RE-SPINE LLC (1)
2005/0043,797 Facet joint prosthesis 77 2004
 
Science et Medecine (SEM) (1)
5,387,213 Osseous surgical implant particularly for an intervertebral stabilizer 345 1993
 
SCIENT'X (1)
6,241,730 Intervertebral link device capable of axial and angular displacement 264 1998
 
SCIENTIFIC-PRODUCTION STATE SMALL ENTERPRISES MITS. (1)
5,986,169 Porous nickel-titanium alloy article 159 1997
 
SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC (1)
5,666,243 Spring loaded stacked actuator assembly 64 1996
 
September 28, Inc. (1)
* 5,584,831 Spinal fixation device and method 106 1993
 
Shapiro Partners Limited (1)
5,439,464 Method and instruments for performing arthroscopic spinal surgery 366 1993
 
SMITH & NEPHEW ORTHOPAEDICS AG (1)
6,290,700 Device for stiffening and/or correcting a vertebral column or such like 161 2000
 
SOFAMOR DANEK HOLDINGS, INC. (1)
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SPINECORE, INC. (1)
6,527,806 Intervertebral spacer device having a spiral wave washer force restoring element 125 2001
 
SPINEOLOGY, INC. (1)
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SpinLabs, LLC (1)
6,402,750 Devices and methods for the treatment of spinal disorders 516 2000
 
ST. FRANCIS MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6,183,471 Spine distraction implant and method 158 1998
 
STRYKER CORPORATION (1)
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STRYKER FRANCE S.A. (1)
6,267,764 Osteosynthesis system with elastic deformation for spinal column 248 1999
 
STRYKER SPINE (1)
6,440,169 Interspinous stabilizer to be fixed to spinous processes of two vertebrae 485 2000
 
SURGICRAFT LIMITED (1)
5,725,582 Surgical implants 441 1995
 
SURGICRAFT LIMITED FISHING LINE ROAD (1)
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SYNTHES USA, LLC (1)
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THEKEN SPINE, LLC (1)
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TLIF, LLC (1)
5,824,094 Spinal disc 403 1997
 
Tribus, Clifford (1)
6,461,359 Spine stabilization device 190 1999
 
United States Surgical Corporation (1)
6,063,088 Method and instrumentation for implant insertion 351 1997
 
UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI (1)
5,415,661 Implantable spinal assist device 730 1993
 
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5,735,899 Low profile intraosseous anterior spinal fusion system and method 162 1996
 
VEREINIGTE EDELSTHLWERKE A.G., ELISABETHSTRASSE 12, VIENNA, AUSTRIA A-1011 A CORP. OF AUSTRIA (1)
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WAGNER, JOHN (1)
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WENZEL SPINE, INC. (1)
5,545,166 Spinal segmental reduction derotational fixation system 117 1994
 
Zacouto, Fred (1)
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2004/0049,189 Flexible linking piece for stabilising the spine 227 2003
 
ZIMMER TECHNOLOGY, INC. (1)
4,863,476 Spinal implant 577 1987
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (45)
4,289,123 Orthopedic appliance 346 1980
4,349,921 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 898 1980
4,479,491 Intervertebral stabilization implant 230 1982
4,483,334 External fixation device 157 1983
4,554,914 Prosthetic vertebral body 533 1983
4,604,995 Spinal stabilizer 401 1984
4,599,086 Spine stabilization device and method 527 1985
4,657,550 Buttressing device usable in a vertebral prosthesis 479 1986
4,827,918 Fixing instrument for use in spinal surgery 235 1987
4,863,477 Synthetic intervertebral disc prosthesis 556 1987
4,946,458 Pedicle screw 519 1989
5,011,484 Surgical implant for restricting the relative movement of vertebrae 365 1989
5,092,866 Flexible inter-vertebral stabilizer as well as process and apparatus for determining or verifying its tension before installation on the spinal column 667 1990
5,092,867 Correction and supporting apparatus, in particular for the spinal column 166 1990
5,306,308 Intervertebral implant 373 1992
5,246,458 Artificial disk 363 1992
5,318,567 Screw-on plate for treatment of fractures of the odontoid apophysis 70 1992
5,306,275 Lumbar spine fixation apparatus and method 465 1992
5,313,962 Method of performing laparoscopic lumbar discectomy 273 1993
5,360,430 Intervertebral locking device 306 1993
5,458,641 Vertebral body prosthesis 383 1993
5,514,180 Prosthetic intervertebral devices 672 1994
5,458,642 Synthetic intervertebral disc 400 1994
5,443,516 Joint prosthesis 78 1994
5,603,713 Anterior lumbar/cervical bicortical compression plate 264 1994
5,609,634 Intervertebral prosthesis making possible rotatory stabilization and flexion/extension stabilization 403 1995
5,582,612 Vertebral fixing and retrieving device having centrally two fixation 128 1995
5,702,392 Coupling plate for spinal correction and a correction device of using the same 137 1995
5,645,597 Disc replacement method and apparatus 417 1995
5,672,175 Dynamic implanted spinal orthosis and operative procedure for fitting 529 1996
5,702,450 Intervertebral disk prosthesis 399 1996
5,683,465 Artificial intervertebral disk prosthesis 444 1996
RE36221 Flexible inter-vertebral stabilizer as well as process and apparatus for determining or verifying its tension before installation on the spinal column 364 1996
5,755,796 Prosthesis of the cervical intervertebralis disk 245 1996
5,749,873 Apparatus for the mobile fixation of bones 75 1996
6,019,759 Multi-Directional fasteners or attachment devices for spinal implant elements 167 1996
5,865,846 Human spinal disc prosthesis 624 1997
5,893,889 Artificial disc 449 1997
5,951,555 Device for the correction of spinal deformities 135 1998
6,179,838 Bone fixation arrangements and method 128 1998
6,014,588 Facet joint pain relief method and apparatus 186 1998
6,063,121 Vertebral body prosthesis 359 1998
6,314,325 Nerve hyperpolarization method and apparatus for pain relief 107 1999
2003/0220,643 Devices to prevent spinal extension 343 2003
2004/0181,285 Vertebral implants adapted for posterior insertion 80 2003
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
LDR MEDICAL (6)
8,858,635 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 0 2005
8,465,546 Intervertebral disc prosthesis insertion assemblies 2 2007
8,343,219 Intersomatic cage, intervertebral prosthesis, anchoring device and implantation instruments 8 2008
8,257,439 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 5 2009
8,267,999 Intervertebral disc prosthesis 5 2009
8,771,284 Intervertebral disc prosthesis and instrumentation for insertion of the prosthesis between the vertebrae 0 2012
 
KSPINE, INC. (4)
8,114,158 Facet device and method 5 2008
8,357,182 Alignment system with longitudinal support features 2 2009
8,828,058 Growth directed vertebral fixation system with distractible connector(s) and apical control 0 2010
8,920,472 Spinal correction and secondary stabilization 0 2013
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (5)
8,486,111 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2006
8,690,922 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2010
8,685,062 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2010
8,585,739 Dynamic fixation device and method of use 0 2010
8,221,459 Pedicle screw connector apparatus and method 0 2010
* Cited By Examiner

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