US Patent No: 8,114,134

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

Spinal prosthesis having a three bar linkage for motion preservation and dynamic stabilization of the spine

ALSO PUBLISHED AS: 20100030272
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ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

Importance

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Abstract

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A dynamic spinal stabilization linkage for use in stabilizing of the spine. The linkage connects adjacent vertebrae to provide load-sharing and stabilization while allowing natural kinematics. The linkage comprises three rigid bodies joined in series with 3-degree-of-freedom spherical joint between each body. The joints have range-of-motion constraints which limit undesirable intervertebral motion.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
SPARTEK MEDICAL, INC.ALAMEDA, CA66

International Classification(s)

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  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Flynn, John J Concord, CA 208 3772
Hsu, Ken Y San Francisco, CA 421 16415
Klyce, H Adam R Berkeley, CA 82 396
Klyce, Henry A Piedmont, CA 282 10089
Mitchell, Steven T Pleasant Hill, CA 171 4046
Winslow, Charles J Walnut Creek, CA 343 12145
Zucherman, James F San Francisco, CA 421 16492

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (75)
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K2 MEDICAL, LLC (1)
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2008/0065,073 OFFSET DYNAMIC MOTION SPINAL STABILIZATION SYSTEM 117 2007
 
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4,887,595 Surgically implantable device for spinal columns 228 1987
5,024,213 Connector for a corrective device 210 1989
5,084,049 Transverse connector for spinal column corrective devices 343 1989
5,312,404 Spinal column retaining apparatus 249 1992
5,346,493 Top-entry rod retainer 212 1993
5,743,907 Spinal column retaining method and apparatus 122 1994
5,713,900 Apparatus for retaining bone portions in a desired spatial relationship 278 1996
7,344,539 Intervertebral connection system 74 2001
6,869,433 Polyaxial screw with improved locking 201 2002
6,843,791 Locking cap assembly for spinal fixation instrumentation 198 2003
7,081,117 Locking cap assembly for spinal fixation instrumentation 142 2004
 
DiscoTech N.V. (1)
6,127,597 Systems for percutaneous bone and spinal stabilization, fixation and repair 533 1998
 
N-SPINE (2)
2005/0177,157 Method and apparatus for flexible fixation of a spine 220 2005
2006/0195,093 Method and apparatus for flexible fixation of a spine 132 2005
 
VAUGHAN MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (2)
6,899,714 Vertebral stabilization assembly and method 90 2002
7,087,056 Vertebral stabilization assembly and method 113 2004
 
SPINAL LLC (3)
5,683,392 Multi-planar locking mechanism for bone fixation 230 1995
7,335,201 Polyaxial bone screw with torqueless fastening 124 2003
7,678,136 Spinal fixation assembly 50 2004
 
SPINAL KINETICS, INC. (3)
2007/0083,200 Spinal stabilization systems and methods 99 2005
7,803,189 Prosthetic facet and facet joint replacement device 25 2006
2007/0167,947 Spinal stabilization device 83 2006
 
ACROMED (1)
5,129,900 Spinal column retaining method and apparatus 323 1990
 
KYPHON SARL (2)
7,648,520 Pedicle screw assembly 27 2004
2006/0276,897 Implant for stabilizing a bone graft during spinal fusion 136 2005
 
VERTILINK CORPORATION (1)
7,083,621 Articulating spinal fixation rod and system 266 2003
 
DEPUY MITEK, LLC (1)
7,309,355 Flexible tibial sheath 82 2003
 
MULLANE, THOMAS (2)
6,623,485 Split ring bone screw for a spinal fixation system 253 2001
6,887,242 Split ring bone screw for a spinal fixation system 92 2002
 
HOWMEDICA OSTEONICS CORP. (17)
5,102,412 System for instrumentation of the spine in the treatment of spinal deformities 249 1990
5,380,326 Clamping device for vertebral locking rod 109 1993
5,591,166 Multi angle bone bolt 319 1995
5,681,311 Osteosynthesis apparatus 325 1995
6,413,257 Clamping connector for spinal fixation systems 101 1997
6,783,526 Transverse rod connector clip 111 1997
5,989,251 Apparatus for spinal stabilization 135 1998
6,090,111 Device for securing spinal rods 364 1998
6,565,565 Device for securing spinal rods 348 2000
6,302,882 Transverse rod connector clip 121 2000
6,875,211 Apparatus for spinal stabilization 124 2001
6,706,045 Clamping connector for spinal fixation systems 147 2002
6,752,807 Transverse rod connector clip 99 2002
7,608,095 Device for securing spinal rods 30 2003
2005/0192,569 Apparatus for spinal stabilization 77 2005
7,819,901 Device for securing spinal rods 28 2005
7,909,856 Methods for securing spinal rods 27 2006
 
INTRINSIC THERAPEUTICS, INC. (3)
6,883,520 Methods and apparatus for dynamically stable spinal implant 149 2002
7,513,911 Method of implanting dynamically stable spinal implant 46 2004
7,553,329 Stabilized intervertebral disc barrier 54 2004
 
Polyclinique de Bourgogne & Les Hortensiad (1)
5,180,393 Artificial ligament for the spine 399 1992
 
SOLCO BIOMEDICAL CO., LTD. (1)
2006/0247,631 Spinal pedicle screw assembly 127 2005
 
Acromed B.V. (1)
5,374,267 Device for fixing at least a part of the human cervical and/or thoracic vertebral column 67 1993
 
GMEDELAWARE 2 LLC (6)
6,811,567 Facet arthroplasty devices and methods 306 2002
7,074,237 Multiple facet joint replacement 138 2003
7,087,084 Method for replacing a natural facet joint with a prosthesis having an artificial facet joint structure 138 2003
7,051,451 Facet joint prosthesis measurement and implant tools 145 2004
7,674,293 Crossbar spinal prosthesis having a modular design and related implantation methods 34 2005
2007/0167,946 System and Method for Multiple Level Facet joint Arthroplasty and Fusion 50 2006
 
ACROMED CORPORATION (1)
4,950,269 Spinal column fixation device 274 1988
 
RACHIOTEK LLC (7)
7,615,068 Mounting mechanisms for pedicle screws and related assemblies 91 2004
7,635,379 Pedicle screw assembly with bearing surfaces 57 2004
2005/0177,156 Surgical implant devices and systems including a sheath member 172 2004
7,811,309 Dynamic spine stabilization device with travel-limiting functionality 66 2005
7,713,288 Spring junction and assembly methods for spinal device 72 2005
7,699,875 Spinal stabilization device with weld cap 74 2006
2010/0222,819 Integral Spring Junction 60 2010
 
SOCIETY DE FABRICATION DE MATERIEL ORTHOPEDIQUE, S.A. (1)
5,067,955 Vertebral implant for osteosynthesis device 259 1990
 
ALPINESPINE, LLC (4)
2006/0161,153 Pedicle screw systems and methods of assembling/installing the same 106 2005
7,445,627 Polyaxial pedicle screw assembly 76 2006
2006/0241,600 Percutaneous pedicle screw assembly 153 2006
* 2008/0071,273 Dynamic Pedicle Screw System 120 2007
 
PLUS ENDOPROTHETK AG CH-6343 ROTKREUZ (1)
5,536,268 System for osteosynthesis at the vertebral column, connecting element for such a system and tool for its placement and removal 192 1994
 
ATLAS SPINE, INC. (1)
6,932,817 Polyaxial modular skeletal hook 133 2002
 
BIOMAT (1)
5,380,325 Osteosynthesis device for spinal consolidation 182 1993
 
SPINELAB AG (3)
7,125,410 Elastic stabilization system for vertebral columns 151 2003
7,597,707 Pedicle screw with a closure device for the fixing of elastic rod elements 25 2004
2007/0016,201 Elastic stabilization system for vertebral columns 79 2006
 
PARK, KEUN HO (1)
7,871,413 Pedicle screw and operating device thereof 28 2004
 
SPINAL CONCEPTS, INC. (1)
2004/0172,022 Bone fastener assembly for a spinal stabilization system 266 2003
 
MMSN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP (1)
7,862,586 Spinal stabilization systems 44 2003
 
SPINAL INNOVATIONS, L.L.C. (2)
6,171,311 Transverse connector 156 1996
6,328,740 Transverse connector 94 1999
 
WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. (66)
5,437,672 Spinal cord protection device 356 1994
5,683,391 Anterior spinal instrumentation and method for implantation and revision 225 1995
5,693,053 Variable angle and transitional linking member 125 1995
6,520,990 Lateral fixation plates for a spinal system 111 1995
5,797,911 Multi-axial bone screw assembly 406 1996
5,879,350 Multi-axial bone screw assembly 400 1996
5,728,098 Multi-angle bone screw assembly using shape-memory technology 269 1996
5,868,745 Spinal protection device 183 1996
5,885,286 Multi-axial bone screw assembly 375 1997
6,344,057 Adjustable vertebral body replacement 203 1998
6,113,601 Polyaxial pedicle screw having a loosely coupled locking cap 279 1998
6,280,442 Multi-axial bone screw assembly 353 1999
6,210,413 Connecting apparatus using shape-memory technology 149 1999
6,254,602 Advanced coupling device using shape-memory technology 244 1999
6,273,888 Device and method for selectively preventing the locking of a shape-memory alloy coupling system 232 1999
6,293,949 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 492 2000
6,309,391 Multidirectional pivoting bone screw and fixation system 236 2000
6,402,749 Variable angle connection assembly for a spinal implant system 105 2000
6,485,491 Posterior fixation system 320 2000
6,520,962 Taper-locked adjustable connector 215 2000
6,761,719 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 207 2001
6,749,614 Formable orthopedic fixation system with cross linking 173 2001
6,783,527 Flexible spinal stabilization system and method 330 2001
6,827,743 Woven orthopedic implants 151 2002
7,048,736 Device for fixation of spinous processes 271 2002
2004/0111,088 Multi-rod bone attachment member 82 2002
* 7,691,131 Intervertebral connecting device 20 2002
7,338,490 Reduction cable and bone anchor 78 2003
7,270,665 Variable offset spinal fixation system 95 2003
7,727,261 Multi-axial bone screw assembly 35 2003
7,553,320 Method and apparatus for replacing the function of facet joints 61 2003
2004/0230,192 Intervertebral linking device 121 2004
2004/0215,192 Superelastic spinal stabilization system and method 85 2004
2005/0277,922 Systems and methods for flexible spinal stabilization 219 2004
7,722,654 Spinal implants with multi-axial anchor assembly and methods 35 2004
7,794,477 Spinal implants and methods with extended multi-axial anchor assemblies 36 2004
7,811,311 Screw with deployable interlaced dual rods 26 2004
7,815,664 Systems and methods for spinal stabilization with flexible elements 35 2005
2006/0229,607 Systems, kits and methods for treatment of the spinal column using elongate support members 86 2005
2006/0241,757 Intervertebral prosthetic device for spinal stabilization and method of manufacturing same 197 2005
7,708,762 Systems, devices and methods for stabilization of the spinal column 28 2005
7,794,481 Force limiting coupling assemblies for spinal implants 25 2005
7,585,312 Spinal stabilization apparatus and method 27 2005
7,850,715 Orthopedic implant apparatus 32 2005
2006/0084,989 Multi-axial anchor assemblies for spinal implants and methods 121 2005
2006/0247,623 Local delivery of an active agent from an orthopedic implant 230 2005
2006/0084,990 Dual anchor spinal implant apparatus 67 2005
7,799,060 Multi-directional spinal stabilization systems and methods 44 2005
7,828,825 Multi-level multi-functional spinal stabilization systems and methods 34 2005
7,625,394 Coupling assemblies for spinal implants 53 2005
7,862,591 Intervertebral prosthetic device for spinal stabilization and method of implanting same 29 2005
7,699,873 Spinous process anchoring systems and methods 38 2005
7,828,826 Flexible spinal stabilization system and method 26 2006
7,520,879 Surgical instruments and techniques for percutaneous placement of spinal stabilization elements 59 2006
2007/0198,014 Articulating connecting member and anchor systems for spinal stabilization 130 2006
2007/0233,068 Intervertebral prosthetic assembly for spinal stabilization and method of implanting same 199 2006
2007/0233,072 Modular fastener assemblies for spinal stabilization systems and methods 65 2006
7,563,274 Surgical instruments and techniques for controlling spinal motion segments with positioning of spinal stabilization elements 53 2006
7,785,350 Load bearing flexible spinal connecting element 32 2006
2007/0270,836 Dynamic spinal stabilization members and methods 83 2006
2007/0270,838 Dynamic spinal stabilization device with dampener 148 2006
2008/0021,459 Dynamic constructs for spinal stabilization 120 2006
2008/0021,461 Spinal stabilization and reconstruction with fusion rods 75 2006
2008/0065,079 Spinal Stabilization Devices and Methods of Use 120 2006
7,875,059 Variable stiffness support members 46 2007
2010/0198,270 Multi-Axial Bone Screw Assembly 32 2010
 
Prufer (1)
5,207,678 Pedicle screw and receiver member therefore 421 1992
 
EXACTECH, INC. (2)
2008/0183,215 Multi-level minimally invasive spinal stabilization system 92 2008
2008/0262,554 Dyanamic rod 76 2008
 
NAS Medical Technologies, Inc. (1)
7,294,128 Bone fixation apparatus 88 2003
 
YALE UNIVERSITY (5)
7,029,475 Spinal stabilization method 245 2004
7,476,238 Dynamic spine stabilizer 100 2005
7,713,287 Dynamic spine stabilizer 55 2005
2005/0288,670 Dynamic stabilization device including overhanging stabilizing member 196 2005
2010/0174,317 Dynamic Spine Stabilizer 54 2010
 
JOHNSON & JOHNSON PROFESSIONAL, INC. (1)
5,716,358 Directional bone fixation device 144 1994
 
INTEGRA OHIO, INC. (1)
5,928,233 Spinal fixation device with laterally attachable connectors 171 1997
 
PREMIA SPINE LTD. (1)
7,011,685 Spinal prostheses 261 2004
 
SPINEFRONTLER, L.L.S. (1)
7,875,060 Multi-axial screw with a spherical landing 26 2005
 
The Procter & Gamble Company (1)
5,628,740 Articulating toggle bolt bone screw 292 1995
 
ALTUS PARTNERS, LLC (2)
7,594,924 Spinal stabilization using bone anchor seat and cross coupling with improved locking feature 33 2006
2006/0235,389 Spinal stabilization using bone anchor and anchor seat with tangential locking feature 139 2006
 
SPINEFRONTIER INC (1)
7,338,491 Spinal fixation locking mechanism 99 2005
 
AESCULAP (1)
6,945,974 Spinal stabilization implant and method of application 81 2003
 
AESCULAP AG (3)
5,360,429 Device for straightening, fixing, compressing, and elongating cervical vertebrae 166 1993
6,086,588 Osteosynthesis system for vertebra arthrodesis 181 1999
6,755,835 Bone screw 169 2002
 
N SPINE, INC. (2)
7,137,985 Marking and guidance method and system for flexible fixation of a spine 132 2003
7,763,052 Method and apparatus for flexible fixation of a spine 44 2004
 
AESCULAP II, INC. (4)
6,010,503 Locking mechanism 335 1998
6,355,040 Locking mechanism 216 2000
6,740,086 Screw and rod fixation assembly and device 220 2002
2004/0162,560 Implant device including threaded locking mechanism 140 2003
 
MEDICREA TECHNOLOGIES (2)
6,267,765 Multidirectional adaptable vertebral osteosyntsis device with reduced space requirement 190 2000
7,731,734 Vertebral osteosynthesis equipment 31 2004
 
SPARTA, INC. (1)
6,273,914 Spinal implant 134 1997
 
HOPITAL SAINTE-JUSTINE (1)
6,554,831 Mobile dynamic system for treating spinal disorder 247 2000
 
ASAHI KOGAKU KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA (1)
5,716,359 Anchor and method for fixing a screw in bone 171 1996
 
SMITH & NEPHEW RICHARDS INC. (1)
5,690,633 Orthopedic fracture fixation device 114 1996
 
SALUT, LTD. (2)
5,127,912 Sacral implant system 380 1990
6,458,131 Apparatus and method for reducing spinal deformity 200 2000
 
K SPINE, INC. (2)
7,611,526 Spinous process reinforcement device and method 44 2005
2006/0036,324 Adjustable spinal implant device and method 203 2005
 
CROSS MEDICAL PRODUCTS, LLC (3)
5,360,431 Transpedicular screw system and method of use 499 1992
5,466,237 Variable locking stabilizer anchor seat and screw 435 1993
5,474,555 Spinal implant system 537 1994
 
Fairant; Paulette (1)
6,132,464 Vertebral joint facets prostheses 423 1996
 
SOIETE DE FABRICATION DE MATERIEL ORTHOPEDIQUE SOFAMOR (1)
4,641,636 Device for supporting the rachis 269 1984
 
ENCORE MEDICAL ASSET CORPORATION (1)
5,928,232 Spinal fixation system 162 1996
 
NEUROPRO TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
2008/0051,787 PERCUTANEOUS SYSTEM FOR DYNAMIC SPINAL STABILIZATION 126 2007
 
BIEDERMANN TECHNOLOGIES GMBH & CO. KG (12)
5,443,467 Bone screw 490 1994
6,471,705 Bone screw 257 2001
6,736,820 Bone screw 181 2001
7,018,378 Screw 165 2002
6,918,911 Bone anchoring device for stabilizing bone segments and seat part of a bone anchoring device 96 2003
7,722,649 Dynamic stabilization device for bones, in particular for vertebrae 52 2003
2004/0225,289 Dynamic anchoring device and dynamic stabilization device for bones, in particular for vertebrae, with such an anchoring device 280 2004
7,601,166 Stabilization device for the dynamic stabilization of vertebrae or bones and rod like element for such a stabilization device 64 2005
7,833,256 Elastic element for the use in a stabilization device for bones and vertebrae and method for the manufacture of such elastic element 32 2005
7,530,992 Bone anchoring device for stabilising bone segments and seat part of a bone anchoring device 44 2005
7,785,354 Bone screw 37 2005
2006/0106,383 Bone screw 111 2005
 
TUTOGEN MEDICAL GMBH (1)
2004/0034,374 Implant 27 2003
 
MIRSON, BRIAN (1)
5,382,248 System and method for stabilizing bone segments 200 1992
 
PARADIGM SPINE (1)
5,645,599 Interspinal vertebral implant 705 1996
 
SCIENT'X SA (2)
7,892,266 Bone anchoring device with spherical articulation 26 2003
2006/0084,978 Spinal fixation system and method 71 2004
 
LANX, INC. (2)
7,766,945 Screw and rod fixation system 37 2004
7,828,830 Dynamic spinal stabilization 26 2006
 
ABDOU, SAMY (2)
7,862,588 Devices and methods for dynamic fixation of skeletal structure 32 2006
7,857,833 Devices and methods for inter-vertebral orthopedic device placement 26 2006
 
MEDICINELODGE, INC. (2)
6,565,605 Multiple facet joint replacement 328 2000
7,090,698 Method and apparatus for spine joint replacement 172 2002
 
THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE LELAND STANFORD JUNIOR UNIVERSITY (8)
2006/0084,982 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 175 2004
2006/0084,983 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 281 2004
2006/0084,984 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 170 2004
2006/0084,985 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 298 2004
2006/0122,620 Systems and methods for stabilizing the motion or adjusting the position of the spine 256 2004
2006/0084,987 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 290 2005
2006/0085,069 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 288 2005
2006/0084,988 Systems and methods for posterior dynamic stabilization of the spine 302 2005
 
Transl, Inc. (1)
7,662,173 Spinal mobility preservation apparatus 51 2004
 
ORTHO INNOVATIONS, LLC (1)
7,942,910 Polyaxial bone screw 23 2007
 
MAYO FOUNDATION FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (1)
7,060,066 Spinal fixation support device and methods of using 80 2002
 
CORIN SPINAL SYSTEMS LIMITED (1)
6,626,908 Pedicle attachment assembly 209 2001
 
HENRY FORD HOSPITAL (1)
4,611,580 Intervertebral body stabilization 136 1983
 
SHOWA IKA KOHGYO CO., LTD. (2)
6,832,999 Rod for cervical vertebra and connecting system thereof 100 2003
2004/0122,425 Rod fixing apparatus for vertebra connecting member 78 2003
 
ANOVA CORP. (1)
6,248,106 Cross-coupled vertebral stabilizers 252 2000
 
ALPHATEC SPINE, INC. (3)
5,611,800 Spinal fixation system 302 1994
5,549,607 Apparatus for spinal fixation system 218 1995
7,377,923 Variable angle spinal screw assembly 73 2004
 
KYOCERA CORPORATION (1)
6,660,005 Vertebra correcting and fixing device 88 2001
 
CUSTOM SPINE, INC. (2)
7,862,594 Polyaxial pedicle screw assembly 29 2005
7,819,902 Medialised rod pedicle screw assembly 46 2005
 
HADASIT MEDICAL RESEARCH SERVICES AND DEVELOPMENT LTD. (1)
2006/0282,073 Implant for treating idiopathic scoliosis and a method for using the same 74 2004
 
Societe PSI (1)
5,540,688 Intervertebral stabilization device incorporating dampers 468 1994
 
FOURTH DIMENSION SPINE, L.L.C. (1)
7,776,071 Flexible vertebral linking device 50 2002
 
LEE, CHUN-TEK (1)
6,458,132 Spine supporting system 115 2001
 
GLOBUS MEDICAL, INC. (4)
6,986,771 Spine stabilization system 260 2003
7,503,924 Polyaxial screw 44 2004
2005/0228,385 Polyaxial screw 105 2005
2006/0129,149 Polyaxial screw 154 2005
 
SPINEFRONTIER LLS (2)
7,282,064 Apparatus and method for connecting spinal vertebrae 116 2003
2007/0250,061 SPINE FIXATION METHOD AND APPARATUS 116 2007
 
ARCROMED CORPORATION (1)
5,690,629 Apparatus for maintaining vertebrae of a spinal column in a desired spatial relationship 176 1996
 
SPINE WAVE, INC. (2)
7,806,914 Dynamic spinal stabilization system 28 2003
2005/0143,737 Dynamic spinal stabilization system 226 2003
* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (1)
9,011,491 Facet device and method 0 2012
 
KSPINE, INC. (2)
8,828,058 Growth directed vertebral fixation system with distractible connector(s) and apical control 1 2010
8,920,472 Spinal correction and secondary stabilization 0 2013
* Cited By Examiner

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