Vision system for vehicle

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 9736435
APP PUB NO 20170195638A1
SERIAL NO

15463296

Stats

ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

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Abstract

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A vision system for a vehicle includes a forward viewing camera that has a field of view through the windshield of the vehicle and is operable to capture image data. An image processor is operable to process image data captured by the forward viewing camera. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, a road characteristic of a road along which the vehicle is traveling is detected. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, other vehicles exterior the equipped vehicle are detected. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, road curvature of the road along which the equipped vehicle is traveling is determined. Responsive at least in part to processing of captured image data, a school bus stopping signal of a school bus present within the field of view of the forward viewing camera may be detected.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC.HOLLY, MI329

International Classification(s)

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Lynam, Niall R Holland, US 548 58940
Schofield, Kenneth Holland, US 277 38144

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (93)
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4967319 Headlight apparatus for automotive vehicle 261 1989
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4443057 Automatic rearview mirror for automotive vehicles 364 1981
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5614885 Electrical control system for vehicle options 211 1990
5451822 Electronic control system 325 1991
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5434407 Automatic rearview mirror incorporating light pipe 220 1993
5666028 Automobile headlamp and running light control system 242 1994
5537003 Control system for automotive vehicle headlamps and other vehicle equipment 338 1994
5699044 Electrical control system for vehicle options 372 1995
5837994 Control system to automatically dim vehicle head lamps 433 1997
5923027 Moisture sensor and windshield fog detector using an image sensor 453 1997
5990469 Control circuit for image array sensors 487 1997
6049171 Continuously variable headlamp control 390 1998
6097024 Moisture sensor and windshield fog detector 225 1999
6469739 Control circuit for image array sensors 85 1999
6247819 Individual mirror control system 31 2000
6611610 Vehicle lamp control 195 2000
6297781 Rearview mirror with integrated microwave receiver 301 2000
6509832 Systems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle 79 2000
6587573 System for controlling exterior vehicle lights 336 2001
6631316 Image processing system to control vehicle headlamps or other vehicle equipment 90 2001
6980092 Vehicle rearview mirror assembly incorporating a communication system 287 2001
6653614 Control system to automatically control vehicle headlamps 23 2001
6539306 Automotive mirror with integrated Loran components 284 2001
6614579 Proximity switch and vehicle rearview mirror assembly incorporating the same and having a transparent housing 239 2001
6429594 Continuously variable headlamp control 63 2001
6617564 Moisture sensor utilizing stereo imaging with an image sensor 100 2001
6681163 Moisture sensor and windshield fog detector 61 2001
6593698 Continuously variable headlamp control 61 2002
6774988 Light source detection and categorization system for automatic vehicle exterior light control and method of manufacturing 80 2002
6861809 Headlamp control to prevent glare 83 2002
7567291 Vehicle vision system 176 2002
7432967 Control circuit for image array sensors 30 2002
6928180 System for controlling exterior vehicle lights 185 2002
6728393 Vehicle lamp control 50 2002
7565006 Image acquisition and processing methods for automatic vehicular exterior lighting control 140 2003
7221363 Vehicle information displays 133 2004
8045760 Automatic vehicle exterior light control systems 57 2004
2004/0164,228 Automatic vehicle exterior light control system assemblies 102 2004
7543946 Dimmable rearview assembly having a glare sensor 100 2004
7149613 Image processing system to control vehicle headlamps or other vehicle equipment 227 2005
7653215 System for controlling exterior vehicle lights 59 2005
8339526 Vehicle rearview mirror assembly including a high intensity display 73 2007
7423821 Vision system 81 2007
7613327 Vehicle automatic exterior light control 36 2007
7825600 System for controlling vehicle equipment 25 2007
8289430 High dynamic range imaging device 33 2007
2009/0256,938 Imaging device 84 2008
8305471 High dynamic range imaging device 27 2008
2009/0190,015 Imaging device 91 2008
7663798 Electrochromic rearview mirror incorporating a third surface reflector 125 2008
8120652 System for controlling vehicle equipment 65 2008
 
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6219444 Synthesizing virtual two dimensional images of three dimensional space from a collection of real two dimensional images 34 1998
6704621 System and method for estimating ego-motion of a moving vehicle using successive images recorded along the vehicle's path of motion 175 2000
7113867 System and method for detecting obstacles to vehicle motion and determining time to contact therewith using sequences of images 133 2000
7151996 System and method for generating a model of the path of a roadway from an image recorded by a camera 65 2001
2003/0040,864 System and method for generating a model of the path of a roadway from an image recorded by a camera 20 2001
8082101 Collision warning system 64 2005
2009/0143,986 Collision Warning System 30 2005
8164628 Estimating distance to an object using a sequence of images recorded by a monocular camera 68 2006
2007/0154,068 Estimating Distance To An Object Using A Sequence Of Images Recorded By A Monocular Camera 34 2006
8553088 Systems and methods for detecting obstructions in a camera field of view 49 2006
2007/0115,357 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING OBSTRUCTIONS IN A CAMERA FIELD OF VIEW 56 2006
7566851 Headlight, taillight and streetlight detection 67 2007
2007/0221,822 Headlight, Taillight And Streetlight Detection 36 2007
7995067 Cyclical image buffer 16 2007
2008/0239,393 Cyclical Image Buffer 15 2007
7786898 Fusion of far infrared and visible images in enhanced obstacle detection in automotive applications 65 2007
2008/0036,576 FUSION OF FAR INFRARED AND VISIBLE IMAGES IN ENHANCED OBSTACLE DETECTION IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS 28 2007
8064643 Detecting and recognizing traffic signs 62 2007
2008/0137,908 DETECTING AND RECOGNIZING TRAFFIC SIGNS 30 2007
8300058 ELUT: enhanced look-up table signal processing 15 2008
2008/0266,396 REAR OBSTRUCTION DETECTION 57 2008
2009/0182,690 Detection and Classification of Light Sources Using a Diffraction Grating 18 2009
8254635 Bundling of driver assistance systems 58 2009
8656221 System on chip breakpoint methodology 15 2010
2011/0219,217 System on Chip Breakpoint Methodology 15 2010
8538205 Multi-function summing machine 14 2010
2011/0280,495 Multi-Function Summing Machine 14 2010
2011/0307,684 Image Processing Address Generator 16 2010
8378851 Fusion of images in enhanced obstacle detection 56 2010
2011/0018,700 Fusion of Images in Enhanced Obstacle Detection 14 2010
2012/0002,053 DETECTING AND RECOGNIZING TRAFFIC SIGNS 18 2011
2012/0069,185 BARRIER AND GUARDRAIL DETECTION USING A SINGLE CAMERA 54 2011
2012/0105,639 BUNDLING NIGHT VISION AND OTHER DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS (DAS) USING NEAR INFRA RED (NIR) ILLUMINATION AND A ROLLING SHUTTER 24 2011
8452055 Collision warning system 54 2011
2012/0056,735 COLLISION WARNING SYSTEM 15 2011
2012/0140,076 FORWARD COLLISION WARNING TRAP AND PEDESTRIAN ADVANCED WARNING SYSTEM 21 2011
2012/0200,707 ESTIMATING DISTANCE TO AN OBJECT USING A SEQUENCE OF IMAGES RECORDED BY A MONOCULAR CAMERA 47 2012
2012/0314,071 PEDESTRIAN COLLISION WARNING SYSTEM 51 2012
2012/0233,841 ADJUSTABLE CAMERA MOUNT FOR A VEHICLE WINDSHIELD 25 2012
2014/0033,203 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE WITH A HARDWARE ACCUMULATOR RESET 14 2012
2014/0082,307 SYSTEM AND METHOD TO ARBITRATE ACCESS TO MEMORY 14 2012
2014/0122,551 ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT 16 2012
2013/0141,580 ROAD VERTICAL CONTOUR DETECTION 50 2012
2013/0147,957 DETECTION OF OBSTACLES AT NIGHT BY ANALYSIS OF SHADOWS 43 2012
2013/0135,444 Fusion of Far Infrared and Visible Images in Enhanced Obstacle Detection in Automotive Applications 16 2013
2013/0308,828 Collision Warning System 17 2013
2014/0049,648 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING OBSTRUCTIONS IN A CAMERA FIELD OF VIEW 17 2013
2014/0093,132 Collison Warning System 19 2013
2014/0156,140 Collision Warning System 14 2013
2014/0198,184 STEREO ASSIST WITH ROLLING SHUTTERS 24 2014
2014/0160,244 MONOCULAR CUED DETECTION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES FROM DEPTH IMAGES 19 2014
2014/0161,323 DENSE STRUCTURE FROM MOTION 19 2014
 
PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD. (1)
2008/0231,710 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CAMERA CALIBRATION, AND VEHICLE 30 2008
 
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5555503 System and method for providing accurate vehicle positioning using spatial bias techniques 104 1993
5612883 System and method for detecting obstacles in the path of a vehicle 127 1995
 
AV TECH CORPORATION (1)
2009/0113,509 VIDEO SYSTEM, VIDEO TRANSMITTER, VIDEO RECEIVER AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME 131 2008
 
YISSUM RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT COMPANY OF THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM (1)
6052124 System and method for directly estimating three-dimensional structure of objects in a scene and camera motion from three two-dimensional views of the scene 76 1998
 
MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD. (13)
4713685 Video monitoring apparatus 239 1985
4731669 Camera apparatus with movably supported lens barrel 228 1986
5331312 Obstacle-detecting apparatus 276 1992
5487116 Vehicle recognition apparatus 171 1994
5867591 Method of matching stereo images and method of measuring disparity between these image 205 1996
5904725 Local positioning apparatus 51 1996
5922036 Lane detection sensor and navigation system employing the same 57 1997
6091833 Local positioning apparatus, and a method therefor 82 1997
6700605 Apparatus for monitoring 134 1999
6593960 Multi-functional on-vehicle camera system and image display method for the same 121 2000
2003/0202,683 Vehicle navigation system that automatically translates roadside signs and objects 74 2002
6801127 Driving assistance display apparatus 81 2002
7110021 Vehicle surroundings monitoring device, and image production method/program 94 2003
 
BENEDICT, CHARLES E. (2)
5614788 Automated ambient condition responsive daytime running light system 414 1995
5912534 Double relay light switching system for providing daytime running lights for vehicles 168 1997
 
CATERPILLAR INDUSTRIAL INC. (1)
4849731 Scanning obstacle detection apparatus 52 1988
 
Introlab Pty. Limited (1)
5414257 Moisture sensor for detecting moisture on a windshield 177 1993
 
THALES AVIONICS, INC. (1)
7187498 Surveillance window 124 2002
 
AVM INDUSTRIES, LLC (1)
5676484 Connector with insert molded captive ball 38 1997
 
BUYGROUP, LTD, (1)
5187383 Headlight actuator associated with windsheild wiper actuation having delay circuits and daylight detection 88 1990
 
HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY (4)
6317057 Method for detecting lane deviation of vehicle 314 2000
6850629 Image processing method for preventing lane deviation 29 2001
2002/0080,235 Image processing method for preventing lane deviation 21 2001
6842189 Road monitoring method for a vehicle and a system thereof 87 2001
 
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4820933 Control circuit for liquid crystal rear-vision mirror 233 1987
 
Sony Electronics Inc. (1)
5844505 Automobile navigation system 372 1997
 
GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC (2)
7106213 Distance detection and display system for use in a vehicle 127 2002
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TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED (1)
6107939 Lane change alarm for use in a highway vehicle 64 1998
 
LANG-MEKRA NORTH AMERICA, LLC (1)
6995687 Parking aid for use in a motor vehicle 84 2002
 
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6933837 Trailer based collision warning system and method 136 2002
 
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6218934 Mini-trip computer for use in a rearview mirror assembly 193 1999
 
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6909753 Combined MPEG-4 FGS and modulation algorithm for wireless video transmission 160 2001
7903335 Mirror with built-in display 84 2004
 
BENDIX COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SYSTEMS LLC (3)
6170955 Vehicle mounted optical assembly 55 1998
6392218 Vehicle rain sensor 78 2000
2003/0222,982 Integrated video/data information system and method for application to commercial vehicles to enhance driver awareness 278 2003
 
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4886960 Control circuit for an automatic rearview mirror 371 1988
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6291905 Vehicle rearview mirror and a vehicle control system incorporating such mirror 173 1999
6515378 Vehicle rearview mirror system 111 2001
 
DONNELLY CORPORATION (132)
4793690 Rearview mirror control circuit 525 1987
4882565 Information display for rearview mirrors 489 1988
4930742 Rearview mirror and accessory mount for vehicles 414 1988
4871917 Vehicular moisture sensor and mounting apparatus therefor 324 1988
4936533 Mounting assembly for vehicle accessories 295 1988
4916374 Continuously adaptive moisture sensor system for wiper control 336 1989
4956591 Control for a moisture sensor 319 1989
5148014 Mirror system with remotely actuated continuously variable reflectant mirrors 197 1990
5327288 Reduced vibration day/night rearview mirror assembly 327 1991
5193029 Single sensor adaptive drive circuit for rearview mirror system 485 1991
5253109 Electro-optic device with constant light transmitting area 521 1992
5285060 Display for automatic rearview mirror 435 1992
5550677 Automatic rearview mirror system using a photosensor array 717 1993
5406414 Electrochromic rearview mirror for vehicles with constant light transmitting area 316 1993
5416313 Display for automatic rearview mirror 330 1994
5576687 Vehicle information display 371 1994
5668663 Electrochromic mirrors and devices 548 1994
5615857 Mirror support bracket 243 1994
5530240 Display for automatic rearview mirror 462 1995
5724187 Electrochromic mirrors and devices 641 1995
5667896 Vehicle window assembly for mounting interior vehicle accessories 44 1995
5877897 Automatic rearview mirror, vehicle lighting control and vehicle interior monitoring system using a photosensor array 647 1995
5971552 Vehicle global positioning system 351 1995
5760962 Automatic rearview mirror system using a photosensor array 495 1996
5798575 Vehicle mirror digital network and dynamically interactive mirror system 435 1996
5708410 Vehicle information display 310 1996
5715093 Automatic rearview mirror system with automatic headlight activation 369 1996
5820097 Breakaway accessory mounting assembly for vehicles and windshield mounted button therefor 256 1997
5786772 Vehicle blind spot detection display system 538 1997
5938810 Apparatus for tempering and bending glass 54 1997
6124886 Modular rearview mirror assembly 461 1997
5914815 Optical rearview system for vehicle 228 1997
6498620 Vision system for a vehicle including an image capture device and a display system having a long focal length 534 1997
6087953 Rearview mirror support incorporating vehicle information display 417 1998
6158655 Vehicle mounted remote transaction interface system 234 1998
5929786 Vehicle blind spot detection display system 417 1998
5959367 Vehicle mirror digital network and dynamically interactive mirror system 376 1998
6717610 Wide angle image capture system for vehicle 402 1998
6124647 Information display in a rearview mirror 339 1998
6302545 Vehicle control system and method 210 1999
6172613 Rearview mirror assembly incorporating vehicle information display 500 1999
6139172 Interior mirror assembly for a vehicle incorporating a solid-state light source 280 1999
6198409 Vehicle rearview mirror display system 401 1999
6313454 Rain sensor 453 1999
6150014 Coated exterior mirror housing for vehicles 146 1999
6201642 Vehicular vision system with a wide angle lens including a diffractive element 431 1999
6175164 Vehicle mirror digital network and dynamically interactive mirror system 324 1999
6243003 Accessory module for vehicle 429 1999
6278377 Indicator for vehicle accessory 345 1999
6116743 Extendable exterior rearview mirror assembly for vehicles 331 1999
6326613 Vehicle interior mirror assembly adapted for containing a rain sensor 385 1999
6411204 Deceleration based anti-collision safety light control for vehicle 326 1999
6329925 Rearview mirror assembly with added feature modular display 523 1999
6428172 Rearview mirror assembly with utility functions 466 1999
* 6420975 Interior rearview mirror sound processing system 518 1999
6540193 Rearview mirror mounting assembly 46 1999
6294989 Tire inflation assistance monitoring system 386 2000
6318870 Toggle assembly for rearview mirror 266 2000
6513252 Vehicle compass compensation 282 2000
6353392 Rain sensor with fog discrimination 431 2000
6320176 Vehicle rain sensor using imaging sensor 407 2000
6222460 Interior rearview mirror system incorporating a supplemental inflatable restraint system status information display 336 2000
6291906 Information display for vehicles 233 2000
6547133 Vehicle mounted remote transaction interface system 226 2000
6445287 Tire inflation assistance monitoring system 301 2000
6366213 Rearview mirror assembly incorporating electrical accessories 327 2000
6611202 Vehicle camera display system 348 2001
6690268 Video mirror systems incorporating an accessory module 792 2001
2002/0003,571 Video mirror systems incorporating an accessory module 136 2001
6477464 Complete mirror-based global-positioning system (GPS) navigation solution 378 2001
7224324 Interactive automotive rearvision system 181 2001
6433676 Mirror-based audio system for a vehicle 331 2001
6472979 Tire inflation assistance monitoring system 199 2001
6648477 Rearview mirror assembly with information display 379 2001
6466136 Mirror-based audio system for a vehicle 75 2001
6534884 Proximity sensing system for vehicles 241 2001
6523964 Vehicle control system and method 209 2001
6806452 Interior rearview mirror system including a forward facing video device 308 2001
6672731 Vehicular rearview mirror with blind spot viewing system 264 2001
6757109 Plastic lens system for vehicle imaging system 352 2001
7195381 Vehicle interior LED lighting system 436 2002
6650233 Mirror-based audio system for vehicle 130 2002
6847487 Vehicle information display 252 2002
6717524 Voice acquisition system for a vehicle 34 2002
6678614 Navigation system for a vehicle 286 2002
6891563 Vehicular vision system 284 2002
* 2003/0122,930 Vehicular vision system 50 2002
6968736 Rain sensor mounting system 173 2003
6802617 Vehicle image capture system 158 2003
* 2004/0021,947 Vehicle image capture system 12 2003
7004606 Automatic headlamp control 163 2003
6946978 Imaging system for vehicle 352 2003
7123168 Driving separation distance indicator 160 2003
7004593 Interior rearview mirror system with compass 330 2003
7167796 Vehicle navigation system for use with a telematics system 290 2003
7012727 Rearview mirror assembly with utility functions 116 2003
2006/0050,018 Accessory system for vehicle 458 2003
7012507 Voice acquisition system for a vehicle 19 2004
2004/0200,948 Control system including an imaging sensor 136 2004
7420756 Mirror reflective element 158 2004
7249860 Interior rearview mirror assembly 230 2004
7202987 Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices 110 2004
7446924 Mirror reflective element assembly including electronic component 138 2004
7338177 Mirror reflective element for a vehicle 296 2004
7255451 Electro-optic mirror cell 400 2004
7253723 Mirror assembly 148 2005
7046448 Vehicle information display 191 2005
7561181 Vehicular vision system 206 2005
7360932 Mirror assembly for vehicle 188 2005
7881496 Vision system for vehicle 171 2005
7370983 Interior mirror assembly with display 359 2005
7468652 Voice acquisition system for a vehicle 17 2006
7460007 Console system suitable for use in an interior cabin of a vehicle 146 2006
7855755 Interior rearview mirror assembly with display 208 2006
2007/0109,406 Image sensing system for a vehicle 142 2007
7380948 Image sensing system for a vehicle 117 2007
7325934 Image sensing system for a vehicle 125 2007
7325935 Image sensing system for a vehicle 115 2007
7311406 Image sensing system for a vehicle 112 2007
7474963 Navigational mirror system for a vehicle 104 2007
2007/0120,657 IMAGE SENSING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE 151 2007
7972045 Automatic headlamp control system 35 2007
7425076 Vision system for a vehicle 118 2007
7731403 Lighting system for a vehicle, with high-intensity power LED 85 2008
7619508 Video mirror system for a vehicle 237 2008
8095310 Video mirror system for a vehicle 112 2008
7842154 Mirror reflective element and method of forming same 120 2008
2009/0052,003 MIRROR REFLECTIVE ELEMENT ASSEMBLY 123 2008
8004392 Voice acquisition system for a vehicle 15 2008
8162518 Adaptive forward lighting system for vehicle 32 2011
8350683 Voice acquisition system for a vehicle 16 2011
8434919 Adaptive forward lighting system for vehicle 19 2012
 
TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA (10)
4948246 Leading-vehicle detection apparatus 37 1989
5660454 Apparatus and method for controlling light distribution of headlamp 295 1993
5638116 Object recognition apparatus and method 131 1994
5896085 Apparatus for controlling light distributions of head lamps 173 1996
5764139 Information display apparatus for vehicles 303 1996
6285393 Object recognition apparatus and method 226 1997
6940423 Device for monitoring area around vehicle 105 2002
7248283 Vehicle periphery monitor 106 2002
6888447 Obstacle detection device for vehicle and method thereof 45 2003
2010/0172,547 ON-VEHICLE IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE 6 2008
 
INTEGRATED CONTROLS TECHNOLOGIES (1)
5594222 Touch sensor and control circuit therefor 426 1994
 
SUMITOMO WIRING SYSTEMS, LTD. (3)
6812463 Vehicle vicinity-monitoring apparatus 80 2002
7304661 Vehicle periphery monitoring apparatus 80 2003
7605856 Camera unit and apparatus for monitoring vehicle periphery 38 2004
 
UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT (1)
7068844 Method and system for image processing for automatic road sign recognition 31 2001
 
SECOR VIEW TECHNOLOGIES LLC (1)
5289321 Consolidated rear view camera and display system for motor vehicle 457 1993
 
11138037 Ontari Ltd. ("ALIRT") (1)
2004/0148,063 Detecting device and method of using same 24 2003
 
Eastern Mastec Corporation (1)
7030778 Switching device for right and left image inversion in rear monitoring camera of automobile 27 2002
 
KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA CHUO KENKYUSHO (2)
5220508 Position and heading detecting device for self controlled vehicle 47 1990
6259423 Display device using organic electroluminescent elements 72 1998
 
THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (1)
5347456 Intelligent roadway reference system for vehicle lateral guidance and control 74 1991
 
Young Deer Enterprise Co. Ltd. (1)
5473515 Photo-coupled control apparatus for vehicle auxiliary lighting 29 1994
 
EVICAM INTERNATIONAL, INC. (1)
6211907 Secure, vehicle mounted, surveillance system 144 1999
 
McDonnell Douglas Corporation (1)
5493392 Digital image system for determining relative position and motion of in-flight vehicles 43 1994
 
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (1)
5483168 Optical potential field mapping system 17 1993
 
AMERICAN GNC CORPORATION (1)
6516272 Positioning and data integrating method and system thereof 88 2001
 
TRINGALE, JOAN ADELL, GUARDIAN OF ERICA ADELL DAVIS, RYAN ADELL DAVIS AND SETH ADELL GOLD (1)
5212468 Vehicle signalling system 30 1992
 
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* Cited By Examiner

Patent Citation Ranking

Forward Cite Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
Other [Check patent profile for assignment information] (1)
9948904 Vision system for vehicle 0 2017
 
LG INNOTEK CO., LTD. (1)
* D811413 Black box holder for vehicle 0 2016
* Cited By Examiner

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