System for indicating the position of a surgical probe within a head on an image of the head

Number of patents in Portfolio can not be more than 2000

United States of America Patent

PATENT NO 5871445
SERIAL NO

08524981

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ATTORNEY / AGENT: (SPONSORED)

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Abstract

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A system for determining a position of a probe relative to an object such as a head of a body of a patient. The head includes a surface such as a forehead having a contour. Cross sectional images of the head are scanned and stored as a function of the forehead contour. If the forehead contour does not appear in the scan images, then the position of the forehead contour relative to the scan images is determined with an optical scanner and a ring. During surgery, the optical scanner also determines the position of the forehead relative to the ring. An array for receiving radiation emitted from the probe and from the ring generates signals indicating the position of the tip of the probe relative to the ring. A stereotactic imaging system generates and displays an image of the head corresponding to the measured position of the tip of the probe. The system may also display scan images from different scanning technologies which scan images correspond to the same position in the head.

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First Claim

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Patent Owner(s)

Patent OwnerAddressTotal Patents
SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITYST LOUIS, MO117

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  • [Patents Count]

Inventor(s)

Inventor Name Address # of filed Patents Total Citations
Bucholz, Richard D St. Louis, MO 37 3951

Cited Art Landscape

Patent Info (Count) # Cites Year
 
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7174202 Medical navigation apparatus 39 2002
* 2003/0163,037 Surgical navigation 31 2002
8200314 Surgical navigation 6 2007
* 2007/0167,722 Surgical navigation 12 2007
 
SMITH & NEPHEW, INC. (29)
6923817 Total knee arthroplasty systems and processes 202 2002
6827723 Surgical navigation systems and processes for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty 228 2002
* 2002/0198,451 Surgical navigation systems and processes for high tibial osteotomy 69 2002
* 2002/0147,455 Total knee arthroplasty systems and processes 20 2002
7547307 Computer assisted knee arthroplasty instrumentation, systems, and processes 70 2002
* 2003/0069,591 Computer assisted knee arthroplasty instrumentation, systems, and processes 189 2002
7237556 Image-guided fracture reduction 32 2003
7862570 Surgical positioners 13 2003
* 2005/0075,632 Surgical positioners 47 2003
* 2005/0085,822 Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes 13 2003
* 2005/0159,759 Systems and methods for performing minimally invasive incisions 19 2004
* 2005/0228,404 Surgical navigation system component automated imaging navigation and related processes 14 2004
* 2005/0279,368 Computer assisted surgery input/output systems and processes 18 2004
7764985 Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes 7 2004
* 2005/0119,639 Surgical navigation system component fault interfaces and related processes 26 2004
* 2005/0113,846 Surgical navigation systems and processes for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty 121 2004
7794467 Adjustable surgical cutting systems 99 2004
* 2006/0161,051 Method of computer-assisted ligament balancing and component placement in total knee arthroplasty 58 2005
* 2005/0234,332 Method of computer-assisted ligament balancing and component placement in total knee arthroplasty 42 2005
* 2005/0197,569 Methods, systems, and apparatuses for providing patient-mounted surgical navigational sensors 40 2005
7477926 Methods and apparatuses for providing a reference array input device 59 2005
* 2007/0287,910 Quick Disconnect and Repositionable Reference Frame for Computer Assisted Surgery 3 2005
8109942 Computer-aided methods, systems, and apparatuses for shoulder arthroplasty 43 2005
* 2005/0245,808 Computer-aided methods, systems, and apparatuses for shoulder arthroplasty 14 2005
* 2006/0190,011 Systems and methods for providing a reference plane for mounting an acetabular cup during a computer-aided surgery 31 2005
8177788 In-line milling system 4 2006
* 2007/0118,055 Systems and methods for facilitating surgical procedures involving custom medical implants 156 2006
* 2011/0092,978 SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING SURGICAL PROCEDURES INVOLVING CUSTOM MEDICAL IMPLANTS 17 2010
8491597 Surgical positioners 0 2010
 
Medtronic Navigaton, Inc. (1)
8644907 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 20 2010
 
Troy Holsing et al. (1)
* 2006/0262,961 System and method for image based sensor calibration 36 2006
 
EVEREADY BATTERY COMPANY, INC. (1)
* 2004/0168,322 Razor head having skin controlling means 0 2004
 
NEUTAR, LLC (1)
6546277 Instrument guidance system for spinal and other surgery 112 1999
 
MEDTRONIC VASCULAR, INC. (8)
* 2008/0140,180 Vascular Position Locating Apparatus and Method 10 2006
* 2008/0147,173 Prosthesis Deployment Apparatus and Methods 22 2006
8473030 Vessel position and configuration imaging apparatus and methods 3 2007
* 2008/0171,934 Vessel Position and Configuration Imaging Apparatus and Methods 48 2007
* 2008/0172,119 Prosthesis Deployment Apparatus and Methods 29 2007
* 2008/0188,921 Prosthesis Deployment Apparatus and Methods 8 2007
* 2008/0139,915 Vascular Position Locating and/or Mapping Apparatus and Methods 31 2007
* 2009/0259,284 Resonating Stent or Stent Element 0 2008
 
OXFORD FINANCE LLC (6)
7998062 Endoscope structures and techniques for navigating to a target in branched structure 13 2007
8611984 Locatable catheter 6 2010
* 2011/0207,997 Locatable Catheter 1 2010
8428328 Region-growing algorithm 3 2011
* 2011/0206,253 Region-Growing Algorithm 1 2011
8696548 Endoscope structures and techniques for navigating to a target in branched structure 3 2011
 
Medtronic Surgical Navigation Technologies (2)
6235038 System for translation of electromagnetic and optical localization systems 165 1999
6708184 Method and apparatus for producing and accessing composite data using a device having a distributed communication controller interface 25 2001
 
Mark W. Hunter et al. (1)
* 2006/0278,247 Surgical communication and power system 4 2006
 
ABBOTT CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS INC. (3)
* 2007/0055,142 Method and apparatus for image guided position tracking during percutaneous procedures 81 2003
8303505 Methods and apparatuses for image guided medical procedures 25 2005
* 2007/0167,801 Methods and apparatuses for image guided medical procedures 160 2005
 
STRYKER CORPORATION (2)
6611141 Hybrid 3-D probe tracked by multiple sensors 183 2001
7725162 Surgery system 16 2003
 
MEDTRONIC NAVIGATION, INC. (85)
RE43952 Interactive system for local intervention inside a non-homogeneous structure 0 1990
6118845 System and methods for the reduction and elimination of image artifacts in the calibration of X-ray imagers 184 1998
6226548 Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation 250 1998
6470207 Navigational guidance via computer-assisted fluoroscopic imaging 359 1999
6474341 Surgical communication and power system 269 1999
6379302 Navigation information overlay onto ultrasound imagery 130 1999
RE40852 Method and system for navigating a catheter probe 24 2000
6535756 Trajectory storage apparatus and method for surgical navigation system 101 2000
6491699 Instrument guidance method and system for image guided surgery 190 2000
RE43328 Image guided awl/tap/screwdriver 8 2002
6947786 Method and apparatus for perspective inversion 47 2002
* 2003/0163,038 Method and apparatus for perspective inversion 1 2002
7657300 Registration of human anatomy integrated for electromagnetic localization 33 2002
6990368 Method and apparatus for virtual digital subtraction angiography 44 2002
* 2003/0191,394 Method and apparatus for virtual digital subtraction angiography 2 2002
6920347 Trajectory storage apparatus and method for surgical navigation systems 137 2002
* 2003/0028,091 Trajectory storage apparatus and method for surgical navigation systems 13 2002
7606613 Navigational guidance via computer-assisted fluoroscopic imaging 17 2002
* 2003/0073,901 Navigational guidance via computer-assisted fluoroscopic imaging 62 2002
7152608 Surgical communication and power system 24 2002
* 2003/0078,003 Surgical communication and power system 20 2002
7797032 Method and system for navigating a catheter probe in the presence of field-influencing objects 22 2002
7599730 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 199 2002
* 2004/0097,806 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 247 2002
RE39133 Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation 45 2003
7697972 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 188 2003
* 2004/0097,805 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 352 2003
7570791 Method and apparatus for performing 2D to 3D registration 49 2003
* 2004/0215,071 Method and apparatus for performing 2D to 3D registration 93 2003
7835778 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation of a multiple piece construct for implantation 23 2003
7881770 Multiple cannula image guided tool for image guided procedures 6 2004
7567834 Method and apparatus for implantation between two vertebral bodies 32 2004
* 2005/0143,651 Method and apparatus for virtual endoscopy 42 2005
7853305 Trajectory storage apparatus and method for surgical navigation systems 14 2005
8239001 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 37 2005
* 2006/0025,677 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 96 2005
7630753 Method and apparatus for perspective inversion 27 2005
7835784 Method and apparatus for positioning a reference frame 15 2005
* 2007/0066,887 Method and apparatus for positioning a reference frame 13 2005
7840253 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 35 2005
* 2006/0084,867 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 142 2005
8057407 Surgical sensor 5 2005
9168102 Method and apparatus for providing a container to a sterile environment 0 2006
* 2007/0166,188 Method and apparatus for providing a container to a sterile environment 3 2006
8112292 Method and apparatus for optimizing a therapy 8 2006
* 2007/0249,911 Method and apparatus for optimizing a therapy 87 2006
7831082 System and method for image based sensor calibration 30 2006
RE42226 Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation 2 2006
RE42194 Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation 3 2006
8074662 Surgical communication and power system 1 2006
8175681 Combination of electromagnetic and electropotential localization 27 2008
* 2010/0152,571 COMBINATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC AND ELECTROPOTENTIAL LOCALIZATION 40 2008
7974677 Method and apparatus for preplanning a surgical procedure 84 2009
* 2009/0234,217 Method And Apparatus For Preplanning A Surgical Procedure 26 2009
* 2009/0262,111 Method and Apparatus for Perspective Inversion 1 2009
RE43750 Method for navigating a catheter probe 0 2009
7953471 Method and apparatus for implantation between two vertebral bodies 1 2009
* 2009/0299,477 Method and Apparatus for Implantation Between Two Vertebral Bodies 35 2009
8060185 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 49 2009
* 2010/0022,873 Navigation System for Cardiac Therapies 23 2009
7996064 System and method for placing and determining an appropriately sized surgical implant 4 2009
* 2010/0041,985 Navigational Guidance Via Computer-Assisted Fluoroscopic Imaging 21 2009
8548565 Registration of human anatomy integrated for electromagnetic localization 0 2010
* 2010/0137,707 Registration of Human Anatomy Integrated for Electromagnetic Localization 3 2010
8046052 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 41 2010
* 2010/0210,938 Navigation System for Cardiac Therapies 34 2010
8271069 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 18 2010
* 2010/0274,124 Method and Apparatus for Surgical Navigation 15 2010
8845655 Instrument guide system 2 2010
* 2010/0305,580 Instrument Guide System 7 2010
8290572 Method and system for navigating a catheter probe in the presence of field-influencing objects 1 2010
* 2010/0331,671 Method and System for Navigating a Catheter Probe in the Presence of Field-Influencing Objects 1 2010
8320653 System and method for image based sensor calibration 0 2010
8706185 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation of a multiple piece construct for implantation 3 2010
8467851 Method and apparatus for positioning a reference frame 4 2010
8634897 Trajectory storage apparatus and method for surgical navigation systems 1 2010
* 2011/0118,593 Multiple Cannula Image Guided Tool for Image Guided Procedures 1 2011
RE44305 Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation 1 2011
8549732 Method of forming an electromagnetic sensing coil in a medical instrument 7 2011
8359730 Method of forming an electromagnetic sensing coil in a medical instrument 3 2011
8401616 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 42 2011
8467853 Navigation system for cardiac therapies 11 2011
8731641 Combination of electromagnetic and electropotential localization 4 2012
RE45509 Percutaneous registration apparatus and method for use in computer-assisted surgical navigation 0 2013
9504530 Method and apparatus for surgical navigation 0 2014
 
SURGICAL NAVIGATION, INC. (2)
8838199 Method and apparatus for virtual digital subtraction angiography 4 2005
* 2005/0165,292 Method and apparatus for virtual digital subtraction angiography 15 2005
 
GE MEDICAL SYSTEMS NAVIGATION AND VISULIZATION (1)
* 2004/0024,309 System for monitoring the position of a medical instrument with respect to a patient's body 112 2003
 
COVIDIEN LP (21)
6996430 Method and system for displaying cross-sectional images of a body 68 1999
9089261 System of accessories for use with bronchoscopes 0 2004
9055881 System and method for image-based alignment of an endoscope 0 2005
8905920 Bronchoscope adapter and method 0 2008
* 2009/0088,600 Bronchoscope Adapter and Method 8 2008
8764725 Directional anchoring mechanism, method and applications thereof 1 2008
* 2009/0240,198 Directional Anchoring Mechanism, Method And Applications Thereof 3 2008
9575140 Magnetic interference detection system and method 0 2009
8473032 Feature-based registration method 4 2009
8932207 Integrated multi-functional endoscopic tool 0 2009
* 2010/0016,757 Integrated Multi-Functional Endoscopic Tool 48 2009
8663088 System of accessories for use with bronchoscopes 2 2009
8696685 Endoscope structures and techniques for navigating to a target in branched structure 3 2010
8467589 Hybrid registration method 0 2011
8452068 Hybrid registration method 1 2011
8842898 Region-growing algorithm 2 2013
9271803 Hybrid registration method 0 2013
9117258 Feature-based registration method 0 2013
9113813 Locatable catheter 0 2013
9042625 Region-growing algorithm 1 2014
9595111 Region-growing algorithm 0 2015
 
DENTAL IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (4)
9082036 Method for accurate sub-pixel localization of markers on X-ray images 0 2009
* 9082177 Method for tracking X-ray markers in serial CT projection images 1 2009
* 2011/0123,080 METHOD FOR TRACKING X-RAY MARKERS IN SERIAL CT PROJECTION IMAGES 5 2009
9082182 Extracting patient motion vectors from marker positions in x-ray images 1 2010
 
MEDTRONIC, INC. (56)
7366561 Robotic trajectory guide 28 2001
* 2001/0053,879 Robotic trajectory guide 13 2001
7204840 Deep organ access device and method 52 2001
7636596 Organ access device and method 13 2002
* 2004/0122,446 Organ access device and method 17 2002
7559935 Target depth locators for trajectory guide for introducing an instrument 12 2003
7720522 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 2 2003
* 2004/0167,393 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 33 2003
7787934 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 1 2003
* 2004/0030,236 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 16 2003
7643867 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 9 2003
* 2004/0167,391 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 36 2003
7744606 Multi-lumen instrument guide 5 2004
7497863 Instrument guiding stage apparatus and method for using same 20 2004
* 2006/0122,627 Multi-lumen instrument guide 13 2004
7704260 Low profile instrument immobilizer 15 2004
7803163 Multiple instrument retaining assembly and methods therefor 5 2005
* 2006/0122,629 Multiple instrument retaining assembly and methods therefor 14 2005
7658879 Trajectory guide with angled or patterned guide lumens or height adjustment 11 2006
8660635 Method and apparatus for optimizing a computer assisted surgical procedure 3 2007
* 2008/0081,982 Method And Apparatus For Optimizing A Computer Assisted Surgical Procedure 107 2007
8185184 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 0 2007
* 2007/0225,599 FIDUCIAL MARKER DEVICES, TOOLS, AND METHODS 11 2007
8311611 Method for performing multiple registrations in a navigated procedure 8 2007
8108025 Flexible array for use in navigated surgery 3 2007
* 2008/0269,599 Method for Performing Multiple Registrations in a Navigated Procedure 37 2007
* 2008/0269,600 Flexible Array For Use In Navigated Surgery 8 2007
8734466 Method and apparatus for controlled insertion and withdrawal of electrodes 0 2007
* 2008/0269,777 Method And Apparatus For Controlled Insertion and Withdrawal of Electrodes 14 2007
7833231 Device for immobilizing a primary instrument and method therefor 7 2007
7815651 Device for immobilizing a primary instrument and method therefor 8 2007
* 2007/0250,076 DEVICE FOR IMMOBILIZING A PRIMARY INSTRUMENT AND METHOD THEREFOR 1 2007
7857820 Sheath assembly for an access device and method therefor 6 2007
7828809 Device for immobilizing a primary instrument and method therefor 6 2007
8083753 Robotic trajectory guide 1 2007
* 2008/0039,869 Robotic Trajectory Guide 5 2007
* 2009/0012,509 Navigated Soft Tissue Penetrating Laser System 28 2008
8301226 Method and apparatus for performing a navigated procedure 9 2008
* 2008/0269,602 Method And Apparatus For Performing A Navigated Procedure 32 2008
8165658 Method and apparatus for positioning a guide relative to a base 14 2008
7867242 Instrument for guiding stage apparatus and method for using same 5 2009
8116850 Organ access device and method 4 2009
8032204 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 1 2009
8192445 Trajectory guide with instrument immobilizer 14 2009
* 2010/0063,516 Trajectory Guide With Instrument Immobilizer 26 2009
9289270 Method and apparatus for performing a navigated procedure 0 2009
8073530 Fiducial marker devices, tools, and methods 1 2010
* 2010/0217,120 Fiducial Marker Devices, Tools, and Methods 4 2010
8494613 Combination localization system 11 2010
* 2011/0054,304 Combination Localization System 36 2010
8911452 Device for immobilizing a primary instrument and method therefor 3 2010
8845656 Device for immobilizing a primary instrument and method therefor 2 2010
* 2011/0034,981 Apparatus for Securing a Therapy Delivery Device Within a Burr Hole and Method for Making Same 4 2010
* 2011/0022,059 Device for Immobilizing a Primary Instrument and Method Therefor 2 2010
8467852 Method and apparatus for performing a navigated procedure 2 2011
9597154 Method and apparatus for optimizing a computer assisted surgical procedure 0 2014
 
IMAGE GUIDED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (1)
6497134 Calibration of an instrument 15 2000
 
SIEMENS MEDICAL SOLUTIONS USA, INC. (2)
9289267 Method and apparatus for minimally invasive surgery using endoscopes 0 2006
* 2006/0281,971 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY USING ENDOSCOPES 13 2006
 
IMAGE-GUIDED NEUROLOGICS, INC. (5)
6902569 Trajectory guide with instrument immobilizer 200 2001
* 2002/0156,372 Deep organ access device and method 14 2002
* 2004/0167,542 Target depth locators for trajectory guide for introducing an instrument 17 2003
* 2005/0192,594 Low profile instrument immobilizer 34 2004
* 2006/0192,319 TRAJECTORY GUIDE WITH ANGLED OR PATTERNED GUIDE LUMENS OR HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT 91 2006
 
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION HAMAMATSU UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE (3)
* 8251893 Device for displaying assistance information for surgical operation, method for displaying assistance information for surgical operation, and program for displaying assistance information for surgical operation 1 2008
* 2010/0094,085 Device for Displaying Assistance Information for Surgical Operation, Method for Displaying Assistance Information for Surgical Operation, and Program for Displaying Assistance Information for Surgical Operation 2 2008
8666476 Surgery assistance system 0 2010
 
BIOSENSORS INTERNATIONAL GROUP, LTD. (1)
* 6567687 Method and system for guiding a diagnostic or therapeutic instrument towards a target region inside the patient's body 86 2001
 
ELEKTA LTD. (8)
* 8000442 Calibrating imaging devices 6 2005
* 2006/0036,170 Calibrating imaging devices 7 2005
9451928 Incorporating internal anatomy in clinical radiotherapy setups 0 2007
* 2008/0064,953 Incorporating Internal Anatomy In Clinical Radiotherapy Setups 19 2007
* 2009/0022,383 METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR COMPENSATING FOR CHANGES IN ANATOMY OF RADIOTHERAPY PATIENTS 2 2008
* 2009/0024,030 Methods and systems for guiding the acquisition of ultrasound images 13 2008
* 2011/0009,742 ADAPTIVE RADIOTHERAPY TREATMENT USING ULTRASOUND 0 2010
9248316 Feature tracking using ultrasound 1 2011
 
Eleckta Ltd. (1)
8249317 Methods and systems for compensating for changes in anatomy of radiotherapy patients 2 2008
 
Metronic Navigation, Inc. (1)
RE41066 Method and system for navigating a catheter probe 12 1999
 
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Image -Guided Neurologics, Inc. (2)
* 2008/0082,108 ADJUSTABLE TRAJECTORY ACCESS DEVICE AND METHOD THEREFOR 4 2007
* 2007/0250,077 DEVICE FOR IMMOBILIZING A PRIMARY INSTRUMENT AND METHOD THEREFOR 42 2007
 
REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (3)
6752812 Remote actuation of trajectory guide 98 2000
8494614 Combination localization system 15 2010
* 2011/0054,293 Combination Localization System 27 2010
 
MAYO FOUNDATION FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (1)
7235084 Deep organ access device and method 143 2002
 
THOMSON LICENSING (2)
7637915 Trajectory guide with instrument immobilizer 19 2004
* 2004/0267,284 Trajectory guide with instrument immobilizer 56 2004
 
STRYKER EUROPEAN HOLDINGS I, LLC (11)
7567833 Enhanced illumination device and method 10 2004
* 2005/0195,587 Enhanced illumination device and method 4 2004
8290570 System for ad hoc tracking of an object 2 2004
* 2006/0058,644 System, device, and method for AD HOC tracking of an object 11 2004
8007448 System and method for performing arthroplasty of a joint and tracking a plumb line plane 36 2004
* 2006/0095,047 System and method for performing arthroplasty of a joint and tracking a plumb line plane 38 2004
* 2007/0179,626 Functional joint arthroplasty method 33 2005
8382765 Method of and system for planning a surgery 3 2008
* 2009/0043,556 Method of and system for planning a surgery 87 2008
8617173 System for assessing a fit of a femoral implant 0 2013
8617174 Method of virtually planning a size and position of a prosthetic implant 39 2013
 
SOFAMOR DANEK GROUP, INC. (1)
6370224 System and methods for the reduction and elimination of image artifacts in the calibration of x-ray imagers 18 2000
 
THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY (1)
* 7225012 Methods and systems for image-guided surgical interventions 89 2000
 
BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC. (8)
6689142 Apparatus and methods for guiding a needle 35 1999
7169155 Methods and apparatus for guiding a needle 6 2001
* 2003/0114,862 Methods and apparatus for guiding a needle 5 2001
7204826 Apparatus and methods for guiding a needle 11 2003
8057487 Methods and apparatus for guiding a needle 1 2007
* 2007/0135,708 Methods and apparatus for guiding a needle 1 2007
7766878 Entry needle and related method of use 49 2007
* 2007/0203,455 Apparatus and methods for guiding a needle 2 2007
 
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA (5)
7896889 Trajectory guide with angled or patterned lumens or height adjustment 56 2003
* 2004/0167,543 Trajectory guide with angled or patterned lumens or height adjustment 103 2003
7699854 Trajectory guide with angled or patterned guide lumens or height adjustment 6 2006
7981120 Trajectory guide with angled or patterned guide lumens or height adjustment 4 2007
* 2007/0191,867 TRAJECTORY GUIDE WITH ANGLED OR PATTERNED GUIDE LUMENS OR HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT 13 2007
 
SAINT LOUIS UNIVERSITY (2)
* 7072704 System for indicating the position of a surgical probe within a head on an image of the head 105 2002
* 2002/0087,075 System for indicating the position of a surgical probe within a head on an image of the head 10 2002
 
VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (5)
6584339 Method and apparatus for collecting and processing physical space data for use while performing image-guided surgery 44 2001
7072707 Method and apparatus for collecting and processing physical space data for use while performing image-guided surgery 32 2003
* 2004/0019,274 Method and apparatus for collecting and processing physical space data for use while performing image-guided surgery 36 2003
* 7899512 System and method for surgical instrument disablement via image-guided position feedback 38 2005
* 2011/0118,597 SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SURGICAL INSTRUMENT DISABLEMENT VIA IMAGE-GUIDED POSITION FEEDBACK 4 2011
* Cited By Examiner